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Impact of Limited Memory Resources

D. Binkley, D. Lawrie, S. Maex, C. Morrell
2008 2008 16th IEEE International Conference on Program Comprehension  
Statistical models derived from an experiment involving 158 programmers of varying degrees of experience show that longer names extracted from production code take more time to process and reduce correctness  ...  While longer names bring the potential for easier comprehension through more embedded sub-words, there are practical limits to length given limited human memory resources.  ...  This variable is significant (p < 0.0001), and indicates that longer names take an average of 20.1 seconds longer to process.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icpc.2008.31 dblp:conf/iwpc/BinkleyLMM08 fatcat:o76txapfpzhndkvzdbrdbcx4he

Identifier length and limited programmer memory

Dave Binkley, Dawn Lawrie, Steve Maex, Christopher Morrell
2009 Science of Computer Programming  
Statistical models derived from an experiment involving 158 programmers of varying degrees of experience show that longer names extracted from production code take more time to process and reduce correctness  ...  However, in theory names can be too long for programmers to comprehend and manipulate effectively.  ...  Thanks are also due to John Blair and Matt Hearn for their help in setting up the survey and to Mary Jo Coiro for help with aspects related to memory and comprehension.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.scico.2009.02.006 fatcat:g7jnvpwkcvff3gtnlfhxrtqfva

Building and accessing clausal representations: The advantage of first mention versus the advantage of clause recency

Morton Ann Gernsbacher, David J Hargreaves, Mark Beeman
1989 Journal of Memory and Language  
Comprehenders have greatest access to information in the substructure that they are currently developing; that is, they have greatest access to the most recent clause.  ...  According to the structure building framework, the goal of comprehension is to build a coherent, mental representation or "structure" of the information being comprehended.  ...  Doug Hintzman motivated us to conduct Experiment 4, and Gary Dell inspired Experiment 5. The manuscript benetitted from the comments of three anonymous reviewers.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0749-596x(89)90006-5 pmid:25505819 pmcid:PMC4260528 fatcat:adcxtszfb5dn3jvglaxuufllkq

Academic Listening Comprehension: Does the Sum of the Parts Make up the Whole?

Andrew G. Harper
1985 TESOL Quarterly (Print)  
A listening test administered to eighty-five non-native speaker students demonstrated that: (a) a significant relationship exists between global academic listening comprehension (ALC) and a subset of four  ...  It is also possible that comprehension of the longer passages makes different demands upon each microskill than does the task of identifying the main idea in shorter passages.This last suggestion is supported  ...  skills may be requJred to comprehend passages of spoken discourse which are longer than those in the TOEFL (LC), and which are academic in nature.  ... 
doi:10.2307/3586283 fatcat:ohj7mcbapjc4pivkdlzhgkebiq

Outline shape is a mediator of object recognition that is particularly important for living things

Toby J. Lloyd-Jones, Linda Luckhurst
2002 Memory & Cognition  
Silhouette object decision takes longer than shaded object decision.  ...  Naming likely involves additional processes to object decision, as evidenced by longer naming than object decision RTs.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03194950 pmid:12184550 fatcat:kaccgo35vvhojdjbhxpi5wegna

Cognitive and social delays in the initiation of conversational repair

Julia Beret Mertens, Jan P. de Ruiter
2021 Dialogue and Discourse  
However, interlocutors take longer to initiate certain types of turns: those that either require more cognitive processing or are socially dispreferred.  ...  We found cognitive effects of trouble source duration and discourse context: a longer duration or stronger context was associated with shorter OIR FTOs.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Dr. Saul Albert and Dr. Ariel Cohen-Goldberg for their guidance in the early stages of this project.  ... 
doi:10.5210/dad.2021.102 dblp:journals/dad/MertensR21 fatcat:keh7rfuekjdntbvdzp77th2peq

A LEARNING MODEL DEVELOPMENT OF CRITICAL READING COMPREHENSION THROUGH RECIPROCAL TEACHING

Budiasih Budiasih, Fitri Ana Ika Dewi
2019 Leksema  
The model is considered to be supportive to the critical reading instructional since the students can complete the written tasks successfully.  ...  The expert judgment was applied to validate the design of the learning model.  ...  The development model through extension procedures from four activities to six activities take a longer time, because each activity needs long time to be executed.  ... 
doi:10.22515/ljbs.v4i1.1516 fatcat:vdemf2icnbblvh6qxvvbca5c5m

A qualitative study on patients' and their support persons' preferences for receiving one longer consultation or two shorter consultations when being informed about allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Anne Herrmann, Ernst Holler, Matthias Edinger, Sascha Eickmann, Daniel Wolff
2021 BMC Health Services Research  
Conclusion To our knowledge, this is the first qualitative study to explore patients' and their support persons' preferences for having one longer consultation or two shorter consultations when being informed  ...  Most patients (60%) and support persons (62%) preferred two shorter consultations over one longer consultation.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to acknowledge the time and effort provided by the patients and their support persons who took part in this research.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12913-021-06632-9 pmid:34187476 fatcat:ysiho5r23zbwplab52wnwhfqoe

Metaphor comprehension

Jon M. Slack
1980 Proceedings of the 18th annual meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics -  
Connecting this view to embodiment theories of cognition, this article suggests that partial abstract classes can be formed in the mind of a comprehender by the activation of those brain areas which are  ...  are inherently analogous to metaphorical class-inclusion expressions.  ...  When the word shark is used in its metaphorical sense, it refers to an un-named category of vicious, aggressive, and predatory creatures.  ... 
doi:10.3115/981436.981442 dblp:conf/acl/Slack80 fatcat:3e72yomv7jhujgxjtw3mb5tzbm

Metacognitive Online Reading Strategies among Pre-Service EFL Teachers in Indonesia

Heri Mudra
2018 Educational Process: International Journal  
In short, various strategies can be employed to comprehend and increase better understanding of the online texts.  ...  The study aimed to establish the metacognitive online reading strategies used by preservice EFL teachers and to describe their experiences in employing the strategies.  ...  Some prefer shorter texts; some prefer longer texts. T1's reasons were because longer texts were complicated and contained difficult words.  ... 
doi:10.22521/edupij.2018.72.5 fatcat:rsf4rdmhdbaifa7kvece6747ou

The effects of processing and sequence organization on the timing of turn taking: a corpus study

Seán G. Roberts, Francisco Torreira, Stephen C. Levinson
2015 Frontiers in Psychology  
The timing of turn taking in conversation is extremely rapid given the cognitive demands on speakers to comprehend, plan and execute turns in real time.  ...  In this paper, we estimate the role of these two different kinds of factors in determining the speed of turn-taking in conversation.  ...  Acknowledgements Thanks to Mart Lubbers for technical support. This research was conducted within, and partially financed by, the framework of ERC Advanced Grant No. 269484 INTERACT to SL.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00509 pmid:26029125 pmcid:PMC4429583 fatcat:humkxc3wlrhujg6gixi3o5gd3a

Coordinating Utterances During Turn-Taking: The Role of Prediction, Response Preparation, and Articulation

Ruth E. Corps, Chiara Gambi, Martin J. Pickering
2017 Discourse Processes  
During conversation, interlocutors rapidly switch between speaker and listener roles and take turns at talk. How do they achieve such fine coordination?  ...  , and (3) Does buffering lead to interference with concurrent comprehension?  ...  articulate (as in and by comparing instances where the listener has to prepare and buffer a shorter response (e.g., a simple yes or no answer) to instances where a much longer, multiword response is  ... 
doi:10.1080/0163853x.2017.1330031 fatcat:pnqytal6hrhmdhdyegdiiqeq3a

How do violations of Gricean maxims affect reading?

Kumiko Fukumura, Roger P.G. van Gompel
2017 Journal of Memory and Language  
Experiments 1 and 2 showed that first-pass reading times for size-modified definite nouns (the small towel) were longer when the modifier was redundant, as the context contained one rather than two possible  ...  representation of the referring expression rather than Gricean expectations about optimal informativeness: Redundancy of a size-modifier immediately disrupts comprehension because the processor fails to  ...  That is, although comprehenders may promptly seek to identify a referent, difficulty may not arise unless they fail to identify at least one referent that is compatible with the description of the referring  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jml.2017.01.008 fatcat:uewjvtvh7bb6xnb24g5x464ywi

Added Value of Eye Tracking in Usability Studies: Expert and Non-expert Participants [chapter]

Marco C. Pretorius, Judy van Biljon, Estelle de Kock
2010 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
The aim of this paper is to go one step further and shed light on the type and severity of the usability problems experienced by non-expert users.  ...  The contribution of this paper is to highlight the added value of eye tracking as a usability evaluation method in working with Web non-expert users.  ...  None of the non-expert Web participants could comprehend the term "File Name", where the name of the task file is entered or selected.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-15231-3_12 fatcat:wzkeandeyfbqjankahlmyru76i

EFL learners' reading on mobile phones

Lo-Li Huang, Chih-cheng Lin
2011 The JALT CALL Journal  
For the shorter set, mobile phone was more preferred than email. For the longer set, mobile phone was the least preferred mainly because of the small screen and font.  ...  Ten twelfth-graders were given one shorter set and one longer set of texts. Each set consisted of three texts: one was delivered through paper, another email and the other mobile phone.  ...  Instruments ere were two questionnaires used in this study (see Appendix C). e shorter-text questionnaire was designed to check whether participants read and comprehended the shorter texts from their summary  ... 
doi:10.29140/jaltcall.v7n1.108 fatcat:m32vxv234fhqph6ea75j75wkvq
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