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The simulation of humans and lower animals

Demetri Terzopoulos, Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Thomas Wallmersperger
2009 Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2009  
This paper presents a brief review of our ongoing work on the biomechanical simulation of the human body.  ...  motor control algorithms that enable these simulated animals to learn natural, muscle-actuated locomotion.  ...  Sung-Hee Lee developed the neck-head-face simulator (Section 3), as well as the biomechanical simulation of the entire human body (Section 2) in collaboration with Eftychios Sifakis who developed and implemented  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.817356 fatcat:w5yrz7kdg5d7rize77crl4j24y

Artificial Life Simulation of Humans and Lower Animals: From Biomechanics to Intelligence [chapter]

Demetri Terzopoulos
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Virtual humans and lower animals are of interest in computer graphics because they are self-animating graphical characters poised to dramatically advance the interactive game and motion picture industries  ...  even more so than have physics-based simulation technologies.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I thank my current and former PhD students whose work is reviewed in this paper and whose names are cited in the following list of references.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-12842-4_4 fatcat:o2dx56zt25chrnk3workfzs2ke

High-Resolution L(Y)SO Detectors Using PMT-Quadrant-Sharing for Human and Animal PET Cameras

Rocio A. Ramirez, Shitao Liu, Jiguo Liu, Yuxuan Zhang, Soonseok Kim, Hossain Baghaei, Hongdi Li, Yu Wang, Wai-Hoi Wong
2008 IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science  
From this study we can conclude that PQS design could achieve high spatial resolutions and excellent energy resolutions on human and animal PET systems with substantially lower production costs and inexpensive  ...  We developed high resolution L(Y)SO detectors for human and animal PET applications using Photomultiplier-quadrant-sharing (PQS) technology.  ...  GATE is a GEANT4-based software toolkit for realistic simulation of PET and SPECT systems for small-animal and human applications, [22] and [23] . .  ... 
doi:10.1109/tns.2008.922832 pmid:19946463 pmcid:PMC2783601 fatcat:4tiuszlb2jatrexqdf5chd34oy

Systems physiology of the baroreflex during orthostatic stress: from animals to humans

Atsunori Kamiya, Toru Kawada, Masaru Sugimachi
2014 Frontiers in Physiology  
NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF HUMAN MSNA RESPONSE TO HUT USING ANIMAL BAROREFLEX CHARACTERISTICS First, a numerical simulation of the open-loop baroreflex condition was performed based on transfer functions  ...  I will also discuss whether transfer function characteristics identified in animals can explain the previously reported finding in humans that slow head-up tilt causes lower activation of muscle SNA (MSNA  ... 
doi:10.3389/fphys.2014.00256 pmid:25071601 pmcid:PMC4086024 fatcat:whl33tikb5ebpfb74vdxs474t4

Production and playback of human figure motion for visual simulation

John P. Granieri, Jonathan Crabtree, Norman I. Badler
1995 ACM Transactions on Modeling and Computer Simulation  
We present our system in the context of a simple problem: Animating human gures in a distributed simulation, using DIS protocols for communicating the human state information.  ...  We also discuss several related techniques for real-time animation of articulated gures in visual simulation.  ...  Also, to support the mapping of motion from partially sensed real humans (i.e. sensors on the hands) onto the animated human gures, we w ant to animate the lower body and torso separately, then place the  ... 
doi:10.1145/217853.217856 fatcat:a75jahmebnantimgzf2makhbqq


Ismahafezi Ismail, Mohd Sharizal Sunar
2015 Jurnal Teknologi  
Virtual human movement can be created by blending different sources such as motion capture, dynamic and kinematics simulation.  ...  Graphical abstract Abstract Modifying realistic virtual human movement has become a challenging task to the researcher for computer games and animation development.  ...  The virtual human motion in computer animation is not realistic and interactive as real human movement.  ... 
doi:10.11113/jt.v75.5063 fatcat:mpjeyrql5zamfie4ordgmmgzvm

Modeling Virtual Humans

Jan Bender, Kenny Erleben, Barbara Solenthaler
2017 IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications  
The proposed method is used for the animation of virtual humans in places with lower gravity than Earth, like on the Moon or Mars.  ...  Other big challenges involve simulating large groups of virtual humans and developing methods for interactive environments where a real human interacts with a virtual human.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcg.2017.4031067 fatcat:fj7kzwa7yjflrginztykuqcewe

Fast imputation using medium or low-coverage sequence data

Paul M. VanRaden, Chuanyu Sun, Jeffrey R. O'Connell
2015 BMC Genetics  
Accuracy of genotype calling and imputation were high with both simulated bovine and actual human genomes reduced to low-coverage sequence and HD microarray data.  ...  Results: A new algorithm was implemented in findhap (version 4) software and tested using simulated bovine and actual human sequence data with different combinations of reference population size, sequence  ...  This probably caused lower imputation accuracy from array to sequence data in humans than in cattle even though a denser array was simulated for humans.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12863-015-0243-7 pmid:26168789 pmcid:PMC4501077 fatcat:ut5vav3nn5bafpnsljt33smsiu

Page 636 of The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute Vol. 2, Issue 4 [page]

1996 The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute  
If animal domestication, leading to intimate association between animals and humans, increased the diversity and intensity of human diseases, selection for HLA diversity would have also increased.  ...  The association between do- mestic animals and humans in Europe may have produced the diversity of diseases that decimated Native Americans.  ... 

When metaphorical language use fails: A case of Zoosemy in the late Qaddafi's political speeches during the uprising

Nyongesa Ben Wekesa
2013 Greener Journal of Social Sciences  
Politics is marked by power play among the politicians themselves and between the politicians and their subjects. When no amicable solution is arrived at, an uprising is eminent.  ...  When it becomes apparent that you are manipulating the language for personal interests, however, powerfully you chose and use metaphors, you are pound to meet resistance.  ...  That is, animals were personified first, and the human-based animal characteristics were used to understand human behaviour.  ... 
doi:10.15580/gjss.2013.2.111612268 fatcat:3ulxhthr3nhprkxobmscsa2ev4

Integration of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of imipenem in a human-adapted mouse model

U Fluckiger, C Segessenmann, A U Gerber
1991 Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy  
The human-simulated kinetic profile corresponding to an intramuscular inijection of 500 mg at 12-h intervals proved to be as effective as the human-simulated profile of the same dose injected intravenously  ...  In contrast, the human-simulated profile corresponding to only one intravenous injection every 12 h resulted in bacterial breakthrough growth between 8 and 12 h after the onset of treatment.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work was supported by grant 3.907-0.83 from the Swiss National Foundation for Scientific Research and a giant from Merck & Co., Inc., Rahway, N.J.  ... 
doi:10.1128/aac.35.9.1905 pmid:1952865 pmcid:PMC245289 fatcat:scgi2wsntvfyhb7qzsaym7h3ie

Animal-to-Human Dose Translation of Obiltoxaximab for Treatment of Inhalational Anthrax Under the US FDA Animal Rule

CF Nagy, J Mondick, N Serbina, LS Casey, SE Carpenter, J French, R Guttendorf
2016 Clinical and Translational Science  
, to simulated exposures in healthy and infected humans, and to serum PA levels in infected animals.  ...  The human dose was selected and justified by comparing observed obiltoxaximab exposures in healthy and infected New Zealand White rabbits and cynomolgus macaques to observed exposures in healthy humans  ...  We thank Nestor Gonzales of Elusys Therapeutics Inc. and Joseph H. Hoffman, MD, of Hoffman Consulting LLC for expert data review and discussion, and Beth Kamp, PharmD, for medical writing support.  ... 
doi:10.1111/cts.12433 pmid:27925405 pmcid:PMC5245108 fatcat:2f344zjdijcmrfj6t23dn6udme

Task-Oriented Computer Animation of Human Figures [chapter]

Norman I. Badler
1989 Applications of Human Performance Models to System Design  
for tile purposes of design assessment, human factors, task simulation, and human nlovement understanding has become quite feasible.  ...  HUMAN TASK ANIMATION With the widespread acceptance of three-dimensional modeling techniques, high-speed hard\\'are, and relatively low-cost cOlnputation,· modeling and animating one or nlore human figures  ...  capabilities of the design engineer, the human factors analyst, or even the casual user to create, animate, and evaluate human perfonnances.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4757-9244-7_27 fatcat:wt7pfb6t7vaktdsvvxb4wnav5u

Improve Pasture or Feed Grain? Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Profitability, and Resource Use for Nelore Beef Cattle in Brazil's Cerrado and Amazon Biomes

Luana Molossi, Aaron Kinyu Hoshide, Lorena Machado Pedrosa, André Soares de Oliveira, Daniel Carneiro de Abreu
2020 Animals  
Grain supplementation best balanced beef production and profitability with lower carbon footprint compared to extensive grazing, followed by pasture fertilization and pasture re-seeding.  ...  While grain supplementation appears more favorable economically and environmentally, greater use of human edible livestock feed may compete with future human food needs.  ...  We also thank the SENAR-MT and ICAA at the Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, for the support and incentive for the publication of this study.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ani10081386 pmid:32785150 fatcat:2ohhrggeqnatlaibzonsnyk54a

Reply to Zhang

Michael D. Delp, Olga L. Vinogradova, Olga S. Tarasova
2015 Journal of applied physiology  
Collectively, these results from laboratories studying both actual and simulated microgravity in rodents and humans demonstrate that spaceflight results in lower cerebral artery vasoconstriction (3, 4)  ...  Such findings lead us to believe that multiple factors are acting on the cerebral circulation in space, and although current groundbased animal and human models are useful for developing hypotheses, they  ...  Collectively, these results from laboratories studying both actual and simulated microgravity in rodents and humans demonstrate that spaceflight results in lower cerebral artery vasoconstriction (3, 4  ... 
doi:10.1152/japplphysiol.00743.2015 pmid:26574495 fatcat:e67gzgmjc5az7fewdwrinuudne
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