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Review of multicast routing mechanisms in mobile ad hoc networks

Rajashekhar C. Biradar, Sunilkumar S. Manvi
2012 Journal of Network and Computer Applications  
The paper focuses on most recent reliable and QoS based multicast routing mechanisms that helps in multimedia communication over MANETs.  ...  We provide an overview of existing multicast routing mechanisms based on routing categories and point to directions for future research and development. Crown  ...  Protocols Metrics Routing  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jnca.2011.08.003 fatcat:r5zlp373off5bivolepp3dohaq

Performance Analysis of Enhanced Ad-Hoc on-Demand Distance Vector Routing Protocol in Smart Environment

2019 International journal of recent technology and engineering  
In this research, a new enhanced cache update technique is introduced in MANET protocol to make it enable for the upcoming smart environment.  ...  The routing protocols in smart environments are accountable for connectivity among nodes, fairness, quality of service, etc.  ...  Route Discovery algorithm (Sx, Ix, Dx)  Designate the Source node as ' Sx ' , Intermediate node as ' Ix' , Destination node as ' Dx' .  RREQ is forwarded as source routing.  ... 
doi:10.35940/ijrte.b2227.078219 fatcat:a4yqdx6habd3tjlslde6zsqbr4

Routing protocols in ad hoc networks: A survey

Azzedine Boukerche, Begumhan Turgut, Nevin Aydin, Mohammad Z. Ahmad, Ladislau Bölöni, Damla Turgut
2011 Computer Networks  
Figure 5 and Figure 6 show the forward and backward ants' route discovery phases.  ...  The AQOR integrates on-demand route discovery, signaling functions for resource reservations, and hop-by-hop routing to provide QoS support in ad hoc networks.  ...  Forwarding Dilemma Game (FDG) [85] : Naserian and Tepe propose a game theoretic approach to forwarding flooding packets in MANET with AODV as the underlying routing protocol.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.comnet.2011.05.010 fatcat:w26gumgminh4lmzsufqm4warsm

DVR-Based Manet Routing Protocols Taxonomy

Mrinal Kanti Debbarma
2012 International Journal of Computer Science & Engineering Survey  
This paper classified various routing protocols based on DVR for MANET and compared on the characteristics (routing metrics), performance and complexity.  ...  In this paper, we analyzed DVR based routing protocols aiming to find suitable path through special neighbours between hops in MANET.  ...  In this paper, description of various routing schemes proposed for MANETs and classification of these schemes based on routing approach are provided with varying performance under various conditions.  ... 
doi:10.5121/ijcses.2012.3504 fatcat:n6oeqb7bqbgkrhre5l6e6ruvti

A comparative analysis on qos multicast routing protocols in MANETs

2013 IOSR Journal of Computer Engineering  
In this paper we are presenting a comparative analysis on various multicast routing protocols in adhoc networks.  ...  In many cases it is advantageous to implement multicasting at the level of the routing algorithm (other approaches would be oneto-all unicast or the implementation of multicasting at the application layer  ...  .,2009; Pathirana, 2007), Forward Group Multicast Protocol(FGMP) (Chiangetal., 1998), link stability based multicast routing in MANETs(LSMRM) (Biradaretal.,2010), Agent-driven back bone Ring-based Reliable  ... 
doi:10.9790/0661-1548892 fatcat:3bsidm7hb5hxtbptryu7wcdx6e

An Overview of Mobile Ad Hoc Networks for the Existing Protocols and Applications

Saleh Ali K.Al. Omari, Putra Sumari
2010 International Journal on Applications of Graph Theory In wireless Ad Hoc Networks And sensor Networks  
In this paper, the more representative of routing protocols, analysis of individual characteristics and advantages and disadvantages to collate and compare, and present the all applications or the Possible  ...  Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET) is a collection of two or more devices or nodes or terminals with wireless communications and networking capability that communicate with each other without the aid of any  ...  Last but not least, the researchers would like to thank the University Sains Malaysia USM for supporting this research.  ... 
doi:10.5121/jgraphhoc.2010.2107 fatcat:zv5m5rzycvg6ppubleybdt4fam

Resource Efficient Routing in Internet of Things: Concept, Challenges, and Future Directions

J. Jaisooraj et. al.
2019 International Journal of Computing and Digital Systems  
Finally, the paper enlists research challenges in the field of LLN routing, which can be considered as the need of the hour, for assisting the IoT paradigm to reach its maximum potential.  ...  Considering their resource constrained nature, routing protocols designed for LLNs demand a proper management of vital resources.  ...  LOADng, as is the case for all on-demand protocols, relies on Route Request (RREQ) and Route Reply (RREP) messages for route discovery.  ... 
doi:10.12785/ijcds/080611 fatcat:qt2oehcugbcxxi7d4nesal5ks4

Improving Multipath Routing Protocols Performance in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks based on QoS Cross-Layer Routing

Do Dinh Cuong, Nguyen Van Tam, Nguyen Gia Hieu
2016 Indian Journal of Science and Technology  
After applying the suitable dynamic routing metrics of delay and packet loss ratio for application traffic classes when implementing new multipath routing protocol named QCLR in NS2 simulator, the results  ...  Background/Objectives: Improving performances of routing protocols which use the multipath scheme and the hop count routing metric in ad hoc networks in order to satisfy quality of service requirements  ...  Based on calculation of end-to-end path's bandwidth, the QoS routes are established in route discovery process and used to forward traffics on demand of itsQoS requirements.  ... 
doi:10.17485/ijst/2016/v9i19/92304 fatcat:bxwtydxhhzhtbniyk6gela4xum

Routing Protocols in Vehicular Ad hoc Networks: Survey and Research Challenges

Kayhan Zrar Ghafoor, Marwan Aziz Mohammed, Jaime Lloret, Kamalrulnizam Abu Bakar, Zaitul M. Zainuddin
2013 Network Protocols and Algorithms  
In [8], Bernsen et al. classify and critically compared the existing unicast routing protocols for VANETs.  ...  Routing protocols are divided into two categories of topology-based and position-based routing protocols.  ...  In particular, the topology-based routing protocols that have been proposed for MANET are adopted in VANET for comparison purposes. The next section focuses on the topology-based routing protocols.  ... 
doi:10.5296/npa.v5i4.4134 fatcat:qfbl7vs275ctzdc3sktfcd4v6u

A Load Management Algorithm For Wireless Mesh Networks

Bambrik Ilyas, Didi Fedoua
2015 Proceedings of the International Conference on Intelligent Information Processing, Security and Advanced Communication - IPAC '15  
In this work, we take special interest in the MANET and WMN routing protocols.  ...  The key protocol that enables the flexibility of the topology for the MANET and WMN, and to provide QoS for the users, is the routing protocol.  ...  Acknowledgement The authors would like to thank the reviewer for his effort and valuable comments. Funding Information The authors of this paper have no financial funding to report.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2816839.2816875 fatcat:2umzftcyzfajhfu5byzqovbtva

Compacted Area with Effective Links (CAEL) for Data Dissemination in VANETs

Abdul Karim Kazi, Shariq Mahmood Khan, Waseemullah, Umer Farooq, Saman Hina
2022 Sensors  
The transmission of VANET data may result in a substantial amount of overhead in the routing process; thus, it is vital to address the issue of overhead to enhance the overall network performance.  ...  Vehicular ad hoc network (VANET) is a specialized form of wireless network that is solely intended for collaboration between vehicles.  ...  ) HC max = max(3, 2, 4) HC max = 4 Route Discovery The proposed protocol (CAEL) initiates the route discovery phase when node A sends an RREQ packet to all nearby nodes to send data packets to node  ... 
doi:10.3390/s22093448 pmid:35591137 pmcid:PMC9102049 fatcat:5cw4uzqnezb2ddu2ogl7tzhmn4

Reliable Group of Vehicles (RGoV) in VANET

Abdul Karim Kazi, Shariq Mahmood Khan, Najmi Ghani Haider
2021 IEEE Access  
The routing consistency of such highly dynamic networks must be taken into account in VANETs as communication links are disintegrated in VANETs more often than Mobile ad-hoc Networks (MANETs).  ...  The improvement is achieved by permitting communication amongst only those nodes which are considered reliable in terms of availability and geographical position.  ...  RELATED WORK The literature on routing stability is stated primarily on MANETs [7] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3102216 fatcat:ldm2pb6i5fampbvbhs4c3w7xxq

Multihop Wireless Networks [chapter]

Torsten Braun, Andreas Kassler, Maria Kihl, Veselin Rakocevic, Vasilios Siris, Geert Heijenk
2009 Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering  
This is in particular the case for routing protocols, where completely new unicast, multicast, and broadcast routing protocols have been developed for (mobile) ad-hoc and sensor networks.  ...  In multi-hop wireless networks there are one or more intermediate nodes along the path that receive and forward packets via wireless links.  ...  In Scalable Service Discovery for MANET [Sai05] , a service discovery protocol based on Bloom filters and directory agents is proposed.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-85573-8_5 fatcat:pohyox35xbawjo6gl3vqnprr3u

Overview of Wireless Mesh Networks

Salah A. Alabady, M. F. M. Salleh
2013 Journal of Communications  
This paper presents a review the fundamental concept types of medium access control (MAC) layer, routing protocols, cross-layer and network coding for wireless mesh networks.  ...  Obtaining high throughput for multi-cast applications (e.g. video streaming broadcast) in WMNs is challenging due to the interference and the change of channel quality.  ...  (LMR) [54] , Associativitybased routing (ABR) [55] , Signal stability adaptive (SSA) [56] , Location-aided routing (LAR) [57] , Ant-colonybased routing algorithm (ARA) [58] , Flow oriented routing  ... 
doi:10.12720/jcm.8.9.586-599 fatcat:5cpczthwt5h23eb2fvnbeozxmi

Survey on Routing Protocols for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks Based on Multimetrics

Carolina Tripp-Barba, Aníbal Zaldívar-Colado, Luis Urquiza-Aguiar, José Alfonso Aguilar-Calderón
2019 Electronics  
In this paper, we present a review of the routing protocols based on more than one metric to select the best route in a VANET.  ...  Metrics such as distance, density, link stability, speed, and position were selected by the authors for the best proposal.  ...  All authors contributed to the selection of papers to be analyzed from the searching results in order to provide a more comprehensible final version.  ... 
doi:10.3390/electronics8101177 fatcat:sadiptawsbeatelxyr2swsclfi
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