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Structural Novelty and Diversity in Link Prediction

Javier Sanz-Cruzado, Sofía M. Pepa, Pablo Castells
2018 Companion of the The Web Conference 2018 on The Web Conference 2018 - WWW '18  
We consider further utility dimensions beyond prediction accuracy, namely novelty and diversity.  ...  Link prediction has mainly been addressed as an accuracy-targeting problem in the social networks field.  ...  structural diversity brought by link prediction.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3184558.3191576 dblp:conf/www/Sanz-CruzadoPC18 fatcat:ngvi2y6ysvgthkokupzs2t3zbi

The Diversity–Innovation Paradox in Science

Bas Hofstra, Vivek V. Kulkarni, Sebastian Munoz-Najar Galvez, Bryan He, Dan Jurafsky, Daniel A. McFarland
2020 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
And are the innovations of underrepresented groups adopted and rewarded? Our analyses show that underrepresented groups produce higher rates of scientific novelty.  ...  in academia.  ...  In sum, we identify "meaningful" links by filtering the documents for the top FREX terms via structural topic models and then filtering for spurious links through a link significance score.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1915378117 pmid:32291335 fatcat:ctzvvvnnpjesrdcgziyczneinq

DeepRiPP integrates multiomics data to automate discovery of novel ribosomally synthesized natural products

Nishanth J. Merwin, Walaa K. Mousa, Chris A. Dejong, Michael A. Skinnider, Michael J. Cannon, Haoxin Li, Keshav Dial, Mathusan Gunabalasingam, Chad Johnston, Nathan A. Magarvey
2019 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
We apply the DeepRiPP platform to expand the landscape of novel RiPPs encoded within sequenced genomes and to discover 3 novel RiPPs, whose structures are exactly as predicted by our platform.  ...  In parallel, analyses of bacterial metabolomes typically assign chemical structures to only a minority of detected metabolites.  ...  Analysis and RiPP Structure Prediction and Peak Matching.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1901493116 pmid:31871149 pmcid:PMC6955231 fatcat:htmygyqxgnczxpvucgban2f6ua

Linking the Divergent and Convergent Processes of Collaborative Creativity: The Impact of Expertise Levels and Elaboration Processes

Lauren E. Coursey, Ryan T. Gertner, Belinda C. Williams, Jared B. Kenworthy, Paul B. Paulus, Simona Doboli
2019 Frontiers in Psychology  
However, consistent with our theoretical model final product novelty was influenced by the number and novelty of the replies in the divergent phase.  ...  Low expertise groups demonstrated the most novelty in the divergent phase. Final product novelty was also associated with sports words used in discussions during the convergent phase.  ...  Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00699 pmid:31031668 pmcid:PMC6473024 fatcat:rqk2xs3ldbbx7bjieqpd2j3sby

A knowledge reuse framework for improving novelty and diversity in recommendations

Apurva Pathak, Bidyut Kr. Patra
2015 Proceedings of the Second ACM IKDD Conference on Data Sciences - CoDS '15  
However, recent study shows that novelty and diversity in recommendations are equally important factors from both user and business view points.  ...  In this paper, we introduce a knowledge reuse framework to increase novelty and diversity in the recommended items of individual users while compromising very little recommendation accuracy.  ...  However, minimum predicted rating selection is found to be outperforming others in providing diversity and novelty.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2732587.2732590 dblp:conf/cods/PathakP15 fatcat:rcdnvrha3jd3hlont22xp4meui

Coevolution of Network Structure and Content [article]

Chun-Yuen Teng, Liuling Gong, Avishay Livne, Celso Brunetti, Lada A. Adamic
2012 arXiv   pre-print
We demonstrate, using time series analysis of communication in three online settings, that network structure alone can be highly revealing of the diversity and novelty of the information being communicated  ...  We find that networks with a higher conductance in link structure exhibit higher information entropy, while unexpected network configurations can be tied to information novelty.  ...  The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official policies, either ex-pressed or implied, of the U.S.  ... 
arXiv:1107.5543v2 fatcat:pmtdidm7gbgxpgsu5qvlcjaez4

R&D Production Team Composition and Firm-Level Innovation

Vikas A. Aggarwal, David Hsu, Andy Wu
2014 Academy of Management Proceedings  
We assemble a panel dataset of start-up biotechnology firms founded between 1980 and 2000, tracked from founding through 2009, to develop and test hypotheses regarding the link between team structure and  ...  We also find evidence that collaborative experience and combinatorial novelty moderate this effect, further supporting our proposed framework.  ...  novelty moderator (H3) in models (4-3) and (4-4).  ... 
doi:10.5465/ambpp.2014.12314abstract fatcat:miqnzu5rerdyjkfkttsdoaenhe

CReM: chemically reasonable mutations framework for structure generation

Pavel Polishchuk
2020 Journal of Cheminformatics  
Here we developed a new framework of fragment-based structure generation that, by design, results in the chemically valid structures and provides flexible control over diversity, novelty, synthetic complexity  ...  On the other hand, conventional reaction-based approaches result in synthetically feasible compounds but novelty and diversity of generated compounds may be limited.  ...  Acknowledgements The author thanks Guzel Mindubaeva for the implementation and testing of some functions and Dr. Olena Mokshyna for critical reading of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13321-020-00431-w pmid:33430959 fatcat:lpa33m6w7jbjvbod7xmxozqe34

Accurate and Novel Recommendations

Amin Javari, Mahdi Jalili
2014 ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology  
Recently, the community has been paying attention to diversity and novelty of recommendation list as key characteristics of modern recommender systems.  ...  The other algorithm, denoted as novelty and population based filtering algorithm, is to move towards items with low popularity in past time steps that are predicted to become popular in the future.  ...  Recommendation task is similar to link prediction problem in networked structures [Liben-Nowelly and Kleinberg 2003; Lü and Zhou 2011] .  ... 
doi:10.1145/2668107 fatcat:wxjd6os4dnhmhhovkahuzv6npu

The Diversity-Innovation Paradox in Science [article]

Bas Hofstra, Vivek V. Kulkarni, Sebastian Munoz-Najar Galvez, Bryan He, Dan Jurafsky, Daniel A. McFarland
2020 arXiv   pre-print
And are the innovations of underrepresented groups adopted and rewarded? Our analyses show that underrepresented groups produce higher rates of scientific novelty.  ...  Prior work finds a diversity paradox: diversity breeds innovation, and yet, underrepresented groups that diversify organizations have less successful careers within them.  ...  Nielsen, Anthony Lising Antonio, James Zou, and Londa Schiebinger. Competing interests The authors declare no competing interests. Data and materials availability  ... 
arXiv:1909.02063v2 fatcat:ecbmkwl2jfchfo7vopymgdfnwu

Recommendation in Collaborative E-Learning by Using Linked Open Data and Ant Colony Optimization [chapter]

Samia Beldjoudi, Hassina Seridi, Nour El Islem Karabadji
2018 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The proposed approach demonstrates the efficiency of using DBpedia to enhance diversity and novelty when recommending resources to users in folksonomies.  ...  This paper demonstrates how structured content available through DBpedia can be leveraged to support recommendation of resources in folksonomies.  ...  In our approach we tackle the problems of tag ambiguity, diversity and novelty.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-91464-0_3 fatcat:kq7i52kccrcgbe3vtxgzkma7ei

The effect of heterogeneous dynamics of online users on information filtering

Bo-Lun Chen, An Zeng, Ling Chen
2015 Physics Letters A  
We find that the personalized application of recommendation algorithms results in remarkable improvement in the recommendation accuracy and diversity.  ...  Many recommendation algorithms have been proposed to predict the future items that a given user might be interested in.  ...  Acknowledgements This research was supported in part by the National Nat-  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.physleta.2015.09.019 fatcat:pbe6uun2prbetdcxfan7vp5v2y

Where do novelties come from? A social network analysis of Transnational Municipal Networks in global climate governance

Marielle Papin
2020 Earth System Governance  
Findings suggest that the most central TMNs, which also have diverse contacts, can draw on huge volumes of diverse information to generate novel governance instruments and evolve.  ...  Scholars have discussed their effects, including their capacity to generate novelties. Yet, some confusion remains in this area.  ...  In CAS, both structure and agents matter. The impact of certain attributes, actions or behaviours is hard to predict. Complexity approaches and network theory are complementary.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.esg.2020.100064 fatcat:nkn47q7gwne47ihkko6ez5npn4

Sound and Music Recommendation with Knowledge Graphs

Sergio Oramas, Vito Claudio Ostuni, Tommaso Di Noia, Xavier Serra, Eugenio Di Sciascio
2016 ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology  
In addition, we show how the semantic expansion of the initial descriptions helps in achieving much better recommendation quality in terms of aggregated diversity and novelty.  ...  Tags and textual descriptions are exploited to extract and link entities to external graphs such as WordNet and DBpedia which are in turn used to semantically enrich the initial data.  ...  due to its performances in terms of novelty and aggregate diversity.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2926718 fatcat:z4m4rqda65g45ju46j4dybyq3y

Stimulated by Novelty? The Role of Psychological Needs and Perceived Creativity

Kiki M. M. De Jonge, Eric F. Rietzschel, Nico W. Van Yperen
2018 Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin  
In contrast, those high in need for structure may experience cognitive diversity in the group as unwelcome, as diverse insights and ideas from others further increase complexity and ambiguity in the task  ...  As can be seen in Figure 3 , the positive effect of input novelty on idea diversity through perceived creativity was weaker for people high in need for structure than for those low in need for structure  ... 
doi:10.1177/0146167217752361 pmid:29405847 pmcid:PMC5946663 fatcat:74dpphonpbdsje6hthbzsmawou
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