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Solutions to issues depend on the knowledge representation

Frederick B. Thompson
1982 Proceedings of the 20th annual meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics -  
~efulness of these remarks depends on The degree one is aware of the knowledge representatLon that underlie.s the solution suggested, For ex~Mple~ in the case of the last ,Ls~ue,. il ~ one only knew about  ...  ., ,:~ il].u~r~zTed by the four-w~,~y ,~mbiq,)ity ,Ibove. Issue ~6: Solution~....tO. Is~q.es_._D~.~.n..  ... 
doi:10.3115/981251.981298 dblp:conf/acl/Thompson82 fatcat:svpbjnihjnfajhx6axdzq6w3ii

Special issue on computational tradeoffs under bounded resources

Eric Horvitz, Shlomo Zilberstein
1998 Artificial Intelligence  
This special issue of the journal ArtiJiciuZ Intelligence will bring together articles describing effective solutions to challenges with the development and control of flexible procedures, including problems  ...  computational resources, depending on the situation or environment.  ...  computational resources, depending on the situation or environment.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0004-3702(98)00037-x fatcat:hle4wtz4rbgrpe3pupddxupylm

Representing SME Creditworthiness in Society 5.0

Mohd Norullah Ab Razak, Ahmad Shaharudin Abdul Latif
2021 Zenodo  
We present our argument that conventional financial institution representation on SME creditworthiness may not be sufficient to mitigate the information asym-metry issue in serving the SME lending market  ...  Since the process requires an intelligent agent to interact with the accumulated knowledge for reasoning and decision-making purposes, a knowledge representation of SME creditworthiness is neces-sary to  ...  Our proposed solution on knowledge representation of SME creditworthiness can become the basis for building an AI system and mitigate information asymmetry issue in lending.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5203091 fatcat:e5ta4ur72vdg3hptjhnzya4mpi

Case-based reasoning in design

M.L. Maher, A. Gomez de Silva Garza
1997 IEEE Expert  
CASE-BASED REASONING IS A GEN- eral paradigm for problem solving based on the recall and reuse of specific experiences.  ...  This survey considers the range and types of design applications that have implemented case-based reasoning and shows how these applications have resolved theoretical issues through their implementations  ...  CBR applications to design fall into three categories, depending on who or what performs the adaptation: • the human designer, • a knowledge-intensive computational method, or • a knowledge-lean computational  ... 
doi:10.1109/64.585102 fatcat:cfadcadzfbbufmfnqhtbnbwzle

A Conceptual Network for Web Representation of Design Knowledge [chapter]

Rivka Oxman, Anat Sarid, Shoshi Bar-Eli, Ruth Rotenshtreich
1997 CAAD futures 1997  
The nature of the Internet as a medium for the representation, storage and accessing of design knowledge is explored and various research issues were introduced.  ...  Our particular approach utilizes the ICF (issue-concept-form) as a conceptual network for design knowledge bases.  ...  This work is part of an on-going research program to explore theoretical and implementational issues of the shared construction of Web resources and the cognitive performance of design knowledge bases.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-011-5576-2_34 fatcat:mftoj3tzlzho3dxjn3jtv75cpa

A hybrid system for diagnosing multiple disorders

Y Jang
1993 Proceedings. Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care  
Techniques for selecting diagnostic units relevant to a given problem and then combining them to generate solutions are also described.  ...  The diagnostic-unit representation is explicitly tailored to capture the most likely relationships between disorders and clusters of findings.  ...  Acknowledgments The author would like to thank Peter Szolovits for his support and numerous stimulating comments, William Long for his help in understanding the heart failure domain and the HF program,  ... 
pmid:8130515 pmcid:PMC2248550 fatcat:xzdodufnkbfbfnm7idvf7vajj4

Functional Design Space Representations for Lead Qualification Situations [chapter]

Julian R. Eichhoff, Wolfgang Maass
2014 Design Computing and Cognition '12  
Therefore we present a conceptual approach on how to cast functional representations in the domain of lead qualification.  ...  For businesses offering complex customized solutions the capability of their sales force to engage in problem-solution discovery is a crucial success factor in selling.  ...  The authors would like to thank Sabine Janzen, Simone Orth, Andreas Filler and Tobias Kowatsch for valuable discussions and an anonymous reviewer for helpful comments on earlier versions of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-017-9112-0_29 fatcat:3cedqkkx2jdtvntdzv2peendvy

An Exploratory Study on Architectural Knowledge in Issue Tracking Systems [article]

Mohamed Soliman, Matthias Galster, Paris Avgeriou
2021 arXiv   pre-print
To identify "architecturally relevant" issues, we linked issues to architecturally relevant source code changes in the studied systems.  ...  We analyzed issues in the Jira issue trackers of three large Apache projects.  ...  Rank candidate architectural issues: We ranked issues per project according to their architectural significance (based on the a2a metric from Step 2) and the amount of knowledge per issue (based on the  ... 
arXiv:2106.11140v1 fatcat:qa3fi6r3nnd3bmirxc5ccxm5cu

Case-based design: A review and analysis of building design applications

Ian Watson, Srinath Perera
1997 Artificial intelligence for engineering design, analysis and manufacturing  
CASE-BASED REASONING The origins of the present state-of-the-art in CBR date back to the work of Schank and Abelson (1975, 1977) on dy-59  ...  This paper identifies problems of case representation, retrieval, adaptation, presentation, and case-based maintenance along with creativity, legal, and ethical issues that need to be addressed by CBD  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors acknowledge the Association of Commonwealth Universities, the University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka and EPSRC whose grants (Nos.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0890060400001840 fatcat:b3i6mi26m5ag3enyoxzyd7q2am

Issues for Auditors Designing Case-Based Reasoning Systems

Curet, Jackson
2001 International Journal of Digital Accounting Research  
The advantages of knowledge representation in cases are discussed, giving the rationale for these systems.  ...  This paper examines the main methodological issues to be considered for case-based reasoning (CBR) systems.  ...  issues. • selecting CBR software for developing applications depends on the objectives of the application.  ... 
doi:10.4192/1577-8517-v1_6 fatcat:ckhjwr2jj5clrh2v6soksyd5vq

Knowledge engineering requirements in derivational analogy [chapter]

Pádraig Cunningham, Donal Finn, Seán Slattery
1994 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The Derivational Analogy (DA) approach to CBR is a case in point. In DA the case representation contains a trace of the reasoning process involved in producing the solution for that case.  ...  In this paper we analyse this issue using as an example a CBR system called CoBRA that assists with the modelling tasks in numerical simulation. * It is worth mentioning that these comments apply to the  ...  System Issues Given that for complex applications, the granularity of knowledge representation in generative CBR systems is comparable to that in model based approaches, the issue arises as to whether  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-58330-0_90 fatcat:jn2hgsrmkzeozaw67vjssvho6q

Special Issue: Machine Learning in Design

Mary Lou Maher, David C. Brown, Alex Duffy
1994 Artificial intelligence for engineering design, analysis and manufacturing  
The use of machine learning in design addresses the perceived need to support the capture and representation of design knowledge, because handcrafting a representation is a difficult and time-consuming  ...  In addition, design provides a task with which to investigate the usefulness of existing machine learning techniques, and, perhaps, to discover new ones.  ...  The structure and use of the network depends on the model being used.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0890060400000688 fatcat:y5cy6iyc6vcxppnygoahzp2vcy

Special Issue: Machine learning in design

Alex H.B. Duffy, David C. Brown, Mary Lou Maher
1996 Artificial intelligence for engineering design, analysis and manufacturing  
The use of machine learning in design addresses the perceived need to support the capture and representation of design knowledge, because handcrafting a representation is a difficult and time-consuming  ...  In addition, design provides a task with which to investigate the usefulness of existing machine learning techniques, and, perhaps, to discover new ones.  ...  The structure and use of the network depends on the model being used.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0890060400001323 fatcat:i3dtydztqjcnhnyoe5ry4ejogy

Modeling Families of Objects: Review and Research Directions

H. A. van der Meiden, W. F. Bronsvoort
2009 Computer-Aided Design and Applications  
The crucial issue in Knowledge-Based Engineering is representation of expert knowledge in a readable way for both a computer agent and human.  ...  To fulfill the knowledge model requirements, especially reusability, flexibility and inter-operability, Protégé as an ontology editor and knowledge-based framework with OKBC (Open Knowledge Base Connectivity  ...  The solution presented assumed a division of knowledge into two partsdeclarative and procedural; the segmentation was made to solve the three groups of contemporary issues in KBE; knowledge representation  ... 
doi:10.3722/cadaps.2009.291-306 fatcat:lidf7s42qnbxplxneeiqycavfq

Design, analogy, and creativity

A.K. Gael
1997 IEEE Expert  
The main goal here is to sketch the core issues, themes, and directions in building such theories. Creative design AI characterizations of creative design tend to be of two kinds.  ...  reasoning goal and by domain knowledge in the form of operators that enable space search.  ...  The article has benefited from constructive critiques by David Brown, William Birmingham, and four anonymous reviewers. I adapted Figures 1 and 2  ... 
doi:10.1109/64.590078 fatcat:ynxoefiimjftviahpf5oqnbgku
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