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Improving Statute Prediction via Mining Correlations between Statutes

Yi Feng, Chuanyi Li, Jidong Ge, Bin Luo
2019 Asian Conference on Machine Learning  
The task of statute prediction focuses on determining applicable statutes for legal cases with the inputs of fact descriptions, which is crucial for both legal experts and ordinary people without professional  ...  Existing works just consider the correspondence from facts to individual statutes and ignore the correlations between statutes. Moreover, charges of cases have associations with statutes.  ...  Based on memory representations, our model predict charges. The decoder predicts an output sequence of statutes one statute at a time.  ... 
dblp:conf/acml/FengLG019 fatcat:ubybom6v5jgy3mbee45fdbbqlq

Evaluating Document Representations for Content-based Legal Literature Recommendations [article]

Malte Ostendorff, Elliott Ash, Terry Ruas, Bela Gipp, Julian Moreno-Schneider, Georg Rehm
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Our experiments show that document representations from averaged fastText word vectors (trained on legal corpora) yield the best results, closely followed by Poincar\'e citation embeddings.  ...  Besides the overall performance, we analyze the methods depending on document length, citation count, and the coverage of their recommendations.  ...  document embeddings in the context of legal document recommendation.  ... 
arXiv:2104.13841v1 fatcat:rfncpa7skrg7jnw3iogmkzwvae

Unsupervised Identification of Relevant Cases & Statutes Using Word Embeddings

Soumil Mandal, Sourya Dipta Das
2019 Forum for Information Retrieval Evaluation  
The two tasks in this track were 1) identifying relevant prior cases and 2) identifying relevant statutes.  ...  In this paper, we have described the systems that we submitted as team JU SRM for FIRE 2019 track on Artificial Intelligence for Legal Assistance (AILA 2019).  ...  Here, we have used two types of word embeddings, namely pretrained Sent2Vec [9] and FastText [10] trained on the prior 2914 cases. On a whole, we created three models.  ... 
dblp:conf/fire/MandalD19 fatcat:qq3gnoiuqracfh5iwtk34kgjpe

Improving topic modeling through homophily for legal documents

Kazuki Ashihara, Cheikh Brahim El Vaigh, Chenhui Chu, Benjamin Renoust, Noriko Okubo, Noriko Takemura, Yuta Nakashima, Hajime Nagahara
2020 Applied Network Science  
The weights can be obtained either from the co-citations or from the cosine similarity based on an embedding of the homophily networks.  ...  In this paper, we explore the use of homophily networks extracted from two types of references: prior cases and statute laws, to enhance topic modeling on legal case documents.  ...  Recent studies have also tried to bridge topic models to text representation methods based on word embeddings.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s41109-020-00321-y fatcat:lf4exe7corakjfl2asptlgfztm

Medicare and the 3-Inpatient Midnight Requirement: A Statute in Need of Modernization

Ann M Sheehy, Joe Courtney
2017 Journal of Hospital Medicine  
"inpatient" remains embedded in statute, limiting SNF coverage for Medicare beneficiaries hospitalized as outpatients under observation for part or all of a 3-midnight stay. 3 At the individual Medicare  ...  On July 30, 1965, Lyndon B.  ... 
doi:10.12788/jhm.2707 pmid:28272600 fatcat:pu5n2hcw7vf6hgre5qojxxq35e

Embedded Librarians: Teaching Legal Research as a Lawyering Skill

Vicenç Feliú, Helen Frazer
2010 Social Science Research Network  
The UDC-DCSL embedded librarians experiment embodies the 2009 Boulder Statement on Legal Research Education's recommendation that "students will experience a cognitive apprenticeship...  ...  Part IV proposes a model for teaching advanced legal research by embedding law librarians in law school clinics based on the experiment conducted at the UDC David A.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1694568 fatcat:zdyvkerdcbhjpapzmu5wdgguvq

Routinizing Mathematics Vocabulary: The Vocab Grid

Katherine Ariemma Marin
2018 Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School  
To enforce learning and assess how well a word is learned, Vocab Learn generates, for each word recommended, a number of semantically close words using word embeddings (Mikolov et al., 2013a) , and a number  ...  Vocab Learn extracts words, excluding stop words, from a knowledge base and recommends new words to a user according to their importance and frequency.  ...  Word Classifications Vocab Learn provides two types of word classifications, one is based on word frequency and the other on word ranking.  ... 
doi:10.5951/mathteacmiddscho.23.7.0395 fatcat:m6xuibz5pnfz7axr7zftzmypgu

Document Similarity of Czech Supreme Court Decisions

Tereza Novotná
2020 Masaryk University Journal of Law and Technology  
Furthermore, the limits and challenges of these methods and its application on the Czech Supreme Court decisions are discussed.  ...  vector embedding for 10 the whole documents (sentences, paragraphs etc.). 17 Original word2vec method is based on the principle, where the text is split into unique words and these words are embedded  ...  Furthermore, the prediction of a current word is based on both segment and word vectors.  ... 
doi:10.5817/mujlt2020-1-5 fatcat:d4spok4g2rgw7irqf3hghfikha

Teacher evaluation as a policy target for improved student learning: A fifty-state review of statute and regulatory action since NCLB

Helen M. Hazi, Daisy Arredondo Rucinski
2009 Education Policy Analysis Archives  
a comparison matrix based on criteria developed from the National Governors Association (NGA) goals for school reform (Goldrick, 2002).  ...  This paper reports on the analysis of state statutes and department of education regulations in fifty states for changes in teacher evaluation in use since the passage of No Child Left Behind Act of 2001  ...  If states are, indeed, embedding recommended professional development practices into the statute and regulation of teacher evaluation, what appears on the surface to be an effort toward building teacher  ... 
doi:10.14507/epaa.v17n5.2009 fatcat:zqlr6x6mgrh3ho4jqlbyrmg5yu

"Judging Extreme Hardship": An in-class activity for teaching critical interrogation of discursive frames in U.S. im/migration law

Jennifer Cook
2020 Teaching and Learning Anthropology  
In this article I describe an in-class activity I use to foster critical thinking about discursive frames on im/migration-specifically those which are embedded into U.S. immigration law.  ...  Students are asked to play the role of an immigration judge deciding on a de-identified version of an actual "hardship waiver" case-a petition for relief from deportation.  ...  on the statute, not based on moral notions about what they think should happen. 4 They are also instructed to write down some notes about how and why they come to their final decisions, including what  ... 
doi:10.5070/t33146977 fatcat:cyq2lg72h5hbzebfkz7iatl27i

Autonomy-hindering scope for physiotherapy practice in African countries: Results of creatures and antinomies of regulatory laws

Ushotanefe Useh
2021 South African Journal of Physiotherapy  
Only one statute from Rwanda provided a scope for physiotherapy that was not autonomy-hindering.Conclusion: There is, therefore, a need for urgent review of most laws regulating physiotherapy in the selected  ...  Healthcare professionals in different countries are governed by laws and statutes for their scopes of practice to ensure that services are rendered by suitably licenced and qualified professionals in order  ...  According to Sandstrom (2007) , professional autonomy is a 'social contract based on public trust in an occupation to meet a significant social need and to preserve individual autonomy'.  ... 
doi:10.4102/sajp.v77i1.1518 pmid:33824921 pmcid:PMC8008050 fatcat:mpjejrbwrjfkbiz75zv2teig5a

A Multinetwork and Machine Learning Examination of Structure and Content in the United States Code

Keith Carlson, Faraz Dadgostari, Michael A. Livermore, Daniel N. Rockmore
2021 Frontiers in Physics  
The organizational component of our representation is based on the explicit hierarchical organization within the United States Code (USC) as well an embedded cross-reference citation network.  ...  We couple this structure with a layer of content-based similarity derived from the application of a "topic model" to the USC.  ...  Table 1 presents average precision and recall for different number of recommendations based on roughly 300 CFLTs.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fphy.2020.625241 fatcat:oe7oi4d2effj7mguxugmzs26ea

Legal Translation Instruction at Discourse Level and the Problem of Equivalence

2020 Journal of Education and Practice  
Legal translation is often claimed to be one of the most difficult types of technical translation.  ...  different linguistic systems, and the type of equivalence the legal translator seeks to achieve; and partly be due to the item-centered approach commonly used in teaching legal translation which emphasizes word-for-word  ...  The Family Law is based on ' Alsharia'a Al-islamiya ' , the civil code on French laws , The Criminal law basically on British criminal law , and public and private international law on French and British  ... 
doi:10.7176/jep/11-17-03 fatcat:p2ouamo2izeq3ae5afd3shgrrq

EC—a measurement based safer subset of ISO C suitable for embedded system development

Leslie Hatton
2005 Information and Software Technology  
With the explosive growth of embedded systems, there is a major need for a standardised code of practice in the use of C.  ...  If there is any conflict, the statute applies. The safer subset plays the part of the contract and the underlying standard plays the part of the statute.  ...  As a result, this safer subset will use C94 as its base standard and where there are semantics in common with the C99 standard, the C99 wording will be taken.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.infsof.2004.08.001 fatcat:vkqimp2tpzfexcm43hxfpkmvzu

From Ethical Analysis to Legal Reform

Wibren Van der Burg
2022 De Ethica  
Ethical analysis may result in recommendations for legal reform.  ...  Most of the philosophical literature on the legal enforcement of morals focuses on the normative issues. My aim is to broaden the perspective in two ways.  ...  focus is on codes and statutes as the primary source of law.  ... 
doi:10.3384/de-ethica.2001-8819.227141 fatcat:kawg7rqfwnehbcn6wpfjyzjviy
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