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The Place of Skepticism in the 21st Century Gnoseological Debate: Selecting Logical Positivism and Postmodernism

Elias Ifeanyi E. Uzoigwe
2021 World Journal of Education and Humanities  
This study is centered on The Place of Skepticism in the 21st Century Gnoseological Debate: Selecting Logical Positivism and Postmodernism.  ...  Skepticism is an indispensable part of epistemic discourse that cuts across diverse ages of philosophical discipline ranging from the ancient, medieval, modern, and contemporary; and also permeates all  ...  Still threading with the themes: logical positivism and postmodernism, it has to be reiterated without equivocations that the basis upon which contemporary epistemic discourse operates is built on skepticism  ... 
doi:10.22158/wjeh.v4n1p1 fatcat:prfliln5jjaqjfomb5kkl5m2uu

Credulous Nonmonotonic Inference [chapter]

Alexander Bochman
2001 A Logical Theory of Nonmonotonic Inference and Belief Change  
We describe also the relationships between credulous and usual skeptical nonmonotonic inference and show how they can facilitate each other.  ...  We present a formal characterization and semantic representation for a number of credulous inference relations based on the notion of a,n epistemic state.  ...  skeptical and credulous inference relation determined by some epistemic state, then  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-662-04560-2_9 fatcat:xvtqirszijh7zfu2w65g22jpvu

Contextualism and closure

Nicholas D. Smith, Lewis and Clark College
2020 Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Filosofiâ i konfliktologiâ  
The paradox of skepticism is that these three statements are logically incompatible.  ...  working on a computer right now logically implies that I am not being deceived or manipulated in the way that skeptical hypotheses imagine.  ...  Hence, the closure principle must be keyed to the relevant epistemic context: some considerations will be relevant to given epistemic contexts, and closure under known logical entailment will only operate  ... 
doi:10.21638/spbu17.2020.207 fatcat:l65ihlw3wbhw7hzmwv3badw464

Partitioning Properly Pursued

Vincent F. Hendricks
2009 Revue internationale de philosophie  
Epistemic logic is one of the main toolboxes for conducting epistemology, and Hintikka let the way.  ...  of epistemic logic should play an active role in the information acquisition, validation and maintenance processes.  ...  In this sense, epistemic logic with its forcing strategy assumes that the skeptic has been defeated and demonstrates the structural manner in which one is obliged to model knowledge.  ... 
doi:10.3917/rip.250.0355 fatcat:frgfgzbjcfadfedc52ioky6okm

Epistemological Contextualism from a Logical Point of View

Yves Bouchard
2018 Modélisation et utilisation du contexte  
By means of a notion of epistemic context defined on the basis of the notion of context developed by McCarthy and Buvač in artificial intelligence, I show how an indexical interpretation of the knowledge  ...  This paper aims at presenting a logical framework capable of expressing epistemological contextualism.  ...  In order to represent the logical reasoning of the skeptic on the information available in c per and c emp , we first need to export the epistemic facts 1-3 to the logical context, c log : (4)°c log istÔc  ... 
doi:10.21494/iste.op.2018.0242 fatcat:sjuahlgyqbbu7icawoijnszxgu

Where's the Bridge? Epistemology and Epistemic Logic

Vincent F. Hendricks, John Symons
2006 Philosophical Studies  
Modal epistemic axioms and systems may be viewed as measures of infallibility and replies to skepticism.  ...  Epistemic logic permits formal consideration of the kind of strategies that are available to us in responding to skepticism.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11098-005-4060-0 fatcat:xuuwa7as6fgy5orji4gy2r2xqy

Introduction to special issue: Skepticism and Epistemic Angst

J. Adam Carter, Guillaume Dechauffour, Grégoire Lefftz
2021 Synthese  
In this book, Pritchard maintains that the skeptical problem is actually two logically distinct paradoxes in disguise-one formulation of which turns on the 'closure' principle, and another distinct formulation  ...  The special issue's theme, Skepticism and Epistemic Angst, is centered around some of the latest and most provocative recent thinking by internationally renowned epistemologists on the topic of epistemological  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11229-021-03241-1 fatcat:xqudyee3v5cm5nre3rmgrlefyi

Page 5143 of Mathematical Reviews Vol. , Issue 92i [page]

1992 Mathematical Reviews  
epistemic logic equivalent to propositional $4.”  ...  Unlike the latter, however, the skeptical semantics is canonical and tractable: using a reduction to negation-free truth maintenance, the unique skeptical model can be computed in O(n”) time.  ... 

Wittgensteinian Epistemology and Cartesian Skepticism

Nicola Claudio Salvatore
2015 Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy  
In this paper, I present and criticize a number of inuential anti-skeptical strategies inspired by Wittgenstein's remarks on 'hinges'.  ...  Furthermore, I argue that, following Wittgen- stein's analogy between 'hinges' and 'rules of grammar', we should be able to get rid of Cartesian skeptical scenarios as nonsensical, even if apparently intelligible  ...  Following the 'non-epistemic reading', then, Wittgenstein would dismiss Cartesian-style skepticism as the result of a categorial mistake, based on a confusion between imagined and human/logical possibility  ... 
doi:10.1515/krt-2015-290205 fatcat:2ekhkpuntzeq5o5ctz6lrcpnme

Skepticism, Contextualism, and Discrimination

JONATHAN SCHAFFER
2004 Philosophy and Phenomenological Research  
I argue that (i) it is the skeptic who has the better hypothesis about "knowledge"; but (ii) both the skeptical and contextualist hypotheses presuppose our capacity for epistemically salient discrimination  ...  The skeptic (following Peter Unger 1975) says that "knowledge" is an absolute term, requiring the elimination of all logical possibilities of falsehood.  ...  DeRose's epistemic pluralism concerns the various distances in logical space through which one might be required to track.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1933-1592.2004.tb00387.x fatcat:mi3l7xxi3ba5lcd72ne5bicsxm

The Impossibility of Local Skepticism

Stephen Maitzen
2007 Philosophia  
According to global skepticism, we know nothing. According to local skepticism, we know nothing in some particular area or domain of discourse.  ...  My argument focuses on one popular form of local skepticism, ethical skepticism, but I believe that the argument generalizes to cover other forms as well.  ...  Premise (2) presupposes that (a) W is logically possible and (b) ∼E is logically possible.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11406-007-9047-y fatcat:nqcah7e6r5f5rcz2nehabab54u

The Contingent Unknowability of Facts and its Relation with Informal, Epistemological Contexts

Stanley Kreiter Bezerra Medeiros
2017 Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology  
We establish three clauses that are jointly necessary and sufficient — so we argue — for taking an arbitrary fact as contingently unknowable.  ...  This paper focuses on elements that are involved in a specific type of judgment, namely, those involving facts that, in virtue of contingent reasons, are out of our epistemic reach.  ...  In our view, the logical, evidential and counterfactual requirements are those which are necessary and sufficient to explain epistemic judgments in informal contexts.  ... 
doi:10.5007/1808-1711.2017v21n1p61 fatcat:biv5ab22hvdmxc23ei3iofyrru

Why Wittgenstein Doesn't Refute Skepticism

Raquel Albieri Krempel
2019 Discurso  
They concern Wittgenstein's ideas that it is logically impossible to doubt and to be mistaken about Moorean propositions, and that these propositions don't have a truth-value.  ...  Finally, I will present some of Wittgenstein's logical criticisms against skepticism, which may initially be considered strong, because they seem to refute some skeptical assumptions.  ...  The type of response against skepticism that I think is the most promising is neither epistemic nor semantic, but (in Wittgenstein's peculiar sense) logical.  ... 
doi:10.11606/issn.2318-8863.discurso.2019.165484 fatcat:h2exfvneufdvtakrurdwevmz6u

Book Symposium: Duncan Pritchard, Epistemic Angst (Princeton University Press, 2015, xiii + 236 pages)

Duncan Pritchard, Michael Veber, Nicola Claudio Salvatore, Rodrigo Borges
2018 Manuscrito  
This book symposium features three critical pieces dealing with Duncan Pritchard's book, 'Epistemic Angst'; the symposium also contains Pritchard's replies to his critics.  ...  This concerned the logical structure of radical skeptical arguments, and in particular whether the formulation of radical skepticism that turns on a closure-style principle is logically distinct from a  ...  Therefore, the skeptical challenge is misguided in the first place 9 . Epistemic vertigo and epistemic relativism.  ... 
doi:10.1590/0100-6045.2018.v41n1.dp fatcat:37b66kynbbdjnils3itm6xpemu

Contextualism, skepticism, and invariantism DOI:10.5007/1808-1711.2010v14n3p375

Stephen Jacobson
2011 Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology  
Michael Williams and Keith DeRose defend their different versions of contextualism on the grounds that contextualism gives a better account of the ordinary use of epistemic terms than invariantist competitors  ...  A further aim is to show that the dispute between contextualists and invariantists portrayed by Williams and DeRose is a narrow interpretation of the dispute: there are important contextualist and invariantist  ...  useful to have these terms, and to give an account of their logical behavior.  ... 
doi:10.5007/1808-1711.2010v14n3p375 fatcat:bdof4crxevbidacrxqkxkzk4o4
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