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Data, Information, Knowledge, Wisdom and Meta-Synthesis of Wisdom-Comment on Wisdom Global and Wisdom Cities

Gu Jifa
2013 Procedia Computer Science  
We introduce the relationships between data, information, knowledge, wisdom and the new theory on meta-synthesis of wisdom proposed by Qian Xuesen in 1992.  ...  Then we point out that with the appearance of many wisdom cities in China the theory on meta-synthesis of wisdom will be shown more imperatively.  ...  Acknowledgements Author wishes express the supports from 973 plan project (Grant 2010CB731405) and the Center for interdisciplinary studies of Natural and Social Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2013.05.092 fatcat:5tnfkqxwljfupi6gpmzc4d5nve

Meta-synthesis approach to complex system modeling

Jifa Gu, Xijin Tang
2005 European Journal of Operational Research  
Meta-synthesis method is proposed to tackle with open complex giant system problems which cannot be effectively solved by traditional reductionism methods by a Chinese system scientist Qian, Xuesen (Tsien  ...  The method emphasizes the synthesis of collected information and knowledge of various kinds of experts, and combining quantitative methods with qualitative knowledge.  ...  Besides, the authors are greatly thankful to Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology and Fujitsu Chair of Science of Complex System for the bilateral cooperative support.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2004.03.036 fatcat:d26buqk6lbhcbbicn4zo3wrnzq

Soft OR in China: A critical report

Ya Li, Zhichang Zhu
2014 European Journal of Operational Research  
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ conscious, interest-sensitive, truly 'soft' and 'systemic  ...  China calling The emergence of interest plurality Decision-makers are often frustrated by the complexity involved in the decision-making process. Few would disagree with this observation.  ...  Acknowledgements This research is funded by the Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 70973008) and the Humanities and Social Sciences Foundation of Ministry of Education of China (Grant No. 08JC630006  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ejor.2013.04.035 fatcat:eqi23jlwxvbq5g2fsorpu7syge