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Social Chemistry 101: Learning to Reason about Social and Moral Norms [article]

Maxwell Forbes, Jena D. Hwang, Vered Shwartz, Maarten Sap, Yejin Choi
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Our model framework, Neural Norm Transformer, learns and generalizes Social-Chem-101 to successfully reason about previously unseen situations, generating relevant (and potentially novel) attribute-aware  ...  We present Social Chemistry, a new conceptual formalism to study people's everyday social norms and moral judgments over a rich spectrum of real life situations described in natural language.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank Nicholas Lourie, Rowan Zellers, Chandra Bhagavatula, and Liwei Jiang.  ... 
arXiv:2011.00620v3 fatcat:opvifg5m3baelpt5yi44bomud4

Social Chemistry 101: Learning to Reason about Social and Moral Norms

Maxwell Forbes, Jena D. Hwang, Vered Shwartz, Maarten Sap, Yejin Choi
2020 Proceedings of the 2020 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP)   unpublished
Our model framework, NEURAL NORM TRANSFORMER, learns and generalizes SOCIAL-CHEM-101 to successfully reason about previously unseen situations, generating relevant (and potentially novel) attribute-aware  ...  We present SOCIAL CHEMISTRY, a new conceptual formalism to study people's everyday social norms and moral judgments over a rich spectrum of real life situations described in natural language.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank Nicholas Lourie, Rowan Zellers, and Chandra Bhagavatula.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/2020.emnlp-main.48 fatcat:mdymwrdbsjdv7fupdlkqvfhkqe

Journal of Applied Communications, 2017, vol. 101, no. 2 Full Issue

Jason D. Ellis
2017 Journal of Applied Communications  
If applicable, briefly list the purpose, methodology, population, major results, and conclusions. Begin the manuscript text as page 1. Use appropriate subheads to break up the body of the text.  ...  List footnotes and literature citations on  ...  Social cognitive theory concentrates on individuals who socially interact with others to learn "knowledge, skills, strategies, beliefs, rules, and attitudes" (Schunk, 2012, p. 101) .  ... 
doi:10.4148/1051-0834.1008 fatcat:tinwicotfvb73aai3udcdpp2ua

Moral intuition: Its neural substrates and normative significance

James Woodward, John Allman
2007 Journal of Physiology - Paris  
Philosophers use the phrase "moral intuition" to describe the appearance in consciousness of moral judgments or assessments without any awareness of having gone through a conscious reasoning process that  ...  We propose that moral intuitions are part of a larger set of social intuitions that guide us through complex, highly uncertain and rapidly changing social interactions.  ...  Acknowledgements: We thank Ralph Adolphs and Steve Quartz for their insightful comments on earlier drafts of this paper, and Corinna Zygourakis and Ralph Adolphs for providing the data from the developmental  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jphysparis.2007.12.003 pmid:18280713 fatcat:giprc3u6cbc6lbjpn3cvwt62o4

Goals for "Astro 101:" Report on Workshops for Department Leaders

Bruce Partridge, George Greenstein
2003 Astronomy Education Review  
Here we report on a set of goals for such courses formulated by the participants, and list some strategies to help accomplish them.  ...  The Executive Summary (section 1) provides a brief description of the workshops and a list of goals for "Astro 101" endorsed by all participants at the meetings.  ...  In my talk (see Note 1), I focus on the model of thinking and learning and on currently available research-based innovative instructional methods.  ... 
doi:10.3847/aer2003016 fatcat:v3bhnv7zkzeh3hzpkmlbf3mcku

Por qué las ciencias sociales son naturales, y por qué no pueden

Jesús Zamora-Bonilla
2012 EMPIRIA: Revista de Metodología de Ciencias Sociales  
ABSTRACT It is argued that there are no fundamental ontological nor epistemological differences between the natural and the social sciences, though the social realm is so complex and unstable that it makes  ...  As a suggestion of how social sciences might be 'naturalised', an abstract model of normative based behaviour is also presented, such that it is coherent with empirical discoveries in cognitive sciences  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Financial support from Spanish Government's research projects FFI2008-03607/FISO, FFI2008-01580/FISO and FFI2011-23267 is acknowledged.  ... 
doi:10.5944/empiria.23.2012.831 fatcat:52muzxof55f43bydq73dubu5ay

Philosophy for Children and Social Inquiry: An Example of Education for Democratic Citizenship through Political Philosophy

Mehmet Ali DOMBAYCI
2014 Cumhuriyet International Journal of Education  
The nature of social inquiry and P4C will serve as a catalyser in establishing the relationship between political philosophy and education for democratic citizenship.  ...  Active citizenship and political participation, concepts that are also important to thinkers like Dewey, Freire, and Crick, aim to develop the autonomous side of the individual which is usually overlooked  ...  Learning "about" mostly relates to conceptual problems, while learning "through" is linked with normative problems, and learning "for" deals with empirical problems.  ... 
doi:10.30703/cije.321343 fatcat:xkw2av5vr5etbmhink2xkl72wi

Science education reform in Confucian learning cultures: teachers' perspectives on policy and practice in Taiwan

Ying-Syuan Huang, Anila Asghar
2016 Cultural Studies of Science Education  
Multiple sources of qualitative data were obtained, including individual interviews with science teachers and teachers' reflective journals about Confucianism in relation to their educational philosophies  ...  Indeed, science teachers' perspectives on Confucian learning traditions played a key role in supporting or obstructing their pedagogical commitments to inquiry-based and learner-centered approaches.  ...  reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11422-016-9762-4 fatcat:r64lvbfmw5grrnfylhgqjicexy

Making Science, Making Scientists, Making Science Fiction: On the Co-Creation of Science and Science Fiction in the Social Imaginary

Brad Tabas
2019 Socio  
the meaning of scientific truth with relationship to questions of moral goodness and the social good.  ...  ethical or other reasonsto be accepted into science.  ... 
doi:10.4000/socio.7735 fatcat:oqf63rj4znhazj6c5er3zfjumm

Knowledge Management and the Strategies of Global Business Education: From Knowledge to Wisdom [chapter]

Milan Zeleny
2007 The Socio-Economic Transformation  
In this chapter we emphasize the role of knowledge and social infrastructure in the development of nations.  ...  Then we discuss some World Bank studies implying that prosperity of nations is closely correlated with reliance on human and social capital.  ...  Education in business must involve history, moral reasoning, theology, logic and most importantly: practical knowledge, wisdom and ethics.  ... 
doi:10.1057/9780230379039_7 fatcat:sn5c3ouvczgjlaugv5fmuop32e

Teaching Justice and Living Peace: Body, Sexuality, and Religious Education in Asian-American Communities1

Boyung Lee
2006 Religious Education  
Confucians believe that social solidarity and universal harmony begin from performing routine functions, such as learning to stand, sit, walk, and eat according to socially approved and accepted rites  ...  Confucians try to achieve harmony through a community of educated moral men called gentlemen.  ... 
doi:10.1080/00344080600788514 fatcat:sdzjdsujijf5xds6qr25r5yuya

INJECTING DRUG USE

2006 Addiction  
We would like to express our thanks to Jane Fountain (NAC) and to Richard Hartnoll and Julian Vicente (EMCDDA) for their help and input throughout the project, and to Deborah Olszewski and Lucas Wiessing  ...  Acknowledgements This publication is the result of a review undertaken by the EMCDDA working group on injecting drug use and risk behaviour as part of a wider EMCDDA-funded project to gather and synthesise  ...  rational or moral sense to 'outsiders'.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2006.01415.x fatcat:wg5uw5ukcjfqhfeiebwus2yure

Interview with Professor Chaitanya Mishra

Madhusudan Subedi, Man Bahadur Khattri
2021 Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology  
He is an author/co-author, and co-editor of 10 books and about 250 articles.  ...  Professor Chaitanya Mishra teaches Sociology to MPhil/PhD students at Tribhuvan University (TU), Nepal. His research focuses on macrosociology, politics, social change, and social stratification.  ...  I had also made up my mind that I was in the US and at the University of Florida not to study "just" Sociology but to learn as much as I could about the US and about the world as a whole.  ... 
doi:10.3126/dsaj.v15i01.41931 fatcat:cjwx4d5om5dzjnldpgzd2totqa

The Moral Integrity Corpus: A Benchmark for Ethical Dialogue Systems [article]

Caleb Ziems, Jane A. Yu, Yi-Chia Wang, Alon Halevy, Diyi Yang
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We further organize RoTs with a set of 9 moral and social attributes and benchmark performance for attribute classification.  ...  Moral deviations are difficult to mitigate because moral judgments are not universal, and there may be multiple competing judgments that apply to a situation simultaneously.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for providing insightful feedback. CZ is supported by the NSF Graduate Research Fellowship under Grant No. DGE-2039655.  ... 
arXiv:2204.03021v1 fatcat:fjsw5vsgufcvzc7eoccugedsyq

Bernard Mandeville and the doctrine of laissez-faire

Renee Prendergast
2016 Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics  
Even if references to the skilful politician are regarded as shorthand for a legal and institutional framework, there remains the question of whether such a framework is a spontaneous order or the product  ...  Mandeville warned about the harmful effects of meddling but his complaint was about the actions of fashionable do-gooders rather than government.  ...  to end the arguments about Mandeville and laissez-faire but to move them to a different level.  ... 
doi:10.23941/ejpe.v9i1.216 fatcat:gq6vgjiudreilddyeuci4s7tgq
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