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Some considerations on how the human brain must be arranged in order to make its replication in a thinking machine possible [article]

Emanuel Diamant
2010 arXiv   pre-print
It was a great surprise to me when one day I have realized that computer and human vision have next to nothing in common.  ...  So the objective of this paper is to try and apply the insights gained in course of this my enterprise to a more general case of information processing in human brain and the challenging issue of human  ...  Machines), как их ещё до этого задумал и определил Алан Тюринг, основоположник вычислительной техники и будущих компьютеров (Turing, 1950) .  ... 
arXiv:1002.0184v1 fatcat:6rgkakwtvrbfnoe2fymgmd4xze

AI Can Never Think: The Uniqueness of Human Thought

Jason Nehez
2020 Studia Gilsoniana  
today, provide some original thought experiments, and finally discuss briefly the unique aspects of human thought that may never be able to be replicated in a machine.  ...  I propose that there is more to thought than a machine will ever be capable of.  ...  today, provide some original thought experiments, and finally discuss briefly the unique aspects of human thought that may never be able to be replicated in a machine.  ... 
doi:10.26385/sg.090318 doaj:13db5e1e230548d4b280549d49ab7d33 fatcat:xit7n5bllvdg3ocfsj3owzstdm

CHRISTIANITY, SCIENCE, AND THREE PHASES OF BEING HUMAN

Bruce R. Reichenbach
2020 Zygon: Journal of Religion and Science  
The alleged conflict between religion and science most pointedly focuses on what it is to be human.  ...  a Christian understanding of personhood, including our freedom to choose, moral choice itself, self-consciousness, and the relevance of God to our beginning, being, and ending.  ...  "We can tap the architecture, organization, and innate knowledge of the human brain in order to greatly accelerate our understanding of how to design intelligence in a machine.  ... 
doi:10.1111/zygo.12665 fatcat:fwudulusnjhdto7l6q735pceam

Artificial intelligence scholars question wheter there is na overvaluation of machines without regard human intelligence: na invitation to reflection

Alex Araujo Lopes
2018 Revista Tecnologia e Sociedade  
SOME CONSIDERATIONS How to make a computer "understand" what it means to have sense or make sense?  ...  on the contrary, need a particular arrangement for each particular action; whence it must be morally impossible that there should exist in any machine a diversity of organs sufficient to enable it to  ... 
doi:10.3895/rts.v14n34.7573 fatcat:2xczjpi3abfapoy6ouffeebwu4

The Singularity Isn't Simple! (However We Look at It) A Random Walk between Science Fiction and Science Fact

Vic Grout
2018 Information  
Using examples from science fiction to illustrate various assumptions behind the AI/singularity debate, this essay seeks to encourage discussion on a number of possible futures based on different underlying  ...  It seems to be accepted that intelligence-artificial or otherwise-and 'the singularity' are inseparable concepts: 'The singularity' will apparently arise from AI reaching a, supposedly particular, but  ...  If it can be considered brain-like, it is a brain in the very earliest stages of development.  ... 
doi:10.3390/info9040099 fatcat:24es43jerjhnjjx6wkjrucyn2i

TWO ROADBLOCKS OF COMPUTATIONALISM

Napoleon Mabaquiao, Jr., De La Salle University
2019 Philosophia: International Journal of Philosophy  
It has become quite difficult to assess which side of the dispute is gaining the upper hand. Such difficulty may be due to a variety of reasons.  ...  The second concerns the vagueness of how the so-called computer modelling of human cognitive processes is able to duplicate such processes.  ...  With regard to the human brain, its functional organization refers to the way the brain's neurons are arranged in order for the brain to perform its various functions.  ... 
doi:10.46992/pijp.20.2.a.2 fatcat:neruk6hijzelfggz4ak2idnedy

The method of artificial systems [article]

Christopher A. Tucker
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Expanded upon, such a description strives to discover agreement with Kant's critique of reason to understand how it could be applied to define the architecture of its design.  ...  The result will be a characteristic description of a method to describe an artificial system analogous to that performed for a human.  ...  To this end, the machine must resemble a natural form and function in some sense of the words to make it recognizable when viewed by a participant.  ... 
arXiv:1507.01384v2 fatcat:cugrrvbjvzhylpaj5or5qfibau

A Model for Ethical Artificial Intelligence

Shraddha Ravishankar, Arushi Shah, Purva Raut
2015 IJARCCE  
The thought of being able to simulate the human brain on a machine captured the imaginations of many, enticing and assimilating a wide array of research in the field, leading to a constant string of breakthroughs  ...  After all, are we still trying to create the perfect human intelligence or just a perfect machine?  ...  In order to make a morally correct decision a person has to be able to consider and think about the consequences of their actions.  ... 
doi:10.17148/ijarcce.2015.41051 fatcat:uz253ucd5fc57pqu2bx7wophby

Artificial Mental Representation and Creative Pursuit

Kuil Schoneveld
2019 Journal of integrative research & reflection  
This is then formally developed with the work of Geraint Wiggins and merged with contemporary work on mental representation in neural networks.  ...  Using Paul Smolensky's discussion of symbolic layering, we are then led to the conclusion that artificial neural networks can implement mental representations in creative activities.  ...  Turing believed that for a machine to be considered intelligent, it must be able to convince a human interpreter that it is also a human.  ... 
doi:10.15353/jirr.v2.1572 fatcat:kcesazw2hna67d7aqpatdj7rkm

Artificial Brains and Hybrid Minds [chapter]

Paul Schweizer
2018 Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics  
The first experiment illustrates some intrinsic theoretical difficulties in attempting to replicate the human mind in an alternative material medium, while the second reveals some deep conceptual problems  ...  In particular, the thought experiments consider cases of mind-machine merger where there is no physical Brain-Machine Interface: indeed, the material human body and brain have been removed from the picture  ...  Acknowledgments I would like to thank the reviewers Chuanfei Chin, Sam Freed and Dagmar Monett for useful comments.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-96448-5_10 dblp:conf/ptai/Schweizer17 fatcat:4qi5tjr775cq5kugpblernskva

Collaborational Co-Existing with the AI: Wedding the Bhasmāsura with Humanity for the Good

Renu Tresa
2020 Zenodo  
The essay is an attempt to make a few suggestions as to how we can be human in the age AI by collaborating with the AI.  ...  Should we be threatened by Super Intelligence? As the world gets more and more digitalized the challenge is to be human and not become machines ourselves.  ...  Being human is to belong, even to the AI.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4101684 fatcat:fjumrpwmrvexdj7l37vymlvcvq

The Implication of Posthumanism in Physical Education and Sport
포스트휴머니즘 담론의 체육학적 함의

Yong-Woo Jung, Hyun-Taek Oh
2020 The Journal of the Korean Society for the Philosophy of Sport Dance & Martial Arts'  
In order to give as many people as possible the chance of a posthuman existence -or even just a decent human existence -it is paramount that technological development, in at least some fields, is pursued  ...  Therefore, while one can in many cases give good grounds for thinking that a technology will eventually be developed, one can usually only make informed guesses about how long it will take.  ... 
doi:10.31694/pm.2020.09.28.4.003 fatcat:mdp56qeborgzdklisa46adeira

The Nexus Between Artificial Intelligence and Economics [chapter]

Ad J. W. van de Gevel, Charles N. Noussair
2013 SpringerBriefs in Economics  
He plans to do it by housing human brains in progressively more disembodied vehicles, first transplanting them into robots and then, by the year 2045, reverseengineering the human brain and effectively  ...  The first of the proposed steps, to be completed before 2020, would be to create a robotic copy of a human body, an android "avatar", controlled entirely by a brain-computer interface.  ...  of Robotics are: Law 1: A robot may not injure a human being, or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm; Law 2: A robot must obey the orders given to it by human beings except where such  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-33648-5_1 fatcat:6uclihbcqrfajkhwpapp5wgkou

Dissolving Nature

Andres Vaccari
2012 Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology  
This radical proposal obscured the possibility of thinking the human as ontologically unique, or as having an ideal unity.  ...  I focus on a central aspect of posthumanism: the erosion of the distinction between organism and machine, nature and art, and the biological and engineering sciences.  ...  As we shall see, the stage of the brain is the central locus of the struggle to control nature, as it is the place where the human will must directly impinge on the flows of matter that make the machine  ... 
doi:10.5840/techne201216213 fatcat:rt7ypz4xbffvfjrpkzg5ttfvkq

Artificial Intelligence in Achieving Sustainable Development Goals [article]

Hoe-Han Goh
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This perspective illustrates some of the AI applications that can accelerate the achievement of SDGs and also highlights some of the considerations that could hinder the efforts towards them.  ...  This emphasizes the importance of establishing standard AI guidelines and regulations for the beneficial applications of AI.  ...  The ultimate goal is to create a virtual mind of a humanoid beyond knowledge, skills, and language towards an ultimate conscious machine that thinks on its own.  ... 
arXiv:2107.13966v1 fatcat:wnabuzsqeza43gpqjgikg2akse
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