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Simulation of City-wide Replacement of Private Cars with Autonomous Taxis in Berlin

Joschka Bischoff, Michal Maciejewski
2016 Procedia Computer Science  
In this paper, we simulate a city-wide replacement of private cars with AT fleets of various sizes.  ...  Simulation results suggest, that a fleet of 100 000 vehicles will be enough to replace the car fleet in Berlin at a high service quality for customers.  ...  Acknowledgements This paper was co-funded by the Einstein Foundation Berlin, Germany, and the National Centre for Research and Development, Poland (grant ERA-NET-TRANSPORT-III/2/2014).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2016.04.121 fatcat:tudamttnu5hf7kpahvdbmrljh4

Congestion effects of autonomous taxi fleets

Michal Maciejewski, Joschka Bischoff
2017 Transport  
Fleets of shared Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) could replace private cars by providing a taxi-like service but at a cost similar to driving a private car.  ...  Different ratios of replacing private car trips with AT trips are used to estimate the possible effects at different stages of introducing such services.  ...  While the results for the 20% replacement rate are close to the 0% case, regardless of the capacity increase level, the full replacement of private cars with ATs leads to significant changes in traffic  ... 
doi:10.3846/16484142.2017.1347827 fatcat:pe5bxi72pvf4bfpmbpruxupk2e

Shared Autonomous Vehicles Effect on Vehicle-Km Traveled and Average Trip Duration

Ana T. Moreno, Andrzej Michalski, Carlos Llorca, Rolf Moeckel
2018 Journal of Advanced Transportation  
The effect of shared autonomous vehicles on urban mobility was assessed through traffic simulations in MATSim with a varying autonomous taxi fleet size.  ...  In the advent of autonomous vehicles, single occupancy shared vehicles are expected to substitute at least in part private conventional vehicle trips.  ...  The authors thank Matthias Fiedler, from the Department of Transport Planning and Mobility Management in the city of Fürstenfeldbruck, for his support on the distribution of the survey on the city website  ... 
doi:10.1155/2018/8969353 fatcat:saqkekaomvgqlpkktkjp7gp7am

Autonomous Taxicabs in Berlin – A Spatiotemporal Analysis of Service Performance

Joschka Bischoff, Michal Maciejewski
2016 Transportation Research Procedia  
In this paper, we simulate a city-wide replacement of private cars with AT fleets of various sizes.  ...  The simulation model comprises microscopic demand for all private car trips in Berlin (including incoming and outgoing traffic), out of which the internal ones are exclusively served by ATs.  ...  Acknowledgements This paper was co-funded by the Einstein Foundation Berlin, Germany, and the National Centre for Research and Development, Poland (grant ERA-NET-TRANSPORT-III/2/2014).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trpro.2016.12.078 fatcat:qwkbghiqqreszmah3yqak6xjt4

Autonomous Vehicles and Their Impact on Parking Search

Joschka Bischoff, Michal Maciejewski, Tilmann Schlenther, Kai Nagel
2018 IEEE Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine  
ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank the BMW Group for cofunding parts of this paper.  ...  Recent simulation studies suggest a replacement rate of up to 1:10, i.e., one SAV could replace ten conventional cars [11] - [13] .  ...  Simulation of autonomous vehicles MATSim comes with a set of extensions to simulate dynamic modes, including shared autonomous vehicles, by allowing dynamic dispatch of vehicles during the simulation runtime  ... 
doi:10.1109/mits.2018.2876566 fatcat:hny5ijgcmnacreydpqk6v23pbu

Assessing the effect of different parking pricing policies on DRT demand using multiagent traffic simulation, case study of St. Petersburg

Andrey Kolomatskiy, Dmitriy Baranov, Vladislav Korchagin, Timofey Volotskiy
2020 Procedia Computer Science  
Petersburg scenario up to 50% of DRT users, that have switched from the car, have previously parked the car in the city center, mostly for the prolonged time period (4 to 8 hours).  ...  Petersburg scenario up to 50% of DRT users, that have switched from the car, have previously parked the car in the city center, mostly for the prolonged time period (4 to 8 hours).  ...  Modelling urban implementations of DRT is predominantly linked with autonomous vehicles. A comparison between individual taxi rides and shared taxis was carried out in Berlin [30] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2020.03.153 fatcat:gyindtri5vfplpsa24dcpcqy5e

On the scalability of private and pooled on-demand services for urban mobility in Amsterdam

Jishnu Narayan, Oded Cats, Niels van Oort, Serge Paul Hoogendoorn
2021 Transportation planning and technology (Print)  
We adopt an agentbased simulation framework and investigate scenarios where either private and pooled on-demand services replace private car trips, public transport trips, or both private car and public  ...  This study investigates the potential scalability of an on-demand mobility system to substitute motorised trips performed by private cars and public transport in Amsterdam, The Netherlands.  ...  Results from Berlin and Lisbon indicate that a single SAV could replace the demand served by 10 privately owned cars.  ... 
doi:10.1080/03081060.2021.2017214 fatcat:m5ryr2elcnenxct7fij65tfb2i

City-wide shared taxis: A simulation study in Berlin

Joschka Bischoff, Michal Maciejewski, Kai Nagel
2017 2017 IEEE 20th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC)  
In a first test case, using a taxi data set from Berlin, the potential for shared rides is evaluated using a fleet of vehicles with a capacity between two and four ride requests.  ...  In future, fleets of shared and pooled autonomous vehicles may transform urban mobility.  ...  Further research could focus on a simulation scenario with autonomous vehicles, where a drop in prices could attract a higher number of users all over the city.  ... 
doi:10.1109/itsc.2017.8317926 dblp:conf/itsc/BischoffMN17 fatcat:dsry74xxbrbf3b5vxe6fs5kmrm

Towards a Testbed for Dynamic Vehicle Routing Algorithms [chapter]

Michal Maciejewski, Joschka Bischoff, Sebastian Hörl, Kai Nagel
2017 Communications in Computer and Information Science  
-RunRobotaxiExample (see http://matsim.org/javadoc → av) -a robotaxi (AV taxi) fleet is used to replace all private car trips of a random population in the city of Cottbus, Germany -RunTaxiExample (see  ...  The largest scenario calculated so far is based on the inner-city car trips in Berlin.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-60285-1_6 fatcat:4ajuvgejbrhvnovybpc3kf63py

Does ride-sourcing absorb the demand for car and public transport in Amsterdam?

Jishnu Narayan, Oded Cats, Niels van Oort, Serge Hoogendoorn
2019 2019 6th International Conference on Models and Technologies for Intelligent Transportation Systems (MT-ITS)  
This study investigates the potential of a ride-sourcing service to absorb the demand for public transport and private cars for the city of Amsterdam.  ...  In addition to providing flexible services to passengers, past studies suggested that such services could effectively absorb the demand for private cars thereby reducing network congestion and demand for  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This research is part of the project SCRIPTS (Smart Cities' Responsive Intelligent Public Transport Systems) funded by NWO (Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research).  ... 
doi:10.1109/mtits.2019.8883371 dblp:conf/mtits/NarayanCOH19 fatcat:ubnnlb7t55astjueff3tx7s5gu

Should autonomous shared taxis replace buses? A simulation study

Gregor Leich, Joschka Bischoff
2019 Transportation Research Procedia  
base case scenario with conventional bus lines to several scenarios in which these bus lines were replaced by autonomous shared taxis of varying fleet sizes and capacities per vehicle.  ...  Furthermore, taxi like services could So should transit authorities replace conventional bus lines with ride-hailing services operated by future autonomous shared taxis in some areas?  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trpro.2019.09.076 fatcat:atrppo63ynaojntw4nwdagsesm

Potentials of Autonomous Vehicles in a Changing Private Transportation System – a Case Study in the Stuttgart Region

Michael Heilig, Tim Hilgert, Nicolai Mallig, Martin Kagerbauer, Peter Vortisch
2017 Transportation Research Procedia  
Due to the possibility of an autonomous relocation of cars, car-sharing will become more relevant and compete the protected taxicab market in Germany.  ...  Due to the possibility of an autonomous relocation of cars, car-sharing will become more relevant and compete the protected taxicab market in Germany.  ...  Acknowledgement This publication was written in the framework of the Profilregion Mobilitätssysteme Karlsruhe, which is funded by the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Labour and Housing in Baden-Württemberg  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trpro.2017.07.004 fatcat:labdivm7grc2jglvtqlugoflgq

A survey of models and algorithms for optimizing shared mobility

Abood Mourad, Jakob Puchinger, Chengbin Chu
2019 Transportation Research Part B: Methodological  
This survey sets out to review recent research in this area, including different optimization approaches, and to provide guidelines and promising directions for future research.  ...  It makes a distinction between prearranged and real-time problem settings and their methods of solution, and also gives an overview of real-case applications relevant to the research area.  ...  Acknowledgment This research work was carried out as part of the ANTHROPOLIS research project at the Technological Research Institute SystemX, and was supported by public funding within the scope of the  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trb.2019.02.003 fatcat:af3knkflonfwhmtfvpbywibmsa

COLLABORATION AND URBAN TRANSPORT: A SHORT REVIEW OF THE SPECIAL ISSUE

Jesus Gonzalez-Feliu, Cristina Pronello, Josep Maria Salanova Grau, Paulius Skačkauskas
2018 Transport  
"Collaboration and urban transport: a short review of the special issue" Transport, 33(4), pp. 861-866  ...  Indeed, fleets of shared autonomous vehicles could replace private cars by providing a taxi-like service with similar costs to those of using private cars.  ...  Different ratios of replacing private car trips with autonomous taxi trips are used to estimate the impacts of different introduction stages of such services.  ... 
doi:10.3846/transport.2018.6156 fatcat:vf5sna3vwbhobotlnmub5dtvca

Agent-based simulation of city-wide autonomous ride-pooling and the impact on traffic noise

Felix Zwick, Nico Kuehnel, Rolf Moeckel, Kay W. Axhausen
2021 Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment  
We apply an established ride-pooling algorithm within the simulation framework MATSim to an autonomous fleet serving almost 2 million requests in Munich.  ...  Replacing all car trips by a stop-based ride-pooling system leads to a drastic noise reduction in residential areas whereas door-to-door systems may even increase noise exposure due to additional pick-up  ...  This approach is similar to a previous city-wide application of on-demand mobility with unpooled rides by Bischoff and Maciejewski (2016) , although they did not replace E-I and I-E car traffic.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trd.2020.102673 fatcat:vf4zadtldrefdfhw3h2ulq2hru
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