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Spotting political social bots in Twitter: A use case of the 2019 Spanish general election [article]

Javier Pastor-Galindo, Mattia Zago, Pantaleone Nespoli, Sergio López Bernal, Alberto Huertas Celdrán, Manuel Gil Pérez, José A. Ruipérez-Valiente, Gregorio Martínez Pérez, Félix Gómez Mármol
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In the paper at hand, we analyzed the presence and behavior of social bots on Twitter in the context of the November 2019 Spanish general election.  ...  Results demonstrated that a non-negligible amount of those bots actively participated in the election, supporting each of the five principal political parties.  ...  To contribute to address this challenge, in this work we perform an indepth case study of the activity and behavior of social bots on Twitter in the context of the November 2019 Spanish general election  ... 
arXiv:2004.00931v2 fatcat:uwtxx6y645c45pqzgmoaqcjkb4

Spotting political social bots in Twitter: A use case of the 2019 Spanish general election

Javier Pastor-Galindo, Mattia Zago, Pantaleone Nespoli, Sergio López Bernal, Alberto Huertas Céldran, Manuel Gil Pérez, José A Ruipérez-Valiente, Gregorio Martínez Pérez, Félix Gómez Mármol
2020
In the paper at hand, we analyzed the presence and behavior of social bots on Twitter in the context of the November 2019 Spanish general election.  ...  Results demonstrated that a non-negligible amount of those bots actively participated in the election, supporting each of the five principal political parties.  ...  In this work, we analyzed the presence and behavior of social bots on Twitter in the context of the November 2019 Spanish general election.  ... 
doi:10.5167/uzh-197665 fatcat:kerb7afzs5anxgmfpry7ymsgwi

BOTTER: A framework to analyze social bots in Twitter [article]

Javier Pastor-Galindo, Félix Gómez Mármol, Gregorio Martínez Pérez
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We validate the framework by applying it to a dataset of Twitter iterations dated in the weeks preceding the 2019 Spanish general election.  ...  To unify these efforts, we propose a common framework to analyze the interference of social bots in Twitter.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This study was partially funded by the Spanish Government grants FPU18/00304 and RYC-2015-18210, co-funded by the European Social Fund. Authors would also like to acknowledge Prof.  ... 
arXiv:2106.15543v2 fatcat:hlhvzbtcf5ga3mqfo6sqn5xuze

Bot Datasets on Twitter: Analysis and Challenges

Luis Daniel Samper-Escalante, Octavio Loyola-González, Raúl Monroy, Miguel Angel Medina-Pérez
2021 Applied Sciences  
Twitter, a social networking service that specializes in online news and information exchange involving billions of users world-wide, has been infested by bots for several years.  ...  We measure their level of presence in each dataset using a radar chart for visual comparison.  ...  The data are not publicly available due to creator ownership and Twitter privacy policy. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app11094105 fatcat:gqwtqohfvfg7hl53ggfoea7mdi

Investigating Visual Content Shared over Twitter during the 2019 EU Parliamentary Election Campaign

Nahema Marchal, Lisa-Maria Neudert, Bence Kollanyi, Philip N. Howard
2021 Media and Communication  
In this article, we investigate the formats and modes of visual content deployed by Twitter users over a two-week period leading up to the 2019 EU Parliamentary elections and across two publics: those  ...  We discuss the implications of our findings for the study of visual political communication and social media manipulation.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the European Research Council for the project 'Computational Propaganda: Investigating the Impact of Algorithms and Bots on Political Discourse  ... 
doi:10.17645/mac.v9i1.3421 fatcat:lv32nkybwnaoro6yjtcp7e2zm4

High-level Approaches to Detect Malicious Political Activity on Twitter [article]

Miguel Sozinho Ramalho
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The analyzed time period stretches from August 2019 to May 2020, with a focus on the Portuguese elections of October 6th, 2019.  ...  easy-to-spot and low impact cases.  ...  The LDA model revealed how the election period of October 6 th 2019 influenced the discussion of political topics around that time.  ... 
arXiv:2102.04293v1 fatcat:35qft6sxtneovpdz6iw6o7roy4

New approaches to the propagation of the antifeminist backlash on Twitter

Miren Gutiérrez Almazor, Maria J. Pando Canteli, Mariluz Congosto
2020 Investigaciones Feministas  
Twitter was one of the public spaces where this confrontation occurred; the #HimToo backlash gathered steam in 2018 (Asimov, 2018) and expanded into 2019.  ...  Focussing on the reactions against #Cuéntalo Twitter campaign –the Spanish equivalent to #MeToo—, this article examines how the antifeminist backlash proliferates, offering a view of the dynamics driving  ...  Introduction A year after the #MeToo movement erupted, some people and their bots -autonomous programmes designed to interact as users-started to push back in social media platforms.  ... 
doi:10.5209/infe.66089 fatcat:pcxuwqjrenhjldm2a63f5sdumy

'COORDINATED INAUTHENTIC BEHAVIOUR' AND OTHER ONLINE INFLUENCE OPERATIONS IN SOCIAL MEDIA SPACES

Tobias Keller, Tim Graham, Dan Angus, Axel Bruns, Rolf Nijmeijer, Kristoffer Laigaard Nielbo, Anja Bechmann, Lisa-Maria Neudert, Nahema Marchal, Samantha Bradshaw, Patrícia Rossini, Jennifer Stromer-Galley (+2 others)
2020 Selected Papers of Internet Research, SPIR  
Paper 2 investigates the distribution and content monetisation strategies of junk news sources across a selection of five major social media platforms during the 2019 European Parliament campaign.  ...  Paper 4 studies the experience and engagement with malinformation by users of Facebook and WhatsApp, focussing on the current political environment in Brazil.  ...  We also find that instead of tempering the spread of false information, exposure to cross-cutting political views is positively associated with both types of dysfunctional sharing.  ... 
doi:10.5210/spir.v2020i0.11132 fatcat:74ybqahf6zc5bhr7gqpb3myl7q

Bots as online impersonators

Rose Marie Santini, Débora Salles, Charbelly Estrella Estrella, Carlos Eduardo Barros, Daniela Orofino
2021 The International Review of Information Ethics  
We resorted to a mixed-method approach based on grounded theory and observational techniques in order to investigate the bots' activities online during the 2016 municipal elections in Rio de Janeiro.  ...  This sample was classified in three categories based on tweeting content: user-generated bot, media spambot, and political bot.  ...  After the observational analysis of heavy bots four more user-generated bots were spotted, making a total of 115 bots and 1,347 tweets.  ... 
doi:10.29173/irie402 fatcat:3zghomdw3vckjiis3cysg67uwq

Tay is you. The attribution of responsibility in the algorithmic culture

Sara Suárez-Gonzalo
2019 Observatorio (OBS*)  
Then, taking the concept of media frame as an implicit way of spotting the agent of the story, we perform an exploratory analysis on how responsibility was attributed by the media in the paradigmatic case  ...  Social media have changed the communication practices by creating an acute need for continuous interaction. The use of social chatbots is growing as an effective way to communicate with publics.  ...  The nature of social chatbots Social chatter robots (chatbots) are a particular case of this new generation of machine learning technologies that make use of social media data to generate natural language  ... 
doi:10.15847/obsobs13220191432 fatcat:biwmtxy6s5dt5lfvqb6a33ggca

A network-based approach to QAnon user dynamics during COVID-19 infodemic [article]

Wentao Xu, Kazutoshi Sasahara
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Here, we study users' dynamics on Twitter related to the QAnon movement (i.e., pro-/anti-QAnon and swing users) in the context of the COVID-19 infodemic and the topics involved using a network-based approach  ...  QAnon is an umbrella conspiracy theory that encompasses a wide spectrum of people. The COVID-19 pandemic has helped raise QAnon conspiracy theory to a wide-spreading movement, especially in the US.  ...  When focusing on the swing users (n = 531 in total), there are 160 bots and 137 humans. In both cases, the majority of users in QAnon clusters are bots.  ... 
arXiv:2111.00537v1 fatcat:4miscktmjvd3tmzs7znqbh6pyu

Reenvisioning Russian Propaganda: Media Decentralization and the Use of Social Networks as a Means to Government Continuity

Jayden Hodgson
2021 Open Political Science  
Finally, using private proxies to peddle a positive message on Twitter will be analyzed. Russias propaganda machine threatens liberalism in the West.  ...  Through economic turbulence and social unrest by political opposition, Navalny being only the most recent figure in a long list, Russia, under Putin's leadership, has shown that it can persist when faced  ...  This assisted #PrayforMizzou in going viral and finding a spot on the trends list. The trends list is a way of setting the agenda on Twitter.  ... 
doi:10.1515/openps-2021-0022 fatcat:i4vneikv6rcvlavjrjo6o6ssze

Guest Editorial: Special Section on Data Analytics and Machine Learning for Network and Service Management–Part I

Nur Zincir-Heywood, Giuliano Casale, David Carrera, Lydia Y. Chen, Amogh Dhamdhere, Takeru Inoue, Hanan Lutfiyya, Taghrid Samak
2020 IEEE Transactions on Network and Service Management  
In "Spotting Political Social Bots in Twitter: A Use Case of the 2019 Spanish General Election," Pastor-Galindo et al.  ...  [item 14) in the Appendix] propose a machine learning based approach to analyze the presence and behavior of social bots on Twitter.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tnsm.2020.3038736 fatcat:fg3hi7r5vjgpxgamnuq3itgbd4

Journalism Students and Information Consumption in the Era of Fake News

Santiago Tejedor, Marta Portalés-Oliva, Ricardo Carniel-Bugs, Laura Cervi
2021 Media and Communication  
Results show that most of the students prefer online media as a primary source of information instead of social media.  ...  Students consider that politics is the main topic of fake news, which, according to the respondents, are mainly distributed by adult users through social networks.  ...  Professor 5 points out as an example of this in the political arena the case of Brexit in 2016 and the US elections in Trump.  ... 
doi:10.17645/mac.v9i1.3516 doaj:731ad195bd1345c7b0dbd823bba6a4f6 fatcat:vqq45u6psja4bir2jefymsrx2q

Promoting and countering misinformation during Australia's 2019-2020 bushfires: A case study of polarisation [article]

Derek Weber and Lucia Falzon and Lewis Mitchell and Mehwish Nasim
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Our in-depth investigation of the dynamics of the discussion uses a phased approach -- before and after reporting of bots promoting the hashtag was broadcast by the mainstream media.  ...  During Australia's unprecedented bushfires in 2019-2020, misinformation blaming arson resurfaced on Twitter using #ArsonEmergency.  ...  The continual presence of trolling and bot behaviour diverts attention and can confuse the public at times of political significance, whether it is to generate artificial support for policies and their  ... 
arXiv:2201.03153v1 fatcat:kscqfhdnkvas7pqb25jdha2y4i
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