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Where does loanword prosody come from?

Haruo Kubozono
2006 Lingua  
At first glance, loanwords display remarkably different accent patterns from native words, with the former but not the latter favoring the accented pattern over the unaccented one.  ...  In this paper we analyze loanword accentuation in Japanese with main focus on its relation with native accentuation.  ...  Compounds in Japanese generally form one prosodic word by unifying their components into one accent/tone unit.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.lingua.2005.06.010 fatcat:ha7maqqggjbbfjqgbw2e55aqru

Some accentual characteristics in Japanese phrases and long compounds

Yoshinori Sagisaka, Hirokazu Sato
1986 Journal of the Acoustical Society of Japan (E)  
This paper focuses on an analysis of accentual characteristics in Japanese phrases and in long compounds for the purpose of fine prosody control in Japanese text-to-speech conversion.  ...  With respect to Japanese phrase accent analysis, the secondary accent generation is shown to depend on (a) whether or not an anterior constituent word is accented, (b) phrase length and (c) the constituent  ...  This secondary accent devia-Y. SAGISAKA and H. SATO : JAPANESE ACCENTUAL CHARACTERISTICS tion from the base line ranges from one fifth to one third of the primary accent one.  ... 
doi:10.1250/ast.7.65 fatcat:vpdvclnxmvhuzcaocbw4b7sz5y

The English Rhythm Rule as an accent deletion rule

Carlos Gussenhoven
1991 Phonology  
This representation makes it possible to describe the prominence patterns of word groups as resulting from three accent deletion rules, the Compound Rule, the Initial Accent Deletion Rule and the Rhythm  ...  Moreover, this rule, which like the Compound rule is a lexical rule, provided evidence for the existence of a stratum in the lexical phonology of English in which compounding and so-called ClassII derivation  ...  The absence of the accent on the last foot in Japanese results from the application of the accentual Rhythm Rule (to be formulated in §3).  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0952675700001263 fatcat:aziiepljwvhsphnr4sdvcgxmgy

Phrasal Compounds In Japanese [chapter]

Kunio Nishiyama
2017 Zenodo  
This example illustrates one of several types of phrasal compounds in Japanese.  ...  The criteria that classify phrasal compounds in Japanese are (i) whether the head of the compound is a predicate, (ii) if a predicate, whether the head is of Sino-Japanese or of native origin, (iii) if  ...  Acknowledgements Earlier versions of this paper were presented in a meeting of the Lexicon Study Circle at Keio University and at the Workshop on Phrasal Compounds at Univer-  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.885124 fatcat:hnys5ufd2zavjjpku33dmtgoaq

Accent Estimation of Japanese Words from Their Surfaces and Romanizations for Building Large Vocabulary Accent Dictionaries

Hideyuki Tachibana, Yotaro Katayama
2020 ICASSP 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)  
In Japanese text-to-speech (TTS), it is necessary to add accent information to the input sentence.  ...  It is experimentally shown that the technique can estimate accents with high accuracies, especially for some categories of words.  ...  CONCLUDING REMARKS In this paper, we proposed a neural network-based technique to estimate the accents of Japanese words, using their surfaces and the yomis (phonetic information except the accent).  ... 
doi:10.1109/icassp40776.2020.9054081 dblp:conf/icassp/TachibanaK20 fatcat:migntgfykvcmtk53xcvg3mi7su

The Phonology of Japanese

MASAHIKO MUTSUKAWA
2014 English Linguistics  
The other is to provide new analyses and data on some of the central issues of Japanese phonology.  ...  of Tokyo Japanese accentuation, the accent of simplex and compound words in Tokyo Japanese, the accentuation of phonological phrases, dialectal and sociological variation in accent, and the Japanese word-prosodic  ... 
doi:10.9793/elsj.31.1_264 fatcat:e64x554y7zbyldr6734m525zoa

書評・紹介 James D. McCawley著 The Phonological Component of a Grammar of Japanese

Masayoshi SHIBATANI
1972 Journal of the Linguistic Society of Japan  
In predicting the surface pitch shape of a phonological phrase, two types of rule are necessary in Japanese. One type deals with the abstract accents ; eliminating, shifting, or inserting them.  ...  in phonemics,... '.(7)The representation of one accent per minor phrase is necessary only when one discusses the Japanese accentual system in terms of phonemics, or when one is concerned only with the  ...  Now, when cyclic applications of the accent reduction rule have erased minor phrase boundaries, how can the pitch assignment rules that depend on them assign correct pitches?  ... 
doi:10.11435/gengo1939.1972.62_67 fatcat:h6ds3uvqnraf5ptzccuwpul2fi

Unaccentedness in Japanese

Junko Ito, Armin Mester
2016 Linguistic Inquiry  
Work on unaccentedness in Japanese found a concentration of such words in very specific areas of the lexicon, defined in prosodic terms.  ...  We will here use the term exclusively for lexical accent, a property of the prosodic word (ω). 3 One prominence means one prominence at the highest level, disregarding any non-primary accents/stresses  ...  accent parallels similar bifurcations in other pitch accent languages such as Ancient Greek, where thematic accent (assigned by the recessive accent rule) is essentially limited to finite verbs and some  ... 
doi:10.1162/ling_a_00219 fatcat:yl6d4f56pnefnbsngl5wsuheui

Page 934 of Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA Vol. 23, Issue 3 [page]

1989 Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts: LLBA  
., all rights re- served.) 8905109 Dohalska-Zichova, Marie, Quelques remarques sur le probleme de Paccent dans le francais contemporain (Some Remarks on the Prob- lem of Accent in Modern French), Philologica  ...  (JPN) 1 A preliminary account of “liaison” in Modern Korean, the process that inserts (n/1) or, in some cases (nn), in front of the second element in i/y- of a compound.  ... 

A Typological Study of Tonal Systems of Japanese and Prinmi: Towards a Definition of Pitch-accent Languages

Picus Sizhi Ding
2006 Journal of Universal Language  
Based on the principle of suprasegmental organization in Japanese and Prinmi (a Tibeto-Burman language of China), this paper defines a 'pitch-accent system' as one that generates tonal patterns through  ...  The diversity of the pitch-accent systems between these Japanese dialects and Prinmi is mainly reflected in: (1) whether or not the marked tone spreads; (2) the direction of spreading and restriction on  ...  Two remarkable phenomena are observed in the survey of the Japanese dialects above.  ... 
doi:10.22425/jul.2006.7.2.1 fatcat:mwuk5yqyvraplnji3vwrh7dyfi

The productivity of a root-initial accenting suffix, [-zu]: judgement studies

Shigeto Kawahara, Sophia Kao
2011 Natural language & linguistic theory  
The first three experiments show that given four-mora roots, Japanese speakers prefer initial accents in zu-words to those in monomorphemic words.  ...  In many languages affixes can assign accents on roots to which they attach.  ...  For their comments on this project, we are grateful to the members of the Rutgers Optimality Research Group and those of the Rutgers Psycholinguistics lab and Phonetics Lab, especially Kelly Garvey, Lara  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11049-011-9132-6 fatcat:g6g2uuzlfrc33ees7oeljfk744

Total reduplication in Japanese ideophones: An exercise in Localized Canonical Typology

Nahyun Kwon
2017 Glossa  
and prosaic data from Japanese, which is rich in reduplication and ideophones.  ...  Given this, the aim of this paper is not to establish one clear-cut point to distinguish ideophonic reduplication from prosaic reduplication that may be impossible, but to specify dimensions of possibilities  ...  The author is also grateful to Shaoyun Yu for his statistical advice and John C. Ingram for his assistance in copy-editing. All errors, of course, are the author's responsibility.  ... 
doi:10.5334/gjgl.267 fatcat:vlh45cr7nve6lhvqkqly34wwcy

Language description and use

1983 Language Teaching  
NP prep NP and some NP prep prep NP types do not differ in structure from literal constructions whereas types prep, NP and some NP prep prep NP differ from literal combinations in that they end with a  ...  Of its 12 dominant languages, Hindi and Bengali rank among the six most widely spoken languages in the world.  ...  Predominant are structures in which Edwin Williams' Right-hand Head Rule is exemplified, but left-hand head structures also occur, including prefixation and a large number of Sino-Japanese compounds, the  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0261444800010168 fatcat:4p27dqdgdnac7emzpjmlblsvem

Page 63 of The Academy and Literature Vol. 29, Issue 716 [page]

1886 The Academy and Literature  
In other compounds, like Lugdunum (Lyon) and Julio- bona (Lillebonne), the accent on the second element has prevailed.  ...  These words, according to the ordinary rules of Latin, ought to have | become paroxyton; but they have remained proparoxyton, after their original Gaulish form, In Gaulish compound words the accent was  ... 

Remarks on Word-Prosodic Typology

José Ignacio Hualde
2006 Proceedings of the annual meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society  
Thus, in compounds and derived forms at most one accent is preserved (culminativity).  ...  as accented in the context where the sentential accent rule applies.  ... 
doi:10.3765/bls.v32i1.3452 fatcat:rsil4xaqc5e35cytipyznbrhji
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