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Traditional approaches like artificial neural networks, in spite of their intelligent support such as learning from large amount of data, are not useful for big data analytics for many reasons. The chapter discusses the difficulties while analyzing big data and introduces deep learning as a solution. This chapter discusses various deep learning techniques and models for big data analytics. The chapter presents necessary fundamentals of an artificial neural network, deep learning, and big datadoi:10.5281/zenodo.5106011 fatcat:vbxkbmzysvh45cwkbii5bck7wu
more »... alytics. Different deep models such as autoencoders, deep belief nets, convolutional neural networks, recurrent neural networks, reinforcement learning neural networks, multi model approach, parallelization, and cognitive computing are discussed here, with the latest research and applications. The chapter concludes with discussion on future research and application areas.
Hyperspectral imaging system contains stack of images collected from the sensor with different wavelengths representing the same scene on the earth. This paper presents GA based dimensionality reduction method in framework for hyperspectral image segmentation. The framework consists of four stages in segmenting a hyperspectral data set. In the first stage, filtering is done to remove noise in image bands. Second stage consists of dimensionality reduction algorithms, in which the bands thatdoi:10.34218/ijcet.10.4.2019.001 fatcat:yqxzlu6rwzgj3a4trwqd6bdaqi
more »... y less information or redundant data will be removed. This deletion will decrease the storage requirement, computational load etc in processing the hyperspectral data. In the third stage, the informative bands which are selected in the second stage are merged into a single image using averaging method of fusion technique. The main goal of image fusion is to merge all the features from the selected image bands to form a single image. This single image is segmented using Fuzzy cmeans clustering algorithm. The experimental results show that this framework will segment the data set more accurately by combining all the features in the image bands after dimensionality reduction using proposed technique.
Rajendra Akerkar Rajendra Akerkar is a professor of computer science and holds academic assignments in India and abroad. ...doi:10.5121/ijsc.2011.2104 fatcat:i23ceur5lbg65hsgrnruv4zpuq
Respiratory distress is a common problem seen in neonates, both preterm and full term. Appropriate use of respiratory support can be life-saving in these neonates. While invasive ventilation is unavoidable in some situations, noninvasive ventilation may be sufficient in several neonates. In this review article, the authors have summarized the current evidence and the best practices to deliver effective noninvasive respiratory support.doi:10.1007/s12098-021-03755-z pmid:34075532 pmcid:PMC8169393 fatcat:pq4j5jpbh5dpjglj5wl4sv5wsa
Ellis-van Creveld syndrome (EVCS) or chondroectodermal dysplasia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by a variable spectrum of clinical findings. Classical EVC syndrome comprises a tetrad of clinical manifestations of chondrodystrophy, polydactyly, ectodermal dysplasia, and cardiac defects. The patient presented with short stature, polydactyly, triangular face and dental dismorphism was found appropriately as radiographic with ectodermal dysplasia. In addition to the presencedoi:10.5005/jp-journals-10011-1017 fatcat:mklfsyfz6vdm3ckmemvu5vpalq
more »... single atrium, mitral, tricuspid and pulmonary valve insufficiency and pulmonary hypertension wererevealed by echocardiography. Her history involved a sister who was dead in 3-month-ages.
Nanotherapeutics for the cure of breast cancer remains unswervingly succeeding and being practiced to eradicate innumerable restrictions of conventional practice obtainable for the supervision of breast cancer. Nanoparticles offer an interdisciplinary extent for exploration in imaging, diagnosis and targeting of breast cancer. Through a progressive physicochemical features and improved bioavailability, they spectacle persistent blood circulation through effective tumor targeting. Nanoparticlesdoi:10.9734/jpri/2021/v33i46b32982 fatcat:nftgon6zbnekhendvkf4cech3i
more »... emain capable to diminish cytotoxic consequence of the active anticancer medications through amassed cancer cell targeting in contrast to conventional preparations. Several nanoparticles-based preparations remain in the preclinical and clinical phases of progress; amongst them, polymeric drug micelles, liposomes, and dendrimer, remain the utmost common. In this review, we have conferred the role of nanoparticles through detail to oncology, by predominantly aiming on the breast cancer and several nanodelivery systems practiced for targeting action and signaling forces through further intracellular pathways in breast cancer.
Land resource inventory for site-specific planning and development of watersheds on scientific basis under Sujala-III project sponsored by the Watershed Development Department of Karnataka and funded by the World Bank is being implemented in 11 districts covering 9.66 lakh ha across 2531 microwatersheds benefiting 7.02 lakh households in the state. The analysis and interpretation of the spatial and non-spatial database generated so far in 1600 microwatersheds covering 5 lakh ha has revealeddoi:10.18520/cs/v115/i4/644-652 fatcat:3zcx3craezerniupbjovlq42tu
more »... most of the watersheds suffer from major problems. In many watersheds, soil erosion and alkalinity affected even up to 75% of the watershed area, thus reducing the production potential and crop choices. The soils are either moderately or highly suited for growing most of the agricultural and horticultural crops. By interfacing land resource data with RS, GIS and GPS, different management scenarios were analysed to arrive at the best management alternatives (optimum land use plans) that would be most suitable. This data handling system will be useful for making land use decisions and providing proactive advice to farmers on a real time basis protecting the health of natural resources.
AbstractTuberculosis is a common health care problem worldwide, though the incidence has come down in recent years due to various health care programs targeting tuberculosis and improved living conditions. Cervical lymph nodes are among the common sites for extrapulmonary tuberculosis. They usually present with painless enlargement of cervical lymph nodes with or without constitutional symptoms. Tuberculosis rarely coexists with malignancy in the geographical area where the prevalence ofdoi:10.1055/s-0041-1726680 fatcat:zp34eb7dmrgczenfm47hzso5aa
more »... losis is high. The disease needs to be treated with antituberculosis treatment as per standard guidelines and the primary treatment of malignancy. We report a case of an adult male presented with a lesion on the pinna, which was diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma of the pinna on biopsy; he was later found to have coexistent tuberculosis after undergoing surgery for carcinoma.
Mixed convection heat transfer from an isothermally heated horizontal cylinder immersed in incompressible power-law fluids is considered here in the steady flow regime when both the imposed flow and the buoyancy induced motion are in the same direction, i.e., the so-called buoyancy aiding configuration. Within the framework of the Boussinesq approximation, the suitable forms of the momentum and thermal energy equations for the power-law fluid model have been solved numerically using the finitedoi:10.1021/ie801892m fatcat:wvhltlxroreufhyzlontwqqvo4
more »... olume based FLUENT (version 6.3) solver for the following ranges of conditions: the buoyancy parameter (Richardson number, 0 e Ri e 2), power-law index (0.2 e n e 1.8), Reynolds number (1 e Re e 40), and Prandtl number (1 e Pr e 100). In particular, the effects of these dimensionless parameters on the detailed local and global kinematics of flow and heat transfer characteristics such as streamline, vorticity, and pressure profiles, individual and total drag coefficients, and local and average Nusselt numbers have been presented. The wake size shows trends which are qualitatively similar to that seen in the pure forced convection (Ri ) 0) regime, though it decreases with increasing Richardson number (Ri) and/or Prandtl number (Pr). The pressure coefficient decreases with the increasing values of Reynolds number (Re) and Prandtl number (Pr) and with decreasing Richardson number (Ri). It is, however, seen to be relatively insensitive to the value of power-law index (n). Both drag coefficients and average Nusselt number are augmented with the increasing buoyancy effects, Reynolds (Re) and, Prandtl (Pr) numbers. An increase in the shear-thinning tendency of the fluid enhances the drag and heat transfer, whereas both of these are generally reduced in shear-thickening fluids. Similarly, the fluid behavior also modulates the role of Richardson number (Ri); namely, the pressure forces dominate over the viscous forces in shear-thinning fluids and vice versa in shear-thickening fluids. Therefore, the buoyancy effects are found to be stronger in shear-thinning fluids and/or at low Reynolds numbers than that in shear-thickening and/or at high Reynolds numbers.
Srinivas Rajendra S. ...doi:10.1007/s12070-009-0056-y pmid:23120625 pmcid:PMC3450003 fatcat:zvxkekqwsjfrxb3556ubvkzbxe
Swellable elementary osmotic pump (SEOP)utilizes the osmotic pressure and polymer-swelling force to deliver drugs to the GI tract in a reliable and reproducible manner.Metoprolol and ramipril are one of the combinationsindicated in the management of hypertension in patients with heart failure and post myocardial infarction. This combination was selected to develop SEOP to release the drugs continuously for a period of 24hrs and the release is controlled by swellable polymer and the osmogen.SEOPdoi:10.7897/2230-8407.04435 fatcat:5pyvsyhvznfefauymgnme346e4
more »... tablets of Metoprolol and Ramipril were preparedusing additives likeMannitol MCC, talc, magnesium stearate, aerosol with varying concentrations ofswellable polymers(PEO,Carbopol) coating of cellulose acetate as semi permeable membrane, Dibutyl phthalate as plasticizer. An orifice was made on one face of the tablet mechanically. Effects of differentconcentrations of PEO (MRSE1-MRSE3) and carbopol (MRSE4-MRSE6)and various orifice size (MRSE7-MRSE10) on the in vitro release were studied. On comparing in vitro release of formulations (MRSE1-MRSE6), the release rate decreased with the increasedconcentrations of polymers and directly proportional to the orifice size. Thedecreased release rate was due to solubility-modulating properties of the polymer. Among the formulations, MRSE3 shown optimum drug release rate 97.54% and 89.6% for Metoprolol and Ramipril respectivelyat the end of 24 hours. The optimized formulations was independent of the agitation intensity, pH of the medium, stable and deliverMetoprolol and Ramipril at a zero order rate for 24 hrs.
Institute for Plasma Research (IPR) is developing Spherical Tokamak (ST) related technologies to realize a low aspect ratio compact device for plasma experiments. Center Stack is one of the critical components in ST which requires R&D to design, manufacture and assemble in a limited space within required tolerances. A Prototype Center Stack (PCS) is being developed based on reference ST parameters with major radius 0.28 m and minor radius 0.16 m for magnetic field 0.1 T. The main objective ofdoi:10.1585/pfr.17.2405074 fatcat:loya3jfwlba5lfegluuh45jfcm
more »... S is to design and check its manufacturing feasibility to achieve required tolerances at component and assembly level and maintaining overall accuracy. The PCS assembly consists of two sets of coils, namely Toroidal Field (TF) coils and Ohmic (OH) coil made of Electrolytic Tough Pitch (ETP) Copper. It consists of 6 number of TF coils, with 3 turns per coil, all connected in series. The OH coil has two parallel layers, with 143 turns per layer. The SS 304 support structure consists of tension cylinder and Center Stack Casing (CSC) which are mounted on a pedestal support. Two different capacitor bank based power supplies are considered for TF and OH coils with a maximum operating current of 8.5 kA and 10 kA respectively. This paper discusses the conceptual design, engineering analysis including thermal, electromagnetic and structural analysis using ANSYS Mechanical, Multiphysics and Maxwell modules.
Critical Evaluation of Power Quality Features using Dual APF under Grid … (Y Rajendra B) 326 Figure 5. ... Load current THD A 330 Figure 14 .Figure 15 .Figure 16 . 330141516 Critical Evaluation of Power Quality Features using Dual APF under Grid … (Y Rajendra B) DG generated voltage after filtering DG generated ...doi:10.11591/ijeecs.v7.i2.pp322-337 fatcat:wcgpf3jzdvdlvg527s2vu7l76q
A gradient LC-MS method has been developed for the identification and structural characterization of stressed degradation products (DPs) of moexipril (MOX) using liquid chromatography electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS). MOX was subjected to hydrolytic (acidic, alkaline and neutral), oxidation, photolytic and thermal stress conditions as per ICH guidelines Q1A(R2). The drug degraded under hydrolytic, oxidative and photolytic conditions, while it was stable to thermaldoi:10.4172/2161-1009.1000356 fatcat:yzg6kmcl4nfuppoblnkmz45kta
more »... conditions. In total, 5 DPs were formed and the chromatographic separation of the drug and its DPs was achieved on an Agilent XDB C-18 column (4.6 X 150 mm, 5μm) with a mobile phase consists of 20mM ammonium acetate (pH adjusted to 6.0 by using NaOH solution) and methanol in an gradient elution mode at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min at 25 O C. To elucidate the structures of degradation products, fragmentation of the [M+H]+ ions of MOX and its degradation products was studied by using LC-MS/MS and MSn experiments combined with accurate mass measurements. The product ions of all the protonated degradation products were compared with the product ions of protonated MOX to assign most probable structures for the observed degradation products.
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