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Sociotechnical approaches to workplace safety: Research needs and opportunities

Michelle M. Robertson, Lawrence J. Hettinger, Patrick E. Waterson, Y. Ian Noy, Marvin J. Dainoff, Nancy G. Leveson, Pascale Carayon, Theodore K. Courtney
2015 Ergonomics  
In this paper, we summarise the investigations of a group of international researchers into questions associated with the application of sociotechnical systems thinking to improve worker safety.  ...  While formal sociotechnical systems thinking originated in the 1950s, its application to the analysis and design of sustainable, safe working environments has not been fully developed.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors wish to express their appreciation to Margaret Rothwell for her expert assistance in the preparation and production of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1080/00140139.2015.1011241 pmid:25728246 pmcid:PMC4647649 fatcat:53ab5445qzdbtieenbmcxb4vpm

Towards a Meta-model for the Description of the Sociotechnical Perspective on Product-service Systems

Christoph Hollauer, Julian Wilberg, Sebastian Maisenbacher, Mayada Omer
2015 Procedia CIRP  
In order to achieve this, the modelling of large and complex sociotechnical systems becomes necessary.  ...  In the future, the metamodel will be refined, formalized, and used as a basis to conduct e.g. complexity analyses of sociotechnical systems of PSS.  ...  cycles in innovation processes -Integrated development of productservice systems based on technical products'.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procir.2015.02.022 fatcat:uyaqglmsl5atfhvd3xqbcdfxru

Integrating Social Justice and Political Engagement into Engineering

Skye Niles, Shawhin Roudbari, Santina Contreras
2020 International Journal of Engineering Social Justice and Peace  
We link these examples to Cech's three pillars of the "culture of disengagement" in engineering: social/technical dualisms, meritocracy, and depoliticization.  ...  We provide several examples of how "social" aspects have been brought into engineering in a depoliticized manner that limits engagement with political and social justice goals.  ...  Integrating considerations of social justice addresses the ideology of individual meritocracy by focusing on how social conditions are shaped by complex systems of privilege and oppression, rather than  ... 
doi:10.24908/ijesjp.v7i1.13568 fatcat:br2y4r64bjb73faibbzpbuhxyy

Context sensitive health informatics: concepts, methods and tools

Craig Kuziemsky, Christian Nøhr, Jos Aarts, Monique Jaspers, Marie-Catherine Beuscart-Zephir
2013 Studies in Health Technology and Informatics  
While context should be considered in the design and evaluation of health information systems (HISs) there is a shortcoming of empirical research on contextual aspects of HIT.  ...  This conference integrates the sociotechnical and Human-Centered-Design (HCD) approaches and showcases current research on context sensitive health informatics.  ...  We credit Peter Elkin for the name of the joint conference.  ... 
pmid:23941921 fatcat:i6yvq7nutjduvfzoybwvkqwmpm

Editorial: emerging issues in sociotechnical systems thinking and workplace safety

Y. Ian Noy, Lawrence J. Hettinger, Marvin J. Dainoff, Pascale Carayon, Nancy G. Leveson, Michelle M. Robertson, Theodore K. Courtney
2015 Ergonomics  
Over the course of several months prior to the conference, leading international experts drafted collaborative, state-of-the-art reviews covering various aspects of sociotechnical systems and safety.  ...  In response, the Hopkinton Conference on Sociotechnical Systems and Safety was organised to assess the current state of knowledge in the area and to identify research priorities.  ...  However, accidents within complex sociotechnical systems are more often a function of unforeseen or poorly understood interactions between system components.  ... 
doi:10.1080/00140139.2014.1001445 pmid:25819595 pmcid:PMC4647650 fatcat:vpdbg77btfbk7fkpqqvg47danq

Modelling and simulation of complex sociotechnical systems: envisioning and analysing work environments

Lawrence J. Hettinger, Alex Kirlik, Yang Miang Goh, Peter Buckle
2015 Ergonomics  
Accurate comprehension and analysis of complex sociotechnical systems is a daunting task.  ...  From a research perspective, models and simulations afford the means to study aspects of sociotechnical system design and operation, including the potential impact of modifications to structural and dynamic  ...  Disclosure statement No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. Notes  ... 
doi:10.1080/00140139.2015.1008586 pmid:25761227 pmcid:PMC4647651 fatcat:onqehqo5hzajtolq43jcv4tikq

The Behavioral Science of Software Engineering and Human–Machine Teaming

Ipek Ozkaya
2020 IEEE Software  
The term human-machine teaming refers to the efficient and effective integration of humans with complex machines.  ...  Interactions and dependencies in sociotechnical systems get complex quickly as the interdisciplinary nature of such systems drive different design priorities and information flow mechanisms: sociologists  ... 
doi:10.1109/ms.2020.3019190 fatcat:dju6jkh3ufhw7ji66ajmiy6feu

A Complex Sociotechnical Systems Approach to Provisioning Educational Policies for Future Workforce

Michael Richey, Marcus Nance, Leroy Hanneman, William Hubbard, Azad M. Madni, Marc Spraragen
2014 Procedia Computer Science  
Models of the U.S. educational system, using complex sociotechnical systems' approaches and tools that instill systems thinking, offer a holistic perspective to the educational and workforce challenges  ...  , and support required to support desired global outcomes, of the system of systems, society and industry in particular 11 .  ...  Models of the U.S. educational system, using complex sociotechnical systems approaches and tools that instill systems thinking have high payoff in that they offer a holistic perspective of the educational  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2014.03.102 fatcat:fjpx6qlwxnecra7gloqtup52eu

Advancing a sociotechnical systems approach to workplace safety – developing the conceptual framework

Pascale Carayon, Peter Hancock, Nancy Leveson, Ian Noy, Laerte Sznelwar, Geert van Hootegem
2015 Ergonomics  
From the literature on sociotechnical systems, complex systems and safety, we develop a sociotechnical model of workplace safety with concentric layers of the work system, socio-organisational context  ...  Here, we advocate a sociotechnical systems approach that describes the complex multi-level system factors that contribute to workplace safety.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank the following individuals for their very helpful comments on earlier versions of this paper: Larry Hettinger, Peter Buckle, Yang Miang Goh, Alex Kirlik, William Shaw  ... 
doi:10.1080/00140139.2015.1015623 pmid:25831959 pmcid:PMC4647652 fatcat:q2zmo2g42feufgye4c7qvgotyy

Sociotechnical attributes of safe and unsafe work systems

Brian M. Kleiner, Lawrence J. Hettinger, David M. DeJoy, Yuang-Hsiang Huang, Peter E.D. Love
2015 Ergonomics  
We discuss three current approaches to the analysis and design of complex sociotechnical systems: human-systems integration, macroergonomics and safety climate.  ...  and analysis criteria, the maintenance of a realistic and consistent set of safety objectives and policies, and regular access to the expertise and input of workers.  ...  Disclosure statement No potential conflict of interest was reported by the authors. Notes  ... 
doi:10.1080/00140139.2015.1009175 pmid:25909756 pmcid:PMC4566878 fatcat:cueqf2ktbrdphbvegednvy2c7m

Resilience Engineering for Sociotechnical Safety Management [chapter]

Riccardo Patriarca
2021 Multisystemic Resilience  
Modern societies call for a reconsideration of risk and safety, in light of the increasing complexity of human-made systems.  ...  Rooted in human factors, ergonomics, cognitive engineering, systems thinking and complexity theory, the discipline of resilience engineering proposes innovative approaches for safety challenges imposed  ...  The discipline of resilience engineering is introduced for risk and safety management of complex sociotechnical systems. 3.  ... 
doi:10.1093/oso/9780190095888.003.0025 fatcat:ch6gwlpzg5aqdabad7kgwu2yuq

An analysis methodology for impact of new technology in complex sociotechnical systems

R. Oosthuizen, L. Pretorius
2013 2013 International Conference on Adaptive Science and Technology  
A rigorous and valid experimentation approach is required to analyze system behaviors in support of Systems Engineering efforts, which is difficult with complex Sociotechnical Systems.  ...  This necessitates the application of a Sociotechnical System framework to analyze the possible impact of a new technology .  ...  The cognitive and social aspects of humans have to be considered within a complex sociotechnical design approach.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icastech.2013.6707508 fatcat:irg2j3r2sbcuhebenkz4ocvynu

Energy and Complexity

Zofia Lukszo, Ettore Bompard, Paul Hines, Liz Varga
2018 Complexity  
Sustainable energy systems are complex sociotechnical systems with a social network of many players that "together" develop, operate, and maintain the technical infrastructure.  ...  No single player controls the system, but their actions are coordinated through a range of institutions-informal and Hindawi Complexity Volume 2018, Article ID 6937505, 2 pages https://doi.  ...  aspects of the players' strategies.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2018/6937505 fatcat:yuyh52lr2veffjqj3vcyzov7ea

Modelling Methodology for Engineering of Complex Sociotechnical Systems

Rudolph Oosthuizen, Leon Pretorius
2014 INCOSE International Symposium  
A modelling and assessment methodology in support of the Systems Engineering process is required to understand the sociotechnical system's behaviour and underlying structure.  ...  In a complex sociotechnical system cognitive and social humans use information technology to make sense of a situation in support of decisions.  ...  Introduction Development of complex Sociotechnical Systems (STS) often consist of integrating new technology into existing systems through application of Systems Engineering (SE) processes.  ... 
doi:10.1002/j.2334-5837.2014.00021.x fatcat:gplnitjzfzee5ev4nttzvdkspi

Engineering Education as the Development of Critical Sociotechnical Literacy

Veronica Cassone McGowan, Philip Bell
2020 Science & Education  
we ask the question, "How can we design learning environments to help students critically understand the intrinsic and systemic sociotechnical relationships between people, communities, and the built  ...  In this paper, we leverage the diverse histories, epistemologies, and ways of knowing in engineering to outline the possibilities for learners to critically engage with engineering in K-12 settings and  ...  Compliance with Ethical Standards Conflict of Interest The authors, Veronica Cassone McGowan and Philip Bell, certify that they have no affiliations with or involvement in any organization or entity with  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11191-020-00151-5 pmid:32836879 pmcid:PMC7410977 fatcat:nlt3uqo5rjezdnfmmlbdnqht44
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