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Statistical modeling and conceptualization of natural images

Jianping Fan, Yuli Gao, Hangzai Luo, Guangyou Xu
2005 Pattern Recognition  
In this paper, we propose a multi-level approach to interpret and annotate the semantics of natural images by using both the dominant image components and the relevant semantic image concepts.  ...  We have also demonstrated that our algorithms are very effective to enable multi-level interpretation and annotation of natural images.  ...  Statistical image modeling is a promising approach to formulate the interpretations of the semantic image concepts quantitatively by using generative or discriminative models [15, 45] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.patcog.2004.07.011 fatcat:lpag6hgltrhsrlfezecok4kjju

Understanding What We See: How We Derive Meaning From Vision

Alex Clarke, Lorraine K. Tyler
2015 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
Further, models of vision alone cannot account for properties such as conceptual priming and flexible access to different aspects of meaning.  ...  Cognitive models based on large normative datasets are well-suited to capture statistical regularities within and between concepts, providing both category structure and basic-level individuation.  ...  category-specific effects for living Box Conceptual Structure Statistics Many cognitive models of semantics rest on the assumption that meaning is componential in nature, in that a concept is composed  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2015.08.008 pmid:26440124 pmcid:PMC4636429 fatcat:gjymy5rzhzaeripj6bppax5pli

Conceptual Captions: A Cleaned, Hypernymed, Image Alt-text Dataset For Automatic Image Captioning

Piyush Sharma, Nan Ding, Sebastian Goodman, Radu Soricut
2018 Proceedings of the 56th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers)  
We also present quantitative evaluations of a number of image captioning models and show that a model architecture based on Inception-ResNet-v2 (Szegedy et al., 2016) for image-feature extraction and Transformer  ...  We present a new dataset of image caption annotations, Conceptual Captions, which contains an order of magnitude more images than the MS-COCO dataset (Lin et al., 2014) and represents a wider variety of  ...  One difference between COCO-trained models and Conceptual-trained models is their ability to use the appropriate natural language terms for the entities in an image.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/p18-1238 dblp:conf/acl/SoricutDSG18 fatcat:4fehoibmevfjrjamefpx7jf5iu

Statistical modeling and conceptualization of visual patterns

Song-Chun Zhu
2003 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence  
This paper starts with reviewing four research streams: 1) the study of image statistics, 2) the analysis of image components, 3) the grouping of image elements, and 4) the modeling of visual patterns.  ...  Natural images contain an overwhelming number of visual patterns generated by diverse stochastic processes.  ...  The author would like to thank David Mumford, Yingnian Wu, and Alan Yuille for extensive discussions that lead to the development of this paper, and also thank Zhuowen Tu, and Cheng-en Guo for their assistance  ... 
doi:10.1109/tpami.2003.1201820 fatcat:iwvpazwyajav5mohsmiqksmgji

The role of higher order image statistics in masking scene gist recognition

Lester C. Loschky, Bruce C. Hansen, Amit Sethi, Tejaswi N. Pydimarri
2010 Attention, Perception & Psychophysics  
It then takes random noise and iteratively coerces it to match the statistical parameters of its model of the input image.  ...  at different spatial frequency bands, orientations, and locations, to derive a higher order statistical model of texture in that image.  ...  The edges, lines, and contours that make up natural images arise from frequency alignment across a large range of spatial frequencies (Field, 1993; Morrone & Burr, 1988; Morrone & Owens, 1987) , to which  ... 
doi:10.3758/app.72.2.427 pmid:20139457 fatcat:d6k6s46s6bg53nbxdoblegfxja

Virtual image and pupils' conceptual difficulties in the first year of Baccalaureate Experimental Sciences

Abderrahmane Ouazzani Touhami, Nadia Benjellouna, Mohamed Alamia, Haddou Aounia
pupil attributes to the construction ray extension.After checking the conceptual difficulty related to the correspondence image object (punctual and global) and the conceptual difficulty associated with  ...  The construction of the virtual image through the second variant sub-tests has shown that about 32 % of pupils face against this conceptual difficulty, which is related to an incorrect status that the  ...  The students' knowledge facets are presented through two models: the holistic model (pre-teaching) and the hybrid model (post-teaching) "Image Projection Conceptualization IPC".  ... 
doi:10.24297/ijrem.v5i3.3897 fatcat:ghvayaxywzcnhgrt7bqbgvhu3q


2008 From Associations to Rules  
Results Our study is complementary to the analysis of the statistics of the power spectra of natural images.  ...  In fact some studies showed that the statistics of natural image power spectra show that vertical and horizontal orientations are most present in our visual environment (Van der Schaaf & Van Hateren,  ... 
doi:10.1142/9789812797322_0018 fatcat:lxynciajdvhy3b7lu54z2twypy

Three-dimensional printing models in congenital heart disease education for medical students: a controlled comparative study

Wei Su, Yunbin Xiao, Siping He, Peng Huang, Xicheng Deng
2018 BMC Medical Education  
And the test results also showed a significant difference in structural conceptualization in favor of the experimental group.  ...  Assessment of this curriculum was carried out using Likert-type questionnaires as well as an objective multiple choice question test assessing both knowledge acquisition, and structural conceptualization  ...  Both of them as image source are limited and some researchers [11] have developed an approach to utilizing echocardiographic images as source data to enhance fidelity of heart models, especially for  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12909-018-1293-0 pmid:30068323 pmcid:PMC6090870 fatcat:gu3y4kipt5dmfcha4wcl7ibxem

Innate Visual Learning through Spontaneous Activity Patterns

Mark V. Albert, Adam Schnabel, David J. Field, Olaf Sporns
2008 PLoS Computational Biology  
We address the relevance of higher-order statistical properties of spontaneous activity, how this relates to a system that may adapt similarly on activity prior to and during natural experience, and how  ...  With an abstraction of spontaneous activity models, we show how the visual system may be able to bootstrap an efficient code for its natural environment prior to external visual experience, and we continue  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank Dan Graham for helpful comments in preparation of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000137 pmid:18670593 pmcid:PMC2446436 fatcat:4pnvbjqmfjaqhcr4jh2j5aaz2y

General-purpose image forensics using patch likelihood under image statistical models

Wei Fan, Kai Wang, Francois Cayre
2015 2015 IEEE International Workshop on Information Forensics and Security (WIFS)  
Corresponding to each kind of image operation, a rich GMM (Gaussian Mixture Model) is learned as the image statistical model for small image patches.  ...  Index Terms-General-purpose image forensics, fine-grained tampering localization, natural image statistics, Gaussian mixture model, patch likelihood  ...  AGIR (Alpes Grenoble Innovation Recherche) project TAFFI, in part by the French Rhône-Alpes region through the CMIRA Scholarship Program, in part by the French Eiffel Scholarship under Grant 812587B, and  ... 
doi:10.1109/wifs.2015.7368606 dblp:conf/wifs/FanWC15 fatcat:xwaftmrmzvbqnkgcur3lwbdzja

A Recent Survey of Mathematical Modeling on any Real Time Applications

Bobhate Grishma, Sethi Sonali
2019 Zenodo  
Modeling is an activity used to study the representation of the objects, behaviors and its nature. This can be achieved by drawing formulas, statistical calculations and applied in numerical task.  ...  With the help of mathematical modeling, simulations can be carried out easily for extraction purpose, analyzing the big data and recognizing the natural phenomena.  ...  Mathematical Model The Mathematical model defines the conceptual explanation in terms of mathematical expressions and formulations.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.2605468 fatcat:sdhgd5vt4rc3pobipamyt7dvui

A Study of Representational Similarity: The Emergence of Object Concepts in Rapid Serial Visual Presentation Streams [article]

Ivy Xiao Dan Zhou, Tijl Grootswagers, Blake Segula, Amanda Robinson, Sophia Shatek, Christopher Whyte, Thomas Carlson
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
and decoded the four general concept categories: natural, animal, food and drink, and clothing.  ...  Guided by the observation that similar words in language occur in similar contexts, linguistic computational models trained on statistics of word co-occurrence in texts were shown to be effective in modelling  ...  Concepts Images Natural 610 7320 Animal 177 2214  ... 
doi:10.1101/824565 fatcat:fa2uesxhlvcnxlxyd5pfn2ns5i

Measuring customer perceptions on product usability: A Selection and screening process to determine critical design variables using the data from the consumer preference survey

Myung Hwan Yun, Sung H. Han, Kwang Jae Kim, Soome Han
1999 The Japanese Journal of Ergonomics  
elicited by the image of the product; (3) the characteristics of the products that are associated with the 'image and impression' factors; and finally, (4) the statistical correlation between the image  ...  image and impression attributes only the results of the conceptual image scores were presented in this paper.  ... 
doi:10.5100/jje.35.2supplement_40 fatcat:mwlyvgjjdjbrdmal5shv5m35de

Mapping nitrate leaching to upper groundwater in the sandy regions of The Netherlands, using conceptual knowledge

Leo Boumans, Dico Fraters, Gerard van Drecht
2007 Environmental Monitoring & Assessment  
Two regression models, based upon simple conceptual models, link measured nitrate concentrations to data from remote sensing images of land use, national forest inventory, national cattle inventory, fertiliser  ...  It is stated that simple conceptual models are necessary to allow assessments of the risks of failing to meet quality objectives.  ...  Our goal is to use statistical models, containing as much conceptual knowledge as possible, for mapping and estimating.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10661-007-9756-5 pmid:17713860 pmcid:PMC2785891 fatcat:34ccwdllgbewjcxuaaxfi6crby

Assessing the differentiated contribution of city resources to city brand image

José Antonio Folgado-Fernández, Paulo Alexandre Oliveira Duarte, José Manuel Hernández-Mogollón
2015 Tourism & Management Studies  
A sample of Spanish tourists who visited the Spanish town of Plasencia was used to assess the contribution of these factors to city brand image development through partial least squares path modelling.  ...  The main objective of this paper is to assess the contribution of cultural heritage, events, tourist attractions and infrastructure to the development of cities' brand image.  ...  Conceptual model The above literature review has shown that city image can be influenced by different variables.  ... 
doaj:87a9b87c99c842b19b11b533dc4204a0 fatcat:7fzrzcxolrfkrlfrgrvtje6rg4
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