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Stable Nash equilibria of medium access games under symmetric, socially altruistic behavior [article]

G. Kesidis, Y. Jin, A.P. Azad, E. Altman
2010 arXiv   pre-print
We consider the effects of altruistic behavior on random medium access control (slotted ALOHA) for local area communication networks.  ...  There is a region of partially altruistic behavior for which neither interior Nash equilibrium point is locally asymptotically stable.  ...  In particular, partial altruistic behavior for an example ALOHA game can cause both interior, feasible Nash equilibria to be stable.  ... 
arXiv:1003.5324v2 fatcat:3zdcd2grbjbelmil2fztgdftdu

Distributed medium access control with conditionally altruistic users

Panayotis Antoniadis, Serge Fdida, Christopher Griffin, Youngmi Jin, George Kesidis
2013 EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking  
Also, it is well known that Nash equilibria of iterative games are not necessarily asymptotically stable, e.g., [37] [38] [39] .  ...  Note that there may be non-symmetric Nash equilibria in these games, even for the case of homogeneous users, e.g., [36] .  ... 
doi:10.1186/1687-1499-2013-202 fatcat:vqlbodd4g5c35co4p3nlbt3z6a

CSMA Local Area Networking under Dynamic Altruism [article]

Panayotis Antoniadis, Serge Fdida, Christopher Griffin, Youngmi Jin, George Kesidis
2012 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we consider medium access control of local area networks (LANs) under limited-information conditions as befits a distributed system.  ...  The effects of altruism are analyzed at Nash equilibrium for both the ALOHA and CSMA frameworks in the quasistationary (fictitious play) regime.  ...  Also, it is well known that Nash equilibria of iterative games are not necessarily asymptotically stable, e.g., [2] , [49] , [53] .  ... 
arXiv:1204.4847v1 fatcat:zkwheo53qjaxnb3kcsk3okbjdi

Evolutionary Game Theory: A Renaissance

Jonathan Newton
2017 Social Science Research Network  
Inspired by such logic, away from the spotlight, a substantial body of researchers has continued to work on evolutionary game theory in the social sciences, taking it in interesting and sometimes unexpected  ...  game theory.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The author declares no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3077467 fatcat:fmze7g7s55d7zooqj7ln34ecqi

Evolutionary Game Theory: A Renaissance

Jonathan Newton
2018 Games  
Economic agents are not always rational or farsighted and can make decisions according to simple behavioral rules that vary according to situation and can be studied using the tools of evolutionary game  ...  to economics and the broader social sciences.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The author declares no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/g9020031 fatcat:xdfjfoxexrcnxltcw3kpoqkpuu

Cooperation under social and strategic uncertainty – The role of risk and social capital in rural Cambodia

Esther Schuch, Simone Dirks, Tum Nhim, Andries Richter
2020 Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics  
Here, we compare the determinants of cooperation in a linear public good game and a threshold game, where individuals are challenged to guess the contributions of the partners to determine an appropriate  ...  Many realworld social dilemmas have an additional source of "strategic uncertainty", as socially and privately optimal strategies tend to depend on actions of others.  ...  Acknowledgements We are grateful to Francisco Alpizar and Silke Gabbert, as well as the editor and two anonymous reviewers for valuable comments on a previous version of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.socec.2020.101642 fatcat:nih56xtronfhhhwgcl3kwx7c6q

Team reasoning: Solving the puzzle of coordination

Andrew M. Colman, Natalie Gold
2017 Psychonomic Bulletin & Review  
Orthodox game theory cannot explain such intuitively obvious forms of coordination as the selection of an outcome that is best for all in a common-interest game.  ...  This also offers a compelling explanation of cooperation in social dilemmas.  ...  Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Comm ons Attribution 4.0 International License (http:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13423-017-1399-0 pmid:29101730 fatcat:kromk4knlfcf3oh3nbqhilishy

Examining Monotonicity and Saliency Using Level-k Reasoning in a Voting Game

Anna Bassi, Kenneth Williams
2014 Games  
Standard financial incentives are enough to induce equilibrium behavior, and the marginal effect of extra incentives on equilibrium behavior seems to be negligible.  ...  Our results show with complex voting games, higher financial incentives are required for the subjects to exert the effort needed to complete the task. 27 1 See [6] for further explanations about external  ...  Conflicts of Interest The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/g5010026 fatcat:6etquvoai5hixjeiq7lws53vmm

Classification of Quantum Symmetric Non-zero Sum 2x2 Games in the Eisert Scheme [article]

Álvaro Francisco Huertas-Rosero
2004 arXiv   pre-print
The criteria adopted in this work to classify quantum games are the amount and characteristics of Nash equilibria and Pareto-optimal positions.  ...  In the symmetric nonzero-sum 2x2 games, the relevant features of the game are given by two parameters in the payoff matrix, and only one extra entanglement parameter is introduced by quantizing it in the  ...  Will Nash equilibria and Pareto Optima be stable under slight departures from rationality?  ... 
arXiv:quant-ph/0402117v2 fatcat:qwjq46fbujcbdii4o6gwtci2di

Evolutionary game theory: cells as players

Sabine Hummert, Katrin Bohl, David Basanta, Andreas Deutsch, Sarah Werner, Günter Theißen, Anja Schroeter, Stefan Schuster
2014 Molecular Biosystems  
The interaction of living cells can often be described by game theory, for example, in the case of secretion of extracellular enzymes.  ...  In this review we discuss numerous examples of applying game theory to cellular processes.  ...  Acknowledgements Financial support by the International Max Planck Research School (Jena), the Leibniz Institute for Natural Product Research and Infection Biology -Hans-Knöll-Institute (Jena), the Jena School of  ... 
doi:10.1039/c3mb70602h pmid:25270362 fatcat:7up3voypqbe7logsgkzftw5biq

Network Games: Theory, Models, and Dynamics

Ishai Menache, Asuman Ozdaglar
2011 Synthesis Lectures on Communication Networks  
Unlike wired communications that take place over a relatively stable medium, the wireless transmission medium varies strongly with time.  ...  We next show that under convexity assumptions, games with infinite strategy sets have pure Nash equilibria. 1.  ...  EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSIS In this section, we describe several basic properties of the Nash equilibria under stationary transmission strategies.  ... 
doi:10.2200/s00330ed1v01y201101cnt009 fatcat:ij7x6c5kpnarxf7vyyxmcmt5x4

Cooperative networks

Mihai Marius Constantinescu, Ertan Onur, Harry Bouwman, Miodrag Djurica, Mark De Reuver, Yunus Durmus
2012 Proceedings of the seventh ACM international workshop on Mobility in the evolving internet architecture - MobiArch '12  
By means of data connection sharing, users may influence the pricing schemes of mobile network operators, increase spectrum utilization and build their own cooperative network.  ...  To achieve this objective as well as to validate the results of our theoretical analysis, we developed a smart-phone application for data connection sharing.  ...  Acknowledgements Mihai Constantinescu Master of Science Thesis  ... 
doi:10.1145/2348676.2348687 dblp:conf/mobiarch/ConstantinescuOBDRD12 fatcat:5pv3xeurmnao7n6itc6d6uzu5u

Strategic decisions: behavioral differences between CEOs and others

Håkan J. Holm, Victor Nee, Sonja Opper
2019 Experimental Economics  
Our study combines a stratified random sample of 200 CEOs of medium-sized firms with a carefully selected control group of 200 comparable people.  ...  Yet, due to the difficulties in recruiting this high-profile group for academic research, few studies have explored how CEOs make incentivized decisions in strategic games under strict controls and how  ...  Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creat iveco mmons .org/licen ses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use,  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10683-019-09604-3 fatcat:wstcgfyaobf2dewn2kf6ck7lsi

The Win-Win-Win Papakonstantinidis Model: An Approach between Empathy and Conflict Strategy An Inquiry into the T. Schelling's ―The Strategy of Conflict‖ (1960)

Prof. L. A Papakonstantinidis
2020 International Journal of Innovation and Economic Development  
, Selten, Gigerenzer) has definitely demonstrated the physical and psychological constraints in (cooperative/non-cooperative) bargaining and negotiation processes, with reference to economic gaming behavior  ...  It can also be understood as having the separateness of defining oneself and another blur Intuitive Bargaining and Bounded Reality in the Jackpot of Life The combined work of all 4 authors (Nash, Harsanyi  ...  While Nash proved that every finite game has a Nash equilibrium, not all have pure strategy Nash equilibria.  ... 
doi:10.18775/ijied.1849-7551-7020.2015.65.2003 fatcat:owzgeawywvbzrk5hyrwkmdzpty

The Cognitive and Communicative Demands of Cooperation [chapter]

Peter Gärdenfors
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
I review different models of cooperation in game theory-reciprocal altruism, indirect reciprocity, cooperation about future goals, and conventions-with respect to their cognitive and communicative prerequisites  ...  I argue that the analysis of different kinds of cooperation will benefit from an account of the cognitive and communicative functions required for that cooperation.  ...  I would also thank the members of the seminars in cognitive science and philosophy at Lund University and the members of the project group on Games, Action and Social Software at the Netherlands Institute  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-29326-9_9 fatcat:jw27v7ld5zeufo4cv6jcr5z7q4
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