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Health Effects of Phenolic Compounds Found in Extra-Virgin Olive Oil, By-Products, and Leaf of Olea europaea L

Annalisa Romani, Francesca Ieri, Silvia Urciuoli, Annalisa Noce, Giulia Marrone, Chiara Nediani, Roberta Bernini
2019 Nutrients  
Olea europaea L. fruit is a peculiar vegetal matrix containing high levels of fatty acids (98–99% of the total weight of extra-virgin olive oil, EVOO) and low quantities (1–2%) of phenolics, phytosterols  ...  The data reported in this review demonstrate that EVOO, one of the pillars of the MD, is the main product of Olea europaea L. fruits; leaves and by-products are secondary but precious products from which  ...  Figure 1 . 1 Chemical structure of the main phenolic compounds found in Olea europaea L. Figure 1 .Figure 2 . 12 Chemical structure of the main phenolic compounds found in Olea europaea L.  ... 
doi:10.3390/nu11081776 fatcat:fqj2rlvtafcn7b6zrqxws3posm

Potential Protective Role Exerted by Secoiridoids from Olea europaea L. in Cancer, Cardiovascular, Neurodegenerative, Aging-Related, and Immunoinflammatory Diseases

Castejón, Montoya, Alarcón-de-la-Lastra, Sánchez-Hidalgo
2020 Antioxidants  
Particularly, the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory properties of secoiridoids from the olive tree (Olea europaea L.  ...  Secoiridoids are thoroughly distributed in several families of plants such as Oleaceae, Valerianaceae, Gentianaceae and Pedialaceae, among others. Specifically, Olea europaea L.  ...  OL from olive leaves from Olea europaea L.  ... 
doi:10.3390/antiox9020149 pmid:32050687 pmcid:PMC7070598 fatcat:kxowdzodojdqlfegc4p6rsm42u

Proteomic Dissection of Seed Germination and Seedling Establishment in Brassica napus

Jianwei Gu, Hongbo Chao, Lu Gan, Liangxing Guo, Kai Zhang, Yonghong Li, Hao Wang, Nadia Raboanatahiry, Maoteng Li
2016 Frontiers in Plant Science  
The success of seed germination and establishment of a normal seedling are key determinants of plant species propagation.  ...  The expression pattern of proteins showed that heterotrophic metabolism could be activated in the process of seed germination and that the onset of defense mechanisms might start during seed germination  ...  Similarly, a clear decrease in the number of PBs and OBs after 3 and 4 days of olive (Olea europaea L.) cotyledon cell culture was also demonstrated (Zienkiewicz et al., 2011) ; an obvious decrease of  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpls.2016.01482 pmid:27822216 pmcid:PMC5075573 fatcat:qt4orikvwvck5dx4ixrirb7sga

Traditional Uses, Phytochemistry, and Pharmacology ofOlea europaea(Olive)

Muhammad Ali Hashmi, Afsar Khan, Muhammad Hanif, Umar Farooq, Shagufta Perveen
2015 Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine  
fromO. europaea.  ...  research opportunities.Material and Methods.All the available information onO. europaeawas collected via electronic search (using Pubmed, Scirus, Google Scholar, and Web of Science) and a library search.Results.Ethnomedical  ...  Acknowledgment Muhammad Ali Hashmi acknowledges the funding from Higher Education Commission of Pakistan for his Ph.D. studies.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2015/541591 pmid:25802541 pmcid:PMC4352757 fatcat:xwk2mf3bvzhspgnr5cv4huajoa

Comparative Lipidomics and Proteomics of Lipid Droplets in the Mesocarp and Seed Tissues of Chinese Tallow (Triadica sebifera)

Yao Zhi, Matthew C. Taylor, Peter M. Campbell, Andrew C. Warden, Pushkar Shrestha, Anna El Tahchy, Vivien Rolland, Thomas Vanhercke, James R. Petrie, Rosemary G. White, Wenli Chen, Surinder P. Singh (+1 others)
2017 Frontiers in Plant Science  
The LD proteome analysis in T. sebifera identified 207 proteins from mesocarp, and 54 proteins from seed kernel, which belong to various functional classes including lipid metabolism, transcription and  ...  This comparative study between seed and mesocarp LDs may shed some light on the structure of plant LDs and improve our understanding of their functionality and cellular metabolic networks in oleaginous  ...  TAGs generally accumulate poorly in non-seed tissues, except in the mesocarp tissues from a few woody plants, such as oil palm (Elaeis guineensis), olive (Olea europaea), avocado (Persea americana), Chinese  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpls.2017.01339 pmid:28824675 pmcid:PMC5541829 fatcat:kzrgds2ljjccniwoulhpaxizrq

Oleanolic Acid Exerts a Neuroprotective Effect Against Microglial Cell Activation by Modulating Cytokine Release and Antioxidant Defense Systems

José M. Castellano, Silvia Garcia-Rodriguez, Juan M. Espinosa, María C. Millan-Linares, Mirela Rada, Javier S. Perona
2019 Biomolecules  
Cell pretreatment with OA inhibited the release of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, and NO, which was associated with the downregulation of the expression of genes encoding for these cytokines and inducible nitric  ...  oxide synthase (iNOS), and the reinforcement of the endogenous antioxidant cell defense.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/biom9110683 pmid:31683841 pmcid:PMC6921051 fatcat:yozladlo4vd5nipnvytum7uxru

Regulation of the Ascorbate–Glutathione Cycle in Plants Under Drought Stress [chapter]

Adriano Sofo, Nunzia Cicco, Margherita Paraggio, Antonio Scopa
2010 Ascorbate-Glutathione Pathway and Stress Tolerance in Plants  
GSH is the substrate of glutathione S-transferases, which have a protective role in the detoxification of xenobiotics, and dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR).  ...  Sofo et al. the last decade, focuses on the changes of antioxidant enzyme activities (ascorbate peroxidase, APX; monodehydroascorbate reductase, MDHAR; dehydroascorbate reductase, DHAR; glutathione reductase  ...  Cristos Xiloyannis for his important suggestions and scientific support.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-90-481-9404-9_5 fatcat:edka4xboivbfbbhdppzhk4pr5e

Regulation of L-proline biosynthesis, signal transduction, transport, accumulation and its vital role in plants during variable environmental conditions

Mukesh Meena, Kumari Divyanshu, Sunil Kumar, Prashant Swapnil, Andleeb Zehra, Vaishali Shukla, Mukesh Yadav, R.S. Upadhyay
2019 Heliyon  
L-Proline plays several protective functions such as osmoprotectant, stabilizing cellular structures, enzymes, and scavenging reactive oxygen species (ROS), and keeps up redox balance in adverse situations  ...  L-Proline biosynthesis and catabolism are controlled by several cellular mechanisms, of which we identify only very fewer mechanisms.  ...  Enhanced antioxidative enzymes activities (CAT and SOD) under Cd stress Islam et al. (2009) Olea europaea cv.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e02952 pmid:31872123 pmcid:PMC6909094 fatcat:bceyeyr7h5c4tnk2ingj4gbey4

Mechanism of Salinity Tolerance in Plants: Physiological, Biochemical, and Molecular Characterization

Bhaskar Gupta, Bingru Huang
2014 International Journal of Genomics  
Salinity is a major abiotic stress limiting growth and productivity of plants in many areas of the world due to increasing use of poor quality of water for irrigation and soil salinization.  ...  Recent research has identified various adaptive responses to salinity stress at molecular, cellular, metabolic, and physiological levels, although mechanisms underlying salinity tolerance are far from  ...  Acknowledgments Bhaskar Gupta acknowledges the financial help from DBT (Govt. of India) for the DBT-RGYI grant and Government of West Bengal for the WB-DST grant.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2014/701596 pmid:24804192 pmcid:PMC3996477 fatcat:pjf46skwpjfadbua43h75ok27i

Comparative study of transcriptional and physiological responses to salinity stress in two contrasting Populus alba L. genotypes

I. Beritognolo, A. Harfouche, F. Brilli, G. Prosperini, M. Gaudet, M. Brosche, F. Salani, E. Kuzminsky, P. Auvinen, L. Paulin, J. Kangasjarvi, F. Loreto (+3 others)
2011 Tree Physiology  
The commonly increased transcripts (13 genes) were functionally related to primary metabolism and biosynthesis of proteins and macromolecules.  ...  A microarray experiment based on RNA pooling showed a number of salinityregulated transcripts that markedly increased from 3 h to 3 days of salinity treatment.  ...  Low mesophyll conductance was observed to limit photosynthesis of saltstressed Spinacia oleracea L. (Delfine et al. 1999) and Olea europaea L. .  ... 
doi:10.1093/treephys/tpr083 pmid:21911439 fatcat:u5rznvu6ejan3ah46tif7z42lu

Plant-based green synthesis of silver nanoparticles and its effective role in abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants

Nadiyah M Alabdallah, Md. Mahadi Hasan
2021 Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences  
In this review, we outlined the green synthesis of AgNPs extracted from plant extract.  ...  The development of effective and environmentally friendly methods for the green synthesis of nanoparticles (NPs) is a critical stage in the field of nanotechnology.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to extend their sincere appreciation to the Department of Biology, College of Science, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Saudi Arabia and School of Life Sciences  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sjbs.2021.05.081 pmid:34588874 pmcid:PMC8459083 fatcat:ojwvhu5wq5fslgaypvszm7oqim

Antimicrobial activity of olive oil against microbial infections: فعالية زيت الزيتون كمضاد حيوي

Monerah Saleh M Alhlass Alqahtani
2019 Journal of medical and pharmaceutical sciences  
Hence, the Mediterranean countries have cultivated the olive tree (Olea europaea L.) to produce olive oil, table olives and olive leaf extracts for centuries.  ...  At present, both olive oil and table olives are important com­ponents of the Mediterranean diet and are largely consumed throughout the world.  ...  The olive oil includes Oleuropein, which is the principal active phenolic compound of olive leaf extract and also that of each and every part of olive tree (Olea auropaea L.).  ... 
doi:10.26389/ajsrp.m281118 fatcat:piotqyzhdbg3bfd2ojg3hz3duq

Biotechnological aspects of Plant Lipids.International Workshop, Carmona, Spain. 26-29 May 1993.Contributions and Abstracts of Plenary Lectures

Editorial, Equipo
1993 Grasas y Aceites  
Chemical data of 63 compounds quantified by a dynamic headspace gas-chromatographic method were treated by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), Stepwise Linear Discriminant Analysis (SLDA) and Factor Analysis  ...  The volatile aroma composition of five virgin olive oil varieties corresponding to three different Mediterranean countries were studied.  ...  -R. and AFRC for a research studentship to N.C.T. Solubilization and partial purification of the acyl-CoA elongase from developing rapeseeds {Brassica napus L.)  ... 
doaj:e055e402ed3b4de999d3417baaa256d4 fatcat:3mcckelk2vfe5cailmdbsd27vi

Polyphenols in Farm Animals: Source of Reproductive Gain or Waste?

Nesrein M. Hashem, Antonio Gonzalez-Bulnes, Jesus Simal-Gandara
2020 Antioxidants  
This update will help in formulating proper diets, optimizing the introduction of new plant species, and feed additives for improving reproductive function, avoiding possible reproductive wastes and maximizing  ...  This review illustrates recent findings connecting dietary polyphenols consumption from different sources (conventional and unconventional feeds) with the reproductive performance of farm animals, underpinned  ...  granatum (pomegranate), Olea europaea L.  ... 
doi:10.3390/antiox9101023 pmid:33096704 pmcid:PMC7589028 fatcat:z7ookx526zbijcopljpvshrnii

Dietary Polyphenols: Extraction, Identification, Bioavailability, and Role for Prevention and Treatment of Colorectal and Prostate Cancers

Naveed Ahmad, Muhammad Qamar, Ye Yuan, Yasir Nazir, Polrat Wilairatana, Mohammad S. Mubarak
2022 Molecules  
These plants are a rich and promising source of natural products and phytochemicals that can be used to treat and prevent numerous diseases and prevent the progression of cancer.  ...  Dietary polyphenols exhibit chemo-preventive and therapeutic effects against various ailments, including several types of cancer.  ...  Acknowledgments: M.S.M. acknowledges the support from The University of Jordan during his sabbatical year (2022-2023) at Indiana University, USA.  ... 
doi:10.3390/molecules27092831 pmid:35566182 pmcid:PMC9104150 fatcat:eha3exkvejdvbikjgipuikycke
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