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Shooter localization and weapon classification with soldier-wearable networked sensors

Peter Volgyesi, Gyorgy Balogh, Andras Nadas, Christopher B. Nash, Akos Ledeczi
2007 Proceedings of the 5th international conference on Mobile systems, applications and services - MobiSys '07  
The paper presents a wireless sensor network-based mobile countersniper system.  ...  The heterogeneous sensor fusion algorithm can work with data from a single sensor or it can fuse ToA or Angle of Arrival (AoA) observations of muzzle blasts and ballistic shockwaves from multiple sensors  ...  Error sources In this section, we analyze the most significant sources of error that affect the performance of the networked shooter localization and weapon classification system.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1247660.1247676 dblp:conf/mobisys/VolgyesiBNNL07 fatcat:hhgzwoinjzdhpbcfl337ypv66i

Acoustic shooter localization with a minimal number of single-channel wireless sensor nodes

János Sallai, Ákos Lédeczi, Péter Völgyesi
2011 Proceedings of the 9th ACM Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems - SenSys '11  
Caliber estimation and weapon classification are also supported.  ...  Specifically, the technique requires as few as five single-channel wireless sensors to provide accurate shooter localization and projectile trajectory estimation.  ...  We would like to thank the anonymous reviewers and our shepherd, Thomas Moscibroda, for the helpful comments that greatly improved the quality of the paper.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2070942.2070953 dblp:conf/sensys/SallaiLV11 fatcat:x37jzzqahvdw5dcsoog5nonqy4

Acoustic shockwave-based bearing estimation

János Sallai, Péter Völgyesi, Ákos Lédeczi, Ken Pence, Ted Bapty, Sandeep Neema, James R. Davis
2013 Proceedings of the 12th international conference on Information processing in sensor networks - IPSN '13  
The paper presents a smartphone-based shooter localization system.  ...  Assuming a known weapon type, it then proceeds to estimate the two possible projectile trajectory candidates for each sensor that are consistent with the observations in the horizontal plane of the sensors  ...  It contains 33 AK-47 shots measured using ten sensors. The sensor field was approximately 30x30m and the shots were taken from ranges between 50 and 300m.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2461381.2461409 dblp:conf/ipsn/SallaiVLPBND13 fatcat:b4xfyrnu2jb6vjv4ipmdxmytwe

Asynchronous data-driven classification of weapon systems

Xin Jin, Kushal Mukherjee, Shalabh Gupta, Asok Ray, Shashi Phoha, Thyagaraju Damarla
2009 Measurement science and technology  
Potential applications include simultaneous shooter localization and weapon classification with soldier-wearable networked sensors.  ...  This paper addresses real-time weapon classification by analysis of asynchronous acoustic data, collected from microphones on a sensor network.  ...  [6] developed a soldierwearable sensor network system for both shooter localization and weapon classification.  ... 
doi:10.1088/0957-0233/20/12/123001 fatcat:xgqhi6pcvbgbjizkn62aen7awe

Military Operations: Wireless Sensor Networks based Applications to Reinforce Future Battlefield Command System

Atif Ali, Yasir Khan Jadoon, Sabir Ali Changazi, Muhammad Qasim
2020 2020 IEEE 23rd International Multitopic Conference (INMIC)  
This article outlines the military applications of wireless sensor networks (WSN).  ...  The combat activities in modern military operations are divided into different categories, which give the requirements and restrictions for wireless sensor networks.  ...  Fig. 1 . 1 Wireless Sensor Networks in Battlefield Fig. 2 . 2 Soldier-Worn WSNs Fig. 3 . 3 Sniper Detection and Localization (SDL) F.  ... 
doi:10.1109/inmic50486.2020.9318168 fatcat:nja376634bd7dps3jac3i2wplm

Sound of Guns: Digital Forensics of Gun Audio Samples meets Artificial Intelligence [article]

Simone Raponi, Isra Ali, Gabriele Oligeri
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Our results demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of applying Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) in gunshot classification eliminating the need for an ad-hoc setup while significantly improving  ...  Classifying a weapon based on its muzzle blast is a challenging task that has significant applications in various security and military fields.  ...  The information and views set out in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official opinion of the QNRF.  ... 
arXiv:2004.07948v1 fatcat:ws6hbcyiqza2vblfaozox7sqby

A Survey on Localization for Mobile Wireless Sensor Networks [chapter]

Isaac Amundson, Xenofon D. Koutsoukos
2009 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Over the past decade we have witnessed the evolution of wireless sensor networks, with advancements in hardware design, communication protocols, resource efficiency, and other aspects.  ...  We provide taxonomies for mobile wireless sensors and localization, including common architectures, measurement techniques, and localization algorithms.  ...  This work was supported in part by ARO MURI grant W911NF-06-1-0076, NSF grant CNS-0721604, and NSF CAREER award CNS-0347440. The authors also wish to thank Manish Kushwaha for his valuable input.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-04385-7_16 fatcat:wvnumjloczertiq5fzznuau7gi

Design and Evaluation of a Wireless Sensor Network Based Aircraft Strength Testing System

Jian Wu, Shenfang Yuan, Genyuan Zhou, Sai Ji, Zilong Wang, Yang Wang
2009 Sensors  
Volgyesi et al. [1] proposed a decentralized method of shooter localization and weapon classification using soldier-wearable networked sensors.  ...  As sensors have no means to locally process their data, the centralized data server is responsible for the aggregation, storage and processing of all measurement data.  ...  Figure 13 (a) shows the field setup of the wireless sensor network system which involves 14 sensor nodes and four cluster heads.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s90604195 pmid:22408521 pmcid:PMC3291906 fatcat:rdtkgp6hwfdivamay2uib6h3h4

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (Darpa) Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Estimates

Department Of Defense Comptroller's Office
2014 Zenodo  
Included in this category is the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) efforts to reengineer drug discovery and development in collaboration with industry, academia, the Food and  ...  Additionally, DARPA's investment would include the Prosthetic Hand Proprioception and Touch Interfaces (using Haptix sensors) to develop human implantable microsystems to give amputees the ability to have  ...  FY 2015 Plans: -Design soldier-wearable full-sphere, high-resolution visible and infrared camera array platform with integrated supplemental sensors.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1215345 fatcat:fjzhmynqjbaafk67q2ckcblj2m

SAHER: Secure and Efficient Routing in Sensor Networks [article]

Minko Dudev, Sebastian Gerling, Philip Peter
2013 arXiv   pre-print
The problem of designing a secure routing protocol for ad hoc networks has been already addressed, yet, there exists no complete solution that meets the specific requirements of sensor networks, where  ...  Further, we consider join/leave operations which have not yet been studied in sufficient depth for sensor networks from a security standpoint.  ...  and Weapon Classification with Soldier-Wearable Networked Sensors [21] • inTrack: High Precision Tracking of Mobile Sensor Nodes [22] • Boomerang: Shooter detection, locating the attacker [23] Some  ... 
arXiv:1307.0049v1 fatcat:3bty4o3ibzbsxp7eajlvwdbi6q

An Evaluation Schema for the Ethical Use of Autonomous Robotic Systems in Security Applications

Markus Christen, Thomas Burri, Joseph O. Chapa, Raphael Salvi, Filippo Santoni de Sio, John Sullins
2017 Social Science Research Network  
In addition, armed forces, but also police, border control and civil protection organizations increasingly rely on robotic systems with growing autonomous capacities.  ...  Modern weapon systems would not function without sophisticated computing power, but also the planning and executing of military operations in general heavily rely on information technology.  ...  The research relied on an extensive literature search based on the knowledge of the expert team, on 21 interviews with external experts (technology, law, military, ethics), and on the feedback obtained  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3063617 fatcat:7gen24bhtjdmdcc5nv35sxk4oe

ConVRgence (VRIC) Virtual Reality International Conference Proceedings

Simon Richir
2019 International Journal of Virtual Reality  
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The authors wish to thank Bo Geng from the Aalborg University Health Department for her help and supervision throughout the project.  ...  [7] presents a wearable device with speakers and air tubes placed besides user's ears to provide local wind.  ...  works with shooters and props.  ... 
doi:10.20870/ijvr.2019..0.2920 fatcat:rzbvdg34q5aj7mpgnedsofd4ze

Live Biofeedback as a User Interface Design Element: A Review of the Literature

Ewa Lux, Marc T. P. Adam, Verena Dorner, Sina Helming, Michael T. Knierim, Christof Weinhardt
2018 Communications of the Association for Information Systems  
With the advances in sensor technology and real-time processing of neurophysiological data, a growing body of academic literature has begun to explore how live biofeedback can be integrated into information  ...  While researchers have traditionally studied live biofeedback in the clinical domain, the proliferation of affordable mobile sensor technology enables researchers and practitioners to consider live biofeedback  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Anuja Hariharan, Niklas Horstmann, and Herbert Jelinek for their feedback on an earlier version of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.17705/1cais.04318 fatcat:j4tjkbdxjrfl3pgcommxuizvby

Jeffrey Edmonds/Samuel Bendett/Anya Fink/Mary Chesnut/Dmitry Gorenburg/Michael Kofman/Kasey Stricklin/Julian Waller: Artificial Intelligence and Autonomy in Russia. Arlington, VA: Center for Naval Analyses (CNA), Mai 2021

Artiom Hildebrandt
2021 SIRIUS - Zeitschrift für Strategische Analysen  
This report is part of an effort by CNA to provide timely, accurate, and relevant information and analysis of the field of AI in Russia, and follows a series of more than twenty biweekly newsletters on  ...  This report provides a comprehensive overview of the current state of civilian and military artificial intelligence in Russia, examining all relevant sectors, key institutions, and trends.  ...  The article describes the concept as being "several hunters" with anti-submarine detection equipment and weapons operation in a single network.  ... 
doi:10.1515/sirius-2021-4014 fatcat:kebmdg2gmfellh37sljf26sqcm

Artificial Intelligence [article]

John Paul Mueller Luca Massaron
2018 Zenodo  
So, the best way to start this book is to define what AI actually is, what it isn't, and how it connects to computers today  ...  A major part of the problem is that movies, television shows, and books have all conspired to give false hopes as to what AI will accomplish.  ...  Some robots can even act in place of soldiers or police in reconnaissance tasks or direct interventions (for instance, police in Dallas used a robot to take out a shooter http://edition.cnn. com/2016/07  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5599660 fatcat:rn6nyx5xinehzpwfy3knurtzgy
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