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Socioeconomic Disparities Affect Prefrontal Function in Children

Mark M. Kishiyama, W. Thomas Boyce, Amy M. Jimenez, Lee M. Perry, Robert T. Knight
2009 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Targeting specific prefrontal processes affected by socioeconomic disparity could be helpful in developing intervention programs for LSES children. &  ...  Here, we provide electrophysiological evidence indicating that prefrontal function is altered in LSES children.  ...  Novelty N2 responses were significantly Although these findings indicate that socioeconomic disparities affect prefrontal function in children, behavioral tests have a number of limitations.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn.2009.21101 pmid:18752394 fatcat:swiwlgt26veo5gc3hnvooqi5me

Page 1106 of Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience Vol. 21, Issue 6 [page]

2009 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Socioeconomic Disparities Affect Prefrontal Function in Children Mark M. Kishiyama‘, W. Thomas Boyce’, Amy M. Jimenez’, Lee M. Perry*, and Robert T.  ...  Although these findings indicate that socioeconomic disparities affect prefrontal function in children, behav- ioral tests have a number of limitations.  ... 

Mind, Brain, and Education in Socioeconomic Context [chapter]

Martha J. Farah
2010 The Developmental Relations among Mind, Brain and Education  
SES disparities in executive functions associated with prefrontal cortex have also been noted.  ...  AQ2 As with the younger children, sizeable and significant SES disparities were observed for language and executive function.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-90-481-3666-7_11 fatcat:h72gh5bhfng45kciidkjblxh6m

Brain Imaging and Electrophysiology Biomarkers: Is There a Role in Poverty and Education Outcome Research?

Alexandra E. Pavlakis, Kimberly Noble, Steven G. Pavlakis, Noorjahan Ali, Yitzchak Frank
2015 Pediatric Neurology  
Children from lower socioeconomic groups are at increased risk for delays in cognitive development that are important for school success.  ...  RESULTS: Differences in lower socioeconomic groups were found in functional magnetic resonance imaging, diffusion tensor imaging, and volumetric magnetic resonance imaging as well as electroencephalography  ...  Discussion Socioeconomic disparities in brain structure and function are complex but, in part, may stem from stress associated with poverty.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2014.11.005 pmid:25682481 fatcat:6ezcwbyb5bdcbnjoxcnlp7yw7i

Poverty, privilege, and brain development: empirical findings and ethical implications [chapter]

Martha J. Farah, Kimberly G. Noble, Hallam Hurt
2004 Neuroethics  
The profile of SES disparities, with greatest disparity in systems needed for language, memory, working memory and cognitive control, would be expected to affect children's life trajectories.  ...  Children growing up in low SES environments perform less well on tests that tax the functioning of these specific systems.  ...  The profile of SES disparities, with greatest disparity in systems needed for language, memory, working memory and cognitive control, would be expected to affect children's life trajectories.  ... 
doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198567219.003.0019 fatcat:fafuok5quja4dnmxh75vhp5t2q

The Effect of Socioeconomic Disparities on Prefrontal Activation in Initiating Joint Attention: A Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy Evidence From Two Socioeconomic Status Groups

Keya Ding, Chuanjiang Li, Yanwei Li, Hongan Wang, Dongchuan Yu
2021 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
However, it is unclear whether there is an SES-dependent disparity in the functional brain development of the prefrontal cortex.  ...  Low socioeconomic status (SES) may generally have a long-lasting negative effect on cognitive development, and show deficits in the development of executive functions.  ...  This finding is consistent with previous results that: (i) Low SES contributed to reduced prefrontal activation and affects the functional development of the prefrontal regions (Moriguchi and Shinohara  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2021.741872 pmid:34955785 pmcid:PMC8702952 fatcat:qirjszx5czgrjetka6cpea4ite

Socioeconomic disparity in prefrontal development during early childhood

Yusuke Moriguchi, Ikuko Shinohara
2019 Scientific Reports  
However, it is unclear if there is a SES-dependent disparity in functional brain development.  ...  These results suggest that SES can affect the functional development of the prefrontal regions. In this study, we discuss the practical implications of the results.  ...  However, it was unclear whether and how poverty affects functional development of the prefrontal cortex in young children.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-019-39255-6 pmid:30796284 pmcid:PMC6385208 fatcat:hohebam3ljdaxfpmj5lwllj3ii

A Competing Neurobehavioral Decision Systems model of SES-related health and behavioral disparities

W.K. Bickel, L. Moody, A.J. Quisenberry, C.T. Ramey, C.E. Sheffer
2014 Preventive Medicine  
, 2012) , and are prominent in models of socioeconomic health disparities .  ...  Conceptual models posit that executive function is embodied in the prefrontal cortices.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.06.032 pmid:25008219 pmcid:PMC4253853 fatcat:c37wfk4zw5dkjfjsveha3lr7su

Childhood poverty: Specific associations with neurocognitive development

Martha J. Farah, David M. Shera, Jessica H. Savage, Laura Betancourt, Joan M. Giannetta, Nancy L. Brodsky, Elsa K. Malmud, Hallam Hurt
2006 Brain Research  
Pronounced differences were found in Left perisylvian/Language and Medial temporal/Memory systems, along with significant differences in Lateral/Prefrontal/Working memory and Anterior cingulate/Cognitive  ...  Higher SES was associated with better performance on the tasks, as expected, but the SES disparity was significantly nonuniform across neurocognitive systems.  ...  We thank the participating children and families for their time and effort.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2006.06.072 pmid:16879809 fatcat:exufirdwfbcfjj4ow44hm6b5ta

The Neuroscience of Socioeconomic Status: Correlates, Causes, and Consequences

Martha J. Farah
2017 Neuron  
Neuroscience research on socioeconomic status (SES) has begun to characterize aspects of brain structure and function that vary with SES.  ...  Abstract Neuroscience research on socioeconomic status (SES) has begun to characterize aspects of brain structure and function that vary with SES.  ...  It can therefore be viewed as a potential causal waystation whereby the socioeconomic environment leads to socioeconomic disparities in life course.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuron.2017.08.034 pmid:28957676 fatcat:fouy3pni4zhljensy7l2xpjbcu

Community and household-level socioeconomic disadvantage and functional organization of the salience and emotion network in children and adolescents

Klara Gellci, Hilary A. Marusak, Craig Peters, Farrah Elrahal, Allesandra S. Iadipaolo, Christine A. Rabinak
2019 NeuroImage  
Socioeconomic disadvantage (SED) during childhood has been linked to disparities in physical and mental health.  ...  The present study tests for associations between household- and community-level SED, as well as their interaction, and measures of SEN-based functional neural organization in 57 children and adolescents  ...  Thanks also to the children and families who generously shared their time to participate in this study.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.09.077 pmid:30287301 pmcid:PMC6230495 fatcat:kmtgqqhodvgq7nxyyxdtrpiswm

Brain Connectivity and Socioeconomic Status at Birth and Externalizing Symptoms at Age 2 Years

Bruce Ramphal, Diana J. Whalen, Jeanette K. Kenley, Qiongru Yu, Christopher D. Smyser, Cynthia E. Rogers, Chad M. Sylvester
2020 Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience  
Seed-based voxelwise linear regression related SES to whole-brain functional connectivity of five brain regions representing functional networks implicated in psychiatric illnesses and affected by socioeconomic  ...  We sought to investigate whether SES at birth is associated with neonatal brain connectivity and if these differences account for socioeconomic disparities in infant symptoms at age 2 years that are predictive  ...  in newborns of mothers with histories of affective symptoms.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.dcn.2020.100811 pmid:32823180 pmcid:PMC7451824 fatcat:dywgahhvaza4laipzce3eqmfzm

Socioeconomic status and the brain: mechanistic insights from human and animal research

Daniel A. Hackman, Martha J. Farah, Michael J. Meaney
2010 Nature Reviews Neuroscience  
function.  ...  to alleviate SES-related disparities in mental health and academic achievement.  ...  We first describe studies in humans that show that SES influences cognitive and affective function in children, adolescents and young adults.  ... 
doi:10.1038/nrn2897 pmid:20725096 pmcid:PMC2950073 fatcat:s25nhpctuvbm3gxpnwvpopjeiy

Associations between children's socioeconomic status and prefrontal cortical thickness

Gwendolyn M. Lawson, Jeffrey T. Duda, Brian B. Avants, Jue Wu, Martha J. Farah
2013 Developmental Science  
Childhood socioeconomic status (SES) predicts executive function performance and measures of prefrontal cortical function, but little is known about its anatomical correlates.  ...  These results suggest that brain structure in frontal regions may provide a meaningful link between SES and cognitive function among healthy, typically developing children.  ...  Third, and most directly relevant, many studies have found SES differences in executive function and in prefrontal activity.  ... 
doi:10.1111/desc.12096 pmid:24033570 pmcid:PMC3775298 fatcat:d22e4sp2fzgjvg2lbh5fkhayhy

Family Socioeconomic Status and Child Executive Functions: The Roles of Language, Home Environment, and Single Parenthood

Khaled Sarsour, Margaret Sheridan, Douglas Jutte, Amani Nuru-Jeter, Stephen Hinshaw, W. Thomas Boyce
2010 Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society  
The impact of these disparities as they unfold in the lives of typically developing children merits further investigation and understanding. (JINS, 2011, 17, 120-132)  ...  This study demonstrates that family SES inequalities are associated with inequalities in home environments and with inequalities in child executive functions.  ...  Studies that seek to understand how low SES affects the developing prefrontal cortex should consider using new technologies such as functional MRI.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1355617710001335 pmid:21073770 fatcat:vcgtmrpgcvgvfd7jsn3pe3y7wq
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