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Spectral Efficiency of Mixed-ADC Receivers for Massive MIMO Systems [article]

Weiqiang Tan, Shi Jin, Chaokai Wen, Yindi Jing
2016 arXiv   pre-print
Most important, this work efficiency verifies that for massive MIMO, the mixed-ADC receiver with a small fraction of full-resolution ADCs can have comparable SE performance with the receiver with all full-resolution  ...  This paper investigated the uplink of multi-user massive multi-input multi-output (MIMO) systems with a mixed analog-to-digital converter (ADC) receiver architecture, in which some antennas are equipped  ...  As massive MIMO is a newborn technology, studying on the achievable spectral efficiency (SE) in massive MIMO with a mixed ADC receiver architecture is of special interest.  ... 
arXiv:1608.00352v1 fatcat:twjfjxcvcfafbgbxxm3b6zaoq4

On Low-Resolution ADCs in Practical 5G Millimeter-Wave Massive MIMO Systems

Jiayi Zhang, Linglong Dai, Xu Li, Ying Liu, Lajos Hanzo
2018 IEEE Communications Magazine  
Finally, the associated challenges and potential implementations of the practical 5G mmWave massive MIMO system with ADC quantizers are discussed.  ...  Furthermore, we introduce a mixed-ADC architecture as an alternative technique of improving the overall system performance.  ...  , M1 = 200 M0 = 10, M1 = 190 M0 = 50, M1 = 150 M0 = 200, M1 = 0 (b) Average spectral efficiency of massive MIMO systems relying on mixed ADCs over Rician fading channels.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcom.2018.1600731 fatcat:aomnk3vtmjffrnxsnasssyfcqy

On Performance Loss of DOA Measurement Using Massive MIMO Receiver with Mixed-ADCs [article]

Baihua Shi, Lingling Zhu, Wenlong Cai, Nuo Chen, Tong Shen, Pengcheng Zhu, Feng Shu, Jiangzhou Wang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Thus, in this paper, the performance of DOA estimation for massive MIMO receive array with mixed-ADC structure is first investigated, where one part of radio frequency (RF) chains are connected with high-resolution  ...  Additionally, the direction of arrival (DOA) estimation is an indispensable technology for beam alignment and tracking in massive MIMO systems.  ...  Spectral efficiency of massive MIMO systems with mixed-ADCs was investigated in [36] .  ... 
arXiv:2104.02447v1 fatcat:ooeh4xfn55c3xjlwtfrzanu7ba

Green Receivers for Massive MIMO Systems: A Joint Approach of Antenna Turn-Off and Multi-Level-Mixed-ADC Resolution Design

Hoang-Yang Lu, Wei-Lin Jiang, Cheng Zhang
2021 IEEE Access  
In this paper, two green receivers with antenna turn-off and multi-level-mixed-ADC resolution design are proposed for massive MIMO systems, such as 5G networks and Internet of Things (IOT).  ...  For practicality, a generic power consumption model for massive MIMO receivers, including ADC resolution, symbol detection, and receiver circuits, is considered.  ...  Massive MIMO has been proven to be capable of providing substantial spectral efficiency (SE) [12] , [13] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3054519 fatcat:iuju5m57k5f3dfpky3umemfneu

Low-Resolution ADCs for Wireless Communication: A Comprehensive Survey

Jun Liu, Zhongqiang Luo, Xingzhong Xiong
2019 IEEE Access  
However, massive MIMO systems are faced with the problems of mass data processing, high hardware cost, and huge total power consumption.  ...  As a core technology of the fifth-generation (5G) mobile communication, massive multi-input multi-output (MIMO) technology can fully exploit the space resources and greatly improve the spectral and energy  ...  JUN LIU received the B.S. degree in communication engineering from the Sichuan University of Science and Engineering, Zigong, China, in 2017, where he is currently pursuing the M.S. degree.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2019.2927891 fatcat:2qmas34hsrbwtilozekisqe5r4

The Distributed MIMO Scenario: Can Ideal ADCs Be Replaced by Low-resolution ADCs? [article]

Jide Yuan, Shi Jin, Chao-Kai Wen, Kai-Kit Wong
2017 arXiv   pre-print
We derive the worst-case uplink spectral efficiency (SE) of the system assuming a frequency-flat channel and maximum-ratio combining (MRC), and reveal that the SE increases as the number of quantization  ...  bits for the low-resolution ADCs increases, and the SE converges as the number of RRHs with low-resolution ADCs grows.  ...  Theorem 1: The worst-case achievable uplink SE for the kth user in the distributed massive MIMO system with mixed-ADC receivers is lower bounded by (17), see top of next page.  ... 
arXiv:1705.04429v2 fatcat:gvurfh4tebedzavtq6sefxaiqm

Spectral Efficiency of Mixed-ADC Massive MIMO

Hessam Pirzadeh, A. Lee Swindlehurst
2018 IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing  
We study the spectral efficiency (SE) of a mixed-ADC massive MIMO system in which K single-antenna users communicate with a base station (BS) equipped with M antennas connected to N high-resolution ADCs  ...  This architecture has been proposed as an approach for realizing massive MIMO systems with reasonable power consumption.  ...  CONCLUSION We studied the spectral efficiency of mixed-ADC massive MIMO systems with either MRC or ZF detection.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tsp.2018.2833807 fatcat:idsori56jnf7jkokcr7i74xbdu

Performance Analysis of Mixed-ADC Massive MIMO Systems over Rician Fading Channels [article]

Jiayi Zhang, Linglong Dai, Ziyan He, Shi Jin, Xu Li
2017 arXiv   pre-print
In contrast to previous works over Rayleigh fading channels, we investigate the performance of mixed-ADC massive MIMO systems over the Rician fading channel, which is more general for the 5G scenarios  ...  The practical deployment of massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) in future fifth generation (5G) wireless communication systems is challenging due to its high hardware cost and power consumption  ...  These pioneer works validate the merits of the mixed-ADC architecture for massive MIMO systems.  ... 
arXiv:1703.03642v1 fatcat:mi7ardybkjdqtftknw4pbczoni

The Distributed MIMO Scenario: Can Ideal ADCs Be Replaced by Low-Resolution ADCs?

Jide Yuan, Shi Jin, Chao-Kai Wen, Kai-Kit Wong
2017 IEEE Wireless Communications Letters  
We derive the worstcase uplink spectral efficiency (SE) of the system assuming a frequency-flat channel and maximum-ratio combining (MRC), and reveal that the SE increases as the number of quantization  ...  bits for the low-resolution ADCs increases, and the SE converges as the number of RRHs with low-resolution ADCs grows.  ...  Theorem 1: The worst-case achievable uplink SE for the kth user in the distributed massive MIMO system with mixed-ADC receivers is lower bounded by (17), see top of next page.  ... 
doi:10.1109/lwc.2017.2704604 fatcat:s3qpkgorovesxhqcurytfc4osu

Performance Analysis of Massive MIMO with Low-Resolution ADCs [article]

Chao Wei, Zaichen Zhang
2017 arXiv   pre-print
With the proposed MMSE receiver, we then employ the random matrix theory to derive the asymptotic equivalent of the uplink spectral efficiency (SE) of the system.  ...  The uplink performance of massive multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) systems where the base stations (BS) employ low-resolution analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) is analyzed.  ...  ASYMPTOTIC EQUIVALENT OF THE UPLINK SPECTRAL EFFICIENCY In this section, using random matrix theory, we derive the asymptotic equivalent of the uplink SE for massive MIMO systems with low-resolution ADCs  ... 
arXiv:1711.10739v1 fatcat:ysdlnw6v5fbvrfomgtx7ppkjte

DOA Estimation for Hybrid Massive MIMO Systems using Mixed-ADCs: Performance Loss and Energy Efficiency [article]

Baihua Shi, Rongen Dong, Qijuan Jie, Lingling Zhu, Feng Shu, Jiangzhou Wang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Finally, adopting 2-4 bits of resolution may be a good choice in practical massive MIMO systems.  ...  By adopting the additive quantization noise model, the exact closedform expression of the Cramer-Rao lower bound (CRLB) for the HAD architecture with mixed-ADCs is derived.  ...  Now, we complete the derivation for the closed-form expression of the FIM for the HAD architecture with mixed-ADCs.  ... 
arXiv:2107.09934v1 fatcat:4gstncnzdjfwnfxmz4epyffamu

Achievable uplink rates for massive MIMO with coarse quantization

Christopher Mollen, Junil Choi, Erik G. Larsson, Robert W. Heath
2017 2017 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)  
We derive an achievable rate for a massive MIMO system with arbitrary quantization and use this rate to show that ADCs with as low as 3 bits can be used without significant performance loss at spectral  ...  One way to reduce the hardware complexity and power consumption of the receiver is to lower the resolution of the analog-to-digital converters (ADCs).  ...  For example, one-bit adcs lead to a 40 % rate reduction in a system with 100 antennas that serves 10 users at spectral efficiencies of 3.5 bpcu.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icassp.2017.7953406 dblp:conf/icassp/MollenCLH17 fatcat:7e3bh5vftrdelksa2hfg3w34ba

Overcoming the Channel Estimation Barrier in Massive MIMO Communication Systems [article]

Zhenyu Liu, Lin Zhang, Zhi Ding
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We provide examples of successful DL application in CSI estimation for massive MIMO wireless systems and highlight several promising directions for future research.  ...  This article discusses the application of deep learning (DL) for massive MIMO channel estimation in wireless networks by integrating the underlying characteristics of channels in future high-speed cellular  ...  important insights to clear the CSI barrier for massive MIMO systems.  ... 
arXiv:1912.10573v1 fatcat:w2dn4os3yngjjkrzx66utzacga

A Mixed-ADC Receiver Architecture for Massive MIMO Systems [article]

Ning Liang, Wenyi Zhang
2015 arXiv   pre-print
Motivated by the demand for energy-efficient communication solutions in the next generation cellular network, a mixed-ADC receiver architecture for massive multiple input multiple output (MIMO) systems  ...  Finally, the analytical framework is applied to the multi-user access scenario, and the corresponding numerical results demonstrate that the mixed system architecture with a relatively small number of  ...  Thus our approach provides a systematic way of designing energy-efficient massive MIMO receivers.  ... 
arXiv:1507.07290v1 fatcat:as4lxtqym5cijh5oer6qvgus74

DOA Estimation Using Massive Receive MIMO: Basic Principles, Key Techniques, Performance Analysis, and Applications [article]

Baihua Shi, Qijuan Jie, Feng Shu, Zhihong Zhuanga, Siling Feng, Yijin Zhanga, Jiangzhou Wang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
an ultra-massive MIMO system.  ...  Then, a new architecture, hybrid analog and digital (HAD) massive receive MIMO with low-resolution ADCs, is presented to strike a good balance among circuit cost, complexity and performance.  ...  The massive MIMO system with low-resolution ADCs has attracted much attention in recent years. Many performance analyses on the spectral efficiency have been investigated [64] [65] [66] [67] .  ... 
arXiv:2109.00154v1 fatcat:4rvammggz5hinnitoz3ispnzwy
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