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States, goals and values: Revisiting practical reasoning

Katie Atkinson, Trevor Bench-Capon, Katie Atkinson, Federico Cerutti, Peter McBurney, Simon Parsons, Iyad Rahwan
2016 Argument & Computation  
In particular, we extend the machinery to enable the proper representation of, and ability to reason with, goals.  ...  In this paper 1 we address some limitations with proposals concerning an argumentation scheme for practical reasoning grounded on action-based alternating transition systems augmented with values.  ...  Acknowledgements We are grateful to Sanjay Modgil and Adam Wyner for fruitful discussions on some of the issues contained in this paper, and to the anonymous reviewers of ArgMas 2014.  ... 
doi:10.3233/aac-160011 fatcat:of6nsfxnozhdpcaf5e5grer6l4

Foundations of Practical Reason Revisited

J. Finnis
2005 The American Journal of Jurisprudence  
FOUNDATIONS OF PRACTICAL REASON REVISITED JOHN FINNIS One's investigations, reflections and communications are actions.  ...  , and Practical Reason, ed..  ... 
doi:10.1093/ajj/50.1.109 fatcat:uf6nr3e6mvfczhbwoxenlvtq6y

Education in the Small States of the Commonwealth: Towards and Beyond Global Goals and Targets

Michael Crossley, Mark Bray, Steve Packer
2009 The Round Table  
The Commonwealth Secretariat has taken a leadership role in identifying distinctive features of education in small states. This work contains much of value that can usefully be revisited.  ...  The paper highlights the value of collaboration within the Commonwealth, both among small states as a group and between small states and larger entities.  ...  The Commonwealth Secretariat has taken a leadership role in identifying distinctive features of education in small states. This work contains much of value that can usefully be revisited.  ... 
doi:10.1080/00358530903371429 fatcat:l7tw3wji2beo7dg2znvy3ucssm

Important Goals, Meanings, and Relationships in Flourishing and Languishing States: Towards Patterns of Well-being

Marié P. Wissing, Lusilda Schutte, Christelle Liversage, Brenda Entwisle, Marianne Gericke, Corey Keyes
2019 Applied Research in Quality of Life  
Similar categories emerged for what flourishing and languishing people found important with regard to meaning, goals, and relationships, but the reasons for the importance thereof differed prominently.  ...  Results indicated that well-being is not only a matter of degree-manifestations differ qualitatively in flourishing and languishing states.  ...  Implications for Practice From our findings, it is clear the flourishing and languishing people differ in their motivations and in what they value and experience.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11482-019-09771-8 fatcat:tjucwuneuzatdezkbqckhkmu34

Earth observations for sustainable development goals monitoring based on essential variables and driver-pressure-state-impact-response indicators

Joan Masó, Ivette Serral, Cristina Domingo-Marimon, Alaitz Zabala
2019 International Journal of Digital Earth  
acknowledge the European Union 'Horizon 2020 Program' that funded ERA-PLANET/ GEOEssential (Grant Agreement no. 689443), ConnectinGEO (Grant Agreement no. 641538) ECOPotential (Grant Agreement no. 641762) and  ...  That might be the reason why although being an important goal related to actions to adapt and mitigate climate change, it is highly socioeconomic orientated and far from the ECV.  ...  goal level and not at an indicator level) (see Figure 12 ).  ... 
doi:10.1080/17538947.2019.1576787 fatcat:hstx5kzyene7nd4e74jwi7wpzq

Education Development Goals (EDGs) and Socio-economic Democratic Consolidation: Reflections on Regime's Mandates, Objectives, Agendas, and Targets in Yobe State, Nigeria

Ali Ibrahim Abbas, Ku Hasnita Binti Ku Samsu, Adlina Binti AB Halim, Mohammed Bashir Saidu
2017 Journal of Social Science Studies  
This paper describes and analyses the pursuit of Education Development Goals (EDG) from 2009-2015 by Governor Gaidam's regime in Yobe state, Nigeria as a tool for socio-economic democratic consolidation  ...  Yobe had, therefore, continued to battle with efforts to reforms its educational system both in theory and practice.  ...  Similarly, we acknowledge the Yobe State Ministry of Education (YBMoE) for providing vital information for this study.  ... 
doi:10.5296/jsss.v5i1.11526 fatcat:4l2ncddn3vcorec5hteszvx47e

Intention and Value

Joseph Raz
2015 Social Science Research Network  
Inherent in conflict of practical reasons is that both conflicting reasons point to something of value in the conduct they support.  ...  But saying that does little to explain human motivation and its relation to practical reasons.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2685224 fatcat:nd2icqkvofbollldfdumbbqf7q

Value Propagation Networks [article]

Nantas Nardelli, Gabriel Synnaeve, Zeming Lin, Pushmeet Kohli, Philip H. S. Torr, Nicolas Usunier
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We present Value Propagation (VProp), a set of parameter-efficient differentiable planning modules built on Value Iteration which can successfully be trained using reinforcement learning to solve unseen  ...  , and pixels as input.  ...  Furthermore -and very importantly when implementing value iteration for episodic tasks -one needs to account for terminal states, which can be represented by absorbing states, i.e. states for which the  ... 
arXiv:1805.11199v2 fatcat:ovkobdhxxbcstay5ti6pb454xe

Self and Values

Robert L. Campbell, John Chambers Christopher, Mark H. Bickhard
2002 Theory & psychology  
We discuss foundational questions such as the nature of the self, how it develops and the relationship between the self and values or morals, with special attention to the nature and source of value conflicts  ...  It does so by addressing fundamental issues of psychological ontology and providing an account of values and the self based on the interactivist conception of knowledge and the knowing-levels treatment  ...  We are grateful to Ann Higgins for catching a blunder in the first version of this paper, to Kyle Smith and to the editor and reviewers at Theory & Psychology for additional comments.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0959354302126004 fatcat:pwlchrlmabcqfbjbgcxiwvztvu

Values at play

Mary Flanagan, Daniel C. Howe, Helen Nissenbaum
2005 Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems - CHI '05  
Despite such an awareness, there has been little work towards producing practical methodologies that systematically incorporate values into the design process.  ...  Designers and engineers have also become increasingly aware of ways in which the artifacts they create can embody political, social, and ethical values.  ...  extend gratitude to those who are grappling with values issues, and encourage efforts for larger social change through both theory and practice.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1054972.1055076 dblp:conf/chi/FlanaganHN05 fatcat:nwltj5k5vjcqdmuv3y2fvqdrye

A Value-Based Software Process Framework [chapter]

Barry Boehm, Apurva Jain
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The value-based process framework integrates the four component theories -dependency, utility, decision, and control, to the central theory W, and orients itself as a 7-step process guide to practice value-based  ...  This paper presents a value-based software process framework that has been derived from the 4+1 theory of value-based software engineering (VBSE).  ...  Acknowledgments The research on this paper has been supported by a National Science Foundation grant, "Value Based Science of Design", and by the Affiliates of the USC Center for Software Engineering.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11754305_1 fatcat:neaac3l2qfbwtdfci76u5q5akm

Alignment of Ontology Design Patterns: Class As Property Value, Value Partition and Normalisation [chapter]

Bene Rodriguez-Castro, Mouzhi Ge, Martin Hepp
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In that context, this paper revisits a specific version of three different ODPs: Class as a Property Value (CPV), Value Partition (VP) and Normalisation.  ...  To illustrate our contribution existing examples in the literature are revisited.  ...  Thus, we would like to thank for their helpful comments and suggestions, the examination panel formed by John Domingue and Nicholas Gibbins; and the supervisors Hugh Glaser and Leslie Carr.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-33615-7_16 fatcat:xuooghbhgjhvxgckxheazskyxu

Valuing the past

Morag M. Kersel, Christina Luke, Christopher H. Roosevelt
2008 Journal of Social Archaeology  
Valuing the past gathered from archival and published materials as well as more recent interviews, conversations, and correspondences.  ...  Utilizing the voices of local actors, this article aims to understand the social reactions of local communities to the increasingly prominent role of people practicing archaeology -archaeologists, diplomats  ...  to conduct research in these states.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1469605308095007 fatcat:fxfnonaizjafrceqgzbvj5g7je

Rethinking Value‐Based Management

Eric Olsen
2003 Handbook of Business Strategy  
proactive and effective at achieving value creation goals.  ...  For example, many companies have vision or aspiration statements that focus on achieving multiple goals. One Fortune 100 company states its aspirations around three key goals: 1.  ...  Goals Line empowerment Results enablement Accountability discipline Orchestration of linkages Hands-on owner Low "Most decisions made at center" High "Intervention focused on short-term impact" Medium  ... 
doi:10.1108/eb060282 fatcat:ojbkuckagrdupfve3zdoqzi7ri

Modern Values - Content and Contributors

Jan Tullberg
2008 zfwu. Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Unternehmensethik. Journal for Business, Economics and Ethics  
There are reasons for business and economic ethics to reconsider the usefulness of conventional ethics, as it might be less a part of the solution than a part of value problems of modern societies.  ...  In this article, I will discuss the contribution of both theory and more practical morals of the market.  ...  One view dominates in philosophy and another is proposed by economics and evolutionary theory. Philosophers state moral goals as second-order preferences, first principles and intrinsic values.  ... 
doi:10.5771/1439-880x-2008-1-97 fatcat:vns525ilq5eljebpxxxuznzqme
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