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Efficient Tracking of a Moving Object using Inter-Frame Coding [article]

Shraddha Mehta, Vaishali Kalariya
2014 arXiv   pre-print
Video surveillance has long been in use to monitor security sensitive areas such as banks, department stores, highways, crowded public places and borders.The advance in computing power, availability of large-capacity storage devices and high speed network infrastructure paved the way for cheaper, multi-sensor video surveillance systems.Traditionally, the video outputs are processed online by human operators and are usually saved to tapes for later use only after a forensic event.The increase in
more » ... the number of cameras in ordinary surveillance systems overloaded both the human operators and the storage devices with high volumes of data and made it in-feasible to ensure proper monitoring of sensitive areas for long times.
arXiv:1405.4389v1 fatcat:3yugh6nkmbd2thsk2buyadh25i

Real Time Object Tracking Based on Inter-frame Coding: A Review [article]

Shraddha Mehta, Vaishali Kalariya
2014 arXiv   pre-print
Inter-frame Coding plays significant role for video Compression and Computer Vision. Computer vision systems have been incorporated in many real life applications (e.g. surveillance systems, medical imaging, robot navigation and identity verification systems). Object tracking is a key computer vision topic, which aims at detecting the position of a moving object from a video sequence. The application of Inter-frame Coding for low frame rate video, as well as for low resolution video. Various
more » ... hods based on Top-down approach just like kernel based or mean shift technique are used to track the object for video, So, Inter-frame Coding algorithms are widely adopted by video coding standards, mainly due to their simplicity and good distortion performance for object tracking.
arXiv:1405.4390v1 fatcat:oiu35omz4ravxjppufk55653eq

AYURVEDIC MANAGEMENT OF MENIERE'S DISEASE: A CASE REPORT

Bhoomi Mehta, Shraddha Chaudhary, Vaghela D. B.
2020 International Ayurvedic Medical Journal  
Meniere's disease is a disorder of internal ear, in which endolymphatic system is distended with endo-lymph. It is characterized by vertigo, sensory neural hearing loss, tinnitus and aural fullness. Bhrama, Kar-naksweda, Karnanada, Karnabadhirya can be compared with Meniere's disease symptomatically. Howev-er, it is not possible to compare Meniere's diseases with any Ayurvedic disease. Here treatment protocol used was Dhanvayas Kwatha, Punarnavashtaka Kwatha, Eranda Bhrusta Haritaki internally
more » ... ith Ksheera Bala Taila Nasya and Asanbilwadi Taila Karnapoorana. After 3 months of treatment patient got relief from vertigo and tinnitus and mild hearing loss persist. Hence the single case report shows that Ayurvedic management of Meniere's disease gives excellent result.
doi:10.46607/iamj0807322020 fatcat:pszvuwsv4bcgle7vttszfondse

Report on LCA and Social-LCA of the selected food products

Wenhao Chen, Nicholas M. Holden, Shraddha Mehta, Maitri Thakur, Gudrun Olafsdottir
2020 Zenodo  
., Mehta, S., Thakur, M., Olafsdottir G. (2020) Report on LCA and Social-LCA of the selected food products. The VALUMICS project funded by EU Horizon 2020 G.A. No 727243.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5151581 fatcat:2pcwbqf2kvgmtby4ofjwazau2y

Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of caecum presenting as recurrent intussusception: A case report

Dr.Dinesh Kumar Barolia, Aditya Pratap Singh, Dr. Harsha Vinod Bathia, Vipal H Parmar, Bhavana Asit Mehta, Shraddha Mehta
2021 Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery  
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor is an uncommon tumor. It commonly affects the lung but it can be found anywhere in the body. Case Report: We are reporting a case of caecal mass presenting as recurrent intussusceptions. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry confirmed it to be an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of caecum. Immunohistochemistry of tumor cells were positive for vimentin, smooth muscle actin, MIB 1, and CD 45 in lymphoid cells in the stroma of the tumor. Conclusion: Recurrent
more » ... intussusception should be kept as one of the differential diagnosis in patient with caecal mass with recurrent abdominal pain. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the caecum is unusual in paediatric patients and may present as recurrent intussusception.
doi:10.46831/jpas.v1i2.59 fatcat:v2pgr6wjsbfqhfamtkmao4ibli

Report on the integrated event-driven framework for data collection

Maitri Thakur, Shraddha Mehta, Ivan Sjøberg, Gudrun Ólafsdóttir, Ulf Erikson, Ivan Duric, Lukas Cechura, Tinoush Jamali, Antonella Samoggia
2018 Zenodo  
., Mehta, S., Sjøberg, I., Ólafsdóttir, G., Johansen, U., Duric, I., Čechura, L., Jaghdani, T.J., G., Samoggia, . (2018).  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5105767 fatcat:zciphg3ijrd5phni5gvhbgj6sm

Spontaneous gastric perforation in a 3 year old male child – A case report

Dinesh Kumar Barolia, Aditya Pratap Singh, Harsha Vinod Bathia, Vipal H Parmar, Bhavana Asit Mehta, Shraddha Mehta
2021 IP Journal of Paediatrics and Nursing Science  
spontaneous gastric perforation in paediatric patients beyond the neonatal age is seldom to seen by paediatric surgeon. Therefore we are sharing this case with enlisting the previously reported similar cases in English literature. a three year old male child presented with abdominal distension and hypovolemic shock. Free gas under diaphragm was explained the perforation and exploration confirm the gastric perforation. spontaneous gastric perforation is extremely rare in paediatric age group
more » ... nd the neonatal age group, but incidence probability is always there. So, each laparotomy needed exploration of stomach also.
doi:10.18231/j.ijpns.2021.024 fatcat:535l2c3qorau7c2ngtk5ey6w7y

Transgenic Mosquitoes Fight against Malaria: A Review

Amit Kumar Shrivastava, Laxmi Shrestha, Shraddha Prakash, Roshan Kumar Mehta
2019 Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences  
Malaria control with transgenic mosquitoes will be challenging; however, recent advances suggest that it may be a possibility in the foreseeable future. Progress towards discovering refractory genes for rodent malaria and gene drive systems for Drosophila provide hope that similar advances may be made for human malaria in mosquito vector species. That said, the African malaria burden has proved exceptionally difficult to diminish by all means tried thus far; and it is unlikely that transgenic
more » ... squitoes will provide an all-in-one solution. Transgenic mosquitoes should be considered within the context of an integrated vector management strategy which should also include insecticide-treated bed-nets, indoor residual spraying with insecticides and treatment of infected individuals with antimalarial drugs. Integrated strategies will be a necessity for any successful african malaria control program and transgenic mosquitoes should be considered as a potential ingredient in the future goal of continent-wide disease control.
doi:10.3126/jucms.v7i1.24695 fatcat:uvcbow6pjjhydatrrzdhvsrlta

Use of rapid fluorescent focus inhibition test (RFFIT) for in vitro evaluation of anti-rabies activity

Shraddha Mehta, Soumen Roy, Abhay Chowdhary
2017 VirusDisease  
It is evident that most of the in vitro antiviral Shraddha Mehta and Soumen Roy have contributed equally to this work. screening assays for rabies virus till date have only been evaluated based on inhibition  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13337-017-0371-y pmid:28770237 pmcid:PMC5510627 fatcat:6hkytvkcrrhvfe465gcukxeorm

Spontaneous caecal perforation secondary to abdominal wall abscess or vice versa - case report and review of literature

Dinesh Kumar Barolia, Aditya Pratap Singh, . Harsha Vinod Bathia, Vipal H Parmar, Bhavana Asit Mehta, Shraddha Mehta
2021 Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Surgery  
Spontaneous caecal perforation secondary to abdominal wall abscess is a rare entity. There may be abdominal wall abscess due to spontaneous caecal perforation. Small and large bowel perforation in neonatal period is common secondary to necrotizing enterocolitis. But beyond neonatal caecal perforation is unusual. Case presentation: We are reporting an interesting case of spontaneous caecal perforation in two year old female child without any sign and symptoms of peritonitis or abdominal
more » ... t secondary to abdominal wall abscess. Or it may be vice versa, abdominal wall abscess develops secondary to caecal perforation. Conclusion: Caecal perforation in children beyond to neonatal period is extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, I have never seen in English literature of spontaneous caecal perforation secondary to abdominal wall abscess or vice versa.
doi:10.46831/jpas.v1i2.87 fatcat:dyhstlbkffga3ev6lsp4leizxu

Polymorphisms in reverse transcriptase and protease genes of HIV-1 subtype C from Mumbai

Ritwik Dahake, Shraddha Mehta, Sneha Yadav, Abhay Chowdhary, Ranjana A Deshmukh
2014 BMC Infectious Diseases  
Polymorphisms in reverse transcriptase and protease genes of HIV-1 subtype C from Mumbai Ritwik Dahake * , Shraddha Mehta, Sneha Yadav, Abhay Chowdhary, Ranjana A Deshmukh From 2nd International Science  ... 
doi:10.1186/1471-2334-14-s3-e11 pmcid:PMC4080190 fatcat:yxbgd3edmzfttedrmm2p5pyl34

Polymorphisms in HIV-1 Subtype C Reverse Transcriptase and Protease Genes in a Patient Cohort from Mumbai

Ritwik Dahake, Shraddha Mehta, Sneha Yadav
2016 Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals  
Objectives: Developed countries have been alarmed at the rates of primary/transmitted drug resistance of HIV-1. There is a debate on the validity of certain polymorphisms in HIV-1 Subtype C mutations related to consensus Subtype B sequences being associated with and sometimes mistaken as, primary resistance. In this preliminary study, we have determined polymorphisms in reverse transcriptase (RT) and protease (PR) genes of HIV-1 Subtype C from a patient cohort in Mumbai, India. Methods: The
more » ... y was performed with plasma samples from twenty-four patients (antiretroviral therapy experienced as well as drug-naive) employing a 'home-brew' semi-nested reverse-transcriptase-PCR followed by sequencing and sequence analysis. The Stanford HIV drug-resistance database was used for analysis and interpretation of polymorphisms and other drug-resistance mutations. We also analysed Surveillance Drug Resistance Mutations (SDRMs) for PR gene. Results: Polymorphisms were determined at a mutational frequency of 0.1337 ± 0.042 in PR gene and 0.067 ± 0.014 in RT gene, while 16.6% and 12.5% samples harboured drug-resistance mutations in PR and RT genes respectively. Substitutions greater than 50% were at positions at L19, V82, M36, R41, L63, H69, L89 and I93 for PR gene and D121, K122, T165, K166, K173, D177, T200, Q207 and R211 for RT gene. Additionally, PR gene SDRMs were observed in 15.0% samples. Conclusions: Our findings concur with previous findings that polymorphisms in HIV-1 Subtype C from India exist and re-iterate that these polymorphisms may also include a number of major and minor/accessory mutations associated with resistance. Most of the drug-resistance databases available online are based on Subtype B; hence, we recommend that HIV Subtype-specific drug-resistance databases be created to empower routine and unambiguous surveillance of drug-resistance prior to initiating antiretroviral therapy, especially while including Protease Inhibitors.
doi:10.4172/jaa.1000148 fatcat:kk4ifuryzjc53njad7c4qqyg2q

Case Study for Performance Analysis of VOIP Codecs in Non-Mobility Scenarios

Shreekant Gurrapu, Saurabh Mehta, Shraddha Panbude
2017 International Journal of Computational Science and Information Technology  
IEEE 802.11 is the most popular standard for WLAN networks. It offers different physical transmission rates. This paper focuses on this multi transmission rate of 802.11 WLANs and its effect on speech quality. In non-adaptive systems, when the physical layer switches from a higher transmission rate to a lower one, different than the one that the VoIP flow needs, the switching may result in congestion, high delay and packet loss, and consequently speech quality degradation. However, there are
more » ... e algorithms that adapt the transmission parameters according to the channel conditions. In this study we demonstrate how choosing parameter (different codec and packet size) can affect the voice quality, network delay and packet loss. Further, this study presents a comparison between adaptive and non-adaptive methods. The adaptive method has also been evaluated for different congestion level from perceived speech quality point of view. KEYWORDS Adaptive rate control algorithm, Codec, IEEE 802.11, packetization interval, QoS, VoIP.
doi:10.5121/ijcsity.2017.5101 fatcat:2uuzpuns5jfhdacmzfepkg4ocu

Structure-based Design Targeted at LOX-1, a Receptor for Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein

Shraddha Thakkar, Xianwei Wang, Magomed Khaidakov, Yao Dai, Kuppan Gokulan, Jawahar L. Mehta, Kottayil I. Varughese
2015 Scientific Reports  
Atherosclerosis related cardiovascular diseases continue to be the primary cause of mortality in developed countries. The elevated level of low density lipoprotein (LDL) is generally considered to be the driver of atherosclerosis, but recent years have seen a shift in this perception in that the vascular plaque buildup is mainly caused by oxidized LDL (ox-LDL) rather than native-LDL. The scavenger receptor LOX-1 found in endothelial cells binds and internalizes ox-LDL which leads to the
more » ... on of plaque formation in arteries. Using virtual screening techniques, we identified a few potential small molecule inhibitors of LOX-1 and tested their inhibitory potential using differential scanning fluorimetry and various cellular assays. Two of these molecules significantly reduced the uptake of ox-LDL by human endothelial cells, LOX-1 transcription and the activation of ERK1/2 and p38 MAPKs in human endothelial cells. In addition, these molecules suppressed ox-LDL-induced VCAM-1 expression and monocyte adhesion onto human endothelial cells demonstrating their therapeutic potential. Atherosclerosis is a chronic progressive disease, and its clinical manifestations include coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease and peripheral arterial disease. The interaction between the lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) and oxidatively modified low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) plays a significant role in the pathobiology of atherosclerosis, as well as myocardial ischemia and hypertension 1 . Conditions leading to atherosclerosis, such as diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia, are associated with a global increase in inflammatory signaling and generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), leading to enhancement of LDL oxidation. LOX-1 mediates the recognition and internalization of ox-LDL by vascular endothelial cells 2 . Of all known scavenger receptors, LOX-1 is the predominant scavenger receptor in vascular endothelial cell 3, 4 . Recent studies show that blockade of LOX-1 by anti-sense oligo or antibody may reduce myocardial ischemic injury, genesis of hypertension and extent of atherosclerosis 5-8 . Hence, LOX-1 is an attractive target for the therapy of a number of cardiovascular disease states 9 . LOX-1 is a transmembrane protein comprising four domains and the C-terminal domain is responsible for ox-LDL recognition 10,11 . The crystal structure analysis of the C-terminal domain of human LOX-1 (Fig. 1A,B) suggests that it exists as a homodimer with a central hydrophobic tunnel that extends through the entire molecule 12, 13 . Under oxidative stress, LDL undergoes changes making its surface electronegative. The most significant modification pertinent to LOX-1 interaction is the covalent attachment of a phospholipid moiety on the Lys side chains of apolipoprotein B-100, a component of LDL [13] [14] [15] . Modeling studies have shown that the phospholipid moiety fits well into the hydrophobic tunnel of LOX-1 16 . Binding measurements suggest that it ox-LDL binds to LOX-1 with high affinity. Additionally, mutations of certain residues present in
doi:10.1038/srep16740 pmid:26578342 pmcid:PMC4649741 fatcat:2rsztv6raralhby63j7si2bgzm

Five-year results of thoracic endovascular aortic repair with the Zenith TX2

Jon S. Matsumura, Germano Melissano, Richard P. Cambria, Michael D. Dake, Shraddha Mehta, Lars G. Svensson, Randy D. Moore
2014 Journal of Vascular Surgery  
This trial evaluated thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) compared with open surgical repair of descending thoracic aortic aneurysms and large ulcers at 42 international sites. Whereas several studies demonstrate early safety and utility advantages with TEVAR, longer follow-up is important because of concerns about durability of TEVAR. Methods: This prospective, nonrandomized study enrolled 160 TEVAR patients treated with the Cook Zenith TX2 and 70 open surgical repair patients. Results:
more » ... Although follow-up was limited, 5-year mortality rate was similar at 37% for both groups. Aneurysm-related mortality rate was 5.9% with TEVAR compared with 12% with open surgical repair (P [ .11). There were no ruptures of the treated aneurysms in either group or open conversions in the TEVAR group. Predefined severe morbidity occurred at a significantly lower rate in TEVAR (21%) compared with open surgical repair (39%; P < .001). Aneurysm growth was seen by core laboratory in 5.9% of patients and endoleak in 5.7% of patients. Secondary intervention rates were similar between TEVAR (8%) and open surgical repair (12%; P [ .49) patients. Conclusions: Five-year results indicate similar all-cause mortality and aneurysm-related mortality with TEVAR compared with open repair. There was a persistent reduction of severe complications with TEVAR. Reinterventions occurred with similar frequency. TEVAR with the TX2 is a safe and effective alternative to open surgical repair for the treatment of anatomically suitable descending thoracic aortic aneurysms and ulcers. (J Vasc Surg 2014;60:1-10.)
doi:10.1016/j.jvs.2014.01.043 pmid:24636714 fatcat:wpfzuhsbqjh63owstln7r26atu
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