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Eye tracking in an everyday environment reveals the interpersonal distance that affords infant-parent gaze communication

Hiroki Yamamoto, Atsushi Sato, Shoji Itakura
2019 Scientific Reports  
The results of a hierarchical Bayesian statistical analysis suggest that certain levels of interpersonal distance afforded smooth interaction with eye contact.  ...  The unique morphology of human eyes enables gaze communication at various ranges of interpersonal distance.  ...  Data Availability The datasets and the codes used for the models and graphs are available in the GitHub repository, https://github. com/dororo1225/GazeCommunication1.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-019-46650-6 pmid:31316101 pmcid:PMC6637119 fatcat:e7uod6lz7rdnxkbmvtwap6jwmy

The Effect of Interpersonal Touch During Childhood on Adult Attachment and Depression: A Neglected Area of Family and Developmental Psychology?

Mika S. Takeuchi, Hitoshi Miyaoka, Atsuko Tomoda, Masao Suzuki, Qingbo Liu, Toshinori Kitamura
2009 Journal of Child and Family Studies  
Other-image was influenced by early (up to grade 3) parental interpersonal touch.  ...  Our findings suggest that a lower frequency of parental touching during childhood influences the development of depression and contributes to a poorer image of an individual's romantic partner during later  ...  Takeuchi Acknowledgments This study was partly supported by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan: ''Assessment and education  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10826-009-9290-x fatcat:7353vyyhgfh47cx6gndmvrdt54

Interpersonal distances, coping strategies and psychopathology in patients with depression and schizophrenia

Alexander M Ponizovsky
2013 World Journal of Psychiatry  
Distancing from self-images was mostly associated with depression severity in depressed patients, whereas distancing from hostile and threat-related stimuli with the severity of psychotic and affective  ...  AIM: To explore (1) intergroup differences in comfortable interpersonal distances (CIDs) and the use of coping strategies; (2) the association of these parameters with individual symptomatology; and (3  ...  In model 2 (interpersonal distancing in depression), all but distances from threat-related images predicted the severity of current depression, accounting for 37.6% of the total variance in BDI scores  ... 
doi:10.5498/wjp.v3.i3.74 pmid:24255879 pmcid:PMC3832865 fatcat:hae2jkajgray5ljbst5yudo3qe

The dopaminergic reward system underpins gender differences in social preferences

Alexander Soutschek, Christopher J. Burke, Anjali Raja Beharelle, Robert Schreiber, Susanna C. Weber, Iliana I. Karipidis, Jolien ten Velden, Bernd Weber, Helene Haker, Tobias Kalenscher, Philippe N. Tobler
2017 Nature Human Behaviour  
Acknowledgements We are grateful to Linda Horvath and Karl Treiber for help with data collection. This work was  ...  The statistical analysis of the behavioural data was performed with Matlab R2014b (MathWorks, Natick, MA) and IBM SPSS Statistics 22.  ...  The social distance of the other person ranged from very close to being a stranger.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41562-017-0226-y fatcat:gf6xdhkthbcx3n5xzas633wece

Behavioral landscapes and earth mover's distance: A new approach for studying individual differences in density distributions

Nilam Ram, Lizbeth Benson, Timothy R. Brick, David E. Conroy, Aaron L. Pincus
2017 Journal of Research in Personality  
Making use of rich experience sampling data, wherein  ...  Using data from 150 individuals who reported on their and others' interpersonal behavior in 64,112 social interactions, we illustrate how this new approach can advance notions of personality as density  ...  such rich data.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2016.06.010 pmid:28959082 pmcid:PMC5612642 fatcat:cpodsfqo6zf65jdgczpmpijuzm

Interdigitated Columnar Representation of Personal Space and Visual Space in Human Parietal Cortex [article]

Roger B. H. Tootell and Zahra Nasiriavanaki, Baktash Babadi, Douglas N. Greve, Shahin Nasr, Daphne J. Holt
2022 arXiv   pre-print
In response to images of different visual stimuli across a range of virtual distances, we found two categories of distance encoding in functionally corresponding columns within parietal cortex.  ...  In parietal cortex, maps of DD columns were systematically non-overlapping (interdigitated) with the PD columns.  ...  Jonathan Polimeni for help with the MR sequences.  ... 
arXiv:2111.04784v3 fatcat:fvkoy73vvvhwjcjjgr2nq2slim

Personal space regulation by the human amygdala

Daniel P Kennedy, Jan Gläscher, J Michael Tyszka, Ralph Adolphs
2009 Nature Neuroscience  
The amygdala may be required to trigger the strong emotional reactions normally following personal space violations, thus regulating interpersonal distance in humans.  ...  Users may view, print, copy, download and text and data-mine the content in such documents, for the purposes of academic research, subject always to the full Conditions of use:  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Catherine Holcomb for behavioral data collection, Remya Nair and Vikram Chib for help with the fMRI study, and Michael Spezio for helpful discussions.  ... 
doi:10.1038/nn.2381 pmid:19718035 pmcid:PMC2753689 fatcat:lvkwfjkqerd5hbau7vutbgk3be

Personal space regulation is affected by unilateral temporal lesions beyond the amygdala

Audrey Dureux, Luca Zigiotto, Silvio Sarubbo, Clément Desoche, Alessandro Farnè, Nadia Bolognini, Fadila Hadj-Bouziane
2022 Cerebral Cortex Communications  
To the best of our knowledge, only one case study has demonstrated that the integrity of both amygdalae is essential to regulate interpersonal distances.  ...  While unilateral lesion to the amygdala and lesion to other sectors of the medial temporal cortex also affect social behavior, their implication in the regulation of interpersonal distances has never been  ...  We are very grateful to the patients who took part of the study. Funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1093/texcom/tgac031 pmid:36072709 pmcid:PMC9441012 fatcat:uxyclzymrzfktbu3nfiv2myzom

An Empirical Study on Service Recovery Satisfaction in an Open and Distance Learning Higher Education Institution in Malaysia

Mohd Rushidi Bin Mohd Amin, Shishi Kumar Piaralal, Yon Rosli bin Daud, Baderisang Bin Mohamed
2020 International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning  
of procedural and interpersonal justice.  ...  This study adopted a cross-sectional survey approach and data were collected through a survey of 303 students of Open University Malaysia in Malaysia who experienced service failure and service recovery  ...  OS = original sample, b SM = sample means; c SD = standard deviation; d T statistics = [t-value]^ > 1.96. 50 Figure 2 . 2 Figure 2. Full structural model with moderator.  ... 
doi:10.19173/irrodl.v21i2.4578 fatcat:gyflchxcofbv3jmgijmpu6tpcy

Bodily Expression of Social Initiation Behaviors in ASC and non-ASC children: Mixed Reality vs. LEGO Game Play

Batuhan Sayis, Narcis Pares, Hatice Gunes
2020 Companion Publication of the 2020 International Conference on Multimodal Interaction  
of joints), and interpersonally (e.g. proximity and visual focus of attention).  ...  We used machine learning techniques to analyze the visual data of eighteen trials of ASC and non-ASC dyads.  ...  . of the joints distances interpersonal-prox log-cov. of the joints distances (temporal) interpersonal-prox were named as ASCMR(n=117) and non-ASCMR(n=113).  ... 
doi:10.1145/3395035.3425188 fatcat:vviinjq6njenzgypylcwp3pvim

Localization of Deformations Within the Amygdala in Individuals With Psychopathy

Yaling Yang, Adrian Raine, Katherine L. Narr, Patrick Colletti, Arthur W. Toga
2009 Archives of General Psychiatry  
Significant correlations were found between reduced amygdala volumes and increased total and facet psychopathy scores, with correlations strongest for the affective and interpersonal facets of psychopathy  ...  Context: Despite the repeated findings of impaired fear conditioning and affective recognition in psychopathic individuals, there has been a paucity of brain imaging research on the amygdala and no evidence  ...  with a high degree of accuracy in imaging data.  ... 
doi:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2009.110 pmid:19736355 pmcid:PMC3192811 fatcat:wakl74xru5ewlp7eu4sh6i5nqa

Perspective Distortion from Interpersonal Distance Is an Implicit Visual Cue for Social Judgments of Faces

Ronnie Bryan, Pietro Perona, Ralph Adolphs, Tiziana Zalla
2012 PLoS ONE  
These results demonstrate a novel facial cue influencing a range of social judgments as a function of interpersonal distance, an effect that may be processed implicitly.  ...  The basis on which people make social judgments from the image of a face remains an important open problem in fields ranging from psychology to neuroscience and economics.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Kathy Lawrence and Pranay Kothari for help with data collection. Author Contributions Conceived and designed the experiments: RB PP RA. Performed the experiments: RB.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0045301 pmid:23028918 pmcid:PMC3448657 fatcat:oaque7lcgff5hmcbvxsc7mrthm

Examining the interpersonal model of binge eating and loss of control over eating in women

Emily B. Ansell, Carlos M. Grilo, Marney A. White
2011 International Journal of Eating Disorders  
Method-The model was tested using data from 350 women obtained via an internet assessment method.  ...  Discussion-These findings support the interpersonal model of binge eating and highlight the importance of examining specific types of interpersonal problems in understanding heterogeneity of individuals  ...  IIP-SC = inventory of interpersonal problems-short circumplex version; OBE = objective bulimic episodes; LOC = loss of control (includes objective bulimic episodes and/or subjective bulimic episodes);  ... 
doi:10.1002/eat.20897 pmid:21321985 pmcid:PMC3582661 fatcat:tqbegjq5ozfhze2uusswcmcs5y

A Critical Interpersonal Distance Switches between Two Coordination Modes in Kendo Matches

Motoki Okumura, Akifumi Kijima, Koji Kadota, Keiko Yokoyama, Hiroo Suzuki, Yuji Yamamoto, Ramesh Balasubramaniam
2012 PLoS ONE  
Analysis of preferred interpersonal distances indicated that players tended to step toward and away from their opponents based on two distances.  ...  However, very little information about the task and expertise properties of the maneuvers affecting interpersonal distance is available.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Kazutoshi Gohara and members of the Dynamical System Approach project for helpful suggestions regarding the calculations and data analysis. Author Contributions  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0051877 pmid:23284799 pmcid:PMC3527480 fatcat:7lbdqbkk6fcqxhvkyrterka2qy

Face Recognition and Pose Estimation with Parametric Linear Subspaces [chapter]

Kazunori Okada, Christoph von der Malsburg
2008 Studies in Computational Intelligence  
We present a general statistical framework for modeling and processing head pose information in 2D grayscale images: analyzing, synthesizing, and identifying facial images with arbitrary 3D head poses.  ...  For recognition and interpersonalized pose estimation, the results also indicated robustness against unseen head poses and individuals while compressing the data by a factor of 20 and more.  ...  Given such data, relatively faithful image samples with an arbitrary, but precise, head pose can easily be created by image rendering.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-76831-9_3 fatcat:lkn3mgastbb4bgwztkboc5rowe
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