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Stuttering Speech Disfluency Prediction using Explainable Attribution Vectors of Facial Muscle Movements [article]

Arun Das, Jeffrey Mock, Henry Chacon, Farzan Irani, Edward Golob, Peyman Najafirad
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In addition to these disruptions to speech fluency, most adults who stutter (AWS) also experience numerous observable secondary behaviors before, during, and after a stuttering moment, often involving  ...  The temporal study of these upper and lower facial muscles may facilitate early detection of stuttering, promote automated assessment of stuttering and have application in behavioral therapies by providing  ...  is about to be said but instead the brain state the person who stutters is trying to speak through.  ... 
arXiv:2010.01231v1 fatcat:x773ihj6lzbutjg44xpdha7f4y

Transcranial direct current stimulation over left inferior frontal cortex improves speech fluency in adults who stutter [article]

Jennifer Chesters, Riikka Mottonen, Kate E Watkins
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
Here, we report the results of the first trial investigating whether tDCS can improve speech fluency in adults who stutter.  ...  Stuttering is a neurodevelopmental disorder affecting 5% of children, and persisting in 1% of adults. Promoting lasting fluency improvement in adults who stutter is a particular challenge.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank all of our volunteers for taking part in the study.  ... 
doi:10.1101/259796 fatcat:sgtrv47ccnhm5lqv2hp7jg7roi

Classification of Types of Stuttering Symptoms Based on Brain Activity

Jing Jiang, Chunming Lu, Danling Peng, Chaozhe Zhu, Peter Howell, Angela Sirigu
2012 PLoS ONE  
Pattern classification was employed to train a patient-specific single trial model to automatically classify each trial as MT or LT using the corresponding fMRI data.  ...  In this study, a sentence completion task was performed by twenty stuttering patients who were scanned using an event-related design. This task elicited stuttering in these patients.  ...  This task elicited stuttering in adults with persistent developmental stuttering. Each stuttered trial from each patient was sorted into two types (MT, LT) with WWR put to one side.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0039747 pmid:22761887 pmcid:PMC3382568 fatcat:ii6v7vloznbkjlhzvf7jqabp5m

How Stuttering Develops: The Multifactorial Dynamic Pathways Theory

Anne Smith, Christine Weber
2017 Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research  
Purpose: We advanced a multifactorial, dynamic account of the complex, nonlinear interactions of motor, linguistic, and emotional factors contributing to the development of stuttering.  ...  Results: Our current account places primary emphasis on the dynamic developmental context in which stuttering  ...  We express our gratitude to Gerald Zimmermann for his inspired approach to understanding the "causes" of stuttering.  ... 
doi:10.1044/2017_jslhr-s-16-0343 pmid:28837728 pmcid:PMC5831617 fatcat:i2zthulnzrbifhamphmbx2r3ne

Trait related sensorimotor deficits in people who stutter: An EEG investigation of μ rhythm dynamics during spontaneous fluency

David Jenson, Kevin J. Reilly, Ashley W. Harkrider, David Thornton, Tim Saltuklaroglu
2018 NeuroImage: Clinical  
Results were interpreted through the framework of State Feedback Control.  ...  Stuttering is associated with compromised sensorimotor control (i.e., internal modeling) across the dorsal stream and oscillations of EEG mu (μ) rhythms have been proposed as reliable indices of anterior  ...  Conflict of interest The authors declare that they have no financial or non-financial relationships to disclose.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.nicl.2018.05.026 pmid:29872634 pmcid:PMC5986168 fatcat:ms4yf5l6lbexfgexxc2zxku23a

From Grapheme to Phonological Output: Performance of Adults Who Stutter on a Word Jumble Task

Megann McGill, Harvey Sussman, Courtney T. Byrd, Peter Howell
2016 PLoS ONE  
, and/or lexical access are compromised in adults who stutter.  ...  Purpose The purpose of the present study was to extend previous research by analyzing the ability of adults who stutter to use phonological working memory in conjunction with lexical access to perform  ...  Most of all, we would like to thank the adults who do and do not stutter who were willing to give their time to participate in this study and help us to further our knowledge of the underlying nature of  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0151107 pmid:26963917 pmcid:PMC4786262 fatcat:hsqtnrvnore5jbx7pjixytb7oe

Recounting the K-12 school experiences of adults who stutter: A qualitative analysis

Derek E. Daniels, Rodney M. Gabel, Stephanie Hughes
2012 Journal of Fluency Disorders  
Gabel, Advisor The purpose of this study was to gain a detailed understanding of the K-12 school experiences of adults who stutter.  ...  This study made use of a qualitative, phenomenological approach to recount the K-12 school experiences of adults who stutter.  ...  about stuttering.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jfludis.2011.12.001 pmid:22531283 fatcat:ancmh44fmrhgrav2sl6x5qw32q

Implicit and explicit language learning: conditions, processes, and knowledge in SLA and bilingualism

2011 ChoiceReviews  
We would also like to thank the following Georgetown graduate students in applied linguistics-both in the Linguistics and the Spanish and Portuguese departments-who volunteered their services: Yen-Tzu,  ...  Very special thanks also go to Germán Zárate-Sández and Sarah Grey, from the Department of Spanish and Portuguese, who made sure everyone was fed and happy; they also did a fine job of making sure the  ...  The positions expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of NIH.  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.48-6736 fatcat:33lfgmgqgner7jzfnzv6xtw5o4

SPEECH FLUENCY DEMONSTRATED BY CHILDREN WITH TOURETTE SYNDROME [article]

(:Unkn) Unknown, University, My, Reinhardt J. Heuer
2020
The present study analyzed the fluency characteristics of CWTS, in comparison to children who stutter (CWS) and typically developing peers (TDP).  ...  Children with Tourette Syndrome (CWTS) frequently exhibit a high prevalence of disfluent speech behaviors which are often labeled stuttering.  ...  Results indicated that 40% of the children who stutter and 58% of the adults who stutter displayed definite or probable motor tics.  ... 
doi:10.34944/dspace/3664 fatcat:neo5ytk64va2jgcccmzvtqcrdu

Disfluency in Swedish human–human and human–machine travel booking dialogues [article]

Robert Eklund
2015 unpublished
Abstract 4 Acknowledgements 5 Other colleagues who have been helpful over the years are (in a roughly chronological order) Jaan Kaja, Per Sautermeister, Mats Ljungqvist, Åsa Rydenius (née Hällgren), Eva  ...  Consequently it describes previous research on disfluencies, also including areas that are not the main focus of the present tome, like stuttering, psychotherapy, philosophy, neurology, discourse perspectives  ...  "Bernstein Ratner", and it not always clear which of the names is the look-up name.  ... 
doi:10.13140/rg.2.1.3015.0882 fatcat:dfuq2qdz7fgf7ehkeg2mu5zgtq

Phonological working memory in adults who stutter [article]

Zoi Gkalitsiou
2018
Her genuineness, patience, and generosity can rarely be found in a single individual. She  ...  Acknowledgments This dissertation would undoubtedly have not been possible without the help and support of numerous mentors and friends.  ...  Atypical anatomy of auditory brain regions have also been suggested to contribute to auditory deficits in individuals who stutter (e.g., Foundas et al., 2004) .  ... 
doi:10.15781/t2jh3dn2s fatcat:7w2u6qgl7jel7oxx57bxbmho5i

Communication Behaviour in Adults with Stuttering [article]

Amanda Savio Lee, University Of Canterbury
2014
Purpose: Adults with stuttering (AWS) commonly demonstrate verbal avoidance behaviours as a result of speech-related anxiety. This can result in an experience of 'communication restriction'.  ...  All participants were native speakers of English with no cognitive, language, motor speech, or hearing impairment (with the exception of stuttering in AWS).  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS To Professor Michael Robb, for his invaluable supervision, teaching, encouragement, and careful attention, for brainstorming and arguing with me, and for sharing so much of his own knowledge  ... 
doi:10.26021/6905 fatcat:nhjafczzlvgarcimr6daqhclzq

The experience of stuttering among ultra-orthodox and secular Jews in Israel

Debora Freud, Technische Universität Dortmund, Technische Universität Dortmund
2015
In the latter, four UO and four ST men who stutter were interviewed.  ...  In the former, 32 ultra-Orthodox (UO) and 31 seculartraditional (ST) men who stutter filled self-report questionnaires, in order to assess levels of the experience of stuttering in various scales (e.g.  ...  This questionnaire was developed in a brain storming process of two SLTs who are experts in the field of stuttering, one psychologist and one psychologist who is also a SLT.  ... 
doi:10.17877/de290r-16299 fatcat:oupem4ifxndjjjgdykc2p2e7ki

Three-dimensional point-cloud room model in room acoustics simulations

Milos Markovic, So/ren K. Olesen, Dorte Hammersho/i
2013 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
When the DAF paradigm was extended to adults who stutter, most were classified as highly susceptible.  ...  The frontal brain regions that contribute to these corrective movements have also been shown to be more active during speech in persons who stutter (PWS) compared to fluent speakers.  ...  The advantages of trans-D autoregressive model sampling over alternative methods of error model selection is explored in terms of the reduction in posterior uncertainty of geoacoustic parameters and evaluation  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.4806371 fatcat:ln4w6j7cjvchrckf2gzfmeiwoi

Temporal integration of loudness as a function of level

Mary Florentine, So/ren Buus, Torben Poulsen
1995 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
It is shown that the time necessary to detect the presence of a warming trend in a time series for a single path is reduced by considering time series for multiple paths.  ...  Am. 64, 533-547 (1978)] who used a coupled mode model. [Work supported by ON'P, and ARPA.] 10:45 laAO10. Ray identification theory in ocean acoustic tomography. D. Manuary (Inst.  ...  Thus reaching this fourth angle is too much costly in deformation amplitude and thus poorly efficient. 5pSC24. Does the perceptual magnet effect hold for the [•] category?  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.411567 fatcat:h52442zdrnc6zmr4ephlixbspu
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