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Detection of Multiple Stationary Humans Using UWB MIMO Radar

Fulai Liang, Fugui Qi, Qiang An, Hao Lv, Fuming Chen, Zhao Li, Jianqi Wang
2016 Sensors  
A signal model of the vital sign considering both bi-static angles and attitude angle of the human body is firstly developed, and then a novel detection method is proposed to detect and localize multiple  ...  The simulation and experimental results show that the proposed method can get a high-quality image of multiple humans and we can use it to discriminate and localize multiple adjacent human targets behind  ...  In this paper, a vital signs model of UWB MIMO radar is employed, and then a novel automatic detection and localization method is presented.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s16111922 pmid:27854356 pmcid:PMC5134581 fatcat:btdon3bom5dvpcz7br4l42g5cy

A Survey on Vital Signs Detection Using Radar Techniques and Processing With FPGA Implementation

Ameen Bin Obadi, Ping Jack Soh, Omar Aldayel, Muataz Hameed Al-Doori, Marco Mercuri, Dominique Schreurs
2021 IEEE Circuits and Systems Magazine  
Finally, a perspective on the future of human vital signs detection using radar sensors concludes this review. is highly possible that radars and communication devices coexist in the same location.  ...  This paper presents a survey of the state-of-the-art advances in human vital signs detection using radar sensors, their integration and coexistence with communication systems, and their issues in spectrum  ...  On the other hand, the effects of different human orientations and multiple humans in the environment were studied using an SFCW radar in [57] . The human rib cage model was adopted in this study.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcas.2020.3027445 fatcat:fwmsw7gxjreb5pbliktj7wv7xm

An Overview of Signal Processing Techniques for Remote Health Monitoring Using Impulse Radio UWB Transceiver

Faheem Khan, Asim Ghaffar, Naeem Khan, Sung Ho Cho
2020 Sensors  
., respiration rate and heart rate, can be measured by IR-UWB radar by measuring the change in the magnitude of signal due to displacement caused by human lungs, heart during respiration and heart beating  ...  Although we have covered many topics related to health monitoring using IR-UWB, this paper is mainly focused on signal processing techniques for measurement of vital signs, i.e., respiration and heart  ...  In another study in Reference [72] , a novel noncontract vital sign detection method based on multiple higher order cumulant is presented.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20092479 pmid:32349382 pmcid:PMC7248922 fatcat:kdvtjvandbax3hdd3yfvfjicry

Joint Vital Signs and Position Estimation of Multiple Persons Using SIMO Radar

Ibrahim Kakouche, Hamza Abadlia, Mohammed Nabil El Korso, Ammar Mesloub, Abdelmadjid Maali, Mohamed Salah Azzaz
2021 Electronics  
This study considers a novel non-contact-based solution using a single-input multiple-output (SIMO) UWB impulse radar.  ...  Meanwhile, a beam focusing approach is used to determine each individual and estimate their breathing rate automatically based on a linearly constrained minimum variance (LCMV) beamformer.  ...  To this end, by combining an IR-UWB radar sensor and subspace methods, this study proposes a SIMO scheme that can identify each individual with its corresponding respiration rate.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics10222805 fatcat:4ppb4b2r3zhzpn42h5mb4mxvce

Accurate Heart Rate and Respiration Rate Detection Based on a Higher-Order Harmonics Peak Selection Method Using Radar Non-Contact Sensors

Hongqiang Xu, Malikeh P. Ebrahim, Kareeb Hasan, Fatemeh Heydari, Paul Howley, Mehmet Rasit Yuce
2021 Sensors  
In this paper, a signal processing technique for a UWB radar system was developed to detect the heart rate and respiration rate.  ...  Impulse radio (IR) ultra-wideband (UWB) radar becomes one of the essential sensors in non-contact vital signs detection.  ...  Conclusions In this paper, we proposed a novel signal processing algorithm for heart rate and respiration rate estimation based on the ICA and harmonics peak selection method for an IR-UWB radar sensor  ... 
doi:10.3390/s22010083 pmid:35009628 pmcid:PMC8747437 fatcat:qntgrkhunff53gk4hkc6ea6wsa

A New Direction for Biosensing: RF Sensors for Monitoring Cardio-Pulmonary Function [chapter]

Ju Gao, Siddharth Baskar, Diyan Teng, Mustafa al'Absi, Santosh Kumar, Emre Ertin
2017 Mobile Health  
In this chapter, we review advances in a novel sensing modality using radio frequency (RF) waves that can provide physiological measurements without skin contact in both lab and field environments.  ...  The focus is on new approaches to monitor heart motion and respiratory effort.  ...  We first present an approach to track HR (Heart Rate) based on spectral analysis. Next we present a novel method to detect high resolution beat-to-beat heart motion based on a matched subspace model.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-51394-2_15 fatcat:z3n4ejub3fgaxevb33esfml26a

The Overview of Human Localization and Vital Sign Signal Measurement Using Handheld IR-UWB Through-Wall Radar

Degui Yang, Zhengliang Zhu, Junchao Zhang, Buge Liang
2021 Sensors  
In this paper, we focus on IR-UWB through-wall radar and introduce the key advances in system design and deployment, human detection theory, and signal processing algorithms, such as human vital sign signal  ...  ., position, respiration, and heartbeat rates) on humans located behind opaque and non-metallic obstacles (e.g., walls and wood) has prompted the development of non-invasive remote sensing technologies  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors would like to thank the editors and anonymous reviewers for their valuable ideas, time, and suggestions for improving the quality of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21020402 pmid:33430061 fatcat:la7hgxshsbhy3biegwoizogtuq

Multiple Stationary Human Targets Detection in Through-Wall UWB Radar Based on Convolutional Neural Network

Cheng Shi, Zhijie Zheng, Jun Pan, Zhi-Kang Ni, Shengbo Ye, Guangyou Fang
2022 Applied Sciences  
UWB impulse radar can detect human targets in non-line-of-sight (NLOS) conditions, mainly based on the chest motion caused by human respiration.  ...  The automatic detection and extraction of multiple stationary human targets is still a challenge. Missed alarms often exist if the detection method is based on the energy of the human target.  ...  Signal Model The UWB impulse radar can detect human targets mainly based on the chest motion caused by human respiration.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app12094720 fatcat:ez43kmfvfrcoxpalvjnhv3pvu4

Ultrawideband Technology in Medicine: A Survey

R. Chávez-Santiago, I. Balasingham, J. Bergsland
2012 Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering  
This paper surveys our own and related recent research on UWB technology for medical sensing and communications. Some research perspectives in the aforementioned topics are suggested too.  ...  This has a positive effect on the recovery speed of a person after major surgical procedures or prolonged illness.  ...  In both approaches, the radar-based method aims at detecting the aorta walls and estimates the diameter as a function of time.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2012/716973 fatcat:zstkodaejrd6vaabu52auasnjq

ultraMEDIS – Ultra-Wideband Sensing in Medicine [chapter]

Ingrid Hilger, Katja Dahlke, Gabriella Rimkus, Christiane Geyer, Frank Seifert, Olaf Kosch, Florian Thiel, Matthias Hein, Francesco Scotto di Clemente, Ulrich Schwarz, Marko Helbig, Jurgen Sachs
2013 Ultra-Wideband Radio Technologies for Communications, Localization and Sensor Applications  
Rauschenbach and K. Schilling for sensor development, and helpful discussions; K. Borkowski and E.  ...  ; Marina Sieler and Uwe Genatis for the galvanic metallization of the ceramic and MRI compatible antennas.  ...  In section 5.3, we describe a method for breast and whole body surface reconstruction based on the reflected UWB signals.  ... 
doi:10.5772/55081 fatcat:pc35de2u3jcdfaktaekxvi34oq

Human Being Detection from UWB NLOS Signals: Accuracy and Generality of Advanced Machine Learning Models

Gianluca Moro, Federico Di Di Luca, Davide Dardari, Giacomo Frisoni
2022 Sensors  
This paper studies the problem of detecting human beings in non-line-of-sight (NLOS) conditions using an ultra-wideband radar.  ...  We empirically analyze and compare several input representations and machine learning (ML) methods—supervised and unsupervised, symbolic and non-symbolic—according to both their accuracy in detecting NLOS  ...  Data Availability Statement: Datasets are publicly available at uwb-nlos-human-detection, accessed on 22 December 2021.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s22041656 pmid:35214558 pmcid:PMC8879265 fatcat:teetdgmkpbb73ogekww4gbylqq

Human Vital Signs Detection Methods and Potential Using Radars: A Review

Mamady Kebe, Rida Gadhafi, Baker Mohammad, Mihai Sanduleanu, Hani Saleh, Mahmoud Al-Qutayri
2020 Sensors  
Continuous monitoring of vital signs, such as respiration and heartbeat, plays a crucial role in early detection and even prediction of conditions that may affect the wellbeing of the patient.  ...  This paper presents a thorough review on the traditional methods of monitoring cardio-pulmonary rates as well as the potential of replacing these systems with radar-based techniques.  ...  Peak detection methods are mainly used as a time-domain method to detect the peaks of respiration and heart signals.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20051454 pmid:32155838 pmcid:PMC7085680 fatcat:2ij6mhoiyjfq5jos3vozet2ct4

Multiscale Residual Attention Network for Distinguishing Stationary Humans and Common Animals under Through-wall Condition using Ultra-wideband Radar

Yangyang Ma, Fugui Qi, Pengfei Wang, Fulai Liang, Hao Lv, Xiao Yu, Zhao Li, Huijun Xue, Jianqi Wang, Yang Zhang
2020 IEEE Access  
This work proposed a novel multiscale residual attention network for distinguishing between stationary humans and common animals under a through-wall condition based on ultra-wideband radar, which is yet  ...  Distinguishing between humans and common animals through a wall is necessary for facilitating successful rescue of survivors and enhancing the confidence of rescuers in post-disaster search and rescue  ...  CONCLUSION This study addressed the issue of distinguishing stationary humans, dogs, cats, rabbits, and no targets under a throughwall condition using UWB radar by proposing a novel multiscale attention  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3006834 fatcat:yfmli5hvtnaf3cl2kpy3mqja2a

Wireless Body Sensor Communication Systems Based on UWB and IBC Technologies: State-of-the-Art and Open Challenges

Ivana Čuljak, Željka Lučev Vasić, Hrvoje Mihaldinec, Hrvoje Džapo
2020 Sensors  
wireless interfaces for interconnection of various sensors and devices placed on, inside, or in the close vicinity of the human body.  ...  This paper presents an in-depth overview of recent studies and advances in the field of application of UWB and IBC technologies for wireless body sensor communication systems.  ...  In [72] , a proposed model includes thickness, impedance, linear attenuation, and wave speed of six tissues taken into account for the heart movement detection.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20123587 pmid:32630376 fatcat:3sxu4dlg4bf2rf4pmbd6wikxca

MoRe-Fi: Motion-robust and Fine-grained Respiration Monitoring via Deep-Learning UWB Radar [article]

Tianyue Zheng, Zhe Chen, Shujie Zhang, Chao Cai, Jun Luo
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The core of MoRe-Fi is a novel variational encoder-decoder network; it aims to single out the respiratory waveforms that are modulated by body movements in a non-linear manner.  ...  Crucial for healthcare and biomedical applications, respiration monitoring often employs wearable sensors in practice, causing inconvenience due to their direct contact with human bodies.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We are grateful to the anonymous reviewers for their valuable and constructive comments. We would also like to thank WiRUSH [81] for providing fund to develop MoRe-Fi.  ... 
arXiv:2111.08195v1 fatcat:dowuxigrw5dmnbfrelybh3utpy
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