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A New Approach for Measuring the Resilience of Transport Infrastructure Networks

Liang Wang, Xiaolong Xue, Xun Zhou
2020 Complexity  
A network simulation-based method is used to analyze the influential factors of transport infrastructure network resilience.  ...  Resilient transport infrastructure networks can retain the performance in case of disturbances and quickly recover to the original performance level after the disturbances.  ...  (NSFC) (nos. 71671053, 71841024, 71771067, and 71390522), the National Key R&D Program of China (nos. 2016YFC0701800 and 2016YFC0701808), the Department of Science and Technology of Guangdong Province  ... 
doi:10.1155/2020/7952309 fatcat:nokahantbnc2hfk6iqn6h3bopu

Assessment of Static Resilience of Objects in the Rail Transport

Zdeněk Dvořák, Nikola Chovančíková, Katarína Hoterová, Michal Szatmári
2021 Communications - Scientific letters of the University of Zilina  
The proposed method of static resilience assessment is based on safety pillars and is applied in a case study to a specific object of the rail transport.  ...  The paper is focused on design of the static resilience evaluation of objects in the rail transport.  ...  for the future safety/ security dispatching of the Railways of the Slovak Republic. in elements of the critical infrastructure.  ... 
doi:10.26552/com.c.2021.3.f96-f108 fatcat:7z5bp6g2w5az3c4ujguppoerle

Performance evaluation of secure industrial control system design: A railway control system case study

Xenofon Koutsoukos, Himanshu Neema, Goncalo Martins, Sajal Bhatia, Janos Sztipanovits, Keith Stouffer, Chee Yee Tang, Richard Candell
2016 2016 Resilience Week (RWS)  
Indepth consideration of security and resilience and their effects to system performance are very important.  ...  This paper focuses on railway control systems (RCS), an important and potentially vulnerable class of ICS, and presents a simulation integration platform that enables (1) Modeling and simulation including  ...  While CPS research addresses the tight interaction between the physical and cyber parts from the performance point of view, in-depth consideration of security and resilience in an integrated manner is  ... 
doi:10.1109/rweek.2016.7573315 fatcat:gdhsvcqmwrcgldz4t5pr7veuri

Resilience in railway transport systems: a literature review and research agenda

Nikola Bešinović
2020 Transport reviews  
This review paper aims to set-up a field-specific definition of resilience in railway transport and gives a comprehensive, up-todate review of railway resilience papers.  ...  Also, mathematical optimization shows a great potential to assess and improve resilience of railway systems.  ...  Disclosure statement No potential conflict of interest was reported by the author(s). ORCID Nikola Bešinović http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4111-2255  ... 
doi:10.1080/01441647.2020.1728419 fatcat:baibchjkk5et5nynr56vs4i6wm

A Resilience-Based Security Assessment Approach for CBTC Systems

Ruiming Lu, Huiyu Dong, Hongwei Wang, Dongliang Cui, Li Zhu, Xi Wang, Xuzhen Zhu
2021 Complexity  
In this paper, a resilience-based assessment method is proposed to analyze the security level of CBTC systems based on indicators of both the cyber domain and the physical domain.  ...  Two typical attacking scenarios are analyzed, and the simulation results illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed assessment approach.  ...  Simulation results show that the resilience-based approach can efficiently evaluate the security level of CBTC systems under different attacks. Figure 1 : 1 Figure 1: e resilience of a CBTC system.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2021/2175780 fatcat:drzbojylxbf6dk767h3wnrh3xq

Gaming Simulations for Railways: Lessons Learned from Modeling Six Games for the Dutch Infrastructure Management [chapter]

Sebastiaan Meijer
2012 Infrastructure Design, Signalling and Security in Railway  
Currently, the Dutch railway network is one of the most densely used networks in the world, approaching its maximum capacity given the current infrastructure and control mechanisms.  ...  The projected increase in demand requires a step-change in both the physical and control aspects of the railways.  ...  This research has been funded by ProRail and the Next Generation Infrastructure Foundation (NGI).  ... 
doi:10.5772/35864 fatcat:mhj477z6sfg5rpqvrizzpcxcuq

Development of Risk Assessment Specifications for Analysing Terrorist Attacks Vulnerability on Metro and Light Rail Systems

Emmanuel Matsika, Conor O'Neill, Umberto Battista, Mony Khosravi, Antonio de Santiago Laporte, Eduardo Munoz
2016 Transportation Research Procedia  
With terrorist security of critical assets becoming a vital aspect of railway systems, this paper reviews the existing international policy frameworks and also risk assessment methodologies.  ...  ; what is target user group (legislators, management, technocrats, etc); definition of asset criticality; degree of subjectivity in whole RA process; is resilience (countermeasures) included?  ...  RAND Methodology: Scenario based qualitative RA cost effective evaluation. The scope of the work is railway sector and terrorist threats.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trpro.2016.05.207 fatcat:35b3j4eyezfdnjpcnte5ikavlq

Quantitative Safety and Security Analysis from a Communication Perspective

Boris Malinowsky, Hans-Peter Schwefel, Oliver Jung
2015 Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Performance Evaluation Methodologies and Tools  
This paper introduces and exemplifies a trade-off analysis of safety and security properties in distributed systems.  ...  The resulting communication protocol satisfies selected safety and security properties, for deployment in safety-critical use-case scenarios with security requirements.  ...  The case of security as a safety issues, and the need to combine safety and security in safety-critical infrastructures of railways systems is discussed in [9] .  ... 
doi:10.4108/icst.valuetools.2014.258185 dblp:conf/valuetools/MalinowskySJ14 fatcat:bsvd7oxe2zcurbl6wrcld6v7ou

IDENTIFYING CRITICAL ELEMENTS OF ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE USING CASCADING IMPACT ASSESSMENT

David Rehak, David Patrman, Veronika Brabcová, Zdeněk Dvořák
2020 Transport  
These important elements of road infrastructure should be identified as critical and be given greater attention when identifying weaknesses and implementing subsequent security measures.  ...  Road infrastructure reliability is an important factor in its functioning.  ...  The authors presented selected methods for modelling and simulations designed to analyse infrastructure interdependencies on models based on a factor or so-called agent.  ... 
doi:10.3846/transport.2020.12414 fatcat:x4uub5ccjfevdm5yp53jh3zonu

Integral Approach to Assessing the Criticality of Railway Infrastructure Elements

Radim Pittner, Zdenek Dvorak, Simona Slivkova, David Rehak
2020 International Journal of Critical Infrastructures  
The criticality of railway infrastructure elements is therefore assessed not only in terms of the relevance and resilience of elements but also their interdependence, substitutability, risk and impact.  ...  The article introduces the railway infrastructure criticality assessment tool (RICA tool), which was created to evaluate the criticality of railway infrastructure elements in all aspects.  ...  Acknowledgements The article was elaborated within a Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic Project, filed under: VI20152019049, entitled 'Dynamic Resilience Evaluation of Interrelated Critical  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijcis.2020.10024908 fatcat:qrsz5uzplndphhlvdckrwc4sdq

Hierarchical Control Architecture for Resilient Interconnected Microgrids for Mass Transit Systems

Hossam Gabbar, Taylor Egan, Ahmed Abdelmaksoud, R. Milman
2020 IET Electrical Systems in Transportation  
The proposed designs are modelled and simulated in Simulink, for a proposed high-speed railway in the UK.  ...  The results are both extremely impressive and promising towards a more resilient and stable energy future both for railway and for other critical infrastructures.  ...  This technique will be implemented in various stages of the IMG design, or will be used to evaluate the resilience of the railway infrastructure.  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-est.2019.0145 fatcat:faqmdsdej5eg5fjrfjpzedbpce

Mapping urban infrastructure interdependencies and fuzzy risks

Barry Evans, Albert S. Chen, Alison Prior, Slobodan Djordjevic, Dragan A. Savic, David Butler, Patrick Goodey, John R. Stevens, Graham Colclough
2018 Procedia Engineering  
In this study, we considered the relationships between different types of CI and services to simulate possible cascading effects during extreme hazard conditions brought on by climate change and how to  ...  Abstract In this study, we considered the relationships between different types of CI and services to simulate possible cascading effects during extreme hazard conditions brought on by climate change and  ...  Acknowledgements This study is supported by the RESCCUE (RESilience to cope with Climate Change in Urban arEas) project, funded by the European Union Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (Grant  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2018.01.105 fatcat:nhkm2fd565c4dgfebnpjkjjp7e

Special Issue "Extreme Sciences and Engineering"

Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Xinzheng Lu, Alex M. Remennikov
2021 Applied Sciences  
Due to uncertainties stemming from climate change, natural and man-made disasters, and extreme events, unexpected disruptions in the operation of our countries' infrastructure may put the functioning of  ...  our societies and their economies at risk [...]  ...  extreme events in regard to resilience and sustainable infrastructure systems.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app112210654 fatcat:yu6wtxwimrbrxjzcy5uw3z72va

Simulation of railroad terminal operations and traffic control strategies in critical scenarios

Angela Carboni, Francesco Deflorio
2020 Transportation Research Procedia  
This paper presents a micro-simulation approach for evaluating the resilience of typical railroad terminals in a critical scenario, such as the temporary unavailability of a gantry crane.  ...  This paper presents a micro-simulation approach for evaluating the resilience of typical railroad terminals in a critical scenario, such as the temporary unavailability of a gantry crane.  ...  The method adopted in this study is a micro-simulation approach that provides a tool for evaluating the resilience of typical railroad terminals in a critical scenario, and it estimates the effects of  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trpro.2020.03.023 fatcat:ykzzna2lofecjgdng7w65dkzki

Integrating Resilience in Time-based Dependency Analysis: A Large-Scale Case Study for Urban Critical Infrastructures [chapter]

Vittorio Rosato, Antonio Di Pietro, Panayiotis Kotzanikolaou, George Stergiopoulos, Giulio Smedile
2021 Issues on Risk Analysis for Critical Infrastructure Protection [Working Title]  
The proposed methodology is evaluated in a real scenario, which utilizes several infrastructures and Points of Interest of the city of Rome.  ...  Thus, CIPCast can be valuable to Critical Infrastructure Operators and other Emergency Managers involved in a crisis assessment to evaluate the effect of natural and anthropic threats affecting critical  ...  for Critical Infrastructure Protection Author details 17 Integrating Resilience in Time-based Dependency Analysis: A Large-Scale Case Study… DOI: http://dx.doi.org /10.5772/intechopen.97809  ... 
doi:10.5772/intechopen.97809 fatcat:bnlxy54a55d77ibkdq3hcxpeii
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