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Dark silicon as a challenge for hardware/software co-design

Muhammad Shafique, Siddharth Garg, Tulika Mitra, Sri Parameswaran, Jörg Henkel
2014 Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Hardware/Software Codesign and System Synthesis - CODES '14  
Dark Silicon refers to the observation that in future technology nodes, it may only be possible to power-on a fraction of on-chip resources (processing cores, hardware accelerators, cache blocks and so  ...  In other words, chips will have an abundance of transistors, i.e., more than the number that can be simultaneously powered-on.  ...  The switch-over between network layers is an important design requirement for our darkNoC architecture.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2656075.2661645 dblp:conf/codes/ShafiqueGMPH14 fatcat:jzmyheg2y5gphezfbblnvyzluq

Editorial: Networks on chips

D. Bertozzi, K. Goossens
2009 IET Computers & Digital Techniques  
Editorial Networks on chips Networking has been proven in the computer system arena to be an extremely effective means of managing parallel communication flows in distributed systems.  ...  Moreover, guiding principles for the design of basic network building blocks (switches and network interfaces) are consolidated.  ...  In 'Bandwidth Aware Routing Algorithms for Networks-on-Chip Platforms', authors M. Palesi, S. Kumar and V. Catania propose an embodiment of this approach.  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-cdt.2009.9039 fatcat:u7ijbpjsvnfxzb3rtskmtf7bpa

Designing Regular Network-on-Chip Topologies under Technology, Architecture and Software Constraints

F. Gilabert, D. Ludovici, S. Medardoni, D. Bertozzi, L. Benini, G.N. Gaydadjiev
2009 2009 International Conference on Complex, Intelligent and Software Intensive Systems  
for these systems, borrowed from the domain of off-chip interconnection networks.  ...  However, the on-chip integration has to deal with unique challenges at different levels of abstraction.  ...  The 2D mesh is currently the most popular regular topology used for on-chip networks in tilebased architectures, because it perfectly matches the 2D silicon surface.  ... 
doi:10.1109/cisis.2009.30 dblp:conf/cisis/VillamonLMBBG09 fatcat:ebynnnt4pzg7voy7o32dmfbbee

Special issue of International Journal of Electronics on evolutionary synthesis of network-on-chip-based systems

N. Nedjah, A. H. Bouchachia, L. M. Mourelle
2010 International journal of electronics (Print)  
Network-on-chip (NoC) is an emerging paradigm for communications within large very-large-scale integrated (VLSI) systems implemented on a single silicon chip.  ...  In the second paper, entitled 'Power-aware multi-objective evolutionary optimisation for application mapping on NoC platforms', the authors propose an innovative power-aware multi-objective evolutionary  ... 
doi:10.1080/00207217.2010.514128 fatcat:26o4i4rrlzgqvcpeqo6jjmb3ky


Duo Ding, David Z. Pan
2009 Proceedings of the 11th international workshop on System level interconnect prediction - SLIP '09  
under a new holistic photonic Networks-on-Chip architecture.  ...  Such an architecture incorporates on-chip packet routing (photonic Network-on-Chip) and with-in core wire routing (photonic waveguide routing) onto a dedicated optical layer, contributing towards enhanced  ...  proposed Photonic Networkon-Chip architecture on SOI; (c) our proposed New Photonic Networks-on-Chip architecture combining (b) and within-core optical routing scenarios onto a dedicated photonic silicon  ... 
doi:10.1145/1572471.1572475 dblp:conf/slip/DingP09 fatcat:qcayeyu3cnevfliwmbcfgnqhuy

Silicon Nanophotonic Network-on-Chip Using TDM Arbitration

Gilbert Hendry, Johnnie Chan, Shoaib Kamil, Lenny Oliker, John Shalf, Luca P. Carloni, Keren Bergman
2010 2010 18th IEEE Symposium on High Performance Interconnects  
Silicon nanophotonics is an emerging technology platform for offering high-bandwidth connectivity with extreme energy efficiency for future networks-on-chip.  ...  and other photonic network architectures.  ...  aware of how the switch should be set.  ... 
doi:10.1109/hoti.2010.12 dblp:conf/hoti/HendryCKOSCB10 fatcat:kjfcufuebngq3b4oykeweoqn2e

The Green Data Center

Zahavi Eitan
2015 Zenodo  
A presentation given on the 2nd Green Photonics Symposium in Berlin March 2015.  ...  Demands  Central control: Power Management via Analysis of Network Load "Elastic Tree" [3]  Distributed algorithm: "Power-aware fat-tree networks using on/off links" [4] • Switches automatically  ...  Silvera, "A Stable Network-Aware VM Placement for Cloud Systems," Ccgrid 2012.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.32795 fatcat:23unf5vaoff6zn6otcydjzwala

Contrasting topologies for regular interconnection networks under the constraints of nanoscale silicon technology

Daniele Ludovici, Georgi N. Gaydadjiev, Francisco Gilabert, Maria E. Gomez, Davide Bertozzi
2010 Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Network on Chip Architectures - NoCArc '10  
The gap between the constraints driving the design of onchip vs. off-chip interconnection networks (and hence the gap between the final network architectures selected for use in each domain) is increasingly  ...  However, theoretical parameters and many intuitive assumptions of such off-chip networks do not necessarily hold when a topology is laid out on a 2D silicon surface.  ...  In fact, topologies for on-chip networks must match the 2D silicon surface, while off-chip realizations are dictated by board/rack organization.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1921249.1921259 dblp:conf/micro/LudoviciGVGB10 fatcat:xdpsu2mqi5gahgir43c4za5suq

A Power-Aware Placement and Routing Algorithm Targeting 3D FPGAs

Kostas Siozios, Dimitrios Soudris
2008 Journal of Low Power Electronics  
Comparing to alternative solutions, the proposed one reduces the percentage of silicon area that operates under high power by 63%, while it leads to energy savings (about 9%), with an almost negligible  ...  Since power consumption is a critical challenge for implementing applications onto reconfigurable hardware, a novel power-aware placement and routing (P&R) algorithm targeting to 3D FPGAs, is introduced  ...  However, the feature for handling the spatial distribution of switched capacitance, results to a more balanced profile of power consumption sources, and hence to smaller gradient of the on-chip temperature  ... 
doi:10.1166/jolpe.2008.184 fatcat:4zfwqemj5rdz5bxkjmgf4za4be

Multi-layer adaptive power management architecture for TSV 3DIC applications

Ming-Hung Chang, Wei-Chih Hsieh, Pei-Chen Wu, Ching-Te Chuang, Kuan-Neng Chen, Chen-Chao Wang, Chun-Yen Ting, Kua-Hua Chen, Chi-Tsung Chiu, Ho-Ming Tong, Wei Hwang
2013 2013 IEEE 63rd Electronic Components and Technology Conference  
The proposed multi-layer hierarchical distributed power delivery architecture is also very useful for the heterogeneous integration in 3DIC chips.  ...  Meanwhile, a multi-threshold CMOS switched capacitor DC-DC converter with up to 78% power efficiency is implemented in 65nm CMOS for hierarchical distributed power delivery architecture.  ...  Meanwhile, the proposed multi-layer hierarchical distributed power delivery architecture is also very useful for the heterogeneous integration in 3DIC chips.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ectc.2013.6575724 fatcat:stlqkvfaarehpkcopcrlkmdgpa

Time-division-multiplexed arbitration in silicon nanophotonic networks-on-chip for high-performance chip multiprocessors

Gilbert Hendry, Eric Robinson, Vitaliy Gleyzer, Johnnie Chan, Luca P. Carloni, Nadya Bliss, Keren Bergman
2011 Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing  
Silicon nanophotonics as an interconnect technology offers several promising benefits for future networks-on-chip, including low end-to-end transmission energy and high bandwidth density of waveguides  ...  In this work, we propose the use of time-divisionmultiplexed distributed arbitration in a photonic mesh network composed of silicon micro-ring resonator based photonic switches, which provides round-robin  ...  Network implementation Photonic switch Switch controller In the proposed network architecture, each switch is controlled by a local controller which is aware of the current TDM slot by tracking ticks  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jpdc.2010.09.009 fatcat:ekb3tejktbe3jot2e7qrnmxxc4

Jupiter rising

Arjun Singh, Paulie Germano, Anand Kanagala, Hong Liu, Jeff Provost, Jason Simmons, Eiichi Tanda, Jim Wanderer, Urs Hölzle, Stephen Stuart, Amin Vahdat, Joon Ong (+7 others)
2016 Communications of the ACM  
First, multi-stage Clos topologies built from commodity switch silicon can support cost-effective deployment of buildingscale networks.  ...  We built a centralized control mechanism based on a global configuration pushed to all datacenter switches.  ...  (CE), Network Architecture and Operations (NetOps), Global Infrastructure Group (GIG), and Site Reliability Engineering (SRE) teams, to name a few.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2975159 fatcat:a4fmx3i5hnfldd2w7jqsodk7re

An overview about Networks-on-Chip with multicast suppor [article]

Marcelo Daniel Berejuck
2016 arXiv   pre-print
Network-on-Chip (NoC) arises as a solution to interconnect these systems, which provides a scalable, reusable, and an efficient interconnect.  ...  Modern System-on-Chip (SoC) platforms typically consist of multiple processors and a communication interconnect between them.  ...  The algorithm adapted by [5] was implemented on a circuit switching Network-on-Chip.  ... 
arXiv:1610.00751v1 fatcat:rysfjplkcndtho2d4wa7664hwq

A Review of the Design Challenges for the 3-D on Chip Network Paradigms

Neha Jain, Mayank Patel
2017 International Journal of Computer Applications  
The upcoming decades will require a change from mere transistor scaling to novel packaging architectures such as the vertical integration of chips referred as 3D integration. 3D silicon integration technologies  ...  have provided new opportunities for NoC architecture design in SoCs enabling the design of complex and highly interconnected systems in reduced space providing higher efficiency compared to 2D integration  ...  clock and power distribution networks for 3D ICs.  ... 
doi:10.5120/ijca2017914875 fatcat:c7wzcnumq5ca3evxthiourc66m

Introduction to the special issue on Networks-on-Chip (NoC) of the Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing (JPDC)

Ahmed Louri, Avinash Karanth Kodi
2011 Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing  
The first paper in the special section is "RAFT: A Router Architecture with Frequency Tuning for On-chip Networks", by  ...  It is with great pleasure that we introduce the special issue on Networks-on-Chip (NoC) to the readers of the Journal of Parallel and Distributed Computing (JPDC).  ...  The second paper is ''Time-Division-Multiplexed Arbitration in Silicon Nanophotonic Networks-On-Chip for High-Performance Chip Multiprocessors'', by Gilbert Hendry, Eric Robinson, Vitaliy Gleyzer, Johnnie  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jpdc.2011.01.010 fatcat:cvaue5ynnbajxir6lzvr5z5eya
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