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Situated Conditional Reasoning [article]

Giovanni Casini, Thomas Meyer, Ivan Varzinczak
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper we make the case for a form of conditional that is situation-based.  ...  We show that situation-based conditionals can be described in terms of a set of rationality postulates.  ...  Situated conditionals We now turn to the heart of the paper, the introduction of a logic-based formalism for the specification of and reasoning with situated conditionals.  ... 
arXiv:2109.01552v1 fatcat:pfj7chc4nnef7bxmfaztrndgma

The article analyzes the problems associated with illegal logging, as well as its illegal circulation in the territory of the Irkutsk region. Statistical information is analyzed that indicates that the situation in the field of illegal logging is much worse than in the neighboring Krasnoyarsk Territory. The range of subjects called upon to engage in forest conservation is described. A criminologically significant set of causes and conditions of crime in the forest sector is considered. The authors consider ...

Marija Ampovska, University Goce Delchev in Shtip, Kristina Misheva, University Goce Delchev in Shtip
2021 Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University Law  
This kind of data can only be processed if some legally stated conditions are fulfilled (Rapuso 2016, 6) .  ...  We believe that the reasons for this are not the legal aspects of eHealth, but explanations can be found in other aspects.  ... 
doi:10.21638/spbu14.2021.311 fatcat:pwg745iskzhupbdwxqdo2cifpq

Cognitive Model of the Subjective Causality (in the German and Russian Languages)

L Y Dalbergenova, Sh K Zharkynbekova
2013 RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics  
The cognitive model as a frame is considered to survey a certain typical causal situation through a human perception as the case of the connection of cause and effect propositions.  ...  The stative frame model reflects a standard causal situation: Cons. [Subject + condition] ← caus ← Ant. [condition (reason source)].  ...  The stative-dynamic frame model is a reflection of a standard causal situation: Cons. [Subject + condition change] ← caus ← Ant. [condition (reason source)].  ... 
doaj:b6b44490ffef403ea3d7d498d6221885 fatcat:gd5aahfkfbaanl62eazgmnlqxa

Erratum to: A framework for assessing middle school students' thinking in conditional probability and independence

James E. Tarr, Graham A. Jones
1997 Mathematics Education Research Journal  
•Generally uses subjective reasoning in considering the conditional probability of any event in a "with" or "without" replacement situation.  ...  •Generally uses subjective reasoning in considering the conditional probability of any event in a "with" or "without" replacement situation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf03217316 fatcat:7j42xe7minbrxahvhy42ogwjge

R1.Supplemental_Tables_for_subscales,_manipulation,_and_crosslagged_analyses - Wise Reasoning About the Future Is Associated With Adaptive Interpersonal Feelings After Relational Challenges

Johanna Peetz, Igor Grossmann
2020 Figshare  
R1.Supplemental_Tables_for_subscales,_manipulation,_and_crosslagged_analyses for Wise Reasoning About the Future Is Associated With Adaptive Interpersonal Feelings After Relational Challenges by Johanna  ...  Analyses by wise reasoning subscales (Study 1) Participants completed the Situated Wise Reasoning Scale (Brienza et al., 2018) .  ...  Construal condition showed an effect on only one variables: participants assigned to the abstract construal condition at Time 1 reported more meaning found in the conflict situation at Time 2 than participants  ... 
doi:10.25384/sage.12505559.v1 fatcat:pjy46dawi5gb3pynymfa6g4oma

Predictive Power of Situational Factor and Individual Factor on Misreporting Behaviour

Ascaryan Rafinda, Agus Suroso, Timea Gal
2020 International Review of Management and Marketing  
Each class got a different manipulation on situational factors such as superior's authority and social conditions.  ...  The first session was conducted to measure the level of student moral reasoning. The second session measured student misreporting behaviour.  ...  The hypothesis three predicts that individuals who have higher levels of moral reasoning in a situation that there is no authority to commit fraud, and public social conditions will get the lowest misreporting  ... 
doi:10.32479/irmm.8969 fatcat:r6dqdintzvbwvdysxoyu7xdq5e

Page 263 of None Vol. 58, Issue 4 [page]

1959 None  
Analysis of Actual Choice For the pair of candies used, one can compare S’s selection in the first or verbal situation with his choice in the second or aciual situation, other conditions remaining the  ...  Analysis of Reasons were classified for the different experimental conditions in terms of four categories: P (the reason referred to probability of attainment), R (the reason referred to the attractiveness  ... 

Modelling situations in intelligent agents

John Thangarajah, Lin Padgham, Sebastian Sardina
2006 Proceedings of the fifth international joint conference on Autonomous agents and multiagent systems - AAMAS '06  
within the agent architecture (for example, we shall require that the reasoning about situations takes priority over all other agent reasoning.)  ...  As an initial step in capturing and reasoning about situations, we provide an operational semantics describing the agent's reasoning when it recognises that a particular situation exists, or ceases to  ... 
doi:10.1145/1160633.1160819 dblp:conf/atal/ThangarajahPS06 fatcat:2ybff3fkrvfdbcnu7bzincklcq

Reasoning about Context in Uncertain Pervasive Computing Environments [chapter]

Pari Delir Haghighi, Shonali Krishnaswamy, Arkady Zaslavsky, Mohamed Medhat Gaber
2008 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Addressing uncertainty is one of the major issues in contextbased situation modeling and reasoning approaches. Uncertainty can be caused by inaccuracy, ambiguity or incompleteness of sensed context.  ...  The strengths of fuzzy logic for modeling and reasoning of imperfect context and vague situations are combined with the CS model's underlying theoretical basis for supporting context-aware pervasive computing  ...  Related Work Situation modeling and reasoning can range from simple conditional rules to more complex techniques.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-88793-5_9 fatcat:qu66lxpu3fbkvfzeh5fijgxdbm

Addressing Discrepancies between Values and Behavior: The Motivating Effect of Reasons

Gregory R. Maio, James M. Olson, Lindsay Allen, Mark M. Bernard
2001 Journal of Experimental Social Psychology  
Based on the values-as-truisms hypothesis (Maio & Olson, 1998) , two experiments tested whether the salience of reasons for a value increases provalue behavior over and above the effect of making the value  ...  In the first experiment, we predicted and found that participants who contemplated their reasons regarding the value of equality subsequently behaved in a more egalitarian manner in a minimal group paradigm  ...  To verify that the experimental condition elicited a majority of reasons that favored equality, participants' reasons in this condition were content analyzed.  ... 
doi:10.1006/jesp.2000.1436 fatcat:hq5h5xm6ajaxbeymsw6wktunfa

An Information-Based Theory of Conditionals

Wayne Wobcke
2000 Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic  
Adapting the work of Stalnaker and Lewis, the semantics of conditionals is modeled by a refinement ordering on situations: a conditional 'if A then B' holds with respect to a situation if all the minimal  ...  situation semantics.  ...  correspond to an invalid pattern of conditional reasoning.  ... 
doi:10.1305/ndjfl/1038234607 dblp:journals/ndjfl/Wobcke00 fatcat:la6m5g4x5nap3hdk4yya74h4hy

Page 76 of Political Studies Vol. 47, Issue 1 [page]

1999 Political Studies  
By definition, a reasonable person cannot be put in the same situation.  ...  The only way to prevent this is by constructing ‘relev- antly similar’ situations that will ensure that a reasonable agent will, say, find it reasonable to join the army.  ... 

Mobile Data Mining for Intelligent Healthcare Support

Pari Delir Haghighi, Arkady B. Zaslavsky, Shonali Krishnaswamy, Mohamed Medhat Gaber
2009 2009 42nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences  
In this paper we propose a novel approach for Situation-Aware Adaptive Processing (SAAP) of data streams for smart and real-time analysis of data.  ...  A weight represents the importance of its assigned condition relative to other conditions in defining a situation.  ...  However, to evaluate the conditions joined with the AND operator, FSI provides four reasoning techniques as shown in Table 1 .  ... 
doi:10.1109/hicss.2009.309 dblp:conf/hicss/HaghighiZKG09 fatcat:rvbruiibofab5ftgyacja2mac4

Local Logics, Non-Monotonicity and Defeasible Argumentation

Gustavo A. Bodanza, Fernando A. Tohm�
2005 Journal of Logic, Language and Information  
In this structure, the key feature of non-monotonicity of commonsense reasoning obtains as the transition from one local logic to another, due to a change in certain background conditions.  ...  This introduces a conceptual innovation in Barwise and Seligman's representation of commonsense reasoning.  ...  In this extensions, commonsense reasoning, according different criteria, may lead to different orderings of background conditions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10849-005-4510-2 fatcat:xrycmljjgjeuxbgubaje56mzyq

Modal reasoning, models, and Manktelow and Over

Philip N. Johnson-Laird, Ruth M.J. Byrne
1992 Cognition  
Modal reasoning, models. and Manktelow and Over. Cognition, 43. 173-182.  ...  Manktelow and Over (1991) argue that their studies of Wason's selection task favor explanations of deontic reasoning based on mental models, but that such theories need to incorporate utilities.  ...  a bi-conditional, with the resulting models: Permissible situations: flO0 gift 15100 igift What is now impermissible is either of the following two situations: Impermissible situations: f100 igift lf100  ... 
doi:10.1016/0010-0277(92)90061-l pmid:1617918 fatcat:5adxwutpebgonhlfzojxjj6fqe
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