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XOR QA: Cross-lingual Open-Retrieval Question Answering [article]

Akari Asai, Jungo Kasai, Jonathan H. Clark, Kenton Lee, Eunsol Choi, Hannaneh Hajishirzi
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Based on this dataset, we introduce three new tasks that involve cross-lingual document retrieval using multi-lingual and English resources.  ...  Yet in practice, many languages face both information scarcity -- where languages have few reference articles -- and information asymmetry -- where questions reference concepts from other cultures.  ...  Second, it is important to support retrieving answers in languages other than the original language due to information scarcity of low-resource languages (Miniwatts Marketing Group, 2011) .  ... 
arXiv:2010.11856v3 fatcat:7mujquejk5fxxmhggc22plic7u

Has Computational Linguistics Become More Applied? [chapter]

Kenneth Church
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The model gives high accuracy in translating the Queries from English to Arabic solving the translation and transliteration ambiguities and with orthographic query expansion; it gives high degree of accuracy  ...  As the use of language in specialized domains, such as biology, can be very different to the general domain, there is a need for domain-specific resources to ensure that the information extracted is as  ...  It has been observed that the so called resulting resource scarcity problem affects a large number of languages for which such annotated corpora are not available [6] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-00382-0_1 fatcat:oddvfzds4nfwjam2ccqeaxe2y4

The State of Digital Preservation: An International Perspective

Susan Hamburger
2003 Library collections, acquisitions & technical services  
The Council on Library and Information Resources is an independent, nonprofit organization dedicated to improving the management of information for research, teaching, and learning.  ...  In partnership with other organizations, CLIR helps create services that expand the concept of "library" and supports the providers and preservers of information. iii  ...  Acknowledgments The assistance of the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR), the Digital Library Federation, and Documentation Abstracts, Inc., in supporting my participation in this symposium  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1464-9055(03)00076-9 fatcat:soydekgwhndw5hkvq7ileukegu

Use and Users of Digital Resources: A Focus on Undergraduate Education in the Humanities and Social Sciences

Diane Harley, Jonathan Henke, Shannon Lawrence, Ian D. Miller, Irene Perciali, David Nasatir
2016 Figshare  
use and users can benefit the integration of these resources into undergraduate teaching.  ...  Those who fund and develop digital resources have identified the general lack of knowledge about the level and quality of their use in educational settings as pressing concerns.  ...  UC instructors are less likely to use simulations, audio, news and media resources, and online reference materials.  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.3427445.v1 fatcat:evvnogzwgzfjbmwe6wpvj3ctaa

XOR QA: Cross-lingual Open-Retrieval Question Answering

Akari Asai, Jungo Kasai, Jonathan Clark, Kenton Lee, Eunsol Choi, Hannaneh Hajishirzi
2021 Proceedings of the 2021 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies   unpublished
Yet in practice, many languages face both information scarcity-where languages have few reference articles-and information asymmetry-where questions reference concepts from other cultures.  ...  We establish baselines with state-of-the-art machine translation systems and cross-lingual pretrained models.  ...  Second, it is important to support retrieving answers in languages other than the original language due to information scarcity of low-resource languages (Miniwatts Marketing Group, 2011) .  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/2021.naacl-main.46 fatcat:czlwansf65bltdcp7bie4haske

Integrating cross-lingually relevant news articles and monolingual web documents in bilingual lexicon acquisition

Takehito Utsuro, Kohei Hino, Mitsuhiro Kida, Seiichi Nakagawa, Satoshi Sato
2004 Proceedings of the 20th international conference on Computational Linguistics - COLING '04   unpublished
Considering such a situation, this paper proposes to complementarily use much larger monolingual Web documents collected by search engines, as a resource for reliably re-estimating bilingual term correspondences  ...  We experimentally show that, using a sufficient number of monolingual Web documents, it is quite possible to have reliable estimate of bilingual term correspondences for those low frequency terms.  ...  Therefore, it is quite important to overcome this resource scarcity bottleneck in corpus-based translation knowledge acquisition research.  ... 
doi:10.3115/1220355.1220504 fatcat:fwjgbqyy65dfradezneonxo7te

Final Report --- Always Already Computational: Collections as Data [article]

Thomas Padilla, Laurie Allen, Hannah Frost, Sarah Potvin, Elizabeth Russey Roke, Stewart Varner
2019 Zenodo  
Everyone involved was aware of the imperfections of the OCR'd files; but we were also aware of the relative scarcity of Spanish-language datasets, and aware that if we made high-accuracy OCR a condition  ...  Although these languages are widely spoken (Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world and Javanese is its most widely spoken regional language), there are almost no machine-readable resources  ...  East. 3) We are developing a URI resolver that any project in the field using our URIs can incorporate into their website to show users how many and what types of resources has on the entities  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3152934 fatcat:4plw2tw3tzha3bt6qwvhrqcyrq

LANGUAGE IN INDIA Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow Development of a Hindi to Punjabi Machine Translation System A Doctoral Dissertation DEVELOPMENT OF A HINDI TO PUNJABI MACHINE TRANSLATION SYSTEM CERTIFICATE

M Thirumalai, B Mallikarjun, Sam, B A Sharada, A R Fatihi, Lakhan, K Karunakaran, Marie Jennifer, S M Bayer, G Ravichandran, Baskaran, Vishal Goyal (+2 others)
Thus, being Hindi and Punjabi closely related language pair  As the Statistical Machine Translation approach is actively used among researchers nowadays, the scarcity of the resources of language pair  ...  [161] used simulated annealing [162] for the first time in natural language processing.  ... 

Information Access for SMEs in Indonesia: A Study of the Business Performance of Garment Manufacturers

Agus Gunawan
2013 Bulletin of Indonesian economic studies  
The study goal for the third stage is to construct and use LIA (RQ3).  ...  Third, many researchers attempt to make a contribution in using a KIS in the financial domain. Table 1 .1).  ...  Yet, the FSA models are translated into the model-driven system used in LIA.  ... 
doi:10.1080/00074918.2013.779769 fatcat:6aapmb4z65ddtmqabedmmua4bi

Where you go and whom you ask? ǂb a study of source selection and usage in chinese international students' health information behavior [article]

Yi Xin
substantiated cultural and academic contributions international students made in U.S campus, and supported that interaction with students of different cultural backgrounds promotes the development of language  ...  Some participants reported using Chinese search engine or translation tools to obtain the English translation, and use both languages in the problem formulation, learning, cross-referencing and validating  ...  selection, use of translation tools and time spent.  ... 
doi:10.15781/t22v2c933 fatcat:a5db5e3xzrf7bon4ks5ikea6uq

3 Invited speakers abstracts

2017 Journal of Perinatal Medicine  
As expected, there was a high incidence of eclampsia and eclampsia related maternal death in the hospital.  ...  A good understanding of eclampsia is important in the communities of Northern Nigeria because of the socio-cultural and religious barrier which prevent the women from attending clinics coupled with scarcity  ...  More rigorous approach to the indications for CS in nulliparous group and encouraging women with previous CS to vaginal delivery present the main measures to reduce the unacceptably high rates of caesarean  ... 
doi:10.1515/jpm-2017-2007 fatcat:3qfniipguvcdbjoxs4fsj7r37a

Reordering Ranganathan: Shifting User Behaviors, Shifting Priorities

Lynn Silipigni Connaway, Ixchel M. Faniel
AcknowledgmentS We would like to thank those who worked with us on this project. Without the help of Andy Havens, Brad Gauder and Tom Storey for their insightful contributions and valuable feedback;  ...  (CLIR) ).  ...  Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation] data repository and associated infrastructure."  ... 
doi:10.25333/c3m05z fatcat:3f3htsdfqzbq5dbcfua5s5lnny

University Libraries in Kenya

Joseph Muema Kavulya, Humboldt-Universität Zu Berlin, Humboldt-Universität Zu Berlin
This study argues that the provision of library services in Kenyan public universities is characterised by extremely inadequate resources in terms of funds, information materials, equipment and staff.  ...  There is therefore need for adoption of strategic planning in all areas of library management and to remain viable sources of information, university libraries in Kenya have to make use modern information  ...  due to high intensity of use.  ... 
doi:10.18452/15022 fatcat:ljchxrzlxnfrfkvb2gfo366ihq

Learning With Multiple Views

Stefan Rüping, Tobias Scheffer
2005 Proceedings of the ICML 2005 Workshop on   unpublished
We evaluate several committee-based metrics for quantifying the disagreement between classifiers built using multiple views, and demonstrate that the choice of metric can be optimised in simulation experiments  ...  We are grateful to the UK National e-Science Centre for giving us access to BlueDwarf, a p690 server donated to the University of Edinburgh by IBM.  ...  Acknowledgments We are very grateful for the time and resources invested in corpus preparation by our collaborators in the Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh: Rachel Dowsett, Olivia Johnson  ... 

Not Self-Indulgence, but Self-Preservation: Open Access and the Ethics of Care [chapter]

Eileen Joy
swarming with managerial technocrats invested in privatizing and outsourcing higher education, students are saddled with staggering levels of debt, and the casualization of academic labor is at an all-time high  ...  Open Access and Open Educational Resources Increase Access Open access and open educational resources increase the opportunities for all to use information and resources.  ...  Researchers also have to make a choice between writing in a language that will be accepted by journals published in the Global North or using their local language.  ... 
doi:10.17613/e8y2-tm39 fatcat:ph3i6lxovnhmjn4sml2pgw3cgq
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