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Few-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier with photonic lantern for pump spatial mode control

G. Lopez-Galmiche, Z. Sanjabi Eznaveh, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, A. M. Velazquez Benitez, J. Rodriguez Asomoza, J. J. Sanchez Mondragon, C. Gonnet, P. Sillard, G. Li, A. Schülzgen, C. M. Okonkwo, R. Amezcua Correa
2016 Optics Letters  
We demonstrate a few-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier employing a mode-selective photonic lantern for controlling the modal content of the pump light.  ...  Amplification of six spatial modes in a 5 m long erbium-doped fiber to ∼6.2 dBm average power is obtained while maintaining high modal fidelity.  ...  In summary, we have demonstrated an integrated photonic lantern FM-EDFA supporting six spatial modes with low DMG. Spatial mode control of the pump is achieved using an all-fiber device.  ... 
doi:10.1364/ol.41.002588 pmid:27244421 fatcat:nvxepebvzzhtneuj6ljsxc2r54

Control over the transverse structure and long-distance fiber propagation of light at the single-photon level

D. Cruz-Delgado, J. C. Alvarado-Zacarias, H. Cruz-Ramirez, J. E. Antonio-Lopez, S. G. Leon-Saval, R. Amezcua-Correa, A. B. U'Ren
2019 Scientific Reports  
In our experiment, we employ a mode selective photonic lantern multiplexer with the help of which we can convert the transverse profile of a single photon from the fundamental mode into any of the supported  ...  We also achieve conversion to an incoherent or coherent addition of two user-selected higher order modes by addressing different combinations of inputs in the photonic lantern multiplexer.  ...  In particular, we demonstrate the operation of a mode selective photonic lantern (MSPL) spatial multiplexer as a half wave plate analogue in the spatial degree of freedom with functionality at the single  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-019-45082-6 pmid:31227733 pmcid:PMC6588692 fatcat:wxw4nlorqne2dpfyii7lwut3qu

Breakthroughs in Photonics 2012: Space-Division Multiplexing in Multimode and Multicore Fibers for High-Capacity Optical Communication

R.-J Essiambre, R. Ryf, N. K. Fontaine, S. Randel
2013 IEEE Photonics Journal  
We discuss SDM fibers, recent SDM transmission experiments, subsystems suitable for SDM systems, as well as integrated components able to manipulate multiple spatial modes within a single optical device  ...  Photonic lanterns can merge N=2 isolated waveguide modes into one multimode waveguide with N modes through an adiabatic taper. Fig. 4 (a) and (b) shows two types of Bphotonic lantern[ SMUXs.  ...  Transmission over CMFs with large crosstalk have been recently reported in a coupled-core three-core MCF [25] , as well as in FMFs supporting three spatial modes [26] and six spatial modes [27] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/jphot.2013.2253091 fatcat:lkxghrlum5haxknapzwlhw5z7q

Scaling photonic lanterns for space-division multiplexing

Amado M. Velázquez-Benítez, J. Enrique Antonio-López, Juan C. Alvarado-Zacarías, Nicolas K. Fontaine, Roland Ryf, Haoshuo Chen, Juan Hernández-Cordero, Pierre Sillard, Chigo Okonkwo, Sergio G. Leon-Saval, Rodrigo Amezcua-Correa
2018 Scientific Reports  
We demonstrate mode-selective photonic lanterns supporting 10 and 15 spatial channels by using graded-index fibres and microstructured templates.  ...  These photonic lantern mode multiplexers are an enabling technology for future ultra-high capacity optical transmission systems.  ...  Photonic lanterns (PLs) are spatial mode converters connecting single-mode signals from multiple individual waveguide cores into a single multimode waveguide, fabricated either by using optical fibres  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-018-27072-2 pmid:29891993 pmcid:PMC5995907 fatcat:sqhar2p5h5byfg5dtkl4hfg6ze

Engineering Adiabaticity for efficient design of Photonic Lanterns

Sugeet Sunder, Anurag Sharma
2021 IEEE Photonics Journal  
This study analyses reported three and six-core mode selective photonic lanterns as examples. We also discuss ways to make the optimum profiles practically realizable.  ...  Photonic lanterns are adiabatic photonic devices and are therefore known to have large device lengths.  ...  Six Core Photonic Lantern A variety of six-core photonic lanterns have reportedly been analysed in literature [40] , [41] , [42] - [44] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/jphot.2021.3058361 fatcat:qyg6asjon5honloyhcubsuyyl4

Front Matter: Volume 9774

2016 Next-Generation Optical Communication: Components, Sub-Systems, and Systems V  
SPIE uses a six-digit CID article numbering system structured as follows:  The first four digits correspond to the SPIE volume number.  The last two digits indicate publication order within the volume  ...  Paper) [9774-23] 9774 0P Gain-controlled erbium-doped fiber amplifier using mode-selective photonic lantern [9774-24] 9774 0Q Connectivity technologies of MCF: readiness for field deployment (  ...  Contents SDM, COHERENT COMPONENTS, AND SUBSYSTEMS I 0H Ultra-compact integrated silicon photonics balanced coherent photodetector 9774 0I Spatial-mode conversion using random diffuser and spatial  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2235617 fatcat:6v3gtnoa45aord7g3qtyija5rq

Compact multiplexing

David Pile
2015 Nature Photonics  
The scanning electron microscope image (pictured) shows the coupling section of an InP SMUX with six vertical mirrors that support operation with six spatial modes.  ...  6-core photonic lantern structures serving as a mode multiplexer and a Compact multiplexing INTEGRATED PHOTONICS 5 µm HAOSHUO CHEN demultiplexer, respectively.  ... 
doi:10.1038/nphoton.2015.2 fatcat:gbotr3f4irfhveedwtivcwouui

Photonic spatial reformatting of stellar light for diffraction-limited spectroscopy

R. J. Harris, D. G. MacLachlan, D. Choudhury, T. J. Morris, E. Gendron, A. G. Basden, G. Brown, J. R. Allington-Smith, R. R. Thomson
2015 Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society  
Recently, optical guided-wave transitions known as photonic lanterns have been proposed to circumvent this trade-off, by enabling the efficient reformatting of multimode light into a pseudo-slit which  ...  Here, we demonstrate the successful reformatting of a telescope point spread function into such a slit using a three-dimensional integrated optical waveguide device, which we name the photonic dicer.  ...  waveguide supporting approximately six spatial modes in each orthogonal axis.  ... 
doi:10.1093/mnras/stv410 fatcat:qx5n7yvvavbbfnp22qzhnwj32m

All-fiber mode-group-selective photonic lantern using graded-index multimode fibers

Bin Huang, Nicolas K. Fontaine, Roland Ryf, Binbin Guan, Sergio G. Leon-Saval, R. Shubochkin, Y. Sun, R. Lingle, Guifang Li
2015 Optics Express  
Mode-selective photonic lanterns supporting three modes have already been demonstrated [13] [14] [15] .  ...  PLs can also be scaled to a large number of modes. Most photonic-lantern-based S(De)MUXes use single-mode input (output) fibers.  ...  Summation of signal and crosstalk cells from the reflection transfer matrix for mode group selective lantern supporting two mode groups. Next, we analyze the MGS-PL supporting three groups.  ... 
doi:10.1364/oe.23.000224 pmid:25835669 fatcat:tbv5cvtgkfa77kajcerq2asvyi

Astrophotonics: The Rise of Integrated Photonics in Astronomy

Barnaby Norris, Joss Bland-Hawthorn
2019 Optics and photonics news (Print)  
Here, we explore some of the recent advances made possible by integrated photonics.  ...  Astronomers have come to recognize the benefits of photonics, often in combination with optical systems, in solving longstanding experimental problems in Earth-based astronomy.  ...  If N spatial (unpolarized) modes couple into the photonic lantern, these can be coupled efficiently into N output single-mode waveguides-a device referred to as a lantern waveguide.  ... 
doi:10.1364/opn.30.5.000026 fatcat:fnxod7d7ibalzcegwqnhkpq6fm

Beating the classical limit: A diffraction-limited spectrograph for an arbitrary input beam

Christopher H. Betters, Sergio G. Leon-Saval, J. Gordon Robertson, Joss Bland-Hawthorn
2013 Optics Express  
input to 7 single-mode outputs) photonic lantern.  ...  For the highest throughput, the number of outputs must be matched to the total number of unpolarized spatial modes on input.  ...  Authors would also like to thank Jon Lawrence at AAO for use of equipment and Joel Rafael Salazar Gil for assistance in the fabrication of the 1×7 photonic lantern.  ... 
doi:10.1364/oe.21.026103 pmid:24216834 fatcat:77y2hcyyfbbpnjhyvorgnhmana

Optical MIMO Multi-mode Fiber Transmission using Photonic Lanterns

Andreas Ahrens, André Sandmann, Steffen Lochmann
2017 Proceedings of the 14th International Joint Conference on e-Business and Telecommunications  
Nowadays, next to optical couplers, photonic lanterns (PLs) have attracted a lot of attention in the research community as they offer the benefit of a low loss transition from the input fibers to the modes  ...  In this contribution the properties of a six-port PL are evaluated by measurements with regards to their respective MIMO suitability.  ...  by the photonic lanterns is studied.  ... 
doi:10.5220/0006394800240031 dblp:conf/icete/AhrensSL17 fatcat:bfpsrptyqbcpppvbsowak7emia

Few-mode fiber coupled superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors for photon efficient optical communications

Brian E. Vyhnalek, Sarah A. Tedder, Evan J. Katz, Jennifer M. Nappier, Hamid Hemmati, Don M. Boroson
2019 Free-Space Laser Communications XXXI  
In the presence of atmospheric turbulence the received optical wavefront can be severely distorted introducing higher-order spatial mode components to the received signal.  ...  Here we determine detector characteristics such as count rate, detection efficiency, dark counts, and jitter, as well as detection efficiencies for higher-order fiber spatial modes.  ...  spatial modes.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2510958 fatcat:hf2gniurvngupazdpakdpxw77u

Few-mode fibre-optic microwave photonic links

He Wen, Hongjun Zheng, Qi Mo, Amado Manuel Velázquez-Benítez, Cen Xia, Bin Huang, Huiyuan Liu, Huang Yu, Pierre Sillard, Jose Enrique Antonio Lopez, Rodrigo Amezcua Correa, Guifang Li
2017 Light: Science & Applications  
optical modes, as well as orthogonality and walk-off among spatial modes.  ...  This work represents the first step in few-mode microwave photonics.  ...  A mode-selective photonic lantern (MSPL) 43 was inserted between the circulator and the FMF to convert the input LP 01 fundamental mode into a specific spatial mode supported by the FMF.  ... 
doi:10.1038/lsa.2017.21 pmid:30167277 fatcat:odo3igcjzjatdngrfyzmwfnyju

Ultrafast-laser-inscribed 3D integrated photonics: challenges and emerging applications

S. Gross, M. J. Withford
2015 Nanophotonics  
techniques because it enables full access to the many degrees of freedom in a photon.  ...  astrophotonics, optical communication, quantum photonics, emulation of quantum systems, optofluidics and sensing.  ...  Photonics enable new capabilities such as low loss multi-mode to single-mode conversion using a device called a photonic lantern.  ... 
doi:10.1515/nanoph-2015-0020 fatcat:p6zosft6xvf6xapity2ki4gp34
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