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The effect of U.S. policies on the economics of libraries

M M Cummings
1985 Bulletin of the Medical Library Association  
The decline in federal support of educational programs has made it difficult for libraries to apply new technologies to improve practices and services.  ...  While federal support has declined in constant dollars, there has been a modest increase in grants from private foundations.  ...  Some estimate that it will increase costs for access to library utilities and databases by approximately 20%.  ... 
pmid:3978292 pmcid:PMC227534 fatcat:snoabiesejb6fnj5v53zluclhq

InvaCost, a public database of the economic costs of biological invasions worldwide

C Diagne, B Leroy, R E Gozlan, A-C Vaissière, C Assailly, L Nuninger, D Roiz, F Jourdain, I Jarić, F Courchamp
2020 Scientific Data  
at a global scale.  ...  One option to contribute to this overall objective is to inform people on the economic costs linked to these impacts; however, until now, a reliable synthesis of invasion costs has never been produced  ...  For reasons of feasibility (linguistic skills of the review team, restriction to a reasonable scale of the review), we conducted all searches in the English language assuming that a large body of knowledge  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41597-020-00586-z pmid:32901023 pmcid:PMC7479195 fatcat:a3l66xyyundtbarr2oflinsmr4

The impact of new information technology in the developing countries

Peter Thorpe
1984 Journal of information science  
The major constraints to the use of new information technology in the developing countries are identified and discussed and related to the setting up of a computerised bibliographic database system.  ...  It is concluded that staff training, international operation and social-political aspects (attitudes) are the priority areas for (attitudes) are the developing countries.  ...  Acknowledgements My thanks are due to the following for reading and commenting on earlier drafts of this paper: Dr, Charles A.  ... 
doi:10.1177/016555158400800504 fatcat:76vk5qthefbl5oezry5oo2ir2i

A Current-Awareness Service for Faculty and Staff: The Stout Experience

John J. Jax, Van C. Houlson
1988 College and Research Libraries  
This report describes a prototype current-awareness seroice for faculty and staff at the University of Wisconsin-Stout.  ...  The seroice involved selective dissemination of information using online bibliographic databases and the routing of table of contents from selected periodical holdings.  ...  Charles Bourne reported that the University of California system implemented a combination SDI and document delivery system for nine campuses in 1974. 1 A small prototype SDI system (nine faculty) was  ... 
doi:10.5860/crl_49_06_514 fatcat:frhhldt5yrh4phl3rjf4nvpsvy

Earth Observations in Social Science Research for Management of Natural Resources and the Environment: Identifying the Contribution of the U.S. Land Remote Sensing (Landsat) Program

Molly K. Macauley
2009 Social Science Research Network  
Selection of the studies uses social science-oriented bibliographic search indices and expands results of previous surveys that target only researchers specializing in remote sensing or photogrammetry.  ...  The usefulness of Landsat as a basis for informing public investment in the Landsat program will be underestimated if this body of research goes unrecognized.  ...  The studies surveyed in this paper are selected from a wide range of publications within the social sciences using social scienceoriented bibliographic search indices.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1351989 fatcat:svcfucb2j5e2tn7nrzeapsz7oe

Identification of Evidence for Key Parameters in Decision-Analytic Models of Cost Effectiveness: A Description of Sources and a Recommended Minimum Search Requirement

Suzy Paisley
2016 PharmacoEconomics (Auckland)  
The paper proposes recommendations for a minimum level of searching for data for key parameters in decision-analytic models of cost-effectiveness and describes sources of evidence relevant to each parameter  ...  Key points for decision makers  Procedural guidance on how to search for evidence for key model parameters does not exist resulting in inconsistent search practice and a lack of transparency  A minimum  ...  a. Refer to Cochrane or CRD guidance for full details [7, 8]  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40273-015-0372-x pmid:26861793 fatcat:34ruw5g6mrfkxkhn63skxqvnmq

US information retrieval system evolution and evaluation (1945-1975)

J.-M. Griffiths, D.W. King
2002 IEEE Annals of the History of Computing  
In discussing information retrieval related to libraries' use of computers, we describe systems for identifying documents, including bibliographic searches of scientific journal articles, reports, and  ...  The term information retrieval (IR) was first attributed to Calvin Mooers in about 1950. 1,2 Information retrieval has evolved through four phases: manual and mechanical devices; offline computing; online  ...  This was a predecessor to the Science Citation Index and Social Science Citation Index provided by Eugene Garfield at ISI.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mahc.2002.1024761 fatcat:dpzgvth3ebbj5m74cxer3j53ri

Designing an integrated knowledge base to support ecosystem services valuation

Ferdinando Villa, Matthew A. Wilson, Rudolf de Groot, Steven Farber, Robert Costanza, Roelof M.J. Boumans
2002 Ecological Economics  
Quantifying the value of ecosystem services is important for the social recognition and acceptance of ecosystem management across multiple geographic scales.  ...  knowledge on ecosystem services and their valuation; (4) a collaborative tool for institutions involved in different aspects of ecosystem service valuation; and (5) a prototype for linking databases and  ...  Additional support was also provided for the Postdoctoral Associate, Matthew A. Wilson, in the Group. All the participants in the workshops contributed to the ideas expressed here.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0921-8009(02)00093-9 fatcat:s7b4hsiznjgkzpo6cjlh2kwmsm

Research effort devoted to regulating and supporting ecosystem services by environmental scientists and economists

Andrew N. Kadykalo, Lisa A. Kelly, Albana Berberi, Jessica L. Reid, C. Scott Findlay, Andrea Belgrano
2021 PLoS ONE  
as well as a global ecosystem service research network and repository that explicitly links research on the estimation and prediction of biophysical ecosystem functions with that of the social sciences  ...  For example, carbon sequestration, erosion regulation, and nutrient cycling receive more relative research effort in the environmental sciences; air quality regulation in economic valuations.  ...  We thank Heather MacDonald for advice around systematic database searching and Tammy Newcomer-Johnson for a discussion on US EPA's EcoService Models Library.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0252463 pmid:34048482 fatcat:q45tw6khi5dnhnlzhytfxoddqu

TOWARD A NATIONAL INFORMATION SYSTEM IN THE UNITED STATES

Stanley McElderry
1975 BLL Review  
The argument for a large-leadership role by the federal government is that some fundamental changes can be affected in information handling procedures which can significantly reduce library operating costs  ...  Trans- actions in science and technology are concentrated in the last ten years of publication date, whereas the social sciences have a longer date span and approximately half of the humanities  ... 
doi:10.1108/eb008457 fatcat:hksojmbyj5g27ni5kw56q2cnxu

Description and Reference in the Age of Automation

Avra Michelson
1987 The American Archivist  
This article is a report of the results of a survey conducted in 1986 to determine the effects of descriptive practice on retrieval capabilities of archive and manuscript materials described in bibliographic  ...  Massive inconsistency in descriptive practice was found. The author makes five recommendations to correct inconsistency in the file and the retrieval difficulties that result.  ...  Some may consider the term "science of searching" an overstatement.  ... 
doi:10.17723/aarc.50.2.j889j531t25g1401 fatcat:irayqv7zxbf5neifzsbb57qaiu

"Whither Libraries? or, Wither Libraries": A Reprint of a C&RL Classic

F. Wilfrid Lancaster
1989 College and Research Libraries  
A scenario for a paperless communication system is presented, and some technological achievements that lend credibility to this scenario are described.  ...  Tfze claim is made that society is evolving from one whose formal communication patterns have~ for centuries, been based primarily on print on paper to one in which communication channels will be largely  ...  appears to lie in a greatly increased level of automation in the complete system through which the results of research (in science, the social sciences, technology, the humanities) are disseminated, stored  ... 
doi:10.5860/crl_50_04_406 fatcat:ay3fviddxbbglpxs5o2h4t4lqm

Highlights of the Senate Report on Information Indexing and Retrieval

1960 American Behavioral Scientist  
ON THE NEED “Rapid and effective large-scale systems for organizing and searching the information content of scientific publications are essen- tial if scientists are to be able to locate needed information  ...  A massive transfer of usable ideas and systems is possible as soon as an effective demand for more systematic docu- mentation and IR in the social sciences arises.  ... 
doi:10.1177/000276426000400206 fatcat:5gmi5j7tobbxdndklf52qr6iie

Dissemination of Research Results and a National Information Policy

Irma Y. Johnson
1979 College and Research Libraries  
Application of this principle would also assure a strengthened national bibliographic structure and broader user access.  ...  Significant portions of the major primary and secondary publications in science and technology carry information resulting from government research and development.  ...  Under the present social system, new knowledge is the driving force for the innovation that spurs economic growth.  ... 
doi:10.5860/crl_40_01_11 fatcat:lgm6bmb67zgklou2rrs5ugshtq

Whither Libraries? Or, Wither Libraries?

F. Wilfrid Lancaster
1978 College and Research Libraries  
A library would need to do 350 searches a year in Chemical Abstracts to bring the per-search cost of data base access in printed form do'wn to the per-search cost of access on-line.  ...  appears to lie in a greatly increased level of automation in the complete system through which the results of research (in science , the social sciences , technology, the humanities) are disseminated,  ... 
doi:10.5860/crl_39_05_345 fatcat:6burfcwmgzbevh4vtr3ezdqfhq
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