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In this paper we make the case for a form of conditional that is situation-based. ... We show that situation-based conditionals can be described in terms of a set of rationality postulates. ... Situated conditionals We now turn to the heart of the paper, the introduction of a logic-based formalism for the specification of and reasoning with situated conditionals. ...arXiv:2109.01552v1 fatcat:pfj7chc4nnef7bxmfaztrndgma
This kind of data can only be processed if some legally stated conditions are fulfilled (Rapuso 2016, 6) . ... We believe that the reasons for this are not the legal aspects of eHealth, but explanations can be found in other aspects. ...doi:10.21638/spbu14.2021.311 fatcat:pwg745iskzhupbdwxqdo2cifpq
The cognitive model as a frame is considered to survey a certain typical causal situation through a human perception as the case of the connection of cause and effect propositions. ... The stative frame model reflects a standard causal situation: Cons. [Subject + condition] ← caus ← Ant. [condition (reason source)]. ... The stative-dynamic frame model is a reflection of a standard causal situation: Cons. [Subject + condition change] ← caus ← Ant. [condition (reason source)]. ...doaj:b6b44490ffef403ea3d7d498d6221885 fatcat:gd5aahfkfbaanl62eazgmnlqxa
•Generally uses subjective reasoning in considering the conditional probability of any event in a "with" or "without" replacement situation. ... •Generally uses subjective reasoning in considering the conditional probability of any event in a "with" or "without" replacement situation. ...doi:10.1007/bf03217316 fatcat:7j42xe7minbrxahvhy42ogwjge
R1.Supplemental_Tables_for_subscales,_manipulation,_and_crosslagged_analyses for Wise Reasoning About the Future Is Associated With Adaptive Interpersonal Feelings After Relational Challenges by Johanna ... Analyses by wise reasoning subscales (Study 1) Participants completed the Situated Wise Reasoning Scale (Brienza et al., 2018) . ... Construal condition showed an effect on only one variables: participants assigned to the abstract construal condition at Time 1 reported more meaning found in the conflict situation at Time 2 than participants ...doi:10.25384/sage.12505559.v1 fatcat:pjy46dawi5gb3pynymfa6g4oma
Each class got a different manipulation on situational factors such as superior's authority and social conditions. ... The first session was conducted to measure the level of student moral reasoning. The second session measured student misreporting behaviour. ... The hypothesis three predicts that individuals who have higher levels of moral reasoning in a situation that there is no authority to commit fraud, and public social conditions will get the lowest misreporting ...doi:10.32479/irmm.8969 fatcat:r6dqdintzvbwvdysxoyu7xdq5e
Analysis of Actual Choice For the pair of candies used, one can compare S’s selection in the first or verbal situation with his choice in the second or aciual situation, other conditions remaining the ... Analysis of Reasons were classified for the different experimental conditions in terms of four categories: P (the reason referred to probability of attainment), R (the reason referred to the attractiveness ...
within the agent architecture (for example, we shall require that the reasoning about situations takes priority over all other agent reasoning.) ... As an initial step in capturing and reasoning about situations, we provide an operational semantics describing the agent's reasoning when it recognises that a particular situation exists, or ceases to ...doi:10.1145/1160633.1160819 dblp:conf/atal/ThangarajahPS06 fatcat:2ybff3fkrvfdbcnu7bzincklcq
Lecture Notes in Computer Science
Addressing uncertainty is one of the major issues in contextbased situation modeling and reasoning approaches. Uncertainty can be caused by inaccuracy, ambiguity or incompleteness of sensed context. ... The strengths of fuzzy logic for modeling and reasoning of imperfect context and vague situations are combined with the CS model's underlying theoretical basis for supporting context-aware pervasive computing ... Related Work Situation modeling and reasoning can range from simple conditional rules to more complex techniques. ...doi:10.1007/978-3-540-88793-5_9 fatcat:qu66lxpu3fbkvfzeh5fijgxdbm
Based on the values-as-truisms hypothesis (Maio & Olson, 1998) , two experiments tested whether the salience of reasons for a value increases provalue behavior over and above the effect of making the value ... In the first experiment, we predicted and found that participants who contemplated their reasons regarding the value of equality subsequently behaved in a more egalitarian manner in a minimal group paradigm ... To verify that the experimental condition elicited a majority of reasons that favored equality, participants' reasons in this condition were content analyzed. ...doi:10.1006/jesp.2000.1436 fatcat:hq5h5xm6ajaxbeymsw6wktunfa
Adapting the work of Stalnaker and Lewis, the semantics of conditionals is modeled by a refinement ordering on situations: a conditional 'if A then B' holds with respect to a situation if all the minimal ... situation semantics. ... correspond to an invalid pattern of conditional reasoning. ...doi:10.1305/ndjfl/1038234607 dblp:journals/ndjfl/Wobcke00 fatcat:la6m5g4x5nap3hdk4yya74h4hy
By definition, a reasonable person cannot be put in the same situation. ... The only way to prevent this is by constructing ‘relev- antly similar’ situations that will ensure that a reasonable agent will, say, find it reasonable to join the army. ...
In this paper we propose a novel approach for Situation-Aware Adaptive Processing (SAAP) of data streams for smart and real-time analysis of data. ... A weight represents the importance of its assigned condition relative to other conditions in defining a situation. ... However, to evaluate the conditions joined with the AND operator, FSI provides four reasoning techniques as shown in Table 1 . ...doi:10.1109/hicss.2009.309 dblp:conf/hicss/HaghighiZKG09 fatcat:rvbruiibofab5ftgyacja2mac4
In this structure, the key feature of non-monotonicity of commonsense reasoning obtains as the transition from one local logic to another, due to a change in certain background conditions. ... This introduces a conceptual innovation in Barwise and Seligman's representation of commonsense reasoning. ... In this extensions, commonsense reasoning, according different criteria, may lead to different orderings of background conditions. ...doi:10.1007/s10849-005-4510-2 fatcat:xrycmljjgjeuxbgubaje56mzyq
Modal reasoning, models. and Manktelow and Over. Cognition, 43. 173-182. ... Manktelow and Over (1991) argue that their studies of Wason's selection task favor explanations of deontic reasoning based on mental models, but that such theories need to incorporate utilities. ... a bi-conditional, with the resulting models: Permissible situations: flO0 gift 15100 igift What is now impermissible is either of the following two situations: Impermissible situations: f100 igift lf100 ...doi:10.1016/0010-0277(92)90061-l pmid:1617918 fatcat:5adxwutpebgonhlfzojxjj6fqe
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