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A Survey of Machine Learning Applied to Computer Architecture Design [article]

Drew D. Penney, Lizhong Chen
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Notably, machine learning based strategies often surpass prior state-of-the-art analytical, heuristic, and human-expert approaches.  ...  Recent work, however, has explored broader applicability for design, optimization, and simulation.  ...  Q-learning is a noteworthy example that models an action-value function by estimating the value of an individual action, from a given state.  ... 
arXiv:1909.12373v1 fatcat:o4nscgkjfbes7kqwmtjvvgl3oa

D1.1 - State of the Art Analysis

Danilo Ardagna
2021 Zenodo  
In the last part of the deliverable, we report an overview of the performance modelling solutions, security, and privacy problems for AI applications in edge environments.  ...  Then, the deliverable provides a background on AI applications design, also considering some advanced design trends (e.g., Network Architecture Search, Federated Learning, Deep Neural Networks partitioning  ...  the overview by revising advanced solutions for the design of AI applications that concern deep learning models partitioning, network architecture search, federated learning, AI application performance  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6372377 fatcat:f6ldfuwivbcltew4smiiwphfty

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN COMPUTER VISION

Aryan Karn
2021 International Journal of Engineering Applied Sciences and Technology  
Computer vision as a discipline is at the cutting edge of science. As with any frontier, it is thrilling and chaotic, with often no trustworthy authority to turn to.  ...  It is a multidisciplinary subject that may be loosely classified as a branch of artificial intelligence and machine learning, both of which may include using specific techniques and using general-purpose  ...  Astronomy: Our full understanding of the universe is based on photon estimations, which are mostly composed of pictures of the universe.  ... 
doi:10.33564/ijeast.2021.v06i01.037 fatcat:7nh2r2l4njh7da4ujtdzncdefi

Visualization in Astrophysics: Developing New Methods, Discovering Our Universe, and Educating the Earth [article]

Fangfei Lan, Michael Young, Lauren Anderson, Anders Ynnerman, Alexander Bock, Michelle A. Borkin, Angus G. Forbes, Juna A. Kollmeier, Bei Wang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We survey representative papers from both astrophysics and visualization and provide a taxonomy of existing approaches based on data analysis tasks.  ...  We present a state-of-the-art report on visualization in astrophysics.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank the constructive suggestions by the reviewers and the generous funding by the following enti  ... 
arXiv:2106.00152v1 fatcat:i4e6jsx5k5flbgk7hbf5i5cpre

Optimal quantization of the mean measure and applications to statistical learning [article]

Frédéric Chazal
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In a nutshell, we show that in a mixture of measure generating process, our technique yields a representation in ℝ^k, for k ∈ℕ^* that guarantees a good clustering of the data points with high probability  ...  Second we build from the estimator of the mean measure a vectorization map, that sends every measure into a finite-dimensional Euclidean space, and investigate its properties through a clustering-oriented  ...  The measure viewpoint is a direct and simple solution. The successful way to proceed after a word embedding step is to use some form of deep neural network learning.  ... 
arXiv:2002.01216v4 fatcat:pq2s64xhxzdvrb3rwrj3q5odfq

Evidence and theory for lower rates of depression in larger US urban areas

Andrew J. Stier, Kathryn E. Schertz, Nak Won Rim, Carlos Cardenas-Iniguez, Benjamin B. Lahey, Luís M. A. Bettencourt, Marc G. Berman
2021 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
of mental health also applicable to other psychopathologies.  ...  However, the evidence remains inconsistent and at most, makes the case for differences between rural and urban environments as a whole.  ...  Next, we used a k-means clustering implementation in python (57) to split the detected change points into two separate clusters based on the observation that the histograms of change points over all  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.2022472118 pmid:34315817 pmcid:PMC8346882 fatcat:knttrxymyfbk5mlh5is62hegmq

Portuguese SKA White Book [article]

Domingos Barbosa, Sonia Antón, João Paulo Barraca, Miguel Bergano, Alexandre C. M. Correia, Dalmiro Maia, Valério A. R. M. Ribeiro
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The meeting was very successful in providing a detailed overview of the SKA status, vision and goals and describes most of the Portuguese contributions to science, technology and the related industry aspirations  ...  This white book stems from the contributions presented at the Portuguese SKA Days, held on the 6th and 7th February 2018 with the presence of the SKA Deputy Director General Alistair McPherson and the  ...  We warmly thank Arnold van Ardenne for invaluable comments and for the inspirational collaboration towards the "greening" of large scale science and the enhancement of its societal impact.  ... 
arXiv:2005.01140v1 fatcat:gijmylrmvfcj3i7dt3wbsr6vhm

PUNCH4NFDI Consortium Proposal

The PUNCH4NFDI Consortium
2020 Zenodo  
that offers all storage and compute opportunities and all data transformation possibilities required for making the data fully productive in a sustainable way.  ...  Organised in 7 task areas, the consortium ultimately aims at establishing FAIR digital research products for its communities and beyond, spending their entire lifecycle inside a "science data platform"  ...  These tasks can be performed using deep learning methods, e.g. convolutional and recurrent neural networks.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5722894 fatcat:mfcvk55kqvgsthkp6dnxqyiyve

Content Preparation and Management for Web Design: Eliciting, Structuring, Searching, and Displaying Information

Robert W. Proctor, Kim-Phuong L. Vu, Gavriel Salvendy
2002 International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction  
The material presented in this article was a result of the collective efforts of the participants of a special "white paper" session that was part of the 9th International Conference on Human-Computer  ...  With the advent of the Internet and Web-based storage systems, the information stored can be linked to different locations within the system (e.g., getting to the homepage from any Web page within the  ...  Content Structure Often is not Based on a Theory of Meaning Many approaches to task analysis focus on the procedures for performing tasks.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15327590ijhc1401_2 fatcat:cj4aqm65ujgblauf2f3ynzbfya

Proceedings for the 3rd Shaw-IAU Workshop on Astronomy for Education: What Everybody Should Know about Astronomy Education [article]

Asmita Bhandare, Giuliana Giobbi, Colm Larkin, Rebecca Sanderson, Eduardo Penteado, Niall Deacon, Gwen Sanderson, Anna Sippel
2021 Zenodo  
This is a summary of the 3rd Shaw-IAU workshop on Astronomy for Education held 12 – 15 October, 2021 as a virtual event. The workshop was organised by the IAU Office of Astronomy for Education.  ...  We would be only teaching components of a scientific paradigm; we would not be educating through Astronomy.  ...  , with additional support from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under Award No. NNX AC A.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5768700 fatcat:m7ltmzzmjbcr3inrdnweemstly

How to marry a star: probabilistic constraints for meaning in context [article]

Katrin Erk, Aurelie Herbelot
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we derive a notion of 'word meaning in context' which accounts for the wide range of lexical shifts and ambiguities observed in utterance interpretation.  ...  takes utterance understanding to be the mental process of describing one or more situations that would account for an observed utterance.  ...  ; task, job: 3/10; person: 1/10 We use these four WordNet senses as our clusters, and estimate the probability of each cluster for the verb leave in the sentences in (5c) through a WebPPL experiment with  ... 
arXiv:2009.07936v2 fatcat:3gcefq743rfpnoxsxdmsp66tcm

Anthropogenic marine debris and its dynamics across peri-urban and urban mangroves on Penang Island, Malaysia [article]

Su Yin Chee, John Barry Gallagher, Jean Chai Yee, Danielle Carey, Yusri Yusup
2019 biorxiv/medrxiv   pre-print
closer to the edge is increasingly sorted and lost to the water body in favour of smaller plastic items, for a constant wind field and irrespective of neap-spring phases.  ...  The findings show that mangrove areas are vulnerable to a constant build of potentially harmful debris with selective leakage and sorting of materials back to the water body closer to their coastal edges  ...  services which comprises a range of empirical approaches to estimate a monetary value for the trade-off a person would be willing to make to increase the amount or the quality of a good or service for  ... 
doi:10.1101/756106 fatcat:m6oy4besircffmdhmffppw6yra

Special Session 2 Innovation in teaching and learning astronomy

Rosa M. Ros, Jay M. Pasachoff
2006 Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union  
The session, on Innovation in Teaching/Learning Astronomy, was organized around four themes: (i) general strategies for effective teaching, (ii) connecting astronomy with the public, (iii) effective use  ...  of instruction and information technology, and (iv) practical issues connected with the implementation of the 2003 IAU Resolution that recommended including astronomy in school curricula, assisting schoolteachers  ...  Case studies will be described using event-based learning with the NASA Deep Impact mission.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1743921307011751 fatcat:tjl2bjmt2vhe3piykd7c2k4q6u

Implications of limited investor attention to customer–supplier information transfers

Hui Zhu
2014 Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance  
Provincial governments have largely followed the lead of the federal government, by first applying a tax on tax approach to collecting revenue before migrating to the tax on net income approach used today  ...  We leave this debate up to the interested reader for now, and focus on establishing the empirics of the analysis in an effort to add the requisite fodder for a more informed discussion.  ...  The authors submitted that "freedom of religion does not allow one group of individuals to exclude another group of identifiable individuals from access to a public service."  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.qref.2014.02.003 fatcat:3z76wilugvhaxat4yplbtt7cv4
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