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Spatial frequency supports the emergence of categorical representations in visual cortex during natural scene perception

Diana C. Dima, Gavin Perry, Krish D. Singh
2018 NeuroImage  
However, the relationship between visual features and categorical representations in natural scene perception is still not well understood.  ...  Using representational similarity analysis (RSA) and crossdecoding of magnetoencephalography (MEG) data, we show that categorical representations emerge in human visual cortex at~180 ms and are linked  ...  Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Dr. Jiaxiang Zhang for helpful D.C. Dima et al. NeuroImage 179 (2018) 102-116  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.06.033 pmid:29902586 pmcid:PMC6057270 fatcat:b7loogks5nefjdojo3qcz2jqyy

On the Specific Role of the Occipital Cortex in Scene Perception [chapter]

Carole Peyrin, Benoit Musel
2012 Visual Cortex - Current Status and Perspectives  
of the Occipital Cortex in Scene Perception 77  ...  Results from various neurophysiological, computational, and behavioral studies all indicate that the totality of visual information is not immediately conveyed, but that information On the Specific Role  ...  sequence during visual scene perception in humans.  ... 
doi:10.5772/48438 fatcat:qxauf5xdivd7podrmbcqh6ppwe

The neural bases of spatial frequency processing during scene perception

Louise Kauffmann, Stephen Ramanoël, Carole Peyrin
2014 Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience  
Theories on visual perception agree that scenes are processed in terms of spatial frequencies.  ...  There is also evidence that spatial frequency processing is retinotopically mapped in the visual cortex.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Our works were supported by the National Centre for Scientific Research in France, by a doctoral fellowship from the Région Rhone-Alpes to Louise Kauffman, by the RECOR ANR Grant (ANR-12  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnint.2014.00037 pmid:24847226 pmcid:PMC4019851 fatcat:c7ufeokur5dupbgzjkllf7t3nu

Contributions of low- and high-level properties to neural processing of visual scenes in the human brain

Iris I. A. Groen, Edward H. Silson, Chris I. Baker
2017 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
We thank members of the Laboratory of Brain and Cognition at the National Institutes of Mental Health for helpful discussions.  ...  (e) During naturalness categorization, categorical differences and SC modulations are present both early (170 ms) and late (270 ms) in time.  ...  B 372: 20160102 space (figure 3a) that appears to be diagnostic of the degree of naturalness of a scene, due to the association of natural scenes with clutter (low spatial coherence) and of man-made scenes  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2016.0102 pmid:28044013 pmcid:PMC5206270 fatcat:zqjajesw3rbbrpijva5uye4yfu

Scene content is predominantly conveyed by high spatial frequencies in scene-selective visual cortex

Daniel Berman, Julie D. Golomb, Dirk B. Walther, Markus Lappe
2017 PLoS ONE  
Specifically, we measure the amount of image content carried by low versus high spatial frequencies for the representation of real-world scenes in scene-selective regions of human visual cortex.  ...  OPEN ACCESS Citation: Berman D, Golomb JD, Walther DB (2017) Scene content is predominantly conveyed by high spatial frequencies in scene-selective visual cortex.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank the Center for Cognitive and Behavioral Brain Imaging (CCBBI) at The Ohio State University for access to their facilities and assistance with MRI scanning.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0189828 pmid:29272283 pmcid:PMC5741213 fatcat:l6doojqtcrebrd75f7a6jez444

Page 1256 of Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience Vol. 19, Issue 8 [page]

2007 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Categorical representation of visual stimuli in the primate prefrontal cortex. Science, 291, 312-316. ‘reedman, D. J., Riesenhuber, M., Poggio, T., & Miller, E. K. (2003).  ...  A limit to the speed of processing in ultra-rapid visual categorization of novel natural scenes. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 13, 171-180 Farah, M. J., Wilson, K. D., Drain, M., & Tanaka, J.  ... 

The what, where and how of auditory-object perception

Jennifer K. Bizley, Yale E. Cohen
2013 Nature Reviews Neuroscience  
prefrontal cortex -has a role in auditory-object processing and perception 2-5 .  ...  However, unlike the visual scene, resolving the component objects within the auditory scene crucially depends on their temporal structure.  ...  Y.E.C. is supported by grants from the US National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders and US National Institutes of Health.  ... 
doi:10.1038/nrn3565 pmid:24052177 pmcid:PMC4082027 fatcat:armchexndvbkhd26xrmbonkpty

TMS to the Lateral Occipital Cortex Disrupts Object Processing but Facilitates Scene Processing

Caitlin R. Mullin, Jennifer K. E. Steeves
2011 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
The study of brain-damaged patients and advancements in neuroimaging have lead to the discovery of discrete brain regions that process visual image categories, such as objects and scenes.  ...  This demonstrates that the visual system retains the ability to process scenes during disruption to object processing.  ...  This work was supported by grants from the Canada Foundation for Innovation, the Ontario Research Fund, and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00095 pmid:21812554 fatcat:4k2hatv6avgynlk6ljmtl735ti

Central and peripheral vision for scene recognition: A neurocomputational modeling exploration

Panqu Wang, Garrison W. Cottrell
2017 Journal of Vision  
advantage emerges naturally in the learning process: When trained to categorize scenes, the model weights the peripheral pathway more than the central pathway.  ...  Finally, we visualize the features for the two pathways, and find that different preferences for scene categories emerge for the two pathways during the training process.  ...  GWC was supported in part by NSF grant IIS-1219252 and NSF cooperative agreement SMA 1041755 to the Temporal Dynamics of Learning Center, an NSF Science of Learning Center.  ... 
doi:10.1167/17.4.9 pmid:28437797 fatcat:2zskhdq3z5a7bdircxucvh6zma

Semantic and Physical Properties of Peripheral Vision Are Used for Scene Categorization in Central Vision

Carole Peyrin, Alexia Roux-Sibilon, Audrey Trouilloud, Sarah Khazaz, Malena Joly, Cédric Pichat, Muriel Boucart, Alexandre Krainik, Louise Kauffmann
2021 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Gist perception would be based on the rapid analysis of low spatial frequencies in the visual signal and would allow a coarse categorization of the scene.  ...  Categorization of the central scene was impaired by a semantically incongruent peripheral scene, in particular when the two scenes were physically similar.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was performed on the IRMaGe platform member of France Life Imaging network (grant ANR-11-INBS-0006) and  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn_a_01689 pmid:33571079 fatcat:dkphwvtsz5gr7datdb3kg5hy4m

Parts and Wholes in Scene Processing

Daniel Kaiser, Radoslaw M. Cichy
2021 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Real-world scenes are defined by typical part–whole relationships, where the meaning of the whole scene emerges from configurations of localized information present in individual parts of the scene.  ...  We highlight three facets of this research: First, we discuss studies demonstrating that the spatial configuration of multiple scene parts has a profound impact on the neural processing of the whole scene  ...  Following this natural distribution, discrimination of low spatial frequencies is better in the lower visual field, and discrimination of high spatial frequencies is better in the upper visual field; this  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn_a_01788 pmid:34705031 fatcat:3g6emc5wi5bdbpb2x2senaq6j4

Face categorization in visual scenes may start in a higher order area of the right fusiform gyrus: evidence from dynamic visual stimulation in neuroimaging

Fang Jiang, Laurence Dricot, Jochen Weber, Giulia Righi, Michael J. Tarr, Rainer Goebel, Bruno Rossion
2011 Journal of Neurophysiology  
Face categorization in visual scenes may start in a higher order area of the right fusiform gyrus: evidence from dynamic visual stimulation in neuroimaging.  ...  In this study we used functional MRI to study the dynamics of face detection in visual scenes by using a paradigm in which scenes containing faces or cars are revealed progressively as they emerge from  ...  Hence, the initial activation of the FFA that seems to be associated with the precedence of holistic representations emerges naturally in this paradigm.  ... 
doi:10.1152/jn.00672.2010 pmid:21734108 fatcat:tqchf7u4bbcodnoxbf2av4om4q

Object Vision in a Structured World

Daniel Kaiser, Genevieve L. Quek, Radoslaw M. Cichy, Marius V. Peelen
2019 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
In natural vision, objects appear at typical locations, both with respect to visual space (e.g., an airplane in the upper part of a scene) and other objects (e.g., a lamp above a table).  ...  In this review we synthesize these developments, highlighting that adaptations to positional regularities facilitate object detection and recognition, and sharpen the representations of objects in visual  ...  In high-level visual cortex, spatially distinct regions that process information for various visual categories (e.g., scenes, faces, or words) can be differentiated both in terms of how they sample visual  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2019.04.013 pmid:31147151 pmcid:PMC7612023 fatcat:v2fyybh25rcd3fwmicaestqdki

Recurrent Processing Enhances Visual Awareness but Is Not Necessary for Fast Categorization of Natural Scenes

Mika Koivisto, Granit Kastrati, Antti Revonsuo
2014 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
■ Humans are rapid in categorizing natural scenes.  ...  The results imply that recurrent processes enhance the resolution of conscious representations and thus support categorization of stimuli that are difficult to categorize on the basis of the coarse feedforward  ...  Within both categories, they varied in luminance, color, and spatial frequency, so that the categorization task could not be done on the basis of low-level visual features.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00486 pmid:24047378 fatcat:3yla6zmutjgsnnya6a6zjxktru

Cultural Differences in Face Recognition and Potential Underlying Mechanisms

Caroline Blais, Karina J. Linnell, Serge Caparos, Amanda Estéphan
2021 Frontiers in Psychology  
Then, we integrate these results in a model of visual categorization developed in the field of psychophysics: the RAP framework.  ...  Recent advances in the field have revealed that individuals having different cultural backgrounds differ in the type of visual information they use for face processing.  ...  In addition, previous neuroimaging findings have shown a cultural specialization, during non-face object processing, in areas of the visual cortex associated with the processing of spatial frequencies  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.627026 pmid:33927668 pmcid:PMC8076495 fatcat:hnv2au4hpnd2nenm7or5r5i7j4
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