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Statistical source expansion for question answering

Nico Schlaefer, Jennifer Chu-Carroll, Eric Nyberg, James Fan, Wlodek Zadrozny, David Ferrucci
<span title="">2011</span> <i title="ACM Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/6g37zvjwwrhv3dizi6ffue642m" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the 20th ACM international conference on Information and knowledge management - CIKM &#39;11</a> </i> &nbsp;
A source expansion algorithm automatically extends a given text corpus with related information from large, unstructured sources.  ...  While the expanded corpus is not intended for human consumption, it can be leveraged in question answering (QA) and other information retrieval or extraction tasks to find more relevant knowledge and to  ...  Question Answering Tasks We evaluated our statistical source expansion approach on two question answering tasks: (1) factoid questions from annual QA evaluations conducted by the Text REtrieval Conference  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/2063576.2063632">doi:10.1145/2063576.2063632</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/cikm/SchlaeferCNFZF11.html">dblp:conf/cikm/SchlaeferCNFZF11</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/whoy62klazctbdo4p57wbevkdu">fatcat:whoy62klazctbdo4p57wbevkdu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170301133940/http://www.cs.cmu.edu:80/~nico/pubs/thesis_schlaefer.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/d1/c5/d1c5ed40ce8926926d450404498caf5144e47186.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/2063576.2063632"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

National Survey of United States Human Immunodeficiency Virus Medical Providers' Knowledge and Attitudes About the Affordable Care Act

Kathleen A McManus, Kelsey McManus, Rebecca Dillingham
<span title="2018-08-25">2018</span> <i title="Oxford University Press (OUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/fqtbedntkradrazql46dneyyry" style="color: black;">Clinical Infectious Diseases</a> </i> &nbsp;
Descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U tests, and binary logistic regression were performed. Results. Of the 253 survey participants, the majority (61%) answered all 4 knowledge questions correctly.  ...  Medicaid expansion compared with 3.37 (SD, 1.00) for Medicaid nonexpansion (P = .002).  ...  The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Financial support.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciy296">doi:10.1093/cid/ciy296</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30165397">pmid:30165397</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ezkjtnksibak7a7ebjdtigdjka">fatcat:ezkjtnksibak7a7ebjdtigdjka</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190222051940/http://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/39ae/083a0f5f9f1030cc197657797c4fb685b270.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/39/ae/39ae083a0f5f9f1030cc197657797c4fb685b270.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciy296"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> oup.com </button> </a>

Using the weighted keyword model to improve information retrieval for answering biomedical questions

Hong Yu, Yong-Gang Cao
<span title="2009-03-01">2009</span> <i > <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5xhpnukwtrdadepv5ujpxz4s54" style="color: black;">Summit on translational bioinformatics</a> </i> &nbsp;
Information retrieval systems that can provide immediate and relevant answers to these questions can be invaluable aids to the practice of evidence-based medicine.  ...  Physicians ask many complex questions during the patient encounter.  ...  The authors also acknowledge the National Library of Medline for making the 4,654 clinical questions and their annotations freely available.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21347188">pmid:21347188</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC3041568/">pmcid:PMC3041568</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/5ehyqpvvozh2pcn63cdtjcnjru">fatcat:5ehyqpvvozh2pcn63cdtjcnjru</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20191013072516/http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC3041568&amp;blobtype=pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/c4/c4/c4c4cf78876874aa181ae81ce28a796a2ae6c702.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3041568" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Textual resource acquisition and engineering

J. Chu-Carroll, J. Fan, N. Schlaefer, W. Zadrozny
<span title="">2012</span> <i title="IBM"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/cr766v23pncdhc7hmikak4m7pi" style="color: black;">IBM Journal of Research and Development</a> </i> &nbsp;
A key requirement for high-performing question-answering (QA) systems is access to high-quality reference corpora from which answers to questions can be hypothesized and evaluated.  ...  In this paper, we discuss the methodology that we developed for IBM Watson for performing acquisition, transformation, and expansion of textual resources.  ...  BStatistical source expansion for question answering,[ in Proceedings of the 20th ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, ACM, New York, NY, 2011.)  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1147/jrd.2012.2185901">doi:10.1147/jrd.2012.2185901</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/rk7qmv7umjh3znxojvmf72smgu">fatcat:rk7qmv7umjh3znxojvmf72smgu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170808212847/http://researcher.watson.ibm.com/researcher/files/us-heq/W(6)%20TEXT%20RESOURCE%20ACQUISITION%2006177719.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/48/c2/48c26d5edecb484ec1c34c2b148a1c843ab24327.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1147/jrd.2012.2185901"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Assessing the Impact of Thesaurus-Based Expansion Techniques in QA-Centric IR [chapter]

Luís Sarmento, Jorge Teixeira, Eugénio Oliveira
<span title="">2009</span> <i title="Springer Berlin Heidelberg"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2w3awgokqne6te4nvlofavy5a4" style="color: black;">Lecture Notes in Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
In this paper, we assess the impact of using thesaurus-based query expansion methods, at the Information Retrieval (IR) stage of a Question Answering (QA) system.  ...  We focus on expanding queries for questions regarding actions and events, where verbs have particularly important roles.  ...  For factoid questions that explicitly refer to actions or events, expansion is made by first taking the source verb and finding its lemma, v s , and then using the verb thesaurus to find up to n verbs  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-04447-2_37">doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04447-2_37</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ndbiua622jhkdm2w75hlnmcpmu">fatcat:ndbiua622jhkdm2w75hlnmcpmu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170811020940/http://paginas.fe.up.pt/~las/conteudo/pub/pln/CLEF_2008/sarmento_clef_2008.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/7c/fc/7cfcbe1351a1cf5a59259b223d7409a5ecee31ef.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-04447-2_37"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Extending Knowledge and Deepening Linguistic Processing for the Question Answering System InSicht [chapter]

Sven Hartrumpf
<span title="">2006</span> <i title="Springer Berlin Heidelberg"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2w3awgokqne6te4nvlofavy5a4" style="color: black;">Lecture Notes in Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
The German question answering (QA) system InSicht participated in QA@CLEF for the second time. It relies on complete sentence parsing, inferences, and semantic representation matching.  ...  The lack of coreference resolution in InSicht was one major source of missing answers in QA@CLEF 2004.  ...  (This lack caused 6% of InSicht's wrong empty answers for questions from QA@CLEF 2004.)  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/11878773_41">doi:10.1007/11878773_41</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/fmbgkmpwhvar3kzv7ej5lu2qwy">fatcat:fmbgkmpwhvar3kzv7ej5lu2qwy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200116074021/http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-1171/CLEF2005wn-QACLEF-Hartrumpf2005.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/59/de/59de4e5bf97c30946adb632f066ff1033975043e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/11878773_41"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

National Survey of United States HIV Clinicians: Knowledge and Attitudes about the Affordable Care Act and Opinions of Its Impact on Quality of Care and Barriers to Care

Kathleen A McManus, Joshua Ferey, Elizabeth Farrell, Rebecca Dillingham
<span title="2020-06-10">2020</span> <i title="Oxford University Press (OUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ajhwki67mvdqhndp5vnva5fvym" style="color: black;">Open Forum Infectious Diseases</a> </i> &nbsp;
Descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U tests, and binary logistic regression were performed. Results Of the 211 survey participants, the majority (70%) answered all 4 knowledge questions correctly.  ...  Participants from Medicaid expansion states were more likely to report an improved ability to provide high quality care compared to participants from Medicaid non-expansion states (50% vs. 34%, p=0.01)  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank the HIV clinicians for their participation in the study. Potential Conflicts of  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofaa225">doi:10.1093/ofid/ofaa225</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32665960">pmid:32665960</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC7336569/">pmcid:PMC7336569</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/2p5n4tilqnbzvo442toh4ane3a">fatcat:2p5n4tilqnbzvo442toh4ane3a</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200612001032/https://watermark.silverchair.com/ofaa225.pdf?token=AQECAHi208BE49Ooan9kkhW_Ercy7Dm3ZL_9Cf3qfKAc485ysgAAAqgwggKkBgkqhkiG9w0BBwagggKVMIICkQIBADCCAooGCSqGSIb3DQEHATAeBglghkgBZQMEAS4wEQQMpyyL-BP479SIj5U5AgEQgIICWzFI_qOQKIkO2Hh_DTXyEFOdiN16EhUX4B0YK_yRTVtIkLTZA78hngxoVe_z6Bx0c5lWgl_iawRvN__TASnKDvoMIR4E6NcSjjgKObqwQvL8zoxgWAC6WgKYf9V3s9DJWcapda1rw6rrPToBAl4ag4inWN0ZlUcnAZ1pv_G-Hhm92v72NLj8A_tywoHjzS-cP5y1jJHtcRmuQtfDg0ONxgYVelFUQBv4PP3O2v7WgDHE0TXioyr02eF5YqnMrSxtBbfzDKNUVnfUPioMYI-X6zTjRvIqx7qDBo3WywYKFnrRgYQgSAmnV4-2k54PoVFG4eeHF5-K46YI27HrXMVZcmjq7fRxxVGDqazA2SIQ201BKzHaZaaAl7MqXP6HZlk7Hv6WcpeLNavn03yZlJVaoqo3gbtdVVHweaYIP9gSFYyMYvex6ooO8kh8mtTsLGD5Y4nen1IGfad90TQc_5GXzZ3n7T65ywRWTH_fkzpsc-7LUnz8YJ9j4R_Q0M14ThhhVy1QSTrufu7aPJ4nZA6_JUZNSqMEs_kom9ZpS56k8uPjlqVpmZFwyW37sJHQI9L-lrn9371xrwPQrYIunRgVIhXhmzeqaHJCko2EpOW0o0fJBm0tnZSFLRKLqQSNprHfhOTbxoYAAgRgKMbPvciGsFncWmhFg46KHJk-WH-TXDrWrMzO3Cug76JnnOvxPXemuWZoVL32MpXq9fMqiUdS0Q-A_w9yxbjQgcAP-psP3gtxrdAJZLePAL3pcPqC8UkFLSYqfOn9ExE0HKo6RZC6EJCBfJIEAlTx7hc5fw" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofaa225"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> oup.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7336569" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Query Expansion Based on Crowd Knowledge for Code Search

Liming Nie, He Jiang, Zhilei Ren, Zeyi Sun, Xiaochen Li
<span title="2016-09-01">2016</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/zve2it4dovamndfi3ijj4n3dzi" style="color: black;">IEEE Transactions on Services Computing</a> </i> &nbsp;
QECK identifies software-specific expansion words from the high quality pseudo relevance feedback question and answer pairs on Stack Overflow to automatically generate the expansion queries.  ...  We conduct three experiments to evaluate our QECK technique and investigate QECKRocchio in a large-scale corpus containing real-world code snippets and a question and answer pair collection.  ...  Stack Overflow [7] is a popular question answering site, which provides a platform for developers to help others by asking and answering questions [52] .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tsc.2016.2560165">doi:10.1109/tsc.2016.2560165</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/5cae7b5okvdxdixmjwncqrgdiy">fatcat:5cae7b5okvdxdixmjwncqrgdiy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200929204407/https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1703/1703.01443.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download [not primary version]" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <span style="color: #f43e3e;">&#10033;</span> <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/be/f0/bef08d055b4176f126aad3285ff6a7b148340922.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tsc.2016.2560165"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Improving Question Answering System based on a Hybrid Technique

Ayatallah Gamal Abass, Sameh Abd El-Ghany, Ahmed Abo Elfetoh
<span title="2018-09-01">2018</span> <i title="Science Publications"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/wake4w3hqzd4ndiy2zowpciv64" style="color: black;">Journal of Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
The main goal of this new model is to enrich the question by reformulating it into similar meaning queries with additional information and hence for improving question answering process.  ...  Query expansion is an approach which is used to extend question key words with new related words that are not included in question.  ...  For building FAQ data source every crawled page is set in the form of question and its related answer (question-answer pairs).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2018.1202.1212">doi:10.3844/jcssp.2018.1202.1212</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/bhxfsv6fcfemrktbzuyk63vkja">fatcat:bhxfsv6fcfemrktbzuyk63vkja</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190430001807/https://thescipub.com/pdf/10.3844/jcssp.2018.1202.1212" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/e9/07/e9071567b6012b7667ac7947230c286cc7ae98bd.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3844/jcssp.2018.1202.1212"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Question answering passage retrieval using dependency relations

Hang Cui, Renxu Sun, Keya Li, Min-Yen Kan, Tat-Seng Chua
<span title="">2005</span> <i title="ACM Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ibcfmixrofb3piydwg5wvir3t4" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the 28th annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval - SIGIR &#39;05</a> </i> &nbsp;
State-of-the-art question answering (QA) systems employ termdensity ranking to retrieve answer passages.  ...  Previous studies attempted to address this problem by matching dependency relations between questions and answers.  ...  This shows that query expansion boosts recall using expansion terms, allowing the system to answer more questions correctly.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/1076034.1076103">doi:10.1145/1076034.1076103</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/sigir/CuiSLKC05.html">dblp:conf/sigir/CuiSLKC05</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/6c2mgupdznc45lmftcyhp4bmn4">fatcat:6c2mgupdznc45lmftcyhp4bmn4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20120307222339/http://www.comp.nus.edu.sg/~kanmy/papers/f66-cui.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/8b/84/8b8496cae39ca1b22e70d208a749da171bc840ff.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/1076034.1076103"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

Bridging the lexical chasm

Adam Berger, Rich Caruana, David Cohn, Dayne Freitag, Vibhu Mittal
<span title="">2000</span> <i title="ACM Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ibcfmixrofb3piydwg5wvir3t4" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the 23rd annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval - SIGIR &#39;00</a> </i> &nbsp;
The learning process consists of inspecting a collection of answered questions and characterizing the relation between question and answer with a statistical model.  ...  For the purpose of learning this relation, we propose two sources of data: Usenet FAQ documents and customer service call-center dialogues from a large retail company.  ...  The authors thank RightNow Technologies for access to the call-center data used in Section 3.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/345508.345576">doi:10.1145/345508.345576</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/sigir/BergerCCFM00.html">dblp:conf/sigir/BergerCCFM00</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/enmzahjbfneejes6fufyqwzmuq">fatcat:enmzahjbfneejes6fufyqwzmuq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20100524235332/http://www.cs.cmu.edu:80/~aberger/pdf/chasm.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/fa/9d/fa9df64915444d205f100d2758fa506ffcddcb88.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/345508.345576"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

Page 17 of The Public Relations Journal Vol. 37, Issue 7 [page]

<span title="">1981</span> <i title="Public Relations Society of America, Incorporated"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://archive.org/details/pub_public-relations-journal" style="color: black;">The Public Relations Journal </a> </i> &nbsp;
When you have a question that hinges upon a statistic you know to be inaccurate or false, question it. Ask for the source. Ask the questioner to hold up the document.  ...  Dealing with loaded questions You may have loaded statistical questions fired at you. For example, the questioner asks, “Isn't it true that you exported over 1,000 jobs last year?”  ... 
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A Fast Forward Approach to Cross-Lingual Question Answering for English and German [chapter]

Robert Strötgen, Thomas Mandl, René Schneider
<span title="">2006</span> <i title="Springer Berlin Heidelberg"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2w3awgokqne6te4nvlofavy5a4" style="color: black;">Lecture Notes in Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
This paper describes the development of a question answering system for monolingual and cross-lingual tasks for the languages English and German.  ...  The system consists of question and answering taxonomies, named entity recognition, term expansion modules, a multi-lingual search engine based on Lucene and a passage extraction and ranking component.  ...  We also want to thank Maarten de Rijke for his comments on an earlier version of our QA approach. 8 http://www.uni-hildesheim.de/~rschneid/psws04odqa.html  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/11878773_37">doi:10.1007/11878773_37</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ez7luct3k5haffcw5h4mgr3qwa">fatcat:ez7luct3k5haffcw5h4mgr3qwa</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170809010345/http://clef.isti.cnr.it/2005/working_notes05/WorkingNotes2005/strotgen05.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/33/ac/33ac69fb6929222d8c5c2a02fd2cb5409189b235.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/11878773_37"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

Top-Down and Bottom-Up: A Combined Approach to Slot Filling [chapter]

Zheng Chen, Suzanne Tamang, Adam Lee, Xiang Li, Marissa Passantino, Heng Ji
<span title="">2010</span> <i title="Springer Berlin Heidelberg"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2w3awgokqne6te4nvlofavy5a4" style="color: black;">Lecture Notes in Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
We describe two bottom-up Information Extraction style pipelines and a top-down Question Answering style pipeline to address this task.  ...  We propose several novel approaches to enhance these pipelines, including statistical answer re-ranking and Markov Logic Networks based cross-slot reasoning.  ...  We advance state-of-the-art performance using several novel approaches including statistical answer re-ranking and cross-slot reasoning based on Markov Logic Networks (MLN).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-17187-1_29">doi:10.1007/978-3-642-17187-1_29</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/myowaglcpbhvta2w7cgiqyxbxu">fatcat:myowaglcpbhvta2w7cgiqyxbxu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20171202084658/https://cs.nyu.edu/%7Exiangli/papers/KBP_AIRS.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/6a/8a/6a8a2b881bd4844c810d7f1705644c0e8ab8af55.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-17187-1_29"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

A Cross–Language Question/Answering–System for German and English [chapter]

Günter Neumann, Bogdan Sacaleanu
<span title="">2004</span> <i title="Springer Berlin Heidelberg"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2w3awgokqne6te4nvlofavy5a4" style="color: black;">Lecture Notes in Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
We have participated in the new track "Multiple Language Question Answering (QAat-CLEF)" that offers tasks to test monolingual and cross-language QA-systems.  ...  In particular we developed an open-domain bilingual QA-System for German source language queries and English target document collections.  ...  Many thanks to Holger Neis and Hubert Schlarb for their implementation support.  ... 
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<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170922211538/http://www.dfki.de/%7Eneumann/publications/new-ps/bique.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/2d/4f/2d4f1e82d8a0cdfb9bde84fbcdde0e9fa03fb0fa.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-30222-3_54"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>
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