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Strength-based Signal Detection in PAM OOK Concentration-Encoded Molecular Communication

Mohammad Mahfuz
2016 Proceedings of the 9th EAI International Conference on Bio-inspired Information and Communications Technologies (formerly BIONETICS)  
In this paper, the expressions of achievable strength-based suboptimum detection probabilities of concentration-encoded molecular communication (CEMC) system have been derived based on pulse-amplitude  ...  modulated (PAM) on-off keying (OOK) modulation scheme.  ...  INTRODUCTION Concentration-encoded molecular communication (CEMC) is an information encoding technique that relies on transmitting a single type of information molecules and varying the number of transmitted  ... 
doi:10.4108/eai.3-12-2015.2262574 dblp:journals/eetws/Mahfuz16a fatcat:64rrd6bilneinahrk4adpfnlia

Transmitter and Receiver Architectures for Molecular Communications: A Survey on Physical Design with Modulation, Coding and Detection Techniques [article]

Murat Kuscu, Ergin Dinc, Bilgesu A. Bilgin, Hamideh Ramezani, Ozgur B. Akan
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Inspired by Nature, molecular communications (MC), i.e., use of molecules to encode, transmit and receive information, stands as the most promising communication paradigm to realize nanonetworks.  ...  To that end, various transmitter and receiver designs for MC have been proposed in literature together with numerable modulation, coding and detection techniques.  ...  to observe the molecular channel continuously to detect the signal encoded into concentration, type/ratio/order or release time of molecules.  ... 
arXiv:1901.05546v1 fatcat:d4cvhn5lyrdibizrrya4f67gz4

Transmitter and Receiver Architectures for Molecular Communications: A Survey on Physical Design With Modulation, Coding, and Detection Techniques

Murat Kuscu, Ergin Dinc, Bilgesu A. Bilgin, Hamideh Ramezani, Ozgur B. Akan
2019 Proceedings of the IEEE  
ABSTRACT | Inspired by nature, molecular communications (MC), i.e., the use of molecules to encode, transmit, and receive information, stands as the most promising communication paradigm to realize the  ...  This article focuses on the design of transmitters and receivers for molecular communication (MC).  ...  the molecular channel continuously to detect the signal encoded into concentration, type/ratio/order, or release time of molecules.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2019.2916081 fatcat:mfvayrdngfbb7bshugc67k54z4

A review of gallium nitride LEDs for multi-gigabit-per-second visible light data communications

Sujan Rajbhandari, Jonathan J D McKendry, Johannes Herrnsdorf, Hyunchae Chun, Grahame Faulkner, Harald Haas, Ian M Watson, Dominic O'Brien, Martin D Dawson
2017 Semiconductor Science and Technology  
With the evolution of the new wireless communication standards like the fourth generation (4G) and fifth generation (5G) networks, the available RF spectra are efficiently utilized by using advanced signal  ...  In Japan, the visible light communication consortium (VLCC) [14] was formed in 2003 which is now superseded by the visible light communication association (VLCA) [15].  ...  We also gratefully acknowledge the contributions to this work of all the partners in UP-VLC.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1361-6641/32/2/023001 fatcat:iyl2iqfnzjbrfjblw4e3q3oeq4

Average BER Performance Estimation of Relayed THz Links with Losses, Molecular Attenuation, Adverse Weather Conditions, Turbulence and Generalized Pointing Errors

George K. Varotsos, Konstantinos Aidinis, Hector E. Nistazakis
2022 Photonics  
In recent years, the THz frequency band (0.3 THz–10 THz) has attracted an increasing research interest for the realization of emerging high-speed wireless communication links.  ...  Nevertheless, the propagation of THz signals through the atmospheric channel is primarily subjected to signal attenuation due to free space path loss (FSPL), water vapor, adverse weather conditions along  ...  According to L-PAM, the information is encoded into L different amplitudes, which represent the L different symbols.  ... 
doi:10.3390/photonics9100671 fatcat:yupzjsw6rngn7ht5y6bbjwehha

Free Space Optical Communication: Challenges and Mitigation Techniques [article]

Hemani Kaushal, Georges Kaddoum
2015 arXiv   pre-print
In recent years, free space optical (FSO) communication has gained significant importance owing to its unique features: large bandwidth, license free spectrum, high data rate, easy and quick deployability  ...  Further, this survey uniquely offers the current literature on FSO coding and modulation schemes using various channel models and detection techniques.  ...  Log-normal and Gamma-Gamma ML sequence detection (MLSD) [200] Turbo OOK and PPM - Direct Detection [201] - OOK K Direct Detection [202] - OOK K and IK Direct Detection [203] - OOK  ... 
arXiv:1506.04836v1 fatcat:gvzq3wip2rexdnybi3n3ww4tfm

Underwater Optical Wireless Communications in Swarm Robotics: A Tutorial

Peter A. Hoeher, Jan Sticklus, Andrej Harlakin
2021 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
The main disadvantage is the strong signal attenuation in salty water.  ...  Since our focus is on AUV swarms and therefore on mobility, however, in the remainder only LED-based solutions will be explored.  ...  An OOK signal is represented by red color, and a binary PAM signal by blue color. The former waveform is superior from an SNR point of view, given the same average signal power.  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2021.3111984 fatcat:dbu6v37agnaa7o46emq4qjjc4q

Optical Communication in Space: Challenges and Mitigation Techniques

Hemani Kaushal, Georges Kaddoum
2017 IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials  
It also uniquely presents a recently developed technique using orbital angular momentum for utilizing the high capacity advantage of the optical carrier in case of space-based and near-Earth optical communication  ...  This survey provides the reader with comprehensive details on the use of space-based optical backhaul links in order to provide high-capacity and low-cost backhaul solutions.  ...  Another detection technique used in OOK modulation scheme is maximum likelihood (ML) detection with perfect channel state information (CSI) [274] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/comst.2016.2603518 fatcat:zv3fa7k2pbet3pi6gphq6izqae

Single-Photon Avalanche Diodes in CMOS Technologies for Optical Communications [chapter]

Edward M.D. Fisher
2017 Optical Communication Technology  
and overall power usage within communications link budgets.  ...  To achieve this, single-photon avalanche diodes (SPADs) can be implemented in complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technologies and have already been investigated in several topologies for VLC  ...  and communication signals.  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.68935 fatcat:pg34yexzbvhfrk2qgjz42zjvse

Biological Nanosensors On Network for Diabetes Control With Alert Emission for Users

Edison Andres Quijano Súarez, Héctor Felipe Hurtado Acosta, Gerardo Alberto Castang Montiel
2019 Ingeniería solidaria  
In addition, numerous applications were found that can be implemented in the proposed theoretical prototype.  ...  Conclusion: A theoretical prototype is proposed for communication between a nano network and an alarm management system for the end user.  ...  An On-Off Keying (OOK) modulation is chosen instead of a binary Pulse Amplitude Modulation (PAM) or Pulse Position Modulation (PPM), due to the particular behavior of the molecular absorption noise.  ... 
doi:10.16925/2357-6014.2019.03.10 fatcat:riq3b7uevjfajch3yw2ebgnlwe

Fundamentals of Concentration-encoded Molecular Communication

Mohammad Upal Mahfuz, Université D'Ottawa / University Of Ottawa, Université D'Ottawa / University Of Ottawa
2014
In this thesis, we investigate a concentration-encoded molecular communication (CEMC) system where the transmitting nanomachine (TN) and the receiving nanomachine (RN) communicate with a single type of  ...  Finally, potential applications of CEMC would be in materializing CEMC-based molecular nanonetworks for emerging areas, e.g. in cancer detection and treatment, targeted drug delivery, and environmental  ...  Mouftah, "Strength-Based Optimum Signal Detection in Concentration-Encoded Pulse-Transmitted OOK Molecular Communication with Stochastic Ligand-Receptor Binding," Simulation Modelling Practice and  ... 
doi:10.20381/ruor-6650 fatcat:mm2oeevsxvcffoxzr6fi4nb65a

Non-Coherent and Backscatter Communications: Enabling Ultra-Massive Connectivity in the Era Beyond 5G [article]

Syed Junaid Nawaz, Shree Krishna Sharma, Babar Mansoor, Mohmammad N. Patwary, Noor M. Khan
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Towards delivering the anticipated massive connectivity requirements with optimal energy and spectral efficiency besides low hardware cost, this paper proposes a framework that is fundamentally based on  ...  the scalable network cost in 6th generation (6G) wireless networks.  ...  through molecular signals can be seen as a potential enabler for various micro-and nano-scale in-body communication applications in 6G and beyond wireless networks.  ... 
arXiv:2005.10937v3 fatcat:nsyufug2dbbvzeribg4bgymyfa

Nano-networks communication architecture: Modeling and functions

Akram Galal, Xavier Hesselbach
2018 Nano Communication Networks  
Nano-network is a communication network at the Nano-scale between Nano-devices.  ...  In this paper, we provide an unified architectural model of Nano-network communication with a layered approach combining Software Defined Network (SDN), Network Function Virtualization (NFV) and IoT technologies  ...  In molecular communications, cells and many living organisms exchange information by means of molecular communication. They use molecules to encode, transmit and receive information. Kulakowski et al.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.nancom.2018.07.001 fatcat:5wvhfnaj65epzjtal2sp7jvqay

Intelligent Radio Signal Processing: A Survey [article]

Quoc-Viet Pham and Nhan Thanh Nguyen and Thien Huynh-The and Long Bao Le and Kyungchun Lee and Won-Joo Hwang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Intelligent signal processing for wireless communications is a vital task in modern wireless systems, but it faces new challenges because of network heterogeneity, diverse service requirements, a massive  ...  This survey covers four intelligent signal processing topics for the wireless physical layer, including modulation classification, signal detection, beamforming, and channel estimation.  ...  ), channel estimation, signal detection, channel encoding and decoding, localization, and beamforming.  ... 
arXiv:2008.08264v3 fatcat:4wmxyio6ejfvbfnqodq5z426m4

Intelligent Radio Signal Processing: A Survey

Quoc-Viet Pham, Nhan Thanh Nguyen, Thien Huynh-The, Long Bao Le, Kyungchun Lee, Won-Joo Hwang
2021 IEEE Access  
Intelligent signal processing for wireless communications is a vital task in modern wireless systems, but it faces new challenges because of network heterogeneity, diverse service requirements, a massive  ...  This survey covers four intelligent signal processing topics for the wireless physical layer, including modulation classification, signal detection, beamforming, and channel estimation.  ...  ), channel estimation, signal detection, channel encoding and decoding, localization, and beamforming.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3087136 fatcat:lovomskphvecbnxmvbm4dadssi
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