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Socio-Material Archaeological Networks at Çatalhöyük a Community Detection Approach

Camilla Mazzucato
2019 Frontiers in Digital Humanities  
Drawing upon a wide range of data and using socio-material network analysis as a methodological tool, this paper explores the way the late Neolithic site of Çatalhöyük was organized internally and specifically  ...  This study sheds light on the nature of the networks of social engagement and affiliation that emerge in the Holocene within large early agricultural communities and the way such networks were manifested  ...  TYING THE KNOT: SOCIO-MATERIAL SIMILARITY NETWORKS AT ÇATALHÖYÜK Socio-material archaeological network methods fall within the discipline of Network Science (Brandes et al., 2013) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fdigh.2019.00008 fatcat:fad3ncrcovbcthvyrtetkaeyy4

Social and biophysical vulnerability of prehistoric societies to Rapid Climate Change

Lee Clare, Bernhard Weninger
2011 Documenta Praehistorica  
combining palaeoclimate data with archaeological culture.  ...  Using this approach, our focus shifts from climate proxies to prehistoric cultures themselves.  ...  On the other hand, socio-economic adaptations to long-term (prolonged) natural hazard events will probably prove especially difficult to detect in the cultural (archaeological) record.  ... 
doi:10.4312/dp.37.24 fatcat:qutghhtlrbgdlivncsfgusd224

An Integrated Zooarchaeological and Micromorphological Perspective on Midden Taphonomy at Late Neolithic Çatalhöyük

Kamilla Pawłowska, Lisa-Marie Shillito
2022 Open Archaeology  
The disposal of cultural material at Çatalhöyük, Turkey (7100–5950 cal BCE) has created substantial midden deposits between buildings and within abandoned houses.  ...  These consist of a variety of materials, including environmental remains such as eggshell, mollusks, seeds, phytoliths, charcoal, fecal material, along with artefacts including pottery, figurines, beads  ...  Special thanks go to the Neolithic expert Lech Czerniak for his research approach and sharing of Neolithic knowledge.  ... 
doi:10.1515/opar-2020-0215 fatcat:zrb53euj5vgm3e4imetcnf46ae

On the Emerging Supremacy of Structured Digital Data in Archaeology: A Preliminary Assessment of Information, Knowledge and Wisdom Left Behind

Piraye Hacıgüzeller, James Stuart Taylor, Sara Perry
2021 Open Archaeology  
We ground our argument in a case study of a range of texts produced by practitioners working on the Çatalhöyük Research Project.  ...  Ultimately, we argue that the push to create more and more structured and structurable data needs to be tempered by a more inclusive digital practice in archaeology that protects difference, incommensurability  ...  PH authored Section 2: Structured Digital Data (and Texts as Unstructured Data) in Archaeology and Section 3: Mapping Çatalhöyük Texts to CRM with major contributions from JST and minor contributions from  ... 
doi:10.1515/opar-2020-0220 fatcat:ifjxgysjtjc7peetbbzu2fl2da

Ghost Children: Delayed Personhood and Culture-specific Models of Infancy in Western Anatolia

Sabina Cveček, Christoph Schwall
2022 Praehistorische Zeitschrift  
Evidence of infant burials within and around houses in several prehistoric periods and sites is analysed through a child-centred approach to mortuary remains, which does not equate adults with subadults  ...  We argue for constructing culture-specific models of infancy based on the archaeological evidence in Anatolia and beyond.  ...  Horejs for using data from Çukuriçi and enabling OA by the 'Prehistoric Phenomena' research group at the Dpt. of Prehistory & WANA Archaeology.  ... 
doi:10.1515/pz-2022-2044 fatcat:gkca6dg7obcp3orlmkdia7p2em

A landscape-oriented approach to urbanisation and early state formation on the Konya and Karaman plains, Turkey

Michele Massa, Christoph Bachhuber, Fatma Şahin, Hüseyin Erpehlivan, James Osborne, Anthony J. Lauricella
2020 Anatolian Studies  
A nested and integrative approach is developed that draws on a wide range of spatially extensive datasets to outline meaningful trends in settlement, water management and regional defensive systems during  ...  AbstractThis paper synthesises the data and results of the Konya Regional Archaeological Survey Project (2016–2020) in order to address the earliest evidence for cities and states on the Konya and Karaman  ...  At all the best-documented sites in the northern section of the plateau (including Hattuša, Gordion and Kaman Kalehöyük) there seems to have been a total change in material culture, architecture and socio-economic  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0066154620000034 fatcat:h3elmls2jzdi3hmfc5xy64zg3y

Editorial: Where Do Cities Come From and Where Are They Going To? Modelling Past and Present Agglomerations to Understand Urban Ways of Life

Francesca Fulminante
2021 Frontiers in Digital Humanities  
To these now the Dutch Universities OIKOS network can also be added, and if this was not enough the Guardian has recently launched a series "Guardian Cities" in the UK media.  ...  when can we say that a nucleated settlement has become a city? Why sometime a city prevails over others and why eventually it declines?"  ...  By using a wide range of data and by applying sociomaterial network analysis (community detection techniques) Mazzucato, in the Neolithic site of Catalhöyük, in Turkey, analyses households as nodes and  ... 
doi:10.3389/fdigh.2020.633838 fatcat:trh5omka7rggro5pnqb6gfaotq

CULTURAL RESILIENCE THEORY AS AN INSTRUMENT OF MODELING HUMAN RESPONSE TO GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE. A CASE STUDY IN THE NORTH-WESTERN BLACK SEA REGION ON THE PLEISTOCENE-HOLOCENE BOUNDARY

Olena Smyntyna
2016 Riparia  
The purpose of this current contribution is to demonstrate the cultural resilience concept as a  ...  PRUFER, "Resilience and redundance: Resource networks and the Neolithic chert economy at Çatalhöyük, Turkey", European Journal of Archaeology 18 (3), 2015, 402-428. 18 W.B.F. RYAN, W.C.  ...  In relation to the Stone Age, in particular, this concept has only just been adopted (see for example, recent reconstruction of the Chert network based on complex multidisciplinary excavations at Çatalhöyük  ... 
doi:10.25267/riparia.2016.v2.01 fatcat:tjtgcivaqzgebeyl7cbj5ceoza

Towards a Socio-Economic Model for Southwest Asian Cereal Domestication

Alexander Weide
2021 Agronomy  
In this sense, selection rates and the slow domestication process can be understood as a function of limited food sharing networks and increased labour-inputs into early arable environments—socio-economic  ...  I argue that these factors only partially explain the observed patterns and develop a model that contextualises the archaeobotanical data in their socio-economic settings.  ...  Socio-Economic Despite limitations in detecting food storage in archaeological contexts [49, 60] , the available evidence for PPNA food storage supports the general view that subsistence practices, including  ... 
doi:10.3390/agronomy11122432 fatcat:t2hngjavafdm5esixodg267hyq

Interactions between climate change and human activities during the early to mid-Holocene in the eastern Mediterranean basins

Jean-Francois Berger, Laurent Lespez, Catherine Kuzucuoğlu, Arthur Glais, Fuad Hourani, Adrien Barra, Jean Guilaine
2016 Climate of the Past  
In this context, we question the socio-economic and geographical adaptation capacities of these societies (mobility, technology, economic practices, social organisation) during the "early Holocene" interval  ...  approach, end up proposing new socio-environmental schemes on the local scale.  ...  As proposed by Flohr et al. (2016) , a more critical approach is now clearly needed to better characterise socio-environmental relations with climate and environmental changes during RCC, an approach  ... 
doi:10.5194/cp-12-1847-2016 fatcat:ezxcytouxjgv3aoqi5qk7wc4dm

2 Theory and Practice for Trypillia Megasites [chapter]

2020 Early Urbanism in Europe  
Using Ben Anderson's concept of 'imagined communities', we try to imagine the possibility of creating a megasite for the first time, leading to the development of a theoretical framework for such a creation  ...  We pinpoint a tipping point in our understanding of megasites, leading to a definitive break from the Maximalist position of very large, permanent, all-year-round occupations to alternative, shorterterm  ...  notion supported by the overall material integrity of the Cucuteni-Trypillia network over a vast area.  ... 
doi:10.1515/9783110664959-006 fatcat:77rsnxflj5fj3gxnd26rh4qktu

Networks as Proxies: a relational approach towards economic complexity in the Roman period [article]

Johannes Preiser-Kapeller
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Network analysis provides tools to visualise and analyse the inherent complexity of various types of data and their combination (archaeological, geographical, textual) or even of a single piece of evidence  ...  Equally, the relational approach invites to a structural and quantitative comparison between periods, regions and the economic systems of polities and empires.  ...  Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 20 (2012) 623-662; P. Östborn -H. Gerding, Network analysis of archaeological data: a systematic approach.  ... 
arXiv:1703.02865v1 fatcat:mdzztqp7m5h6zg4h6fopgexibi

Chemical Alteration [chapter]

Panagiotis Karkanas
2016 Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series  
Materials science approaches also play a significant role in this phase and include "cautionary tales" about archaeological ceramic research (Bronitsky, 1986; Kolb, 1997) .  ...  People would approach the structure, communicate with her through a lattice window, leave an offering, and proceed to the back to hear the result through another lattice window.  ...  Therefore, the concentration of TCN in rock or sediment is a good indication that it spent time close to or at the surface.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-4409-0_126 fatcat:qq6orxblr5dgpg5kmrle4mdnai

Cactus Hill, Virginia [chapter]

Daniel P. Wagner
2016 Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series  
Materials science approaches also play a significant role in this phase and include "cautionary tales" about archaeological ceramic research (Bronitsky, 1986; Kolb, 1997) .  ...  People would approach the structure, communicate with her through a lattice window, leave an offering, and proceed to the back to hear the result through another lattice window.  ...  Therefore, the concentration of TCN in rock or sediment is a good indication that it spent time close to or at the surface.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-4409-0_72 fatcat:mmreg5ayyzfv3l5noi73473xhy

Early Balkan Metallurgy: Origins, Evolution and Society, 6200–3700 BC

Miljana Radivojević, Benjamin W. Roberts
2021 Journal of World Prehistory  
The paper draws upon a wide range of existing archaeometallurgical and archaeological data, the diversity and depth of which make the Balkans one of the most intensively investigated of all early metallurgical  ...  We argue that metal production in the Balkans throughout this period reflects changes in the organisation of communities and their patterns of cooperation, rather than being the fundamental basis for the  ...  metals to the emerging socio-economic networks and community relationships across the eastern and central Balkans.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10963-021-09155-7 fatcat:6trle2td4fd6hjy2s6p6qrnllm
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