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Spatial Pattern of Soil Erosion Drivers and the Contribution Rate of Human Activities on the Loess Plateau from 2000 to 2015: A Boundary Line from Northeast to Southwest

Xingjian Guo, Quanqin Shao
2019 Remote Sensing  
Interestingly, the spatial differentiation characteristic of the soil erosion driving mechanisms and human contribution rates on the Loess Plateau showed the same boundary line from northeast to southwest  ...  The results show that from 2000 to 2015, the soil erosion modulus of the Loess Plateau had a downward trend as a whole, with a rate of −0.6408 t/ha/a, but the downward trend gradually slowed down.  ...  Acknowledgments: For data processing and calculation, we received guidance from Jiyuan Liu, researcher at the Institute of Geographic Science and Natural Resources Research, CAS, and great assist from  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs11202429 fatcat:fpuffhlokzclnpflxqheukecca

Spatiotemporal Evolution of Landscape Ecological Risk Based on Geomorphological Regionalization during 1980–2017: A Case Study of Shaanxi Province, China

Di Liu, Hai Chen, Hang Zhang, Tianwei Geng, Qinqin Shi
2020 Sustainability  
The risk of Loess Plateau and sandstorm transition zone decreased greatly and their risk gravities shifted to the southwest.  ...  The landscape pattern index can quickly identify the disturbance caused by the vulnerability of the ecosystem itself, thus providing an effective method to support the spatial heterogeneity of landscape  ...  Acknowledgments: Supports from the National Natural Science Foundation of China are gratefully acknowledged. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su12030941 fatcat:zklaxhzcrnbznlwfqszktic2jm

Spatiotemporal Dynamics and Driving Forces of Ecosystem Changes: A Case Study of the National Barrier Zone, China

Xiaofeng Wang, Yuehao Li, Bingyang Chu, Shirong Liu, Dan Yang, Junwei Luan
2020 Sustainability  
Based on multi-source remote sensing data, this paper analyzed the change in the ecosystem in the NBZ from 2000 to 2015.  ...  plateau with a GDP contribution rate of 83%. (3) The changes in the ecosystems are significantly influenced by multifactorial interactions, such as the joint contribution rate of the drought index (PDSI  ...  Socioeconomic factors ( Figure 5 ): Between 2000 and 2015, the GDP of the NBZ increased significantly, from 243,200 yuan/km 2 in 2000 to 2,072,300 yuan/km 2 in 2015, with a growth rate of 7.52/a.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su12166680 fatcat:wi3ybzxfdjhp5m4p3d22hgkr34

Spatiotemporal Evaluation and Driving Mechanism of Land Ecological Security in Yan'an, a Typical Hill-Gully Region of China's Loess Plateau, from 2000 to 2018

Zhaoquan He, Xue Shang, Tonghui Zhang
2021 Forests  
and response mechanism to explanatory variables in Yan'an, northwest China, from 2000 to 2018.  ...  Forest landscape restoration and ecosystem of Loess Plateau have enhanced prominently, since the policy implementation (1999) of the Grain for Green Project in China.  ...  Acknowledgments: We thank the editors and reviewers for their detailed and constructive comments to improve the quality of the manuscript. All authors have consented to this acknowledgement.  ... 
doi:10.3390/f12121754 fatcat:vppjkvlovba4rndbmf4wkahiey

Current and Future Land Use Characters of a National Central City in Eco-Fragile Region—A Case Study in Xi'an City Based on FLUS Model

Dingrao Feng, Wenkai Bao, Meichen Fu, Min Zhang, Yiyu Sun
2021 Land  
The primary urban development directions were east-southeast (ENE), north-northeast (NNE) and west-southwest (WSW) from 1990 to 2000, 2000 to 2015, and 2015 to 2030, respectively.  ...  The future gravity center of urban development moved along the opposite direction to that from 2000 to 2015 in Xi'an city.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/land10030286 fatcat:53d2qzxx4zaitnqzghsb3pczqu

Enhancing Ecosystem Services in the Agro-Pastoral Transitional Zone Based on Local Sustainable Management: Insights from Duolun County in Northern China

Luwei Dai, Haiping Tang, Yunlong Pan, Dalin Liang
2022 Land  
The decrease in wind speed improved the regional ESs, whereas the increase in temperature posed a threat to SLwind. The drivers affecting the spatial patterns of ESs varied among zones.  ...  Ecosystem and associated ecosystem services (ESs) in the agro-pastoral transitional zone of northern China (APTZNC) are sensitive to climate change and human activities.  ...  distribution of water yield from 2000 to 2017; Figure S4: Spatial distribution of carbon sequestration from 2000 to 2017; Figure S5: Spatial distribution water of soil erosion from 2000 to 2017; Figure  ... 
doi:10.3390/land11060805 fatcat:wmlbwra7tzgkjmylhjbm4hc7iu

Simulating the Impact of Future Climate Change and Ecological Restoration on Trade-Offs and Synergies of Ecosystem Services in Two Ecological Shelters and Three Belts in China

Liang-Jie Wang, Shuai Ma, Yong-Peng Qiao, Jin-Chi Zhang
2020 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
The results showed that water yield, NPP, and soil conservation exhibited a spatial pattern of decreasing from southeast to northwest, while in terms of the temporal pattern, water yield and NPP increased  ...  In this study, we simulated land use in 2050 and estimated the spatial distribution pattern of net primary productivity (NPP), water yield, and soil conservation from 2010 to 2050 under future climate  ...  The changes of ecosystem pattern of the TSTB from 2000 to 2015 reflected the influence of ecological restoration on ecosystems [45] .  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph17217849 pmid:33114783 pmcid:PMC7662382 fatcat:mtevm45zojbqtjpphcpjxcltwq

Approaches and challenges to the study of loess—Introduction to the LoessFest Special Issue

Randall J. Schaetzl, E. Arthur Bettis, Onn Crouvi, Kathryn E. Fitzsimmons, David A. Grimley, Ulrich Hambach, Frank Lehmkuhl, Slobodan B. Marković, Joseph A. Mason, Piotr Owczarek, Helen M. Roberts, Denis-Didier Rousseau (+16 others)
2018 Quaternary Research  
This introduction highlights current understanding and ongoing work on loess in various regions of the world and provides brief summaries of some of the current approaches/strategies used to study loess  ...  AbstractIn September 2016, the annual meeting of the International Union for Quaternary Research's Loess and Pedostratigraphy Focus Group, traditionally referred to as a LoessFest, met in Eau Claire, Wisconsin  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We wish to thank the many people who helped to make the Eau Claire LoessFest a success, especially Doug Faulkner, Garry Run-  ... 
doi:10.1017/qua.2018.15 fatcat:irzoc645gvcfniu4dd3npjp5nq

The Kobresia pygmaea ecosystem of the Tibetan highlands – Origin, functioning and degradation of the world's largest pastoral alpine ecosystem

Georg Miehe, Per-Marten Schleuss, Elke Seeber, Wolfgang Babel, Tobias Biermann, Martin Braendle, Fahu Chen, Heinz Coners, Thomas Foken, Tobias Gerken, Hans-F. Graf, Georg Guggenberger (+24 others)
2019 Science of the Total Environment  
Natural autocyclic processes of turf destruction and soil erosion are initiated through polygonal turf cover cracking, and accelerated by soil-dwelling endemic small mammals in the absence of predators  ...  Kobresia growth is co-limited by livestockmediated nutrient withdrawal and, in the drier parts of the plateau, low rainfall during the short and cold growing season.  ...  Biomarkers from the southern slope of the Himalaya (Lake Rukche, 3500 m; Glaser and Zech, 2005) indicate a downward shift of the upper tree line of 500 m, similar to shifts of distribution boundaries  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.08.164 pmid:30134213 fatcat:6mgjwznoifc75g62syd3wdx34m

Roles of Dispersal Limit and Environmental Filtering in Shaping the Spatiotemporal Patterns of Invasive Alien Plant Diversity in China

Yiying Li, Zehao Shen
2020 Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution  
GLM explained up to 65% of the variation in spatial patterns of IAPS and three life forms; with much less variation explained in the species percentage patterns.  ...  Biological invasion pose a severe threat to global biodiversity, and studies of bioinvasion patterns and the underlying mechanisms provide critical tests to ecological theories.  ...  The highest values (up to 90%) appeared in the northwest of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Loess Plateau, Northeast China, and Shandong Peninsula, mainly temperate semi-arid regions.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fevo.2020.544670 fatcat:pirkh4otz5f3roc263ghohipti

Climate change dominated long‐term soil carbon losses of Inner Mongolian grasslands

Xiaoping Xin, Dongyan Jin, Yong Ge, Jianghao Wang, Jiquan Chen, Jiaguo Qi, Housen Chu, Changliang Shao, Philip J. Murray, Zhao Ruixue, Qi Qin, Huajun Tang
2020 Global Biogeochemical Cycles  
We found that SOC decreased in all soil types, except in the eolian sandy soils, from 1963 to 2007, with an average reduction rate of 1.8 kg C m −2 (~22.9% or 0.52% year −1 ) in the grassland biome of  ...  We quantitatively clustered the soils into four groups using principal component analysis (PCA) and detected clear spatial dependency of the changes on climate and grazing.  ...  ), the Earmarked Fund for China Agriculture Research System (CARS-34), and the Dynamics of Coupled Natural and Human Systems (CNH) Program of the NSF (#1313761).  ... 
doi:10.1029/2020gb006559 fatcat:7cbt5utssfds7cnkagalozkqwm

Advantages and disadvantages of terracing: A comprehensive review

Chuxiong Deng, Guangye Zhang, Yaojun Liu, Xiaodong Nie, Zhongwu Li, Junyu Liu, Damei Zhu
2021 International Soil and Water Conservation Research  
Despite having a long history, the wide-ranging effects and mechanisms of terracing are poorly understood owing to large-scale spatial and temporal distribution patterns and the challenges related to assessing  ...  In addition, terracing can also contribute toward the conservation of plant biodiversity on a local scale.  ...  fields and their spatial boundaries .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.iswcr.2021.03.002 fatcat:c2rh2q7y7vffde2tselnm7prpu

High-latitude dust in the Earth system

Joanna E. Bullard, Matthew Baddock, Tom Bradwell, John Crusius, Eleanor Darlington, Diego Gaiero, Santiago Gassó, Gudrun Gisladottir, Richard Hodgkins, Robert McCulloch, Cheryl McKenna-Neuman, Tom Mockford (+2 others)
2016 Reviews of Geophysics  
Acknowledgments This research was funded through a Leverhulme Trust International Network grant (IN-2013-036) awarded to Bullard,  ...  In areas of patchy snow cover, wind erosion of sediments from exposed soils can accumulate in snow patches as niveo-aeolian deposits, and the local rate of accumulation can exceed rates of soil loss by  ...  Ongoing wind erosion of fine soils (~40 μm) in the hollows may also contribute to local atmospheric dust.  ... 
doi:10.1002/2016rg000518 fatcat:h3byzel6zjbrvfzpgcqutlb4ba

Evolution and variability of the Asian monsoon and its potential linkage with uplift of the Himalaya and Tibetan Plateau

Ryuji Tada, Hongbo Zheng, Peter D. Clift
2016 Progress in Earth and Planetary Science  
Uplift of the Himalaya and Tibetan Plateau (HTP) and its linkage with the evolution of the Asian monsoon has been regarded as a typical example of a tectonic-climate linkage.  ...  The impact of the uplift of the northeastern and eastern TP on the Asian monsoon at 15-10 Ma is difficult to evaluate because that interval was also a time of global cooling and Antarctic glaciation that  ...  Ashino for collecting and editing the references cited in this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40645-016-0080-y fatcat:k7lhqb7w7ffshfy5mpvf56ebua

Assessment of Vegetation Trends in Drylands from Time Series of Earth Observation Data [chapter]

Rasmus Fensholt, Stephanie Horion, Torbern Tagesson, Andrea Ehammer, Kenneth Grogan, Feng Tian, Silvia Huber, Jan Verbesselt, Stephen D. Prince, Compton J. Tucker, Kjeld Rasmussen
2015 Remote Sensing Time Series  
(NOAA), the United States Geological Survey (USGS) and the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research -Consortium for Spatial Information (CGIAR-CSI).  ...  We are also grateful to contributions by the EU-FP7-funded research project I-REDD+ (Grant Agreement No 265286).  ...  processes arising from human activities and habitation patterns (UNCCD homepage, www.unccd.int).  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-15967-6_8 fatcat:2cl5kwf33zg7hl2k3syukjpa6q
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