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Design Principles for True Random Number Generators for Security Applications

Miloš Grujić, Vladimir Rožić, David Johnston, John Kelsey, Ingrid Verbauwhede
2019 Proceedings of the 56th Annual Design Automation Conference 2019 on - DAC '19  
The generation of high quality true random numbers is essential in security applications.  ...  For secure communication, we also require high quality true random number generators (TRNGs) in embedded and IoT devices.  ...  INTRODUCTION True random number generator (TRNG) is an indispensable part of the security systems.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3316781.3323482 dblp:conf/dac/GrujicRJKV19 fatcat:zmo6yqiqizchbpsokagvremqmq

A Closer Look at Security in Random Number Generators Design [chapter]

Viktor Fischer
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper, we discuss practical aspects of a true random number generator design.  ...  The issue of random number generation is crucial for the implementation of cryptographic systems.  ...  Physical (true-) random number generators (TRNGs) use physical processes to generate random numbers.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-29912-4_13 fatcat:b3q6ly3jfbgmdi4pr5uha5jk4i

Sources Of Randomness In Digital Devices And Their Testability

Viktor Fischer
2016 Zenodo  
Presentation on "Sources of Randomness in Digital Devices and Their Testability" at NIST RBG Workshop, Gaithersburg, USA, May 2016.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was performed in the framework of the project Hardware Enabled Crypto and Randomness The HECTOR project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research  ...  and innovation programme under grant agreement number 644052 starting from March 2015 www.hector-project.eu  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.58127 fatcat:fwvngwvlcbf7pp32fz6hrimkiy

A Highly Flexible Lightweight and High Speed True Random Number Generator on FPGA

Faqiang Mei, Lei Zhang, Chongyan Gu, Yuan Cao, Chenghua Wang, Weiqiang Liu
2018 2018 IEEE Computer Society Annual Symposium on VLSI (ISVLSI)  
True random number generator (TRNG), plays an important role in information security systems.  ...  Conventional TRNGs use natural physical stochastic processes including thermal noise, chaos-based circuit and so on to generate the random numbers.  ...  Both pseudo random number generator (PRNG) and true random number generator (TRNG) are usually used to generate random sequences that are used in practical applications.  ... 
doi:10.1109/isvlsi.2018.00079 dblp:conf/isvlsi/MeiZGCWL18 fatcat:57ikl4wbsjbybdupffcgq62qgi

Nano-Intrinsic True Random Number Generation [article]

Jeeson Kim, Taimur Ahmed, Hussein Nili, Nhan Duy Truong, Jiawei Yang, Doo Seok Jeong, Sharath Sriram, Damith C. Ranasinghe, Omid Kavehei
2017 arXiv   pre-print
We use RTN in amorphous SrTiO3-based resistive memories to evaluate the proposed true random number generator (TRNG).  ...  Random number generators (RNGs) are at the core of most security applications. Therefore, a secure and trustworthy source of randomness is required to be found.  ...  A RERAM'S TRN-BASED TRUE RANDOM NUMBER GENERATOR In this section, we describe our harvesting circuit for a ReRAM-based TRNG for which RTS is used as a source of randomness. A.  ... 
arXiv:1701.06020v1 fatcat:eqqccopr5reyzpldaeiyjh36za

True Random Number Generators Using Electrical Noise

Lishuang Gong, Jianguo Zhang, Haifang Liu, Luxiao Sang, Yuncai Wang
2019 IEEE Access  
True random number generators (TRNGs) are a fundamental resource in information security and can guarantee the absolute security of information in principle.  ...  on the metastable behavior and amplify noise based on chaos circuits.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2939027 fatcat:hcachxfl65bunhs5li7ucngf4e

Highly efficient entropy extraction for true random number generators on FPGAs

Vladimir Rozic, Bohan Yang, Wim Dehaene, Ingrid Verbauwhede
2015 Proceedings of the 52nd Annual Design Automation Conference on - DAC '15  
Design steps and techniques are illustrated on an example of a ring-oscillator based true random number generator on Spartan-6 FPGA.  ...  In this work, a novel entropy extraction method is used to improve throughput of jitterbased true random number generators on FPGA.  ...  A true random number generator (TRNG) is a type of RNG that generates unpredictable bits, as opposed to deterministic or pseudo-random number generator (DRNG or PRNG) which Permission to make digital or  ... 
doi:10.1145/2744769.2744852 dblp:conf/dac/RozicYDV15 fatcat:6lnpm6darngdbav6gbjtdbnxaa

Quantum Emulsion: A Glassy Phase of Bosonic Mixtures in Optical Lattices

Tommaso Roscilde, J. Ignacio Cirac
2007 Physical Review Letters  
Their metastability is probed by extensive quantum Monte Carlo simulations generating a rich correlated stochastic dynamics.  ...  In large parameter regions full phase segregation is seen to minimize the energy of the system, but the true ground state is masked by an exponentially large number of metastable states characterized by  ...  Their metastability is probed by extensive quantum Monte Carlo simulations generating a rich correlated stochastic dynamics.  ... 
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.98.190402 pmid:17677607 fatcat:dblsayy6cnalnm6zcr43wyv754

Steady-state simulation of metastable stochastic chemical systems

Andreas Milias-Argeitis, John Lygeros
2013 Journal of Chemical Physics  
Citation for published version (APA): Milias-Argeitis, A., & Lygeros, J. (2013). Steady-state simulation of metastable stochastic chemical systems.  ...  In this paper, we propose a new method for steady-state simulation of metastable Markov chains that is centered around the concept of stochastic complementation.  ...  The first is two-dimensional and is based on the genetic toggle switch model of Gardner, 30 while the second is a five-dimensional model that serves as an abstraction of the more complicated λ-phage switch  ... 
doi:10.1063/1.4804191 pmid:23676031 fatcat:ziloegamo5extl63ddz6edhbwu

A Closer Look at the Delay-Chain based TRNG

Milos Grujic, Vladimir Rozic, Bohan Yang, Ingrid Verbauwhede
2018 2018 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS)  
This paper presents a refined stochastic model of the delay-chain based true random number generator (DC-TRNG) and its application.  ...  DC-TRNG is a true random number generator for FPGAs that utilizes time-to-digital conversion (TDC) to accurately determine the position of the ring-oscillator jittery signal edge.  ...  True random number generators (TRNGs) are a class of RNGs that inherit randomness from physical, nondeterministic phenomena such as thermal noise or metastability.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iscas.2018.8351222 dblp:conf/iscas/GrujicR0V18 fatcat:uncnqqwz4bdahnpvp6lxj6z55e

Hiding Solutions in Random Satisfiability Problems: A Statistical Mechanics Approach

W. Barthel, A. K. Hartmann, M. Leone, F. Ricci-Tersenghi, M. Weigt, R. Zecchina
2002 Physical Review Letters  
A major problem in evaluating stochastic local search algorithms for NP-complete problems is the need for a systematic generation of hard test instances having previously known properties of the optimal  ...  On the basis of statistical mechanics results, we propose random generators of hard and satisfiable instances for the 3-satisfiability problem (3SAT).  ...  The physical interpretation of the hardness in this class of models is based on the presence of glassy metastable states of zero magnetization [3] for a . 4.25.  ... 
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.88.188701 pmid:12005728 fatcat:lbqrp62sgjhlrjf5bhnamgzgyi

Finding metastabilities in reversible Markov chains based on incomplete sampling

Konstantin Fackeldey, Amir Niknejad, Marcus Weber
2017 Special Matrices  
Our proposed approach fits very well to stochastic processes stemming from simulation of molecular systems or random walks on graphs and it is different from the matrix completion approaches which try  ...  The main purpose of this paper is to design a sampling strategy, which provides a partial sampling of only a subset of the rows of such a matrix P.  ...  The random walk, however, is based on an in nitesimal generator which leads to a monotonous improvement of the results with increasing number of sampled rows.  ... 
doi:10.1515/spma-2017-0006 fatcat:irs4zdalondohnawn75mfrvxga

Metastable Walking on Stochastically Rough Terrain

Katie Byl, Russ Tedrake
2008 Robotics: Science and Systems IV  
Here, we examine the dynamics of rimless-wheel and compass-gait walking on randomly generated rough terrain and employ tools from stochastic processes to describe the 'stochastic stability' of these gaits  ...  Simplified models of limit-cycle walking on flat terrain have provided important insights into the nature of legged locomotion.  ...  Experimental analyses of real machines based on these simple models [4] have revealed that real machines differ from these idealized dynamics in a number of important ways.  ... 
doi:10.15607/rss.2008.iv.030 dblp:conf/rss/BylT08 fatcat:5bih7edfdfdk5m5aekhm7o56zy

Extracting macroscopic stochastic dynamics: Model problems

Wilhelm Huisinga, Christof Schütte, Andrew M. Stuart
2002 Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics  
The model problems are ordinary differential equations constructed to have the property that, when projected onto a low-dimensional subspace, the dynamics is approximately that of a stochastic differential  ...  The investigations involve the formulation, and subsequent numerical study, of a class of model problems.  ...  Huisinga was supported by "Deutsche Forschungsgesellschaft" within SPP 1095: "Analysis, Modeling and Simulation of Multiscale Problems." A. M. Stuart is supported by the EPSRC. Bibliography  ... 
doi:10.1002/cpa.10057 fatcat:hfkkvktv4bhujpgmuieco7dj3q

Incoherent boundary conditions and metastates [chapter]

Aernout C. D. van Enter, Karel Netočný, Hendrikjan G. Schaap
2006 Institute of Mathematical Statistics Lecture Notes - Monograph Series  
An idea of the proofs as well as the reformulation of our results in the language of Newman-Stein metastates are also presented.  ...  This is a question of particular relevance for the analysis of disordered systems, and in particular of spin glasses.  ...  A. C. D. v. E. and K. N. thank Igor Medved' for their related earlier collaboration which led to the results in [9] . A. C. D. v.  ... 
doi:10.1214/074921706000000176 fatcat:wb463pglmveenct44leaqgurbm
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