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The American evangelist Dwight L. ... Moody stimulated an outpouring of interdenominational activism and may have contributed to a fundamentalist impulse amongst Evangelicals. ... Darby. 13 rthermore, his Irish visit in 1874 received considerable coverage in contemporary accounts, including one published in New York and compiled by two Irish Presbyterian emigrants, George Hay Stuart ...doi:10.1017/s0022046920002560 fatcat:tc3qk2fqongfbckaliuun6jqhi
X1 i l~~. - ... .. ......... .... ....... . ... . . . . . . . . . -. ... . ..... ..... .......... ... ..... ..... O. ...l ... r... ,.... ...... ... . . . . . . ... :::::::::=l ........ ............. 01 . . . . . . . . . . , ........... ................ ............. ........... 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..... .... .......... ...... .-...a': I ..... ........ ...doi:10.1093/nar/21.6.1369 pmid:8464727 pmcid:PMC309321 fatcat:fz4frs7oyveo7hxnp5hcxjikcy
First, we introduce symbols to represent standard units from relevant unit categories such as s (second) for time, L (liter) for volume, g (gram) for mass, M (mole) for amount of substance, and m (meter ...doi:10.1016/j.procs.2015.08.348 fatcat:fwesccp5szft5hlxern2v7amle
SummaryThe modelling of biological intra-cellular pathways requires the systematic capture and representation of interactions between components that are biologically correct and computationally rigorous. The challenge is two fold, to verify and extend our understanding of such pathways by comparing in silico models to experiments; and to ensure that such models are understandable by biologists and for checking biological validity. In this report we present a graphical notation, the Edinburghdoi:10.1515/jib-2006-36 fatcat:kn4d4oacvfdezdtk3rcxuhgc7i
more »... thway Notation (EPN), which satisfies the central biologically driven requirements while providing a strict formal framework for analysis. The EPN emphasises the use of a logical representation of pathways, which is particularly suited to pathways were some mechanisms are not known in detail.
The modelling of biological intra-cellular pathways requires the systematic capture and representation of interactions between components that are biologically correct and computationally rigorous. The challenge is two fold, to verify and extend our understanding of such pathways by comparing in silico models to experiments; and to ensure that such models are understandable by biologists and for checking biological validity. In this report we present a graphical notation, the Edinburgh Pathwaydoi:10.2390/biecoll-jib-2006-36 dblp:journals/jib/MoodieSGG06 fatcat:nsxte6zwq5fxhncx6htv22ztpe
more »... otation (EPN), which satisfies the central biologically driven requirements while providing a strict formal framework for analysis. The EPN emphasises the use of a logical representation of pathways, which is particularly suited to pathways were some mechanisms are not known in detail.
Moodie 8 . ... (Mnemonic intention behind the choice of symbol: "This 12 L A triangle indicates a recommendation for model consistency. ...doi:10.1515/jib-2020-0018 pmid:32750035 fatcat:b7qouaimvnfctk2tukti76mjry
Level 1 Release 1.2 The specification of SBGN PD L1 V1.2 was modified by Stuart Moodie, with contributions from (in alphabetical order) Sarah Boyd, Nicolas Le Novère, and Huaiyu Mi. ... Level 1 Release 1.3 The specification of SBGN PD L1 V1.3 was modified by Stuart Moodie, with contributions from (in alphabetical order) Tobias Czauderna, Nicolas Le Novère, and Anatoly Sorokin. ...doi:10.1515/jib-2019-0022 pmid:31199769 pmcid:PMC6798820 fatcat:mypfccavera7jmy3iz2vk6sqny
2011  Branded vs. standardised (brown) No difference (awareness of health risks) Moodie 2012  Standardised packs of different colours Favours red standardised packs (level of harm) ... Favours standardised packs Favours standardised packs (health risks) Hammond 2011  Branded vs. standardised (brown) Favours standardised packs Favours standardised packs (health risks) Moodie ...doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0075919 pmid:24146791 pmcid:PMC3797796 fatcat:rkstfqeggzhpjjwlnyf27mds4q
Matching the Energy Source to the Clinical Need: A Critical Review
Photomicrograph of a portion of the dilated urethra (left) and adjacent parenchymal tissue from the prostate seen above (Figure 1 l ) . ...doi:10.1117/12.375221 fatcat:62ey2bat6ngovbi7znt6bbyale
735 hardly imagine today's electronics industry, with its powerful, visually oriented design and automation tools, without having first established standard notations for circuit diagrams. Such was not the case in biology 2 . Despite the visual nature of much of the information exchange, the field was permeated with ad hoc graphical notations having little in common between different researchers, publications, textbooks and software tools. No standard visual language existed for describingdoi:10.1038/nbt.1558 pmid:19668183 fatcat:vcowtgvw2bch7kd4svvte3ly6m
more »... emical interaction networks, inter-and intracellular signaling gene regulation-concepts at the core of much of today's research in molecular, systems and synthetic biology. The closest to a standard is the notation long used in many metabolic and signaling pathway maps, but in reality, even that lacks uniformity between sources and suffers from undesirable ambiguities (Fig. 1) . Moreover, the existing tentative representations, however well crafted, were ambiguous, and only suitable for specific needs, such as representing metabolic networks or signaling pathways or gene regulation. The molecular biology era, and more recently the rise of genomics and other high-throughput technologies, have brought a staggering increase in data to be interpreted. It also favored the routine use of software to help formulate hypotheses, design experiments and interpret results. As a group of biochemists, modelers and computer scientists working in systems biology, we believe establishing standard graphical notations is an important step toward more efficient and accurate transmission of biological knowledge among our different communities. Toward this goal, we initiated the SBGN project in 2005, with the aim of developing and standardizing a systematic and unambiguous graphical notation for applications in molecular and systems biology. Historical antecedents Graphical representation of biochemical and cellular processes has been used in biochemical textbooks as far back as sixty years ago 3 , reaching an apex in the wall charts hand drawn by Nicholson 4 and Michal 5 . Those graphs describe the processes that transform a set of inputs into a set of outputs, in effect being process, or state transition, diagrams. This style was emulated in the first database systems that depicted metabolic networks, including EMP 6 , EcoCyc 7 and KEGG 8 . More notations have been 'defined' by virtue of their implementation in specialized software tools such as pathway and network designers (e.g., NetBuilder 9 , Patika 10 , JDesigner 11 , CellDesigner 12 ). Those Circuit diagrams and Unified Modeling Language diagrams are just two examples of standard visual languages that help accelerate work by promoting regularity, removing ambiguity and enabling software tool support for communication of complex information. Ironically, despite having one of the highest ratios of graphical to textual information, biology still lacks standard graphical notations. The recent deluge of biological knowledge makes addressing this deficit a pressing concern. Toward this goal, we present the Systems Biology Graphical Notation (SBGN), a visual language developed by a community of biochemists, modelers and computer scientists. SBGN consists of three complementary languages: process diagram, entity relationship diagram and activity flow diagram. Together they enable scientists to represent networks of biochemical interactions in a standard, unambiguous way. We believe that SBGN will foster efficient and accurate representation, visualization, storage, exchange and reuse of information on all kinds of biological knowledge, from gene regulation, to metabolism, to cellular signaling. "Un bon croquis vaut mieux qu'un long discours" ("A good sketch is better than a long speech"), said Napoleon Bonaparte. This claim is nowhere as true as for technical illustrations. Diagrams naturally engage innate cognitive faculties 1 that humans have possessed since before the time of our cave-drawing ancestors. Little wonder that we find ourselves turning to them in every field of endeavor. Just as with written human languages, communication involving diagrams requires that authors and readers agree on symbols, the rules for arranging them and the interpretation of the results. The establishment and widespread use of standard notations have permitted many fields to thrive. One can
doi:10.1002/psp4.12222 pmid:28643440 pmcid:PMC5658286 fatcat:rm6awgfnafh4xfajwsqo3pr2t4
L. Elizabeth Stuart Phelps. By Mary Angela Bennett. (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. 1939. Pp. vii, 172. $2.00.) ... “Tremendously popular at one time, Elizabeth Stuart Phelps is scarcely known to the present day reader even by name.” ...doi:10.2307/360477 fatcat:t3dc55h5jbdu3h4jmgnejirp7y
Among 8 species there are bisexual (L. belliana, L. guttata, L. reevesii, L. peguensis) and parthenogenetic: (L. triploida, L. guentherpetersi, L. boehmei, L.ngovantrii) (Darevsky & Kupriyanova, ... TAPROBANICA VOL. 02: NO. 02 subfamily (family) Uromastycinae (-dae) Theobald, 1868 (Moody, 1980) . ...doi:10.47605/tapro.v2i2.29 fatcat:ailajpa2fvar3c6kwlcezrgjt4
Among 8 species there are bisexual (L. belliana, L. guttata, L. reevesii, L. peguensis) and parthenogenetic: (L. triploida, L. guentherpetersi, L. boehmei, L.ngovantrii) (Darevsky & Kupriyanova, ... TAPROBANICA VOL. 02: NO. 02 subfamily (family) Uromastycinae (-dae) Theobald, 1868 (Moody, 1980) . ...doi:10.4038/tapro.v2i2.3144 fatcat:deca5xekbbfujimqdnrhna74mq
L. “A Study of Amy Lowell’s Far Eastern Verse.” MLN, xtirr. 145-152. Mencken, H. L. Harrold, Charles Frederick. ‘‘Two Critics of Democracy.” SAQ, xxvii. 130-141. Moody, William Vaughn. Shorey, Paul. ... Sherman, Stuart. Zeitlin, Jacob (ed.). Shaping Men and Women: Essays on Literature and Life. By Stuart Sherman. N. Y., 1928. Sinclair, Upton. Dell, Floyd. Upton Sinclair, a Study in Social Protest. ...
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