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The robust beamforming problem in multiple-input single-output (MISO) downlink networks of simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) is studied in this paper. Adopting the time switching fashion to perform energy harvesting and information decoding respectively, we aim at maximizing the sum rate under imperfect channel state information (CSI) and the chance constraints of users' harvested energy. In view of the fact that the constraints for minimal harvested energy is notarXiv:1803.07713v1 fatcat:lfcdaumkpfdpfcoh4knpvkcua4
more »... ssary to meet from time to time, this paper adopts chance constraint to model it and uses the Bernstein inequality to transform it into deterministic constraints equivalently. Recognizing the maximum sum rate problem of imperfect CSI as nonconvex problem, we transform it into finding the expectation of minimum mean square error (MMSE) equivalently in this paper, and an alternative optimization (AO) algorithm is proposed to decompose the optimization problem into two sub-problems: the transmit beamformer design and the division of switching time. The simulation results show the performance gains compared to non-robust state of the art schemes.
Volume 15 (2013) Issue 2 Article 18 C Cultur ultural H al Hy ybr bridi idiz za at tion in a 1930s T ion in a 1930s Tai aiw wa anese P nese Popul opula ar S r Son ong g M Mei-W ei-We en Lee n Lee ... Mei-Wen Lee and Timothy P. ... Mei-Wen Lee and Timothy P. ...doi:10.7771/1481-4374.2228 fatcat:ibkks6en5rcuhjoxa2c7r4l24a
A related line of work considers learning (Coarse) Correlated Equilibria in general-sum Markov games without tree structure but with perfect information Song et al., 2021; Mao and Başar, 2022) , which ...arXiv:2205.07223v1 fatcat:e3qegt5cl5fqvbgl3l2adfljtm
Song of Solomon, a masterpiece of Toni Morrison, depicts Milkman's soul-searching journey back to the South, which embodies the identity construction of contemporary African-Americans. ... LI Yu-mei, lecturer, M.A., Translation Department, Shandong University (Weihai) . DA VID PUBLISHING D lived there. ... Conclusion Song of Solomon, as the third novel of Toni Morrison, tells an epic story about the Macon Dead family. ...doi:10.17265/1539-8080/2016.12.006 fatcat:jt6ru742eba5hm7i4iqdkzp6wu
To acquire the developing trend and ways of mechanization of tea plucking, with analyzing the developing backgrounds and situations of tea plucking machine both at home and abroad, this paper obtains the conclusion that there are several countries that have conducted a lot of studies on tea plucking machine, such as Japan, England, France, India, Australia and Argentina. Among others, Japan goes ahead, where lots of researches have been conducted in the highest developing level. The articledoi:10.4236/eng.2014.66031 fatcat:2pnqbe2jqndqtfpegdtzgsdh3u
more »... analyses the reason why China has a poor mechanization of tea plucking and points out existing problems. Finally, some advices and measures for developing Chinese domestic mechanization of tea plucking are given.
Based on the homogeneous coprecipitation synthesis of BaTiO 3 /BaFe 12 O 19 core/shell particles by using urea as precipitator, transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffraction(XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) were used to characterize the morphology, structure and composition of BaTiO 3 /BaFe 12 O 19 core/shell particles precursor and BaTiO 3 /BaFe 12 O 19 core/shell particles, respectively. Network vector analyzer was used to study the electromagnetic properties of thedoi:10.3724/sp.j.1077.2011.01244 fatcat:htafevvrnjfo7nb4nqfudmzx74
more »... O 3 /BaFe 12 O 19 core/shell particles in 2−7GHz. The results indicate that, BaTiO 3 / BaFe 12 O 19 particles exhibited core/shell structure. The BaFe 12 O 19 shell coated on the surface of BaTiO 3 is uniform, integrate and smooth. In 2−7 GHz, the real part (ε′) and the imaginary part (ε″) of permittivity of BaTiO 3 /BaFe 12 O 19 core/shell particles are in the range of 10.7−17.0 and 0.3−0.6, which are larger than that of BaTiO 3 . The increase of permittivity is a result of enhanced interfacial polarization caused by core/shell structure. BaTiO 3 /BaFe 12 O 19 core/shell particles exhibited magnetic properties which are not existent in BaTiO 3 . BaTiO 3 /BaFe 12 O 19 core/shell particles possess much larger real part (μ′) and imaginary part (μ″) of permeability than that of BaTiO 3 and shown obvious magnetic loss in 2−7 GHz, which is owed to the coating of magnetic BaFe 12 O 19 shell.
In this study, we investigated orientation selectivity in cat primary visual cortex (V1) and its relationship with various parameters. We found a strong correlation between circular variance (CV) and orthogonal-topreferred response ratio (O/P ratio), and a moderate correlation between tuning width and O/P ratio. Moreover, the suppression far from the peak that accounted for the lower CV in cat V1 cells also contributed to the narrowing of the tuning width of cells. We also studied thedoi:10.1007/s12264-014-1535-7 pmid:26089234 pmcid:PMC5563673 fatcat:nyhvcjd3rveztlkw5thwctizy4
more »... of orientation selectivity on the modulation ratio for each cell, which is consistent with robust entrainment of the neuronal response to the phase of the drifting grating stimulus. In conclusion, the CV (global measure) and tuning width (local measure) are signifi cantly correlated with the modulation ratio.
Taiwan's Responses to Globalisation: Internationalisation and Questing for World Class Universities Mei-Mei Song a * and Hsiou-Hsia Tai b a Tamkang University, Taiwan; b National Chiao Tung University, ... Song and H.-H. Tai Downloaded by [National Chiao Tung University ] at 20:42 25 April 2014 ...doi:10.1080/02188790701594067 fatcat:5dx6x7e4gvhm5hxddwyopbak5u
AbstractAn important aspect of visual object recognition is the ability to perceive object shape. How the brain encodes fundamental aspects of shape information remains poorly understood. Models of object shape representation describe a multi-stage process that includes encoding of contour orientation and curvature. While modules encoding contour orientation are well established (orientation domains in V1 and V2 visual cortical areas), whether there are modules for curvature is unknown. In thisdoi:10.1101/2020.02.28.969329 fatcat:276yhpepvza3nk4ntf3qoffrvi
more »... study, we identify a module for curvature representation in area V4 of monkey visual cortex and illustrate a systematic representation of low to high curvature and of curvature orientation, indicative of curvature hypercolumns in V4. We suggest that identifying systematic modular organizations at each stage of the visual cortical hierarchy signifies the key computations performed.SignificanceWe use intrinsic signal optical imaging in area V4 of anesthetized macaque monkey to study the functional organization of curvature representation. We find a modular basis for cue-invariant curvature representation in area V4 of monkey visual cortex and illustrate a systematic representation from low to high curvature and of curvature orientation, replete with curvature pinwheels. This is the first report of systematic functional organization for curvature representation in the visual system. The use of optical imaging has revealed at a population level spatial details of cortical responses, something which has not been evident from previous studies of single neurons. These data support a representational architecture underlying a 'curvature hypercolumn' in V4.
利用 p-n + 结反向 I-V 特性计算 p-GaN 载流子浓度的方法 A new method to estimate the p-GaN carrier concentration by analyzing the reversed current-voltage characteristic curve of p-n + junction diodedoi:10.7498/aps.66.077302 fatcat:6dsxrfmncvhlpdokkabne3oejm
 for M-tensors, Song, Qi  for P (P 0 ) tensors and B (B 0 ) tensors, Li and Li  for double B tensors, Song, Qi [28, 29] and Mei, Song  for Hilbert tensors. ... Clearly, by Theorem 3.2 of Song and Yu  and Corollary 3.3 of Song and Qi  , we easily obtain the following. ...arXiv:1707.01173v2 fatcat:y7pfhal44zee5jxjsxqmddvmum
Estimating the data uncertainty in regression tasks is often done by learning a quantile function or a prediction interval of the true label conditioned on the input. It is frequently observed that quantile regression – a vanilla algorithm for learning quantiles with asymptotic guarantees – tends to under-cover than the desired coverage level in reality. While various fixes have been proposed, a more fundamental understanding of why this under-coverage bias happens in the first place remainsarXiv:2106.05515v1 fatcat:ik6cuxg4i5c5xjvlkkoalqtfwe
more »... sive. In this paper, we present a rigorous theoretical study on the coverage of uncertainty estimation algorithms in learning quantiles. We prove that quantile regression suffers from an inherent under-coverage bias, in a vanilla setting where we learn a realizable linear quantile function and there is more data than parameters. More quantitatively, for α>0.5 and small d/n, the α-quantile learned by quantile regression roughly achieves coverage α - (α-1/2)· d/n regardless of the noise distribution, where d is the input dimension and n is the number of training data. Our theory reveals that this under-coverage bias stems from a certain high-dimensional parameter estimation error that is not implied by existing theories on quantile regression. Experiments on simulated and real data verify our theory and further illustrate the effect of various factors such as sample size and model capacity on the under-coverage bias in more practical setups.
Author Contributions: Chao Song did the majority of the work and wrote this paper; Mei-Po Kwan offered valuable suggestions on geography and English polishing; Weiguo Song offered valuable suggestions ...doi:10.3390/su9050819 fatcat:xhyac6h2mjar5nvkrrikuf35ny
The article presents several findings, including how mountain songs acted both as social markers in colonial society and as channels to obscure the boundary between leisure and work. ... Taking the narratives of Hakka women in northern Taiwan speaking about their personal experiences of singing or listening to mountain songs (san 24 go 24 , shan'ge) as an illustrative example, this article ... songs. ...doi:10.18874/ae.74.1.03 fatcat:aydehiiddfekll76hlbzawsoba
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