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A Simpler Puzzle of Ground

Stephan Krämer
<span title="">2013</span> <i title="Wiley"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/wgpot57bqrbyphzwgbpbavtfke" style="color: black;">Thought: A Journal of Philosophy</a> </i> &nbsp;
Kit Fine has presented some puzzles that appear to contradict this principle.  ...  A simpler puzzle of ground (Word count: 1892; Category: Logic) Abstract: Metaphysical grounding is standardly taken to be irreflexive: nothing grounds itself.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1002/tht3.77">doi:10.1002/tht3.77</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/2f5upqh62fhpjocfbf7d6yhmcy">fatcat:2f5upqh62fhpjocfbf7d6yhmcy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190711110205/http://eprints.gla.ac.uk:80/140561/7/140561.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/3c/a4/3ca4856d2c00faf2aeaf443a04125aea430f1b48.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1002/tht3.77"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> wiley.com </button> </a>

Paramagnetic and glass transitions in sudoku

A Williams, G. J. Ackland
<span title="2012-09-07">2012</span> <i title="American Physical Society (APS)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/nuk2stxzvvhf7ljciu325kj77m" style="color: black;">Physical Review E</a> </i> &nbsp;
Of these, the intermediate condensed phase is the only one which visits the ground state (i.e. it solves the puzzle, though this is not the purpose of the study).  ...  the proof of the existence of a unique ground state via the satisfiability of all constraints.  ...  By contrast, systems with a well defined ground state are typified by some translational symmetry and long ranged ordering. The popular mathematical puzzle sudoku lies intermediate between these two.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physreve.86.031109">doi:10.1103/physreve.86.031109</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23030868">pmid:23030868</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/bib7g3z4tvfithoedvsewnlpny">fatcat:bib7g3z4tvfithoedvsewnlpny</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://archive.org/download/arxiv-1212.1649/1212.1649.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download [not primary version]" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> File Archive [PDF] <span style="color: #f43e3e;">&#10033;</span> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physreve.86.031109"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> aps.org </button> </a>

Emptying a Paradox of Ground

Jack Woods
<span title="2017-07-10">2017</span> <i title="Springer Nature"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ankkynzqs5dqbo4lk5zcpua7rq" style="color: black;">Journal of Philosophical Logic</a> </i> &nbsp;
Keywords Grounding • Paradoxes of ground • Irreflexivity Interest in the putatively explanatory relation of metaphysical grounding and, in particular, its "logic" has recently been the focus of much attention  ...  This paradox shows that on minimal assumptions about grounding and minimal assumptions about logic, we can show that grounding is reflexive, contra the intuitive character of grounds.  ...  Acknowledgments Thanks to Barry Maguire, Shamik Dasgupta, Catharine Diehl, David Kovacs, Jon Litland, Beau Madison Mount, Mike Raven, Gideon Rosen, and a couple of helpful referees for very useful discussion  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10992-017-9442-1">doi:10.1007/s10992-017-9442-1</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/lfxan47fuvgvnck2mu5nd4qetu">fatcat:lfxan47fuvgvnck2mu5nd4qetu</a> </span>
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Modeling situated conversational agents as partially observable Markov decision processes

Will Thompson, Darren Gergle
<span title="">2008</span> <i title="ACM Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/4exuzbjcyndbhlpuc2jxxmdszq" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the 13th international conference on Intelligent user interfaces - IUI &#39;08</a> </i> &nbsp;
We show how POMDPs can be used to formalize and implement psycholinguistic proposals on how situated dialog participants collaborate in order to make and ground dialog contributions.  ...  An SCA is distinguished from non-situated conversational agents by an intimate connection of the agent's dialog to its embedding context, and by intricate dependencies between its linguistic and physical  ...  Some of these we can obtain from the Puzzle Task corpus itself, while others (such as the dialog model) can be handcrafted using dialog rules (see [12] ).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/1378773.1378840">doi:10.1145/1378773.1378840</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/iui/ThompsonG08.html">dblp:conf/iui/ThompsonG08</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/dsza4v7i4fg4ppk2agecgfypq4">fatcat:dsza4v7i4fg4ppk2agecgfypq4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170812025014/http://gradstudents.wcas.northwestern.edu/~wkt406/docs/IUI08-wkt-dg.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/e4/92/e49262b879343cfd3b5f0ac59a7f67eccab2b604.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/1378773.1378840"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

Against the reduction of modality to essence

Nathan Wildman
<span title="2018-01-05">2018</span> <i title="Springer Nature"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/munzfrczajgrfktmdt7fobcory" style="color: black;">Synthese</a> </i> &nbsp;
In particular, I offer two puzzles-one concerning the essences of non-compossible, complementary entities, and a second involving entities whose essences are modally 'loaded'-that together strongly call  ...  It is a truth universally acknowledged that a claim of metaphysical modality, in possession of good alethic standing, must be in want of an essentialist foundation.  ...  Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-017-1667-6">doi:10.1007/s11229-017-1667-6</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34720229">pmid:34720229</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC8550148/">pmcid:PMC8550148</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/vm7crucbyfeffnchdyp6irp7wy">fatcat:vm7crucbyfeffnchdyp6irp7wy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180728014735/https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs11229-017-1667-6.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/33/37/333757fa7f68613f8efa29fa23714298197a9f75.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-017-1667-6"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8550148" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Pictorial and apictorial polygonal jigsaw puzzles: The lazy caterer model, properties, and solvers [article]

Peleg Harel, Ohad Ben-Shahar
<span title="2021-12-16">2021</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Jigsaw puzzle solving, the problem of constructing a coherent whole from a set of non-overlapping unordered visual fragments, is fundamental to numerous applications and yet most of the literature of the  ...  Here we formalize a new type of jigsaw puzzle where the pieces are general convex polygons generated by cutting through a global polygonal shape/image with an arbitrary number of straight cuts, a generation  ...  Note that some small pieces appear only in the ground truth row as the noise removed them completely from the bag of pieces in the puzzle to solve.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/2008.07644v2">arXiv:2008.07644v2</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/j6yaq3luvvegvitu44js2ectam">fatcat:j6yaq3luvvegvitu44js2ectam</a> </span>
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On broken symmetries and classical systems

Benjamin Feintzeig
<span title="">2015</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/zqckjruxjjg2leowgjg6moi2ia" style="color: black;">Studies in history and philosophy of modern physics</a> </i> &nbsp;
Baker (2011) argues that broken symmetries pose a number of puzzles for the interpretation of quantum theories-puzzles which he claims do not arise in classical theories.  ...  I provide examples of classical cases of symmetry breaking and show that they have precisely the same features that Baker finds puzzling in quantum theories.  ...  A symmetry α is broken just in case there is some ground state ω which is not invariant under α, i.e. ω = ω • α −1 .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsb.2015.08.009">doi:10.1016/j.shpsb.2015.08.009</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/n3ryndhrlfhbrm4depuyuy67li">fatcat:n3ryndhrlfhbrm4depuyuy67li</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200321051417/http://sites.uci.edu/bfeintze/files/2015/08/On-Broken-Symmetries-in-Classical-Systems.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/11/dc/11dc99367875c8c556d70f25f465824f3ef5edf0.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsb.2015.08.009"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

Page 427 of The Antijacobin Review and Protestant Advocate, Or, Monthly Political, and Literary Censor Vol. 39, Issue [page]

<span title="">1811</span> <i title="Open Court Publishing Co"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://archive.org/details/pub_the-antijacobin-review-and-protestant-advocate" style="color: black;">The Antijacobin Review and Protestant Advocate, Or, Monthly Political, and Literary Censor </a> </i> &nbsp;
ground.  ...  It is very well known, that dissenters have burial grounds of their own, where they generally bury their dead ;—now does this man call these grounds unhallowed ?  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> </span>
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Paradox as a Guide to Ground

Martin Pleitz
<span title="">2020</span> <i title="Cambridge University Press (CUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/es6i7itpunbs7fzlozc4jeyaqu" style="color: black;">Philosophy</a> </i> &nbsp;
All the paradoxes under consideration will turn out to be breaches of some standard requirement on grounding, which makes uniform solutions of large groups of these paradoxes more desirable.  ...  Meta-grounding is important. The polarity of grounding can be crucial. Thus we will learn a lot about structural properties of grounding from considering the various paradoxes.  ...  Fine himself, however, observes 'some resemblance to the paradoxes of self-reference', 25 but he thinks that his puzzles of ground are distinct from the paradoxes.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1017/s0031819120000078">doi:10.1017/s0031819120000078</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/qzmamzfk6fbhjfjourn3f7hyei">fatcat:qzmamzfk6fbhjfjourn3f7hyei</a> </span>
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Page 74 of Current Opinion Vol. 31, Issue 1 [page]

<span title="">1901</span> <i title="Open Court Publishing Co"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://archive.org/details/pub_current-opinion" style="color: black;">Current Opinion </a> </i> &nbsp;
Some men would rather work out puzzles than read the newspapers or go to the theatre. “So with children. Many of them prefer a puzzle to any other kind of a toy.  ...  In the neighborhood of the hotel where the man with the puzzle brain took his life, street fakirs were selling all sorts of puzzles to passers- by—chain puzzles, block puzzles, comic puzzles and puzzles  ... 
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Towards Common Ground in SME: An Ontology of Method Descriptors [chapter]

Adrian Iacovelli, Carine Souveyet
<span title="">2011</span> <i title="Springer Berlin Heidelberg"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/kss7mrolvja63k4rmix3iynkzi" style="color: black;">IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology</a> </i> &nbsp;
This diversity shows the richness of the ME domain but implies some drawback like unnecessary confusion for non ME expert, lack of standard & interoperability, lack of implementation tool.  ...  However, researchers are agreed that a common ground in SME is a hot matter of discussion.  ...  It is largely agreed that a common ground is needed to overcome some ME drawbacks such as unnecessary confusion for non ME expert, lack of standard & interoperability and lack of implementation tool, but  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-19997-4_8">doi:10.1007/978-3-642-19997-4_8</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/oqfpje6swnhwxjs5mubtgjg5fa">fatcat:oqfpje6swnhwxjs5mubtgjg5fa</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20181030104631/https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2F978-3-642-19997-4_8.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/9a/60/9a601f3a09eb514d57524af8f83c1c4c86688b81.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-19997-4_8"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

The Puzzles of Material Constitution

L. A. Paul
<span title="2010-06-27">2010</span> <i title="Wiley"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/fftrkw4bpjbflpnbaznwmotdbi" style="color: black;">Philosophy Compass</a> </i> &nbsp;
I discuss three familiar puzzles involving grounding, overdetermination and conceptual issues, and develop three new puzzles stemming from the connection between mereological composition and material constitution  ...  : a mereological puzzle, an asymmetry puzzle, and a structural puzzle.  ...  The best known puzzles for pluralists are the conceptual puzzle and the grounding puzzle.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-9991.2010.00302.x">doi:10.1111/j.1747-9991.2010.00302.x</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/fiuoyv4d7vefdpvtzxcsryuwh4">fatcat:fiuoyv4d7vefdpvtzxcsryuwh4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170809011415/http://lapaul.org/papers/Paul-The-Puzzles-of-Material-Constitution.pdf?origin=publication_detail" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/6b/ee/6bee7f7558bb657d5354e51ded5898cf51970008.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-9991.2010.00302.x"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

In praise of Sorensen's 'blockage theory' on shadows

Alessio Gava
<span title="2018-11-01">2018</span> <i title="UNISINOS - Universidade do Vale do Rio Dos Sinos"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/2rqxd5rwzjg5rcljvf6mn5khqq" style="color: black;">Filosofia Unisinos</a> </i> &nbsp;
If X casts any shadow, then some light is falling directly on X. 2. X cannot cast shadow through an opaque object. 3. All shadow is shadow of something […].  ...  MEV gives an ap arently plausi le explanation of why the shadow on the ground is cast by the wa l in both puzzles, but leads to a paradoxical conclusion in another ri dle, 'the donut puzzle' , that I have  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.4013/fsu.2018.192.07">doi:10.4013/fsu.2018.192.07</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/blpclho47jfarg73d2tbhh3g4i">fatcat:blpclho47jfarg73d2tbhh3g4i</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190429000350/http://revistas.unisinos.br/index.php/filosofia/article/download/fsu.2018.192.07/60746483" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/be/3a/be3aa858ab1c5f8ac05108c725dddaf972527cfd.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.4013/fsu.2018.192.07"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Professor Goodman's Puzzle

Kenneth Small
<span title="">1961</span> <i title="JSTOR"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/apvj423yavhvfhlvmdziqrbwzm" style="color: black;">Philosophical Review</a> </i> &nbsp;
Qualitative predicates are then said to be projectible and positional predicates not, and it is claimed that some of the puzzles about confirmation arise from trying to project positional predicates.  ...  Goodman attempts to raise this puzzle in his discussion of what he calls ‘‘the new riddle of induction.”  ... 
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Fundamentality without Foundations

Michael J. Raven
<span title="2015-06-22">2015</span> <i title="Wiley"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/6jl7tdo6w5cdpcm4x2xe3keeae" style="color: black;">Philosophy and Phenomenological Research</a> </i> &nbsp;
The possibility of fundamentality without foundations not only provides for a novel resolution to the puzzle, but has applications to some live debates: for example, it undermines Jonathan Schaffer's modal  ...  A commonly held view is that a central aim of metaphysics is to give a fundamental account of reality which refers only to the fundamental entities.  ...  the entity "persists" if some fact about it is not grounded in facts not about it.  ... 
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