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Stateless Distributed Ledgers [article]

François Bonnet
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In public distributed ledger technologies (DLTs), such as Blockchains, nodes can join and leave the network at any time.  ...  In this paper, we are interested in protocols that are stateless, i.e., a new joining node should be able to retrieve the current state of the ledger just using a fixed amount of data that characterizes  ...  The network receives events and the nodes react to the events according to the distributed ledger protocol. Each time the ledger is updated, a new time instant begins.  ... 
arXiv:2006.10985v1 fatcat:j2kpgh2ne5ah5cwgyk7catuj7i

The Disruptive Blockchain: Types, Platforms and Applications

Mahendra Kumar Shrivas
2019 Texila international journal of academic research  
Data is stored in distributed ledger, secured using cryptographic functions and almost temper resistance.  ...  Based on Consensus and agreement block is added to distributed ledger and transaction is completed successfully.  ... 
doi:10.21522/tijar.2014.se.19.01.art003 fatcat:4e7popglifeq7dkn3st2vyk2je

Towards Distributed Clouds [article]

Magnus Westerlund, Nane Kratzke
2018 arXiv   pre-print
This review focuses on the evolution of cloud computing and distributed ledger technologies (blockchains) over the last decade.  ...  The advantages of centralized service provisioning approaches are often the disadvantages of distributed ledger approaches and vice versa.  ...  II) and the review of the maturity in distributed ledger technology (cf. sec. III).  ... 
arXiv:1805.04657v1 fatcat:awlcdyskgzdhhbw4cawurq4oze

Private Data Objects: an Overview [article]

Mic Bowman, Andrea Miele, Michael Steiner, Bruno Vavala
2018 arXiv   pre-print
PDOs result from the integration of a distributed ledger and Intel Secure Guard Extensions (SGX).  ...  A distributed ledger verifies and records transactions produced by PDOs, in order to provide a single authoritative instance of such objects.  ...  ELI [10] proposes a technique based on an abstract distributed ledger to implement stateful functionalities for otherwise stateless enclaves.  ... 
arXiv:1807.05686v2 fatcat:6gco3slcdzc7nnamvrgnmmdiai

A Simple Security Architecture for Smart Water Management System

Nonhlanhla Ntuli, Adnan Abu-Mahfouz
2016 Procedia Computer Science  
An efficient water management system requires thousands of constraint devices (sensors and/or actuators) to be deployed across the water distribution network to enable nearreal time monitoring and control  ...  The ledger is maintained by all users in the network.  ...  The gateways should be responsible for creating, updating and distribution of certificates and access secrets 13 .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2016.04.239 fatcat:z4vr53g4mrfu5kwb6zhuqxy7fq

On the Role of Hash-based Signatures in Quantum-Safe Internet of Things: Current Solutions and Future Directions [article]

Sabah Suhail, Rasheed Hussain, Abid Khan, Choong Seon Hong
2020 arXiv   pre-print
For instance, code signing of devices for software and firmware to ensure legitimate updates or upgrades in software suites or patches, Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) to ensure valid cryptocurrency  ...  Ledger Technology IIoT Industrial IoT PQC Post Quantum Cryptography PRNG Pseudo-Random Number Generator QRNG Quantum Random Number Generation QKD Quantum Key Distribution the object of leading-edge  ... 
arXiv:2004.10435v1 fatcat:bx6g5lidlbatpdgd3omwfk22i4

VIBES: fast blockchain simulations for large-scale peer-to-peer networks

Lyubomir Stoykov, Kaiwen Zhang, Hans-Arno Jacobsen
2017 Proceedings of the 18th ACM/IFIP/USENIX Middleware Conference on Posters and Demos - Middleware '17  
Following the success of Bitcoin, Ethereum and Hyperledger, blockchains are now gaining widespread adoption in a wide variety of applications, using a diversity of distributed ledger systems with varying  ...  Related works Previous attempts have recently been made to explore different properties of distributed ledgers, particularly cryptocurrency [1, 3, 4] .  ...  As a result, it is difficult to predict the behaviour of distributed ledgers, proven by the fact that developers hardly settle on any new proposals to improve existing implementations [6] .  ... 
doi:10.1145/3155016.3155020 dblp:conf/middleware/Stoykov0J17 fatcat:nrmmyui6oze3jl62xmoepzdtd4

New Value Transactions

Bettina Nissen, Kate Symons, Ella Tallyn, Chris Speed, Deborah Maxwell, John Vines
2017 Proceedings of the 2016 ACM Conference Companion Publication on Designing Interactive Systems - DIS '17 Companion  
This one-day workshop will explore the implications of emerging and future technologies using the lens of Distributed Autonomous Organisations (DAOs).  ...  The HCI community has recently explored issues related to finance, money and collaborative practice; however, the implications of these emerging but rapidly ascending distributed organisations has not  ...  PwC envisage DAOs as a spectrum from simple cryptocurrency transactions that are recorded in a distributed ledger to Distributed Autonomous Societies (DASs), a model of exchange that could be described  ... 
doi:10.1145/3064857.3064862 dblp:conf/ACMdis/NissenSTSMV17 fatcat:lopl3sja55flxoi3doocveb37i

'Algorithmic nations': seeing like a city-regional and techno-political conceptual assemblage

Igor Calzada
2018 Regional Studies, Regional Science  
Nations' physical boundaries matter as much as political borders in their pervasive and growing algorithmic, stateless, liquid and metropolitan citizenship patterns.  ...  A case study is presented of the small stateless city-regionalized European nation of the Basque Country through its analytical and transitional lens, locally known as 'Euskal Hiria' (Basque city-region  ...  The domain of self-sovereign identity has been one of the most hyped in the realm of non-Bitcoin applications of distributed ledger technology (Bratton, 2017) .  ... 
doi:10.1080/21681376.2018.1507754 fatcat:to4k63yqdbgadmad75lkigzeei

Blockchain and Trusted Computing: Problems, Pitfalls, and a Solution for Hyperledger Fabric [article]

Marcus Brandenburger, Christian Cachin, Rüdiger Kapitza, Alessandro Sorniotti
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Since TEEs are, in principle, stateless they are susceptible to rollback attacks, which should be prevented to maintain privacy for the application.  ...  INTRODUCTION Blockchain and distributed ledger technology (DLT) have received a lot of attention recently as means to distribute trust over many nodes in a network.  ...  [25] address state continuity for memoryless secure processors that have access to a distributed ledger.  ... 
arXiv:1805.08541v1 fatcat:32u7dqltafg5dohd4ep2cgno7m

Towards Blockchain-enabled Open Architectures for Scalable Digital Asset Platforms [article]

Denis Avrilionis, Thomas Hardjono
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We believe this asset-centric view to be the correct evolutionary direction for the nascent field of blockchains and decentralized ledger technology.  ...  Today there is considerable interest in deploying blockchains and decentralized ledger technology as a means to address the deficiencies of current financial and digital asset infrastructures.  ...  Smart contracts are effectively stateless process units.  ... 
arXiv:2110.12553v1 fatcat:pr6v5j3s4fd3lhpsq3sblsajvy

Decentralised Edge-Computing and IoT through Distributed Trust

Ioannis Psaras
2018 Proceedings of the 16th Annual International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services - MobiSys '18  
What is not necessarily established yet is that infrastructure decentralisation needs a distributed model of Internet governance and decentralised trust schemes.  ...  ledger technology.  ...  Recent advances in cryptography and Distributed Ledger Technology (aka blockchain) can be of significant contribution at this point.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3210240.3226062 dblp:conf/mobisys/Psaras18 fatcat:a447flhbdvamphb5gjku5je37q

A Blueprint for Interoperable Blockchains [article]

Tien Tuan Anh Dinh, Anwitaman Datta, Beng Chin Ooi
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In summary, the challenge is to design a stateless communication protocol that ensures timely and reliable delivery of messages.  ...  It consists of a number of nodes some of which may be malicious (or Byzantine), and exposes an append-only log (or ledger) abstraction. The ledger stores transactions that modify some global states.  ... 
arXiv:1910.00985v3 fatcat:xspexuydwbf6zp6gsbcdtffufi

StreamChain: Rethinking Blockchain for Datacenters [article]

Lucas Kuhring, Zsolt István, Alessandro Sorniotti, Marko Vukolić
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In contrast to Bitcoin and similar public blockchains which rely on Proof-of-Work for consensus and are deployed on thousands of geo-distributed nodes, business-to-business use-cases (such as supply chain  ...  INTRODUCTION Blockchains (distributed ledgers) o er strong data integrity and reliability properties in untrusted environments that make them worth considering for distributed data management use cases  ...  Unfortunately, when deployed in datacenter-like environments, all current permissioned distributed ledgers exhibit poor performance.  ... 
arXiv:1808.08406v2 fatcat:qk4y3c7yeravffwhas2wabrkk4

Robot vs. tax inspector or how the fourth industrial revolution will change the tax system: a review of problems and solutions

Valentine P. Vishnevsky, Viktoriia D. Chekina
2018 Journal of Tax Reform  
This implies a transition to automatic taxation using blockchain technologies, which focus on the functions of applying distributed ledgers of business transactions in realtime.  ...  They are written in the form of code in a distributed ledger, which is maintained and managed by a network of computers.  ...  In this article, however, distributed ledger technologies are allocated to a special sector, since their sphere of influence goes beyond the usual digital economic problems.  ... 
doi:10.15826/jtr.2018.4.1.042 fatcat:o4cz3wfcxfgh3fzglo3pymdx5m
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