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Toward More Versatile and Intuitive Cortical Brain–Machine Interfaces

Richard A. Andersen, Spencer Kellis, Christian Klaes, Tyson Aflalo
2014 Current Biology  
These include using: recordings from cortical areas outside motor cortex; local field potentials as a source of recorded signals; somatosensory feedback for more dexterous control of robotics; and new  ...  Motor prosthetics to date have typically used the motor cortex as a source of neural signals for controlling external devices.  ...  Acknowledgments We acknowledge the National Institutes of Health, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the Boswell Foundation, and the Center for Neural Restoration at the University of Southern  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cub.2014.07.068 pmid:25247368 pmcid:PMC4410026 fatcat:zklbmvohcnaxxnjzcibpob4dsq

Intra-cortical connectivity in multiple sclerosis: a neurophysiological approach

Franca Tecchio, Giancarlo Zito, Filippo Zappasodi, Maria Luisa Dell' Acqua, Doriana Landi, Davide Nardo, Domenico Lupoi, Paolo M. Rossini, Maria M. Filippi
2008 Brain  
A local index of ICC in a circumscribed brain primary area was altered in mildly disabled RR-multiple sclerosis patients, also in absence of any impairment of central sensory conduction.  ...  When matched with a control population, multiple sclerosis patients showed a reduced ICC combined with the complete loss of the finger-dependent functional specialization in S1 cortex of the dominant hemisphere  ...  On these bases, the dynamic gamma band phase locking measured by ICC is suggested as a code for finger dexterity, in addition to the magnification of somatotopic central maps.  ... 
doi:10.1093/brain/awn087 pmid:18502782 fatcat:3eqlmw5s75c6pj6j3w4fntut4q

Haptic Perception in Extreme Obesity: qEEG Study Focused on Predictive Coding and Body Schema

Giuditta Gambino, Giuseppe Giglia, Girolamo Schiera, Danila Di Majo, Maria Stella Epifanio, Sabina La Grutta, Rosa Lo Baido, Giuseppe Ferraro, Pierangelo Sardo
2020 Brain Sciences  
Spectral analysis showed a significant decrease in theta, alpha and beta frequencies in the right temporo-parietal areas of obese group, whereas gamma bands significantly increased in the left frontal  ...  In the light of this, obese subjects were selected as a valid experimental model to explore predictive coding in haptic perception.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/brainsci10120908 pmid:33255709 fatcat:bqzdtllfsvdoxlm2e2r5dxlwze

Augmentation-related brain plasticity

Giovanni Di Pino, Angelo Maravita, Loredana Zollo, Eugenio Guglielmelli, Vincenzo Di Lazzaro
2014 Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience  
Hitherto, few studies investigated the neural correlates of augmentation, but clues on it can be borrowed from logically-related paradigms: sensorimotor training, cognitive enhancement, cross-modal plasticity  ...  , sensorimotor functional substitution, use and embodiment of tools.  ...  , Bi-directional Neural Interfaces and Distributed Sensorymotor Control, CUP: B81J12002680008".  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnsys.2014.00109 pmid:24966816 pmcid:PMC4052974 fatcat:uuqjvni2w5a6zbiemcoqbwtb64

Functional and effective reorganization of the aging brain during unimanual and bimanual hand movements

Sara Larivière, Alba Xifra-Porxas, Michalis Kassinopoulos, Guiomar Niso, Sylvain Baillet, Georgios D. Mitsis, Marie-Hélène Boudrias
2019 Human Brain Mapping  
Maintenance of motor performance and task accuracy in elderly was achieved by hyperactivation of the task-specific motor networks, reflecting a possible mechanism by which the aging brain recruits additional  ...  Through a combination of principal component analysis and Granger causality, we observed age-related increases in functional and effective connectivity in whole-brain, task-related motor networks.  ...  S.L. acknowledges funding from CONFLICT OF INTEREST The authors declare no conflict of interest. ORCID Sara Larivière  ... 
doi:10.1002/hbm.24578 pmid:30866155 pmcid:PMC6548623 fatcat:52d4fucuxzgypid5u2hxkrp534

EMG-based Simultaneous and Proportional Estimation of Wrist Kinematics and its Application in Intuitive Myoelectric Control for Unilateral transradial Amputees

Farina Dario
2011 Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience  
[W 56] Neural dynamics of sequence generation and behavioral organization Yulia Sandamirskaya * , Mathis Richter and Gregor Schöner Acknowledgements The authors acknowledge support from the German Federal  ...  Acknowledgements Center for Neural Science, New York University, USA Prefrontal cortex (PFC) is the hub of a distributed system that coordinates the selection, planning and execution of motor behaviors  ...  The results show that interareal gamma-band synchrony selectively depends on behavioral relevance of the stimulus.  ... 
doi:10.3389/conf.fncom.2011.53.00081 fatcat:nkq5wesfpbcjnikbxqh3v3gtqi

Brain-Machine Interfaces: From Basic Science to Neuroprostheses and Neurorehabilitation

Mikhail A. Lebedev, Miguel A. L. Nicolelis
2017 Physiological Reviews  
The classic goals of BMIs are 1) to unveil and utilize principles of operation and plastic properties of the distributed and dynamic circuits of the brain and 2) to create new therapies to restore mobility  ...  BMI studies have shown neural control over the movements of robotic and virtual actuators that enact both upper and lower limb functions.  ...  Krishna Shenoy and his colleagues (776) have introduced a decoding method based on a dynamical ANN, called recurrent neural network (RNN).  ... 
doi:10.1152/physrev.00027.2016 pmid:28275048 fatcat:26dy2lgh6nfppd3mjgoofyit6u

Abstracts for the 29th Annual Meeting of the Japan Neuroscience Society (Neuroscience2006)

2006 Neuroscience research  
To measure "value", we have developed a probability matching paradigm for monkeys in which the animal's valuation is revealed through the proportion of choices allocated to alternative behaviors.  ...  of likely positive or aversive consequences.  ...  Research funds: A Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C) (16500195) PS2P-H147 Mechanisms for processing of intellectual excitement Ai Fukushima 1 , Naoki Miura 2,3 , Shinya Uchida 2,4 , Motoaki Sugiura  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neures.2006.04.004 fatcat:mja5yvu2tbcjrmfx3a7abvvicm

EEG and TMS-EEG Studies on the Cortical Excitability and Plasticity associated with Human Motor Control and Learning

Myriam Taga
and finally to identify the neural correlates underlying the formation of a predictive internal model enabling to adapt movements to new environments.  ...  The second study assessed the temporal dynamics of bi-hemispheric motor cortical excitability during right arm reaching preparation.  ...  Thus, the sensorimotor system can be viewed as a closed-loop system, consisting of descending motor pathways and ascending somatosensory feedback (Figure 2 -3).  ... 
doi:10.15123/uel.875y3 fatcat:54sdjxinnzhjleahssii7kpadm

Surface local field potentials for brain-computer interfaces

Spencer Sterling Kellis
the gamma band (30-80 Hz).  ...  Extracting neural information at this spatial scale may be necessary to provide dexterous intuitive control of a prosthesis.  ... 
doi:10.26053/0h-9ky0-cv00 fatcat:4b5h2yoda5hzdbuswybetvx3l4

Saturday Abstracts

2008 Biological Psychiatry  
She has served as the President of the 38,000 member Society for Neuroscience, and has received many honors and awards, including being elected a member of the Development then served as Group Director  ...  By applying cellular and molecular biology techniques to neural systems, he identified inhibitory circuits that orchestrate the structural and functional rewiring of connections in response to early sensory  ...  Conclusions: Diverse psychopathology is common in families of FEP patients.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.biopsych.2008.02.013 fatcat:nwato7lql5f6fix5m7nxejlaey

Final Program Forty First Annual Meeting International Neuropsychological Society February 6–9, 2013 Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA

2013 Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society  
Modern neuroimaging techniques provide a unique window into changes in brain structures, physiology, function, and chemistry across the age span.  ...  Learning Objectives: 1) Describe the basic principles of the neuroimaging techniques used in the clinical and the research settings, as well as some technical limitations in the use of these techniques  ...  Bott, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, 401 Quarry Rd., MC 5719, Palo Alto, Nencki Institute, 3 Pasteur Street,  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1355617713000362 fatcat:4bgx6f2nwfhd7fwsgabtjpdr4a

Abstracts European Congress of NeuroRehabilitation 2019

EFNR The European Federation of NeuroRehabilitation Societies, Muresanu, D.
2019 Neurologie und Rehabilitation  
The World Federation for NeuroRehabilitation (WFNR) is a partner organization of the European Federation of NeuroRehabilitation Societies and strongly supports the European-wide approach of the EFNR in  ...  all global matters 5 th EUROPEAN CONGRESS OF NEUROREHABILITATION (ECNR)  ...  in the Gamma bands (50-80 Hz) during the movement.  ... 
doi:10.14624/nr1912001 fatcat:gzw5qlbn5rgfvg26ff5lal5l5q

North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity Virtual Conference June 11–12, 2020

2020 Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology (JSEP)  
Laryngeal VTS induced a significant suppression of theta band power over the left somatosensory-motor cortex and a significant rise of gamma rhythm over right somatosensory-motor cortex.  ...  The neural signature behind its effectiveness is the suppression of excessive theta band oscillations.  ...  Two researchers independently coded the transcripts and the coded data was aggregated into nodes and grouped into meaningful units based on identified patterns.  ... 
doi:10.1123/jsep.2020-0172 fatcat:7ap7mzw3rfcf5f5jfqwzhruj4y

Joint Meeting of the FESN (Federation of the European Societies of Neuropsychology)/GNP (Gesellschaft für Neuropsychologie) September 12-14, 2013, Berlin, Germany

2013 Behavioural Neurology  
The feed-back of gamma-band activity is a new approach (T. Bogen).  ...  First experiences with gamma-band NF will be reported on the basis of single-cases. DISCUSSION: The implementation of gamma-band NF appears challenging.  ...  We found that, beyond a common fronto-parietal network typically described in M.I. studies, there were task specific brain activations: the HLT showed a wider recruitment of occipital and sensorimotor  ... 
doi:10.3233/ben-139900 pmid:28149002 pmcid:PMC5215690 fatcat:f4olin3ogfg7zlznht4ryjbtym
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