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Provisional hypotheses for the molecular genetics of cognitive development: Imaging genetic pathways in the anterior cingulate cortex

John Fossella, Jin Fan, Xun Liu, Kevin Guise, Karin Brocki, Patrick R. Hof, Raja Kittappa, Ronald McKay, Michael Posner
2008 Biological Psychology  
Particular emphasis is placed on converging evidence that links system-level and biochemical studies with models of synaptic function.  ...  In shaping our own imaging genetic hypotheses on the development of Attention Networks, we review relevant literature on core models of synaptic physiology and development in the anterior cingulate cortex  ...  These types of changes might cause relatively minor biochemical changes but would be measurable using neuroimaging, and could influence human brain function in clinically meaningful ways.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2007.12.006 pmid:18261834 pmcid:PMC2570040 fatcat:un57liw6rbgxrpwsngpy2fsejm

Meditation and Its Regulatory Role on Sleep

Ravindra P. Nagendra, Nirmala Maruthai, Bindu M. Kutty
2012 Frontiers in Neurology  
Meditation practices influence brain functions, induce various intrinsic neural plasticity events, modulate autonomic, metabolic, endocrine, and immune functions and thus mediate global regulatory changes  ...  in various behavioral states including sleep.  ...  Both the state and trait characteristics of meditation practices provide an advantage that it continually resets the metabolic functioning despite varying levels of stress.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fneur.2012.00054 pmid:22529834 pmcid:PMC3328970 fatcat:tpp6zpamkrft3pijb5g5u5p4qy

Anatomical Variability of the Anterior Cingulate Gyrus and Basic Dimensions of Human Personality

Jesús Pujol, Anna López, Joan Deus, Narcı́s Cardoner, Julio Vallejo, Antoni Capdevila, Tomáš Paus
2002 NeuroImage  
Our observations suggest that a large right anterior cingulate is related to a temperamental disposition to fear and anticipatory worry in both genders and that a higher prevalence of these traits in women  ...  Using magnetic resonance images obtained from 100 healthy young volunteers (50 women and 50 men), we measured the surface area of the anterior cingulate gyrus and related it to the scores on the Temperament  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This study was supported in part by the Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria (Grant 00/0226) and the Direcció General de Recerca de la Generalitat de Catalunya (Grants 1999SGR-328 and 2000XT  ... 
doi:10.1006/nimg.2001.1004 pmid:11906225 fatcat:i5chxxtnjrfk5m5gwzckbmhgf4

Effects of a α2C-Adrenoreceptor Gene Polymorphism on Neural Responses to Facial Expressions in Depression

Alexander Neumeister, Wayne C Drevets, Inna Belfer, David A Luckenbaugh, Shannan Henry, Omer Bonne, Peter Herscovitch, David Goldman, Dennis S Charney
2006 Neuropsychopharmacology  
Furthermore, we report that rMDD carriers of one or two copies of the a2CDel322-325-AR exhibit greater amygdala as well as pregenual and subgenual anterior cingulate gyrus neuronal activity in response  ...  These results suggest that the a2CDel322-325-AR confers a change in brain function implicating this a2-AR subtype into the pathophysiology of MDD.  ...  anterior cingulate gyrus, orbital frontal cortex, and ventral striatum.  ... 
doi:10.1038/sj.npp.1301010 pmid:16407897 fatcat:dt77xngnarai5fjpz4uhwqddce

Functional gastrointestinal disorders and gut-brain axis: What does the future hold?

Kashif Mukhtar, Hasham Nawaz, Shahab Abid
2019 World Journal of Gastroenterology  
WJG is dedicated to become an influential and prestigious journal in gastroenterology and hepatology, to promote the development of above disciplines, and to improve the diagnostic and therapeutic skill  ...  and expertise of clinicians.  ...  Two main functioning networks that have been the focus of scientists are the emotional arousal network (including amygdala and anterior cingulate cortical subregions) and hemostatic afferent network (anterior  ... 
doi:10.3748/wjg.v25.i5.552 fatcat:md3urkhfvzfypftiepx4ctfnnm

Magnetic resonance imaging in mood disorders: a bibliometric analysis from 1999 to 2020

Mingzhou Gao, Hui Sun, Xunshu Cheng, Dongmei Gao, Mingqi Qiao
2021 Clinical and translational imaging  
Keyword analysis indicated that studies on depression, bipolar disorders, and schizophrenia, with a focus on specific brain regions, including amygdala, prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate cortex  ...  However, bibliometric analyses of the state of this field are lacking.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the Research and Innovation team of Emotional Diseases and Syndromes at Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine for their support.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40336-021-00425-0 fatcat:o2bcgk53ozeh3ci34y3rvvftka

Affective Neuronal Selection: The Nature of the Primordial Emotion Systems

Judith A. Toronchuk, George F. R. Ellis
2013 Frontiers in Psychology  
Based on studies in affective neuroscience and evolutionary psychiatry, a tentative new proposal is made here as to the nature and identification of primordial emotional systems.  ...  an evolutionary contributor to self-esteem in humans.  ...  In addition to the striatal system, the ventromedial prefrontal, anterior cingulate cortices (ACC), and amygdala are also involved in the POWER system of humans (Beasley et al., 2012) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00589 pmid:23316177 pmcid:PMC3540967 fatcat:ssu2pwslare6vdvjdeyug6egv4

Personality traits and vulnerability or resilience to substance use disorders

Annabelle M. Belcher, Nora D. Volkow, F. Gerard Moeller, Sergi Ferré
2014 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
Here we argue for the study of endophenotypes within the frame of individual differences, and identify three high-order personality traits that are tied to specific brain systems and genes, and that offer  ...  These personality traits, and the genes that moderate them, interact dynamically with the environment and with the drugs themselves to ultimately determine an individual's vulnerability or resilience to  ...  In fact, one main functional role of D 4 receptors is modulating striatal glutamatergic neurotransmission and this function depends on molecular interactions (heteromerization) with presynaptic D 2 receptors  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2014.01.010 pmid:24612993 pmcid:PMC3972619 fatcat:kbhlbjmrtfan7oishtym6zmej4

Nothing tastes as good as skinny feels: the neurobiology of anorexia nervosa

Walter H. Kaye, Christina E. Wierenga, Ursula F. Bailer, Alan N. Simmons, Amanda Bischoff-Grethe
2013 Trends in Neurosciences  
(5-HT) function in AN, and second, the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies to reveal insights into the neural circuitry of gustatory sensory response, interoception, reward, and  ...  In addition to predating the disease, these traits often persist after recovery. 10-14 These traits include anxiety, negative emotionality, perfectionism, inflexibility, HA, and obsessive behaviors (particularly  ...  The anterior ventral striatum processes motivational aspects of stimuli by modulating the influence of limbic inputs on striatal activity 96, 97 .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tins.2013.01.003 pmid:23333342 pmcid:PMC3880159 fatcat:2fyozrmujjchpggaqir2qmv2l4

Social neuroscience and its potential contribution to psychiatry

John T. Cacioppo, Stephanie Cacioppo, Stephanie Dulawa, Abraham A. Palmer
2014 World Psychiatry  
Social neuroscience is an interdisciplinary field devoted to understanding the biological systems underlying social processes and behavior, and the influence of the social environment on biological processes  ...  on social determinants of peripheral neural, neuroendocrine and immunological processes.  ...  dorsal anterior cingulate gyrus (44) .  ... 
doi:10.1002/wps.20118 pmid:24890058 pmcid:PMC4102278 fatcat:opafwabkanekna63hbh3zfnlgi

No Risk, No Differences. Neural Correlates of Temperamental Traits Revealed Using Naturalistic fMRI Method

Maria Bierzynska, Pamela Anna Sobczak, Anna Kozak, Maksymilian Bielecki, Jan Strelau, Malgorzata Maria Kossut
2019 Frontiers in Psychology  
Results of the study revealed that activation of orbitofrontal cortex in highly arousing conditions is linked to the levels of activity, while traits of perseverance and emotional reactivity were negatively  ...  Obtained results might be coherently interpreted in the light of RTT theory, therefore providing its first validation using functional brain imaging.  ...  The research was supported by grants from Polish National Science Centre (2013/09/N/HS6/03452 and 2014/12/T/HS6/00485).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01757 pmid:31447728 pmcid:PMC6691771 fatcat:ece7cdxlzjhhtcfs24dutsnzfy

Temperament and brain networks of attention

Michael I. Posner, Mary K. Rothbart
2018 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
The attention networks of the human brain are important control systems that develop from infancy into adulthood.  ...  This article is part of the theme issue 'Diverse perspectives on diversity: multi-disciplinary approaches to taxonomies of individual differences'.  ...  The executive networks in adults involve separate areas of the anterior cingulate that provide control of emotion and cognition [35, 36] .  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2017.0254 pmid:29483356 fatcat:4guqjvoplfbivkyibavdlo2xn4

Distinct Effects of Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol and Cannabidiol on Neural Activation During Emotional Processing

Paolo Fusar-Poli, José A. Crippa, Sagnik Bhattacharyya, Stefan J. Borgwardt, Paul Allen, Rocio Martin-Santos, Marc Seal, Simon A. Surguladze, Colin O'Carrol, Zerrin Atakan, Antonio W. Zuardi, Philip K. McGuire
2009 Archives of General Psychiatry  
Cannabidiol attenuated the blood oxygenation leveldependent signal in the amygdala and the anterior and posterior cingulate cortex while subjects were processing intensely fearful faces, and its suppression  ...  of the amygdalar and anterior cingulate responses was correlated with the concurrent reduction in SCR fluctuations. ⌬9-Tetrahydrocannabinol mainly modulated activation in frontal and parietal areas.  ...  and neuroimaging studies in humans indicate that the anterior cingulate cortex is engaged with the amygdala in response to fear and anxiety  ... 
doi:10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2008.519 pmid:19124693 fatcat:e4chkajrjvav7nmzlqepjw34oe

S39-01 Distinct effects of D9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol on neural activation during emotional processing

P. Fusar-Poli
2009 European psychiatry  
Cannabidiol attenuated the blood oxygenation leveldependent signal in the amygdala and the anterior and posterior cingulate cortex while subjects were processing intensely fearful faces, and its suppression  ...  of the amygdalar and anterior cingulate responses was correlated with the concurrent reduction in SCR fluctuations. ⌬9-Tetrahydrocannabinol mainly modulated activation in frontal and parietal areas.  ...  and neuroimaging studies in humans indicate that the anterior cingulate cortex is engaged with the amygdala in response to fear and anxiety  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0924-9338(09)70439-0 fatcat:t2stptv2s5bzll7g7bzle7dnbu

A Potential Role for a Genetic Variation of AKAP5 in Human Aggression and Anger Control

Sylvia Richter, Xenia Gorny, Josep Marco-Pallares, Ulrike M. Krämer, Judith Machts, Adriana Barman, Hans-Gert Bernstein, Rebecca Schüle, Ludger Schöls, Antoni Rodriguez-Fornells, Carsten Reissner, Torsten Wüstenberg (+6 others)
2011 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Questionnaire and higher in the anger control dimension of the state-trait anger expression inventory.  ...  In line with our predictions, Leu carriers showed increased activation of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) during emotional interference, which in turn predicted shorter reaction times and might be  ...  The present project is supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (SFB 779, TP A8, TP A5, TP B9), the "Pakt für Forschung und Innovation" of the Leibniz Society (WGL), and the State of Saxony-Anhalt  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2011.00175 pmid:22232585 pmcid:PMC3247758 fatcat:v7nsl4awgbgare63ehzdlkvsoq
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