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Social Aggravation Estimation to Seismic Hazard Using Classical Fuzzy Methods [chapter]

J. Rubén G. Cárdenas, Àngela Nebot, Francisco Mugica, Martha-Liliana Carreño, Alex H. Barbat
2015 Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing  
We performed a social aggravation estimation over Barcelona, Spain and Bogota, Colombia considering a particular hazard in the form of seismic activity.  ...  The Aggravation coefficient was achieved through a Mamdami fuzzy approach, supported by well established fuzzy theory, which is characterized by a high expressive power and an intuitive human-like manner  ...  Conceptualization of Fuzzy Classical Model to estimate Aggravation Coefficient.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-26470-7_14 fatcat:4k7fcs4vanf23bdx45v6znd7t4

Evaluation of social context integrated into the study of seismic risk for urban areas

Nayive Jaramillo, Martha Liliana Carreño, Nieves Lantada
2016 International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction  
using fuzzy sets and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP).  ...  capacity for response and recovery; is useful in order to have seismic risk evaluation suitable to support a decision making processes for risk reduction.  ...  An alternative method base on the fuzzy sets theory was proposed to be used in cases where information on physical risk, social fragility or lack and resilience are not available, but local expert opinion  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.05.002 fatcat:oaka6xyv6rbd7o5c4pyd4cx3ay

Urban Seismic Risk Evaluation: A Holistic Approach

Martha-Liliana Carreño, Omar D. Cardona, Alex H. Barbat
2006 Natural Hazards  
Finally, the proposed method is applied in its single hazard form to the holistic seismic risk evaluation for the cities of Bogota (Colombia) and Barcelona (Spain).  ...  The proposed general method of urban risk evaluation is multi hazard and holistic, that is, an integrated and comprehensive approach to guide decision-making.  ...  America and the Caribbean (ATN/JF-7907-RG Operation) and to the Ministry of Education and Science of Spain, project ''Development and application of advanced procedures for the evaluation of the seismic  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11069-006-0008-8 fatcat:ukkogvnfafdlvcnahb4hjeaoze

Buildings, Causalities, and Injuries Innovative Fuzzy Damage Model during Earthquakes

Mohammad Reza Amiri Shahmirani, Abbas Akbarpour Nikghalb Rashti, Mohammad Reza Adib Ramezani, Emadaldin Mohammadi Golafshani, S. Mahdi S. Kolbadi
2022 Shock and Vibration  
In this study, the degree of damage to the structure is first determined and the potential damage is then predicted using field data and fuzzy logic (FL).  ...  One of the human concerns has always been to estimate the damage caused before the earthquake and predict the extent of injuries and causalities.  ...  To achieve this goal, either classical models and numerical methods with various hypotheses should be used with considerable time and cost, or qualitative methods based on field studies and fuzzy logic  ... 
doi:10.1155/2022/4746587 fatcat:x6g5x6fu4zfopakh25r4viu3si

Spatial Modelling of Urban Physical Vulnerability to Explosion Hazards Using GIS and Fuzzy MCDA

Yasser Ghajari, Ali Alesheikh, Mahdi Modiri, Reza Hosnavi, Morteza Abbasi
2017 Sustainability  
The loss due to a blast event was computed using a methodology similar to that used for seismic loss estimation.  ...  By combining GIS index modelling and risk assessment methods, Armenakis and Nirupama [43] developed a spatial risk assessment method to estimate the spatial risks of hazards caused by a propane explosion  ...  We would also like to thank all experts and interview respondents who generously provided us with the information necessary for conducting this study.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su9071274 fatcat:c5wk76x42rexplngepys4ex6cm

Major natural hazards in a tropical volcanic island: A review for Mayotte Island, Comoros archipelago, Indian Ocean

Jean-Christophe Audru, Adnand Bitri, Jean-François Desprats, Pascal Dominique, Guillaume Eucher, Said Hachim, Olivier Jossot, Christian Mathon, Jean-Louis Nédellec, Philippe Sabourault, Olivier Sedan, Philippe Stollsteiner (+1 others)
2010 Engineering Geology  
These atlases also included prevention guidelines to minimize risks associated with land-use or urbanization within hazard-prone areas.  ...  This initial hazard mapping represented the first step to achieve specific regulatory Risk Prevention Plans for an efficient land use risk mitigation and reduction policy in Mayotte.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors wish to thank the French Ministry for Industry, the Mayotte General Council and The authors are also grateful to Prof. Dr. Gokceoglu, to Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.enggeo.2010.05.014 fatcat:hdxxbcv4g5fydnvrfnt6eknidi

Review article: The spatial dimension in the assessment of urban socio-economic vulnerability related to geohazards

Diana Contreras, Alondra Chamorro, Sean Wilkinson
2020 Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences  
Traditional methods have been combined with more innovative and complex methods to select and weight spatial indicators and develop indices.  ...  This paper aims to elucidate the state of the art of data sources, spatial variables, indicators, methods, indexes and tools for the spatial assessment of socio-economic vulnerability (SEV) related to  ...  We also would like to thank Sven Fuchs, the anonymous reviewer, and the editor Heidi Kreibich for their contributions to the improvement of this paper; Anne Bliss for her support with the English proofreading  ... 
doi:10.5194/nhess-20-1663-2020 fatcat:5fru7srt6fgo5htvtwsdhsg5mq

ARAMIS heritage, 10 years after the end of the project [chapter]

2017 Risk Analysis and Management - Trends, Challenges and Emerging Issues  
or persons as a result of operation or use of this publication and/or the information contained herein.  ...  Although all care is taken to ensure integrity and the quality of this publication and the information herein, no responsibility is assumed by the publishers nor the author for any damage to the property  ...  MATRIX (New methodologies for multi-hazard and multi-risk assessment methods for Europe), EU funded FP7 project. Merz, B., Thieken, A.H. (2005) .  ... 
doi:10.1201/9781315265339-9 fatcat:rs6apsg5rndttgq7fi5huiukry

Approach for the spatio-temporal diffusion process and path model of disaster system

Ang Li, Min Li
2019 IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering  
The diffusion-oriented disaster system in spatial-temporal networks can be used to excavate the chain relationship between disaster nodes for using the similar space vectors.  ...  Furthermore, to demonstrate the path of disaster spreading using the improved algorithm of the ant colony.  ...  This method can be provided a greater reliability for hazard risk assessment, disaster factor detection, and risk probability estimation [12; 13] .  ... 
doi:10.1088/1757-899x/677/4/042116 fatcat:oulakzgzljg3bayhfqgr2ix6mq

CHPM2030 Deliverable D5.5: Environmental impact assessment framework

János Szanyi, Tamás Medgyes, Balázs Kóbor, Máté Osvald
2019 Zenodo  
By doing so we believe that we granted the future EIA practitioners the flexibility to adjust this approach to their corresponding project.  ...  The ultimate objective of this current document is to provide a comprehensive guideline for the future adopters of the CHPM concept to deliver a well structured and detailed Environmental Impact Assessment  ...  • Assessment of natural seismic hazard potential • Assessment of induced seismicity potential Assessment of natural seismic hazards and induced seismicity potentials need to be conducted by an independent  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.2601584 fatcat:vrle3rkwrbdaddmh2tvlbfahn4

Review On Computer Vision Techniques In Emergency Situations

Laura Lopez-Fuentes, Joost van de Weijer, Manuel González-Hidalgo, Harald Skinnemoen, Andrew D. Bagdanov
2018 Zenodo  
In emergency situations, actions that save lives and limit the impact of hazards are crucial. In order to act, situational awareness is needed to decide what to do.  ...  of hardware needed and the algorithms used.  ...  They use methods and techniques from fuzzy logic and fuzzy sets theory. Thome et al.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1035406 fatcat:spba6ty3mfebjkgsq3t3eoq3ta

Probabilistic Risk Assessment [chapter]

William E. Vesely
2011 System Health Management  
This problem is aggravated by the fact that different HRA methods use different parameters for the assessment and that HRA is currently enforced to provide data and methods for assessment of human reliability  ...  Statistical methods of estimating failure rates of population exposed to simultaneous hazards or risks CASI We consider a model for the risk reserve Z(t) of an insurance company.  ...  MLDs have been used successfully as a hazard analysis tool.  ... 
doi:10.1002/9781119994053.ch15 fatcat:ngp7pbndpvbunpxo4v6sh24iaa

Index establishment and capability evaluation of space–air–ground remote sensing cooperation in geohazard emergency response

Yahong Liu, Jin Zhang
2022 Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences  
Based on the database, we propose the method of using the technique for order preference by similarity to an ideal solution (TOPSIS) and a Bayesian network to evaluate the synergistic observation effectiveness  ...  Geohazard emergency response is a disaster event management act that is multifactorial, time critical, task intensive and socially significant.  ...  We address a special thanks to the editors and reviewers for their constructive comments on earlier versions of the paper. Financial support.  ... 
doi:10.5194/nhess-22-227-2022 fatcat:kkhcza6v5vh6dagnuutzfo2sta

Review on computer vision techniques in emergency situations

Laura Lopez-Fuentes, Joost van de Weijer, Manuel González-Hidalgo, Harald Skinnemoen, Andrew D. Bagdanov
2017 Multimedia tools and applications  
In emergency situations, actions that save lives and limit the impact of hazards are crucial. In order to act, situational awareness is needed to decide what to do.  ...  of hardware needed and the algorithms used.  ...  They use methods and techniques from fuzzy logic and fuzzy sets theory. Thome et al.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11042-017-5276-7 fatcat:c54mauj2ybaedgebvpc44vgl6u

A review of statistically-based landslide susceptibility models

Paola Reichenbach, Mauro Rossi, Bruce D. Malamud, Monika Mihir, Fausto Guzzetti
2018 Earth-Science Reviews  
, including variable types, model fit/prediction performance evaluation method, and strategy used to assess the model uncertainty.  ...  Landslide susceptibility is the likelihood of a landslide occurring in an area depending on local terrain conditions, estimating "where" landslides are likely to occur.  ...  They used this model to prototype a global early warning system for rainfall and seismically triggered landslides.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2018.03.001 fatcat:sor3l5riy5d6niylgfskwe4okq
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