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MEDIDAS TARIFÁRIAS E TÉCNICAS AO COMÉRCIO INTERNACIONAL: UM OLHAR SOBRE OS PAÍSES AVANÇADOS E EMERGENTES

Carolina Rodrigues Corrêa, Marilia Fernandes Maciel Gomes
2018 Austral  
This study evaluates the adoption and impact of tariffs and technical measures for emerging and advanced countries.  ...  With regard to technical measures, the ones that requires changes in the product tend to be facilitating trade, while that demanding changes in the production process have shown mixed results.  ...  The remaining countries, except those that are not members of the IMF 14 and do not enter the analysis, are classified as emerging economies.  ... 
doi:10.22456/2238-6912.82817 fatcat:5mhm5iessfeo7lxsetgiuc65hm

Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Domain-Specific Language Design and Implementation (DSLDI 2015) [article]

Tijs van der Storm, Sebastian Erdweg
2015 arXiv   pre-print
The goal of the DSLDI workshop is to bring together researchers and practitioners interested in sharing ideas on how DSLs should be designed, implemented, supported by tools, and applied in realistic application  ...  We are both interested in discovering how already known domains such as graph processing or machine learning can be best supported by DSLs, but also in exploring new domains that could be targeted by DSLs  ...  Quoted terms allow the DSL to share the syntax and type system of the host language. Normalising quoted terms ensures the subformula property, which  ... 
arXiv:1508.03536v1 fatcat:d52zonc6rvhxhkxvg4xmvqul34

Revisiting the Spatial Autoregressive Exponential Model for Counts and Other Nonnegative Variables, with Application to the Knowledge Production Function

Isabel Proença, Ludgero Glórias
2021 Sustainability  
It considers a model specification allowing us to easily determine the direct and indirect partial effects of explanatory variables (spatial spillovers and externalities).  ...  This paper proposes a two-step pseudo-maximum likelihood estimator of a spatial autoregressive exponential model for counts and other nonnegative variables; it is particularly useful for dealing with zeros  ...  is estimated using a two-step process.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su13052843 fatcat:6wgo5h2hizeerfe7unqbpmvtee

A Gravity Model Analysis of FDI across EU Member States

Alena Dorakh
2020 Journal of Economic Integration  
This lets us verify the MRs more comprehensively. Progressive growth of R2 from one OLS model to another, as well as between PPML models, allows us to produce theoretically consistent results.  ...  international business literature.  ... 
doi:10.11130/jei.2020.35.3.426 fatcat:yxtxr5266bfsfbq2uce6v2v6ty

Determinants of outward FDI from emerging economies

Andrzej Cieślik, Giang Hien Tran
2019 Equilibrium. Quarterly Journal of Economics and Economic Policy  
The specific research hypotheses derived from the theory are verified using a panel dataset of 38 home emerging countries and 134 host countries over the period 2001–2012.  ...  The model is estimated using the Poisson-Pseudo Maximum Likelihood estimation technique.  ...  business literatures.  ... 
doi:10.24136/eq.2019.010 fatcat:d3gzfwfhzjbl7a7wld2lvsnhg4

What determines foreign direct investment in Russia?

Oleg Gurshev
2020 Central European Economic Journal  
technique, the robustness of the PPML estimation is then verified using a standard autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model with the Durbin–Watson autocorrelation test.Our benchmark results  ...  of law and institutional framework.This article aims to contribute empirically to the study of determinants of inward FDI in Russia.This article uses the Pseudo-Poisson Maximum Likelihood (PPML) estimation  ...  Therefore, PPML will be employed in our study. The robustness of the PPML estimation is then verified using a standard ARIMA regression with the Durbin-Watson autocorrelation test.  ... 
doi:10.2478/ceej-2019-0016 fatcat:cdzztxqkifcvnmhin5d6lvnvsi

Privacy Preserving Machine Learning: Threats and Solutions [article]

Mohammad Al-Rubaie, J. Morris Chang
2018 arXiv   pre-print
This article aims to provide an introduction to the intersection of both fields with special emphasis on the techniques used to protect the data.  ...  For privacy concerns to be addressed adequately in current machine learning systems, the knowledge gap between the machine learning and privacy communities must be bridged.  ...  The views, opinions, and/or findings contained in this article are those of the author and should not be interpreted as representing the official views or policies, either expressed or implied, of the  ... 
arXiv:1804.11238v1 fatcat:vbewue3m6jhizmrh5cbcfqctf4

Asymmetric Cultural Proximity and Greenfield FDI

Matteo Fiorini, Giorgia Giovannetti, Mauro Lanati, Filippo Santi
2017 Social Science Research Network  
We use exports and imports of cultural goods to proxy for the two directions of asymmetric and time-dependent CP in the same empirical specification.  ...  existing supply/origin-side theories of bilateral FDI to derive a gravity equation suited for testing the impact of (i) the attractiveness of destination's culture for citizens in the origin country, and  ...  PPML PPML PPML PPML PPML Table A - A 1: Main Sources of Data used in the Empirical Section Variables Dataset / Source / Website / Reference and Accessibility FDI Variables FDIMarket / FDI  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3070282 fatcat:4vlhcukpizd3rlhelnseoopnjm

Is Mercosur promoting trade? Insights from Argentinean wine exports

Andrea Dal Bianco, Maria J. Estrella-Orrego, Vasco L. Boatto, Alejandro J. Gennari
2017 Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research  
The data used refer to Argentinean exports of bottled wine to all main world importers during the period 1997-2010, and account for more than 90% of total trade flows.  ...  As a consequence of the rapid and significative decrease in domestic demand, to avoid structural surplus traditional wine producing countries have been forced to export a growing share of their wine production  ...  Acknowledgement The authors would like to thank Francesco Caracciolo for comments and suggestions that greatly improved the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.5424/sjar/2017151-9270 fatcat:mi57mzzgqffl7iwypuiaktd5ue

Toward Trustworthy AI Development: Mechanisms for Supporting Verifiable Claims [article]

Miles Brundage, Shahar Avin, Jasmine Wang, Haydn Belfield, Gretchen Krueger, Gillian Hadfield, Heidy Khlaaf, Jingying Yang, Helen Toner, Ruth Fong, Tegan Maharaj, Pang Wei Koh (+47 others)
2020 arXiv   pre-print
This report suggests various steps that different stakeholders can take to improve the verifiability of claims made about AI systems and their associated development processes, with a focus on providing  ...  In order for AI developers to earn trust from system users, customers, civil society, governments, and other stakeholders that they are building AI responsibly, they will need to make verifiable claims  ...  and as defined by a configurable policy), and processing of the data creates a verifiable record.  ... 
arXiv:2004.07213v2 fatcat:4xii6rzlyffjnj3nlb47tbqi4y

Effect of Forest Certification on International Trade in Forest Products

Jiaojiao Chen, Lanhui Wang, Lingchao Li, Juliana Magalhães, Weiming Song, Wenming Lu, Lichun Xiong, Wei-Yew Chang, Yujun Sun
2020 Forests  
Second, to test these hypotheses, we verify the panel data of bilateral trade and forest certification of all forest products among 67 economies from 2009 to 2018 by incorporating forest certifications  ...  The results show that: (1) The extended Poisson pseudo maximum likelihood (PPML) estimation solves the problem of the heteroscedasticity and zero trade value problems of the gravity model well in the forest  ...  We would also like to thank Juliana Magalhães for the useful comments on this paper.  ... 
doi:10.3390/f11121270 fatcat:os27euikbzamhfs3tvzpj7yjmu

BORDER EFFECTS WITHOUT BORDERS: WHAT DIVIDES JAPAN'S INTERNAL TRADE?

Jens Wrona
2018 International Economic Review  
From a rich set of explanatory variables post-war agglomeration processes, reflected by the contemporaneous structure of Japan's business and social networks, rather than cultural differences, shaped by  ...  , while prefectures that are located in close distance to the intra-Japanese East-West "border" would benefit. 2 The paper's results are robust to employing alternative methodologies (in particular a PPML-model  ...  Agglomeration and the Intra-Japanese East-West Border Effect Of course, network formation itself is an endogenous process, which ultimately raises the question why business and social networks are more  ... 
doi:10.1111/iere.12302 fatcat:5k3sf3pbmjebppii4kbfwk2sv4

What really determines Polish exports? The semi-mixed effects gravity model for Poland

Tomasz Brodzicki, Dorota Ciołek, Katarzyna Śledziewska
2017 Argumenta Oeconomica  
In an attempt to obtain unbiased results we utilize the semi-mixed effect method using PPML estimator as suggested by the recent empirical literature.  ...  institutions or impact of regional and bilateral trade agreements or exchange rate volatility.  ...  , therefore it should be treated as a stochastic process.  ... 
doi:10.15611/aoe.2017.2.01 fatcat:yhmi4ny4kzf27a4myxo5eks4cy

Determinants of inward FDI in Ukraine: Does political stability matter?

Andrzej Cieślik, Oleg Gurshev
2020 International Journal of Management and Economics  
The research hypotheses obtained from this framework are verified using the Pseudo-Poisson Maximum Likelihood estimation technique and the bilateral panel data on direct investment stocks from 140 partner  ...  We adopt the Knowledge-Capital model as our analytical framework and extend it to include the effects that account for political stability and political regime.  ...  The research hypotheses obtained from this framework are verified using the Pseudo-Poisson Maximum Likelihood (PPML) estimation technique and the bilateral data on inward FDI stocks from 140 partner countries  ... 
doi:10.2478/ijme-2020-0021 fatcat:glxt4q7j5bcqdmgcvmjjt6k5oq

Determinants of German Direct Investment in CEE Countries

Niklas Becker, Andrzej Cieślik
2020 Journal of Risk and Financial Management  
This paper studies the determinants of German direct investment in the Central and Eastern European countries during the period 1996–2016 using the augmented Knowledge Capital model to identify the main  ...  Furthermore, the estimation results show unimportance of trade costs to the foreign market and the significance of the distance between source and host countries.  ...  used in the business survey of the German Chambers of Commerce on investment attractiveness of the CEE countries.  ... 
doi:10.3390/jrfm13110268 fatcat:mdoaff5uffcjfpskolwtpdd3ua
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