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Space as an Invention of Active Agents

Alexander V. Terekhov, J. Kevin O'Regan
2016 Frontiers in Robotics and AI  
Rigid displacements may underly perception of space as an unchanging medium within which objects are described by their relative positions.  ...  Here, we show that this does not have to be the case: the notion of space could emerge when biological organisms seek an economic representation of their sensorimotor flow.  ...  Le Clec'H for fruitful discussions and suggestions improving the quality of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.3389/frobt.2016.00004 fatcat:pmbocicd75bblpkoff73zudqym

Optimal patent design: An agent-based approach

Anthony Brabazon, Arlindo Silva, Michael O'Neill
2012 2012 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation  
Consequently, in this study we novelly employ an agent-based methodology in order to isolate and examine the rate of technological advance that different patent regimes produce.  ...  It is difficult to address this question using historical empirical data as the legal, cultural and technological environments (to name but a few of the factors which could impact on the effect of a given  ...  Anthony Brabazon would also like to acknowledge the support of his research activities which is provided by Science Foundation Ireland (Grant number 08/SRC/FM1389).  ... 
doi:10.1109/cec.2012.6252898 dblp:conf/cec/BrabazonSO12 fatcat:36gshywb7fhivkfdiao2sle3le

Inventions and Scientific Discoveries: Impact of Designers' Collaborations on Creativity. An Analysis Towards Fixation Effects

Quentin Plantec, Pascal Le Masson, Benoit Weil
2019 Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design  
AbstractScientific discoveries and inventions have long been established as two distinct and sequential activities.  ...  Our investigations are focusing on the creativity of collaborations outputs: a first agent is entailed to design a scientific discovery and another one invention.  ...  Deputy Director of Research at Mines Paristech PSL.  ... 
doi:10.1017/dsi.2019.19 fatcat:x3eky7xc3vbyrlgd6nooelty7y

Computational Evidence that Self-regulation of Creativity is Good for Society [article]

Liane Gabora, Simon Tseng
2014 arXiv   pre-print
We tested this using an agent-based model of cultural evolution in which each agent self-regulated its invention-to-imitation ratio as a function of the fitness of its cultural outputs.  ...  In self-regulating societies, agents segregated into creators and imitators.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by grants from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and the Flemish Fund for Scientific Research, Belgium.  ... 
arXiv:1408.2512v1 fatcat:rsvx3lsnojfqja5baowuy3yht4


Andruid Kerne, Eunyee Koh, Steven M. Smith, Andrew Webb, Blake Dworaczyk
2008 ACM Transactions on Information Systems  
Composition, an alternative to lists and spatial hypertext, is used to represent a collection of surrogates as a connected whole, using principles from art and design.  ...  To provoke the user to think about the large space of potentially relevant information resources, a generative agent proactively engages in collecting information resources, forming image and text surrogates  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Thanks to the students, TAs, and Professor Rodney Hill of Texas A&M University ENDS 101/200 for working with us.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1416950.1416955 fatcat:a5qcvdfd7zadhpmgai47dezwau

The social benefits of balancing creativity and imitation: Evidence from an agent-based model

Liane Gabora, Simon Tseng
2017 Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts  
Using an agent-based model of cultural evolution, we investigated the idea that tempering the novelty-generating effects of creativity with the novelty-preserving effects of imitation is beneficial for  ...  In Experiment Three we made the space of possible outputs open-ended by giving agents the capacity to chain simple outputs into arbitrarily complex ones such that fitter outputs were always possible.  ...  The diversity, or number of different ideas, exhibited an increase as the space of possibilities was explored followed by a decrease as agents converged on fit actions, as shown in Figure 7 .  ... 
doi:10.1037/aca0000132 fatcat:6wikqxdrkveg7ae55vv3oiwosq


Andruid Kerne, Rodney Hill, Joel Albea, Eunyee Koh, Blake Dworaczyk, J. Michael Mistrot, Hyun Choi, Steven M. Smith, Ross Graeber, Daniel Caruso, Andrew Webb
2006 Proceedings of the 6th ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on Digital libraries - JCDL '06  
Alternating groups of students used combinFormation as an aid in preparing one of two major assignments involving information discovery to support processes of invention.  ...  Diverse activities, such as scholarly research, comparison shopping, and entertainment involve collecting and connecting information resources.  ...  The composition space can be used as an alternative vehicle for collecting.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1141753.1141756 dblp:conf/jcdl/KerneKDMCSGCWHA06 fatcat:pvjuj7uuejakve5uquak2vwx4a

Re-inventing the medical treatment of advanced prostate cancer

P. W. Kantoff, O. Sartor, J. S. de Bono, C. Parker
2012 Annals of Oncology  
More recently, the improved survival observed with sipuleucel-T, an autologous antigen presenting cell (APC)-based agent, for the treatment of patients with metastatic CRPC supports immunotherapy as a  ...  Evidence exists to support activation of APCs and T cells in an antigen specific fashion and that the degree of activation correlates with overall survival.  ...  Striving for patients to receive as many active therapies as feasible seems reasonable in an era when predicting therapeutic response is more art than science.  ... 
doi:10.1093/annonc/mds378 fatcat:ving2vnc4na5nn6mcieuovikoy

Representing Collections as Compositions to support distributed creative cognition and situated creative learning

A. Kerne, E. Koh
2007 New Review of Hypermedia and Multimedia  
Students use the composition space to develop collections of prior work that support their creative processes of developing new inventions.  ...  , representing, manipulating, and collecting digital information resources, using the form of the visual composition space.  ...  Figure 2 provides an overview of the mixed-initiatives that the participant and agent can engage in, through the composition space.  ... 
doi:10.1080/13614560701711859 fatcat:hp6dee5tnfdhdku6snskbkkfiy

Page 45 of Chemist Vol. 38, Issue 2 [page]

1961 Chemist  
Further the administration has complete filed in the more ontrol of any invention SYSTEM U. S. Patent Office having any sig nificant utility in the conduct of aero nautical or space activity.  ...  It is true that the Space Act has an awards’ provision to take the sting taking the out oft patent over.  ... 


2008 The Evolution of Language  
The domain chosen for this project is the spatial concepts related to places in an environment, one of the key sets of concepts to be grounded in autonomous agents.  ...  Concepts for places cannot be directly perceived as they require knowledge of relationships between locations in space, with representations inferred from ambiguous sensory data acquired through exploration  ...  The probability of inventing new words is calculated as in Study 1.  ... 
doi:10.1142/9789812776129_0034 fatcat:4rm74rr6frfnrfw3bllggaltc4

How Creative Should Creators Be To Optimize the Evolution of Ideas? A Computational Model

Stefan Leijnen, Liane Gabora
2009 Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science  
EVOC is composed of neural network based agents that evolve fitter ideas for actions by (1) inventing new ideas through modification of existing ones, and (2) imitating neighbors' ideas.  ...  This paper contains a very preliminary investigation of this question carried out using a computer model of cultural evolution referred to as EVOC (for EVOlution of Culture).  ...  Acknowledgments This research is supported by grants to Liane Gabora from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada and the Flemish Government of Belgium's Concerted Research Program  ... 
doi:10.4204/eptcs.9.12 fatcat:xue4rxffvja6zi6bihsm2cwlsu

Transfer scenarios

Sara Ljungblad, Lars Erik Holmquist
2007 Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems - CHI '07  
A marginal practice consists of individuals who share an activity that they find meaningful. We regard these individuals not as end-users, but as valuable input in the design process.  ...  Owners of unusual pets, such as snakes and spiders, were interviewed -not with the intention to design robot pets, but to determine underlying needs and interests of their practice.  ...  This work was supported in part by the ECAgents project, a European research collaboration sponsored by the Future and Emerging Technologies Program of the European Community (IST-1940).  ... 
doi:10.1145/1240624.1240738 dblp:conf/chi/LjungbladH07 fatcat:45m76tsinbfl5bt3hikifzfpx4

New process development from the theory of creative invention: application in logistics management of airport cargo

Jéssica Traguetto, Mauro Caetano, Cândido Borges, Vicente da Rocha Soares Ferreira
2013 Product Management & Development  
This study uses the TRIZ methodology to identify the limitations and possibilities of innovation in logistics operations of an airport terminal cargo.  ...  As a suggestion for future research, is proposed to implement the proposals in a larger amount of actual cases in order to be evaluated results and quantitative implications.  ...  Background: logistics and the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ) The Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals -CSCMP (2013) defines Supply Chain Management as an integrating function, which  ... 
doi:10.4322/pmd.2013.020 fatcat:axcs4sbghfhplkk4xrgtnmyj7i

5585083 Catalytic process for formaldehyde oxidation

1997 Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical  
It at temperatures as low as -5" c. (3 The catalyst in the present invention Oxidizes formaldehyde Over a range of Oxygen decomposing the nitrate to oxide. (3) the coated substrate as above using an aqueous  ...  It is accordingly a primary object of the present invention to provide an efficient means for removal of formaldehyde from the medium in which it exists as an unwanted, toxic impurity, without the use  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1381-1169(97)80247-6 fatcat:egx6gjnbd5btzafwt4x5ilrrv4
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