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Smart dust - hardware limits to wireless sensor networks

K.S.J. Pister
23rd International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems, 2003. Proceedings.  
This talk will address some of the practical and physical limits associated with miniaturization of wireless sensor networks.  ...  Combined with the push for low power communication and computation coming from the handheld community, this enables an exciting new field of low-cost, high-performance wireless sensor networks.  ...  Pister is currently on leave from the University to serve as the CEO of Dust, Inc., a Berkeley startup working to commercialize the Smart Dust project.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icdcs.2003.1203445 dblp:conf/icdcs/Pister03 fatcat:5o7uiziamrfrtgmd6j3be5bxsy

SoC Issues for RF Smart Dust

B.W. Cook, S. Lanzisera, K.S.J. Pister
2006 Proceedings of the IEEE  
Wireless sensor nodes, each a self-powered system performing sensing, communication, and computation, form reliable mesh networks coordinating efforts to add intelligence to the environment.  ...  Applications for large scale networks of these nodes are presented in the context of their impact on the hardware design.  ...  Cook et al.: SoC Issues for RF Smart Dust  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2006.873620 fatcat:vw32ch3bf5gtxhpqlrxzdxv3wq

Sensor Network Architecture [chapter]

Jessica Feng, Farinaz Koushanfar, Miodrag Potkonjak
2006 Smart Dust  
Since we want each node to be small in size, low on power consumption, and have limited physical parallelism, the sensor nodes tend to be application specific.  ...  OVERVIEW Emergence of the concept of multihop ad-hoc wireless networks, low power electronics, low power short-range wireless communication radios, and intelligent sensors are considered as the major technological  ...  In some of the applications of the sensor network such as smart buildings, connecting the sensor networks to the WLAN implanted within the area is very suitable.  ... 
doi:10.1201/9781420003062.ch8 fatcat:jtkxt6sea5ad5f7keordj6lb5q

Tracking Real-World Phenomena with Smart Dust [chapter]

Kay Römer
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
So-called "Smart Dust" is envisioned to combine sensing, computing, and wireless communication capabilities in an autonomous, dust-grain-sized device.  ...  Dense networks of Smart Dust should then be able to unobtrusively monitor real-world processes with unprecedented quality and scale.  ...  Smart Dust The envisioned dust-grain size of Smart Dust nodes has a number of important implications with respect to their hardware design.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-24606-0_3 fatcat:azpzd5chqrdvpbrsz4zrxiduqi

Accurate Location Estimation of Smart Dusts Using Machine Learning

Shariq Bashir, Owais Ahmed Malik, Daphne Teck Ching Lai
2022 Computers Materials & Continua  
Traditional wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are not suitable for rough terrains that are difficult or impossible to access by humans.  ...  This raises many challenges including how to estimate the location of events sensed by the smart dusts.  ...  However, due to resource constraints (unavailability of long-range wireless hardware on smart dusts) these localization approaches cannot be directly applied to smart dusts [31] .  ... 
doi:10.32604/cmc.2022.024269 fatcat:ofbhiy76dfeh5gcx5gnxgyodqm

Smart Dust: communicating with a cubic-millimeter computer

B. Warneke, M. Last, B. Liebowitz, K.S.J. Pister
2001 Computer  
Current battery and capacitor technology stores approximately 1 joule per cubic mm The Smart Dust project is probing microfabrication technology's limitations to determine whether an autonomous sensing  ...  , computing, and communication system can be packed into a cubic-millimeter mote to form the basis of integrated, massively distributed sensor networks.  ...  To determine our research baseline and quickly develop hardware for testing networking algorithms, we used commercial off-the-shelf hardware to build a series of wireless sensor nodes.  ... 
doi:10.1109/2.895117 fatcat:5q6rrjc7abcw5en5fi2uqxu4em

The Lighthouse Location System for Smart Dust

Kay Römer
2003 Proceedings of the 1st international conference on Mobile systems, applications and services - MobiSys '03  
Smart Dust sensor networks -consisting of cubic millimeter scale sensor nodes capable of limited computation, sensing, and passive optical communication with a base station -are envisioned to fulfill complex  ...  However, due to the unique characteristics of Smart Dust, traditional localization systems cannot be used.  ...  Acknowledgements Many thanks to Tim Kindberg, Friedemann Mattern, Harald Vogt, and the MobiSys reviewers for valuable comments that helped improve this work.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1066116.1189036 fatcat:n2d4vuxnhzf4han3hw7spkgxgm

Microrockets for Smart Dust

Dana Teasdale, Veljko Milanovic, Paul Chang, Kristofer S J Pister
2001 Smart materials and structures (Print)  
augment the Smart Dust power supply.  ...  Dust.  ...  Each Smart Dust mote is designed with its own suite of MEMS sensors, wireless communications, computing hardware, and a power supply, all within a few cubic millimeters ( Figure 1 ).  ... 
doi:10.1088/0964-1726/10/6/303 fatcat:n2ofsayqrzbq5ha2zdnodrxxke

An ultralow-energy adc for smart dust

M.D. Scott, B.E. Boser, K.S.J. Pister
2003 IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits  
Energy is extremely limited, forcing the nodes to operate with very low duty cycles. This paper describes the design and implementation of an ADC to meet the unique requirements of sensor networks.  ...  A low-energy successive approximation analog-todigital converter (ADC) targeted for use in distributed sensor networks is presented.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank the rest of the Smart Dust research team at the University of California, Berkeley: B. Warneke, B. Leibowitz, C. Bellew, and L. Zhou. B.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jssc.2003.813296 fatcat:swmrjerrqbfxrc6jycbngutn3e

Power-Efficient Topologies for Wireless Sensor Networks [chapter]

Ayad Salhieh, Loren Schwiebert
2006 Smart Dust  
The question we are seeking to answer is what is the best topology for a wireless network of sensors, assuming we can control the placement of these sensors and the sensor locations are fixed relative  ...  In this chapter, we will examine the relationship between power usage and the number of neighbors in a wireless sensor network.  ...  Limited research has been conducted on the effect that topology has on wireless networking [4, 9, 12] .  ... 
doi:10.1201/9781420003062.ch9 fatcat:mloil3bcxvdx3am4rp2qnvuxoy

Cooperative Computing in Sensor Networks [chapter]

Liviu Iftode, Cristian Borcea, Porlin Kang
2006 Smart Dust  
To illustrate this flexibility, we describe the implementation, using Smart Messages, of two previously proposed applications for sensor networks, SPIN and Directed Diffusion.  ...  We envision that during the next decade the advances in technology will make sensor networks more powerful.  ...  We also like to thank Philip Stanley-Marbell, Deepa Iyer, and Akhilesh Saxena for their contributions at various stages of this project.  ... 
doi:10.1201/9781420003062.ch13 fatcat:zo32js7cpvb7bkrwb42l4anjji

Design and Implementation of Smart Dust Sensing System for Baghdad City

2018 Journal of Al-Qadisiyah for Computer Science and Mathematics  
In this research, a system is proposed that used sensor to continuously measure the level of dust in the air of Baghdad city 24 hours /7 days a week.  ...  The atmosphere in the world and especially in Iraq is yearly exposed to many dust storms that cause dust floated, which negatively affects the health of people, animals and agriculture.  ...  In [9] the authors used micro electro-mechanical sensors and wireless network sensor to design and implement a smart dust sensor.  ... 
doi:10.29304/jqcm.2018.10.1.353 fatcat:y5sz5k2ipzcjno4bdvlvhpigzq

Efficient and Robust Protocols for Local Detection and Propagation in Smart Dust Networks

Ioannis Chatzigiannakis, Sotiris Nikoletseas, Paul Spirakis
2005 Journal on spesial topics in mobile networks and applications  
Then we present various smart dust protocols for local detection and propagation that are simple enough to be implemented on real smart dust systems, and perform, under some simplifying assumptions, a  ...  We first provide a simple but realistic model for smart dust and present an interesting problem, which is how to propagate efficiently information on an event detected locally.  ...  and application of wireless sensor networks.  ... 
doi:10.1023/b:mone.0000048551.54039.f0 fatcat:qtlx24qzvjf3dkn22es6kxupdm

A CONTINUOUS-TIME ADC AND DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING SYSTEM FOR SMART DUST AND WIRELESS SENSOR APPLICATIONS

B. Janardhana Rao .
2013 International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology  
In this paper an event-driven (ED) digital signal processing system (DSP), Analog-to-digital converter (ADC) and Digital-to-analog converter (DAC) operating in continuous-time (CT) with smart dust as the  ...  The obtained Signal to noise distortion ratio (SNDR) for the 8-bit ADC system is 55.73 dB, with the band of interest as 220 kHz and Effective number of bits (ENOB) of more than 9 bits.  ...  There has been a new phenomenon emerging out in recent past called "smart dust" also known as "motes" or "wireless sensor networks" or "swarming".  ... 
doi:10.15623/ijret.2013.0206005 fatcat:erw5fdvhjvbcbdu7qy6vjapole

A Continuous-Time ADC and Digital Signal Processing System for Smart Dust and Wireless Sensor Applications

B. Janardhana Rao, CVR College of Engineering/ECE, Hyderabad, India, O. Venkata Krishna, CVR College of Engineering/EIE, Hyderabad, India
2013 CVR Journal of Science & Technology  
In this paper an event-driven (ED) digital signal processing system (DSP), Analog-to-digital converter(ADC) and Digital-to-analog converter(DAC) operating in continuous-time (CT) with smart dust as the  ...  The obtained Signal to noise distortion ratio (SNDR) for the 8-bit ADC system is 55.73 dB, with the band of interest as 220 kHz and Effective number of bits(ENOB) of more than 9 bits.  ...  There has been a new phenomenon emerging out in recent past called "smart dust" also known as "motes" or "wireless sensor networks" or "swarming".  ... 
doi:10.32377/cvrjst0405 fatcat:7zi5jvneejb55pkpoey5y2wwqu
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