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The Impacts of Gender and Subject on Experience of Competence and Autonomy in STEM

Sabrina Sobieraj, Nicole C. Krämer
2019 Frontiers in Psychology  
In most societies, women are less likely to choose a science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM)-related study program than men.  ...  male), who were enrolled either in STEM or non-STEM subjects, and asked about students' motivations, perceived competence (e.g., self-efficacy) and autonomy (e.g., volitional decision for a study major  ...  differentially in women and men.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01432 pmid:31316421 pmcid:PMC6610464 fatcat:vadqjjgg7rfzbll6krdvzj26wi

Female Underrepresentation in STEM Subjects: An Exploratory Study of Female High School Students in China

Lizhi He, George Zhou, Geri Salinitri, Lianrong Xu
2019 Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education  
The findings of this study enrich existing research on gender equity in Chinese high school education and provide insights about relevant policies to address gender disparities in science programs.  ...  This study investigates the potential reasons why female high school students in China are less likely to choose STEM subjects.  ...  METHODOLOGY The purpose of this study is to investigate how Chinese female students make decisions regarding their academic path in high school and why less girls choose STEM studies.  ... 
doi:10.29333/ejmste/109657 fatcat:q7agvqtwvrhkxmfxbnzbsd4t3u

A Woman in the Man's Culture of Engineering Education

L. N. Bannikova, E. V. Kemmet
2019 Higher Education in Russia  
The study is aimed at identifying barriers to the research career of women in the academic environment of a technical university.  ...  The authors present the results of their study of the women's status in the academic community.  ...  This article was prepared in the framework of the project «Comparative analysis of social effects and the impact of institutional conditions on the professional training of engineering specialists», implemented  ... 
doi:10.31992/0869-3617-2019-28-12-66-76 fatcat:3l2beom5vfakjfcopad73egcdy

Gender in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics: Issues, Causes, Solutions

Tessa E.S. Charlesworth, Mahzarin R. Banaji
2019 Journal of Neuroscience  
The landscape of gender in education and the workforce has shifted over the past decades: women have made gains in representation, equitable pay, and recognition through awards, grants, and publications  ...  Despite overall change, differences persist in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM).  ...  However, computer simulations of women's career progress show that gender gaps in higherstatus STEM positions are not entirely explained by inertia and the later entrance of women in STEM (Shaw and Stanton  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.0475-18.2019 pmid:31371423 pmcid:PMC6759027 fatcat:exy5rbvghrgzfjg57xfmzamsfe

Trait complex, cognitive ability, and domain knowledge predictors of baccalaureate success, STEM persistence, and gender differences

Phillip L. Ackerman, Ruth Kanfer, Margaret E. Beier
2013 Journal of Educational Psychology  
Math/Science Self-Concept and Mastery/Organization trait complex profiles were also found to differ between men and women who had initial STEM major intentions, but who left STEM for non-STEM majors.  ...  We report on the validity of these broad trait complexes for predicting academic success (grades and attrition rates) in isolation, and in the context of traditional predictors and indicators of domain  ...  Although men and women participants in this study completed an equivalent number of AP exams (M men = 2.78, M women = 2.97; t (585) = -.85, ns),only 7 of the 35 students who were in the three or more STEM  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0032338 fatcat:ccxqzk4wpfeuvpty3cdgjz5dau

Women and the Fear of Success: A Problem in Replication

Adeline Levine, Janice Crumrine
1975 American Journal of Sociology  
Content analysis showed: the majority of all stories contained "fear of success imagery"; a smaller proportion of women than of men respondents wrote stories high in "fear of success imagery" to female  ...  (Author) ITOMEN AND THE FEAR OF SUCCESS:  ...  Bruch 1970) by comparing the incidence and amount of "fear of success imagery" in men and women while providing the opportunity for both men and women respondents to write about "Anne" or "John".  ... 
doi:10.1086/225902 fatcat:2dh7af4pb5fxpfrhejdsx5r5ti

Why they leave: the impact of stereotype threat on the attrition of women and minorities from science, math and engineering majors

Maya A. Beasley, Mary J. Fischer
2012 Social Psychology of Education  
While past research has relied primarily on the academic deficits and lower socioeconomic status of women and minorities to explain their absence from these fields, we focus on the impact of stereotype  ...  Our findings also reveal that stereotype threat has a significant positive effect on the likelihood of women, minorities, and surprisingly, white men leaving science, technology, engineering and math majors  ...  threat in STEM attrition for men and women of color.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11218-012-9185-3 fatcat:wonctmi7knc2vhcvbwvrfozllq

Predicting High School Students' Interest in Majoring in a STEM Field: Insight into High School Students' Postsecondary Plans

Eric Lichtenberger, Casey George-Jackson
2012 Journal of Career and Technical Education  
This study examined how various individual, family, and school level contextual factors impact the likelihood of planning to major in one of the science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM)  ...  In terms of school-level context, while teacher academic qualifications had a negative but significant relationship with an early interest in STEM, teacher experience had a small but significant positive  ...  Despite their rate of completion in AP math and science courses and despite often earning higher grades in math and science courses than men , academically qualified women are still less likely to enter  ... 
doi:10.21061/jcte.v28i1.571 fatcat:k2jugcbskrbtba4gapjtktwoqa

Why are Women Underrepresented in Elite Colleges and Universities? A Non-Linear Decomposition Analysis

Rob Bielby, Julie Renee Posselt, Ozan Jaquette, Michael N. Bastedo
2014 Research in Higher Education  
Finally, we test whether women self-select out of elite institutions through their application choices.  ...  Our analyses thus suggest that the gender enrollment gap in elite colleges and universities is a matter of access, not student choice.  ...  cohorts in our data.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11162-014-9334-y fatcat:vc7phdommjd7jpzc7i2nsgawwi

What About Me? Theorizing Power and Pushback in Advancing Marginalized Identities

Sara Schley, Deborah L. Blizzard, Annemarie Ross, Carol E. Marchetti, Wendy A. Dannels, Karen J. Beiter, Denise S. Kavin, Susan B. Foster
2019 Journal of Cultural Analysis and Social Change  
After a year of offering these sessions, other NTID faculty began to request access to them -hearing men and women faculty, DHH men faculty, and faculty of color.  ...  with a different form of otherness: gender, race, ethnicity, etc.) in STEM fields.  ...  Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.20897/jcasc/5844 fatcat:7voulzhueze4hc2g7ge5alexge

Self-Selection and Selection. Transition from Secondary to Tertiary Education in Hungary

Péter Róbert
2003 Czech Sociological Review  
By law, students in Hungary, if they wish to study at the tertiary level, must submit a formal application (every year in February) and then must take an entrance exam (in June/July).  ...  Some of the recent literature in educational mobility claims that students make calculations before they deciding on whether to continue their studies, and this decision is affected by their social origin  ...  Finally, the advantages of men appear to be more pronounced in Budapest, where their odds of deciding to continue their studies at the tertiary level and their likelihood of a successful entrance are both  ... 
doi:10.13060/00380288.2003.39.3.03 fatcat:pptmvm7vlnanlftc2ouuvoylja

Examining Gender Differences in Students' Entrance into and Persistence in STEM Programs in Swedish Higher Education

Yu-ling Sun, Anders Jidesjo, Shu-Nu Chang Rundgren
2019 European Journal of Educational Sciences  
The aim of this research was to examine gender differences in students' entrance into and persistence in STEM programs in Swedish higher education through the lens of social cognitive career theory (SCCT  ...  Encouraging students to enter and persist in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) programs in higher education has been the focus of STEM education worldwide.  ...  Having one or both parents in STEM careers increases the likelihood of both men and women pursuing STEM studies, specifically, having practical role models, and mentors are important for women due to the  ... 
doi:10.19044/ejes.v6no1a5 fatcat:widltrmu7fcbbozgpnvwl7hjv4

Gender gap in mathematics in academic and research institutions: A small case study

Senka Gavranov, Aleksandra Izgarjan, Slobodanka Markov
2020 Glasnik Etnografskog Instituta SANU  
The problem of disproportionate numbers of men and women in the field of mathematics is reflected in a small number of women mathematicians in leading positions in research institutions and universities  ...  The studies show that the numbers of women in the field of mathematics becomes progressively lower as they climb the hierarchical ladder on academic and professional level.  ...  . 1 Coming from humanities and social sciences (sociology, English studies, and gender studies), we started conceptualizing research on women in STEM.  ... 
doi:10.2298/gei2002277g fatcat:dav2syoplzemhe3vmfxxlxonzm

Gender Differences Among Academic Staff and Students Offering STEM in National Universities in Uganda: The Case of Kyambogo University

2021 Journal of Education and Practice  
This study examined the status of female academic staff and students offering STEM at Kyambogo University (KyU), Uganda.  ...  For academic staff, a gender analysis of Human Resources records was conducted based on the number of male or female academic staff teaching at the University in both STEM and non-STEM disciplines.  ...  Acknowledgement This research study was made possible with the support of both academic and administrative staff of Kyambogo University that availed us with information.  ... 
doi:10.7176/jep/12-24-09 fatcat:ok5tfm2kt5dozdjt3kfmrd2z5a

The Contribution of HBCUS to the Preparation of African American Women for Stem Careers: A Case Study

Laura Perna, Valerie Lundy-Wagner, Noah D. Drezner, Marybeth Gasman, Susan Yoon, Enakshi Bose, Shannon Gary
2008 Research in Higher Education  
women in STEM fields.  ...  This study uses case study analysis to explore the ways that Spelman College, a historically Black women's college, promotes the attainment of African American women in STEM fields.  ...  An earlier version of this paper was presented in November 2007 at the annual meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education in Louisville, Kentucky.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11162-008-9110-y fatcat:thveff3eb5dg7cj5xizawq63qi
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